Against Intellectual Monopoly

This book has broad coverage of both copyrights and patents and is designed for a general audience, focusing on simple examples.

Author: Michele Boldrin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521127262

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

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"Intellectual property" - patents and copyrights - have become controversial. We witness teenagers being sued for "pirating" music - and we observe AIDS patients in Africa dying due to lack of ability to pay for drugs that are high priced to satisfy patent holders. Are patents and copyrights essential to thriving creation and innovation - do we need them so that we all may enjoy fine music and good health? Across time and space the resounding answer is: No. So-called intellectual property is in fact an "intellectual monopoly" that hinders rather than helps the competitive free market regime that has delivered wealth and innovation to our doorsteps. This book has broad coverage of both copyrights and patents and is designed for a general audience, focusing on simple examples. The authors conclude that the only sensible policy to follow is to eliminate the patents and copyright systems as they currently exist.
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Against Intellectual Monopoly

Uses the tools of modern economics and game theory to explore how the interaction of intelligent goal-seeking individuals determines social outcomes.

Author: Michele Boldrin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:224031011

Category: Game theory

Page:

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Uses the tools of modern economics and game theory to explore how the interaction of intelligent goal-seeking individuals determines social outcomes. In the modern theory of growth, monopoly plays a crucial role as both a cause and an effect of innovation. Innovative firms naturally gain monopoly power for some period of time, and it is argued without the prospect of monopoly power in the form of "intellectual property" would have insufficient incentive to innovate.
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Capitalism Power and Innovation

This book represents one of the first attempts to capture the contours of an emerging new era where old perspectives lead us astray, and the old policy toolbox is hopelessly inadequate.

Author: Cecilia Rikap

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000368758

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 377

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In contemporary global capitalism, the most powerful corporations are innovation or intellectual monopolies. The book’s unique perspective focuses on how private ownership and control of knowledge and data have become a major source of rent and power. The author explains how at the one pole, these corporations concentrate income, property and power in the United States, China, and in a handful of intellectual monopolies, particularly from digital and pharmaceutical industries, while at the other pole developing countries are left further behind. The book includes detailed empirical mappings of how intellectual monopolies develop and transform knowledge from universities and open-source collaborations into intangible assets. The result is a strategy that combines undermining the commons through privatization with harvesting from the same commons. The book ends with provoking reflections to tilt the scale against intellectual monopoly capitalism and arguing that desired changes require democratic mobilization of workers and citizens at large. This book represents one of the first attempts to capture the contours of an emerging new era where old perspectives lead us astray, and the old policy toolbox is hopelessly inadequate. This is true for the idea that the best, or only, way to promote innovation is to transform knowledge into private property. It is also true for anti-trust policies focusing exclusively on consumer prices. The formation of global infrastructures that lead to natural monopolies calls for public rather than private ownership. Scholars and professionals from the social sciences and humanities (in particular economics, sociology, political science, geography, educational science and science and technology studies) will enjoy a clear and all-embracing depiction of innovation dynamics in contemporary capitalism, with a particular focus on asymmetries between actors, regions and topics. In fact, its topical issue broadens the book’s scope to those curious about how innovation networks shape our world.
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Is Behavioral Economics Doomed

In this book, David K. Levine questions the idea that behavioral economics is the answer to economic problems.

Author: David K. Levine

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 9781906924928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 599

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In this book, David K. Levine questions the idea that behavioral economics is the answer to economic problems. He explores the successes and failures of contemporary economics both inside and outside the laboratory, and asks whether popular behavioral theories of psychological biases are solutions to the failures. The book not only provides an overview of popular behavioral theories and their history, but also gives the reader the tools for scrutinizing them.
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Sui generis Rechte zum Schutz traditioneller kultureller Ausdrucksweisen

Können traditionelle kulturelle Ausdrucksweisen, wie Tänze, Rituale, Geschichten oder Legenden, durch eigens geschaffene immaterielle Eigentumsrechte, den sogenannten sui generis Rechten, geschützt werden?

Author: Kilian Bizer

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen

ISBN: 9783863950644

Category: Cultural policy

Page: 188

View: 198

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Intellectual Property Crash Course

Intellectual property has an increasing level been assumed to be playing a significant role with respect to the rapid pace of scientific, technological, as well as medical innovation that the world has been witnessing in the recent times.

Author: IntroBooks

Publisher: IntroBooks

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 40

View: 547

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Intellectual property has an increasing level been assumed to be playing a significant role with respect to the rapid pace of scientific, technological, as well as medical innovation that the world has been witnessing in the recent times. In addition to this, the changes that have been occurring in the economic environment on a global level have been also influencing the rapid development of different business models wherein the term intellectual property tends to be a central element towards the establishment of value and the overall potential growth. Intellectual property, as a result, has grown to be the largest as well as the fastest growing aspects of law in the world. As such, this fact also makes it essential for the increasing demand for professionals in the field of Intellectual Property to be well versed in the given field for dealing with IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights) across national as well as international boundaries.
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Intellectual Property Rights Innovation and Software Technologies

This book examines the effects of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), namely patents and copyrights, on innovation and technical change in information technologies.

Author: Elad Harison

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847205828

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 513

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The inclusion of software and algorithms in the scope of patents by the US Patent and Trademark Office has propelled an ongoing debate on the contribution of patents to innovation and economic growth. This book examines the effects of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), namely patents and copyrights, on innovation and technical change in information technologies. It provides new insights on the links between markets, technologies and legislation by applying a variety of empirical and analytical methods. The book also explores the success of the Open Source movement to establish an alternative regime for IPRs by illuminating the rationale behind it and illustrating how Open Source can strategically be used by firms.
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Medical Monopoly

Joseph M. Gabriel provides the first detailed history of patent and trademark law as it relates to the nineteenth-century pharmaceutical industry as well as a unique interpretation of medical ethics, therapeutic reform, and the efforts to ...

Author: Joseph M. Gabriel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226108216

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 493

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During much of the nineteenth century, physicians and pharmacists alike considered medical patenting and the use of trademarks by drug manufacturers unethical forms of monopoly; physicians who prescribed patented drugs could be, and were, ostracized from the medical community. In the decades following the Civil War, however, complex changes in patent and trademark law intersected with the changing sensibilities of both physicians and pharmacists to make intellectual property rights in drug manufacturing scientifically and ethically legitimate. By World War I, patented and trademarked drugs had become essential to the practice of good medicine, aiding in the rise of the American pharmaceutical industry and forever altering the course of medicine. Drawing on a wealth of previously unused archival material, Medical Monopoly combines legal, medical, and business history to offer a sweeping new interpretation of the origins of the complex and often troubling relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and medical practice today. Joseph M. Gabriel provides the first detailed history of patent and trademark law as it relates to the nineteenth-century pharmaceutical industry as well as a unique interpretation of medical ethics, therapeutic reform, and the efforts to regulate the market in pharmaceuticals before World War I. His book will be of interest not only to historians of medicine and science and intellectual property scholars but also to anyone following contemporary debates about the pharmaceutical industry, the patenting of scientific discoveries, and the role of advertising in the marketplace.
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Virtual Monopoly

This book offers a radical vision of new economics at play, that of virtual monopoly in which creative vision is the starting point and intellectual property the enabling currency. (Legal Reference / Law Profession)

Author: Christopher G. Pike

Publisher: Nicholas Brealey International

ISBN: 185788289X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 233

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Publisher Fact Sheet Demonstrates how the raft of IP rights can protect technology, brand, design or content in the age of Napster & the Genome Project.
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Monopolies and Patents

Dr. Fox has decided views on the benefits which are conferred on the industrial and commercial life of a country and feels that if the history of monopolies were better understood, much of the antagonism against them would tend to disappear ...

Author: Harold George Fox

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076005990325

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 241

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Dr. Fox has decided views on the benefits which are conferred on the industrial and commercial life of a country and feels that if the history of monopolies were better understood, much of the antagonism against them would tend to disappear.
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The Economic Structure of Intellectual Property Law

This book takes a fresh look at the most dynamic area of American law today, comprising the fields of copyright, patent, trademark, trade secrecy, publicity rights, and misappropriation.

Author: William M. LANDES

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674039919

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 787

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This book takes a fresh look at the most dynamic area of American law today, comprising the fields of copyright, patent, trademark, trade secrecy, publicity rights, and misappropriation. Topics range from copyright in private letters to defensive patenting of business methods, from moral rights in the visual arts to the banking of trademarks, from the impact of the court of patent appeals to the management of Mickey Mouse. The history and political science of intellectual property law, the challenge of digitization, the many statutes and judge-made doctrines, and the interplay with antitrust principles are all examined. The treatment is both positive (oriented toward understanding the law as it is) and normative (oriented to the reform of the law). Previous analyses have tended to overlook the paradox that expanding intellectual property rights can effectively reduce the amount of new intellectual property by raising the creators' input costs. Those analyses have also failed to integrate the fields of intellectual property law. They have failed as well to integrate intellectual property law with the law of physical property, overlooking the many economic and legal-doctrinal parallels. This book demonstrates the fundamental economic rationality of intellectual property law, but is sympathetic to critics who believe that in recent decades Congress and the courts have gone too far in the creation and protection of intellectual property rights. Table of Contents: Introduction 1. The Economic Theory of Property 2. How to Think about Copyright 3. A Formal Model of Copyright 4. Basic Copyright Doctrines 5. Copyright in Unpublished Works 6. Fair Use, Parody, and Burlesque 7. The Economics of Trademark Law 8. The Optimal Duration of Copyrights and Trademarks 9. The Legal Protection of Postmodern Art 10. Moral Rights and the Visual Artists Rights Act 11. The Economics of Patent Law 12. The Patent Court: A Statistical Evaluation 13. The Economics of Trade Secrecy Law 14. Antitrust and Intellectual Property 15. The Political Economy of Intellectual Property Law Conclusion Acknowledgments Index Reviews of this book: Chicago law professor William Landes and his polymath colleague Richard Posner have produced a fascinating new book...[The Economic Structure of Intellectual Property Law] is a broad-ranging analysis of how intellectual property should and does work...Shakespeare's copying from Plutarch, Microsoft's incentives to hide the source code for Windows, and Andy Warhol's right to copyright a Brillo pad box as art are all analyzed, as is the question of the status of the all-bran cereal called 'All-Bran.' --Nicholas Thompson, New York Sun Reviews of this book: Landes and Posner, each widely respected in the intersection of law and economics, investigate the right mix of protection and use of intellectual property (IP)...This volume provides a broad and coherent approach to the economics and law of IP. The economics is important, understandable, and valuable. --R. A. Miller, Choice Intellectual property is the most important public policy issue that most policymakers don't yet get. It is America's most important export, and affects an increasingly wide range of social and economic life. In this extraordinary work, two of America's leading scholars in the law and economics movement test the pretensions of intellectual property law against the rationality of economics. Their conclusions will surprise advocates from both sides of this increasingly contentious debate. Their analysis will help move the debate beyond the simplistic ideas that now tend to dominate. --Lawrence Lessig, Stanford Law School, author of The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World An image from modern mythology depicts the day that Einstein, pondering a blackboard covered with sophisticated calculations, came to the life-defining discovery: Time = $$. Landes and Posner, in the role of that mythological Einstein, reveal at every turn how perceptions of economic efficiency pervade legal doctrine. This is a fascinating and resourceful book. Every page reveals fresh, provocative, and surprising insights into the forces that shape law. --Pierre N. Leval, Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit The most important book ever written on intellectual property. --William Patry, former copyright counsel to the U.S. House of Representatives, Judiciary Committee Given the immense and growing importance of intellectual property to modern economies, this book should be welcomed, even devoured, by readers who want to understand how the legal system affects the development, protection, use, and profitability of this peculiar form of property. The book is the first to view the whole landscape of the law of intellectual property from a functionalist (economic) perspective. Its examination of the principles and doctrines of patent law, copyright law, trade secret law, and trademark law is unique in scope, highly accessible, and altogether greatly rewarding. --Steven Shavell, Harvard Law School, author of Foundations of Economic Analysis of Law
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Science

M. Boldrin , D. Levine , Against Intellectual Monopoly , ( Cambridge University
Press , 2008 ) . 2. D. Meloso , ) . Copic , P. Bossaerts , Science 323 , 1335 ( 2009
) . 3. M. Kremer Q. J. Econ . 113 , 1137 ( 1998 ) . 4. M. Kremer “ Creating Markets
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSB:31205034615391

Category: Science

Page:

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Intellectual Property and Competition Law

The book ends with a comprehensive selection of the relevant bibliography. This part is all the more valuable to the reader as Ghidini does not simply list the relevant literature but puts it in it general context and comments on it.

Author: Gustavo Ghidini

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781845429935

Category: Competition, Unfair

Page: 176

View: 247

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The book ends with a comprehensive selection of the relevant bibliography. This part is all the more valuable to the reader as Ghidini does not simply list the relevant literature but puts it in it general context and comments on it. Ghidini s book is a fascinating trip through the system of IP laws. Beatriz Conde Gallego, Intellectual Property and Competition Law Intellectual Property and Competition Law by Gustavo Ghidini provides a persuasively presented descriptive analysis of a distinctively European perspective on intellectual property law and its relationship to competition law. Professor Ghidini expertly presents the evolution of intellectual property laws and its contemporary manifestations with respect to the expansion copyright law in technological fields and the inevitability conflict with patent law, the attempt at creating monopolies (such as in biotechnology), and so much more. A seminal work of impressive and articulate scholarship, Intellectual Property and Competition Law should be considered mandatory reading for students and researchers in the field of intellectual property rights and a very strongly recommended addition to academic library International Economics and Judicial Studies reference collections. The Economics Shelf, Midwest Book Review . . . the provocative nature of this book is one of its great strengths, as are its cohesiveness and erudition. Mel Marquis, European Competition Law Review We in the United States have much to learn not only from Gustavo Ghidini s careful analysis of modern trends in the European IP regime but also from his thoughtful development of the thesis that free competition should be understood as the overarching principle guiding both IP protection and what we call antitrust law. Rudolph J.R. Peritz, New York Law School, author of Competition Policy in America and American Antitrust Institute, US This rich and challenging book offers a critical appraisal of the relationship between intellectual property law and competition law, from a particularly European perspective. Gustavo Ghidini highlights the deficiencies in studying each of these areas of law independently and argues for a more holistic approach, insisting that it is more useful, and indeed essential, to consider them as interdependent. He does this first by examining how competition and intellectual property (IP) converge, diverge, and inform one another. Secondly, he assesses how IP law can be interpreted through the guiding principles of competition law antitrust and unfair competition and within the overarching principle of free competition. The book traces the evolution of modern IP law, which it claims is marked heavily both by over-protectionist trends such as the extension of copyright law to technological fields, where it trespasses on the territory of patent law and by attempts to monopolize the achievements of basic research, such as in the example of biotechnology. Through an examination of such emerging issues as access to standards of information and patenting of genetic materials, the author makes a clear case for a reading of IP law that promotes dynamic processes of innovation by competition , and competition by innovation , with related benefits to consumer welfare such as wider choices, greater access to culture and information, and lower prices. Advanced students and researchers in all areas of intellectual property will find this book a stimulating alternative to traditional interpretations of the subject.
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Competition Policy and Intellectual Property in Today s Global Economy

... seeking and an unproductive imposition of monopolies interfering with the ... Against Intellectual Monopoly (Cambridge University Press, 2008); Stephan ...

Author: Robert D. Anderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107194366

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 920

View: 819

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The fast-evolving relationship between the promotion of welfare-enhancing competition and the balanced protection of intellectual property (IP) rights has attracted the attention of policymakers, analysts and scholars. This interest is inevitable in an environment that lays ever greater emphasis on the management of knowledge and innovation and on mechanisms to ensure that the public derives the expected social and economic benefits from this innovation and the spread of knowledge. This book looks at the positive linkage between IP and competition in jurisdictions around the world, surveying developments and policy issues from an international and comparative perspective. It includes analysis of key doctrinal and policy issues by leading academics and practitioners from around the globe and a cutting-edge survey of related developments across both developed and developing economies. It also situates current policy developments at the national level in the context of multilateral developments, at WIPO, WTO and elsewhere.
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Perspectives on Patents and Patients

Kyle Jensen & Fiona Murray , Intellectual Property Landscape of the Human
Genome , 310 Sci . 239 , 239 ( 2005 ) . 169 . See Generally Michele Boldrin &
David K. Levine , Against Intellectual Monopoly ( 2008 ) ( arguing that intellectual
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105063785617

Category: Biochemical markers

Page: 155

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Ambush Marketing the Mega Event Monopoly

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Boldrin M, Levine DK (2008) Against intellectual monopoly. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Bollier D (2005) ...

Author: Andre M. Louw

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067048644

Category: Law

Page: 764

View: 810

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This book undertakes a critical examination of commercial rights to sports mega-events (focusing on sponsorship), the exclusivity of such rights and the legal implications of the modern mega-event sponsorship model. It examines ambush marketing of events and the law’s treatment of ambushing (specifically in the form of sui generis event legislation) in a review of 10 major jurisdictions selected on the basis of the importance of the events they are to host in the near future or have hosted recently, and the relevant domestic legislation. It critically examines the legitimacy of such commercial rights protection by means of the use of laws in the context of accepted principles of intellectual property law, competition law and human rights law. Specifically, it questions the legitimacy of the creation of statutory ‘association rights’ to mega-events, and considers potential future developments in respect of the law’s treatment of mega-event commercialisation. Valuable for practitioners and academics (in the fields of sportslaw/sponsorship/marketing/intellectual property law); sports administrators (sports governing bodies); corporate sponsors of sports and other events; potential mega-event host governments and law-makers; civil rights organisations.
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Copyfight

Notable exceptions in the literature include Boldrin and Levine, Against Intellectual Monopoly, from an economics perspective; Bettig, Copyrighting Culture ...

Author: Blayne Haggart

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442614543

Category: Law

Page: 370

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Blayne Haggart follows the WIPO treaties from negotiation to implementation from the perspective of three countries: the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
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