Alpine Plant Life

Billings (1988), Campbell (1997) and Ozenda (1988) provide geobotanical
reviews on the North American alpine flora and the flora of the Alps, respectively,
and consider functional aspects as well. More specific articles will be discussed
in the ...

Author: Christian Körner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540003479

Category: Nature

Page: 344

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Generations of plant scientists have been fascinated by alpine plant life - with the exposure of organisms to dramatic climatic gradients over a very short distance. This comprehensive text treats a wide range of topics: alpine climate and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, physiological ecology of water-, nutritional- and carbon relations of alpine plants, plant stress and plant development, biomass production, and aspects of human impacts on alpine vegetation. Geographically the book covers all parts of the world including the tropics.This second edition of Alpine Plant Life gives new references, new diagrams, and extensively revised chapters.
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Tectonic Aspects of the Alpine Dinaride Carpathian System

Introduction : analysing orogeny — the Alpine approach S . SIEGESMUND ! , B .
FÜGENSCHUHP & N . FROITZHEIM3 ' Gottinger Zentrum Geowissenschaften ,
University of Göttingen , Goldschmidtstrasse 03 , D - 37077 , Göttingen ( e - mail ...

Author: Siegfried Siegesmund

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 1862392528

Category: Science

Page: 448

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The Alps, Carpathians and Dinarides form a complex, highly curved and strongly coupled orogenic system. Motions of the European and Adriatic plates gave birth to a number of 'oceans' and microplates that led to several distinct stages of collision. Although the Alps serve as a classical example of collisional orogens, it becomes clearer that substantial questions on their evolution can only be answered in the Carpathians and Dinarides. Our understanding of the geodynamic evolution of the Alpine-Dinaride-Carpathian System has substantially improved and will continue to develop; this is thanks to collaboration between eastern and western Europe, but also due to the application of new methods and the launch of research initiatives. The largely field-based contributions investigate the following subjects: pre-Alpine heritage and Alpine reactivation; Mesozoic palaeogeography and Alpine subduction and collision processes; extrusion tectonics from the Eastern Alps to the Carpathians and the Pannonian Basin; orogen-parallel and orogen-perpendicular extension; record of orogeny in foreland basins; tectonometamorphic evolution; and relations between the Alps, Apennines and Corsica.
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Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem

There are numerous justifications for a synthesis of alpine ecosystem studies.
While alpine tundra occupies only about 3% of the global land surface (Korner
1995) and thus has little impact on atmosphere-biosphere exchange, its
presence at ...

Author: William D. Bowman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019511728X

Category: Nature

Page: 337

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Alpine Tundra.
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Alpine Biodiversity in Europe

Alpine. Ecosystems. and. in. Climate. Marmots are influenced by human activities
, directly through hunting and indirectly through the management of their habitats.
Hunting pressure is less important than at the beginning of the twentieth ...

Author: Laszlo Nagy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540001085

Category: Science

Page: 479

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The United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, spawned a multitude of pro grammes aimed at assessing, managing and conserving the earth's biological diversity. One important issue addressed at the conference was the mountain environment. A specific feature of high mountains is the so-called alpine zone, i. e. the treeless regions at the uppermost reaches. Though covering only a very small proportion of the land surface, the alpine zone contains a rela tively large number of plants, animals, fungi and microbes which are specifi cally adapted to cold environments. This zone contributes fundamentally to the planet's biodiversity and provides many resources for mountain dwelling as well as lowland people. However, rapid and largely man-made changes are affecting mountain ecosystems, such as soil erosion, losses of habitat and genetic diversity, and climate change, all of which have to be addressed. As stated in the European Community Biodiversity Strategy, "the global scale of biodiversity reduction or losses and the interdependence of different species and ecosystems across national borders demands concerted international action". Managing biodiversity in a rational and sustainable way needs basic knowledge on its qualitative and quantitative aspects at local, regional and global scales. This is particularly true for mountains, which are distributed throughout the world and are indeed hot spots of biodiversity in absolute terms as well as relative to the surrounding lowlands.
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Alpine Trials Rallies

Like Le Mans and Indianapolis they felt superior to any FIA Championship,
insisting on admitting prototypes to the 1968 and 1969 French Alpine. This meant
opting out of the Rally Championship, and they 'broke' the rally in no time.
Reduced ...

Author: Martin Pfundner

Publisher: Veloce Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781904788959

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 96

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The very beginnings of today's great sport of rallying
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Alpine Climbing

Climbing ropes today are growing longer and longer— not a good development
for the typical alpine climber. Lengths of 60 meters are common, and although
this is longer than usually needed in the mountains, you might have a hard time ...

Author: Mark Houston

Publisher: The Mountaineers Books

ISBN: 0898867495

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 325

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* For climbers who know the basics and are ready to venture at higher altitudes* Written by longtime guides and climbing instructors certified by the American Mountain Guide Association (AMGA)* Teaches situational thinking and learning as well as techniqueThis intermediate-level guide addresses tools, skills, and techniques used in alpine terrain including rock, snow, ice, and glaciers at moderate altitude - approximately 5000 meters (16,000 feet) and lower. The technical protection systems are covered, of course. But 30 years of alpine climbing experience has convinced the authors that mastery - and safety - lie in the far more difficult task of knowing exactly which techniques to use, where and when. Therefore, they teach step-by-step decision-making skills, providing scenarios, checklists, and self-posed questions to inform the decision process. Alpine Climbing assumes some prior knowledge, primarily in rock climbing skills and techniques. Basic knots, belaying,rappelling, building rock anchors, leading, placing rock protection, and movement skills on rock: variations of these skills that are of particular value in the alpine environment are addressed in this book.
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Tropical Alpine Environments

ALAN P. SMITH and TRUMAN P. YOUNG Introduction Senecio keniodendron (
Asteraceae) is an abundant and widespread giant rosette species endemic to the
alpine zone of Mount Kenya (lat 0°), Kenya. Along with Senecio brassica, it forms
 ...

Author: Philip W. Rundel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052142089X

Category: Medical

Page: 376

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Plants growing in tropical alpine environments (at altitudes above the closed canopy forest and below the limit of plant life) have evolved distinct forms to cope with a hostile environment characterized by cold, drought and fire. Unlike temperate alpine environments, where there are distinct seasons of favourable and unfavourable conditions for growth, tropical alpine habitats present summer conditions every day and winter conditions every night. Using examples from all over the tropics, this fascinating account reviews, for the first time, the unique form and functional relationships of tropical alpine plants examining both their physiological ecology and population biology. It will appeal to anyone interested in tropical vegetation and plant physiological adaptations to hostile environment, as well as to researchers in biogeography and ecology.
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Alpine Renault

André de Cortanze, with André Renut and Marcel Hubert, had set to work on the
creation of a car in 1975 that was to be the Alpine A500, a steel tube and semi-
monocoque singleseater. Although shrouded in secrecy, inevitably news of the ...

Author: Roy Smith

Publisher: Veloce Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781845841775

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

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This is a study of how the first Turbo Grand Prix car came to be a reality, from the first ideas to the final ultimate success of a Grand Prix victory. Includes the history of each company involved, the reasons for the creation of the first Turbo-charged Grand Prix car. The book covers the development of an experimental car by Alpine in the 1960's. Of the men who worked with Gordini the engine tuning genius and who went on to create a power unit that changed the worlds thinking on engine design. Then Renault designed and built its Grand Prix car to the specific Formula 1 regulations. It goes on to cover the full story of the period of the Renault Turbo Grand Prix cars.
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The Amazing Tale of Mr Herbert and His Fabulous Alpine Cowboys Baseball Club

The beginning of baseball in Alpine was in 1946, when the Alpine military men
were returning home from World War II. Alpine was a small town, with nothing to
do. Mr. C. West, owner of the Texas Café, organized a baseball team called the ...

Author: DJ Stout

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292773509

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 248

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Back in the 1940s and 1950s, almost every small town in America had a baseball team. Most players were simply local heroes with a local following, but a few teams achieved fame far beyond their region. The Alpine Cowboys—despite being based in Texas's remote, sparsely populated Big Bend country—became a star in the firmament of semi-pro baseball. Lavishly underwritten by a wealthy rancher with a passion not only for baseball but even more for helping young men get a good start in life, the Cowboys played on a "field of dreams" whose facilities rivaled those of professional ballparks. Many Cowboys went on to play in the big leagues, and several pro teams, including the Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago White Sox, and St. Louis Browns, came to play exhibition games at Kokernot Field. The story of Herbert Kokernot Jr. and his Alpine Cowboys is a legend among baseball aficionados, but until now it has never been the subject of a book. DJ Stout, son of former Cowboys player Doyle Stout, presents a hall-of-fame-worthy collection of photographs, memorabilia, and reminiscences from Alpine Cowboys players, family members, and fans to capture fifteen years (1946–1961) of baseball at its finest. Nicholas Dawidoff's introduction, originally published in Sports Illustrated, tells the fascinating tale of "Mr. Herbert" and his determination to build a baseball team and ballpark that deserved to carry his ranch's 06 brand. One of the most heartwarming episodes in the annals of the game, The Amazing Tale of Mr. Herbert and His Fabulous Alpine Cowboys is a fitting tribute to a man, a team, and a ballpark.
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Alpine

Although the mining traffic went to neighboring Marathon , Alpine likewise
benefitted as taxes on the quicksilver trade filled the county coffers . Alpine had
outgrown two schoolhouses by 1910 when the city passed a bond issue to build
a new ...

Author: David W. Keller

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 0738578940

Category: History

Page: 128

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"Alpine was born a railroad town, but long before the whistle of the steam locomotive broke the silence of Alpine Valley, the nearby spring was a favored campground for prehistoric nomads and later for Spanish explorers and freighters along the ChihuahuaTrail. When the Southern Pacific unfurled its line down from Paisano Pass in 1882, landowner Thomas Murphy saw opportunity and platted the town. In 1887, Alpine was chosen as the county seat, and with the opening of Sul Ross Normal College in 1920, the town became the academic hub of the region. Following a decade of prosperity, the Great Depression and recurrent droughts triggered a slow decline. But since the early 1990s, Alpine has enjoyed a surge in regional art and culture, allowing it to reclaim its former glory as a proud little cosmopolitan cowtown perched at the top of the Texas Big Bend"--Provided by publisher.
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Alpine Waters

This book extensively portrays the highly diverse attributes of mountain waters and demonstrates their paramount importance for ecological and societal development.

Author: Ulrich Bundi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540882749

Category: Science

Page: 278

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Most of the world’s mountains are rich in water and, as such, play a pivotal role in the global water cycle. They provide water for diverse human uses and ecosystems. Growing water demands as well as climate change will lead to ever-increasing pressure on mountain waters. Overcoming water-use conflicts and maintaining the ecological functioning of mountain waters presents a highly challenging task and is indispensable for sustainable development. This book extensively portrays the highly diverse attributes of mountain waters and demonstrates their paramount importance for ecological and societal development. The extensive summaries on the scientific basics of mountain waters are supplemented with considerations on the diverse water uses, needs for management actions, and challenges regarding sustainable water management. This overview concerns not only the mountain areas themselves but also downriver reaches and their surrounding lowlands, and, therefore, the relationship between mountain and lowland water issues.
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Closter and Alpine

Author: Patricia Garbe-Morillo

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 0738508586

Category: History

Page: 128

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Closter and Alpine are situated on the slopes of the Palisades cliffs, tucked into the northeastern corner of New Jersey. Rising some five hundred feet above the Hudson River, the peaks of these cliffs offer some of the most spectacular scenery in the state. On these slopes the earliest pre-Revolutionary settlements were established and nineteenth- and twentieth-century mansions were built. Closter and Alpine includes the region's earliest history, beginning with "Wooly," the ten-thousand-year-old long-haired mastodon discovered in 1974. The 1776 British invasion led by Lord Cornwallis and the cruel murder of ninety-year-old Douwe Tallman were early local events of the Revolutionary War. During the nineteenth century, the freed slave community of Skunk Hollow was founded, a community to which present Closter residents can trace roots. One of the most unique parts of the history of Closter and Alpine are the "Houses like Fords," the "assembly-line" homes built by the Lustron Corporation during the post-World War II housing shortage. Closter and Alpine have the only two of these houses remaining in Bergen County.
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Kosciuszko Alpine Flora

alpine. flora. The table on the following pages lists, in botanical order, the 212
native species, subspecies and varieties of ferns and flowering plants of the
Kosciuszko Alpine Area. Common names followed by + are those suggested by
two of ...

Author: A. B. Costin

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643065210

Category: Science

Page: 233

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Describes and illustrates the area's 212 flowering plants and ferns.
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American Alpine Journal 1979

American Alpine Club. K2: The. End. of. a. 40-Year. American. Quest. Louis F.
Reichardt To our predecessors on K2, upon whose shoulders we climbed. '
ITUATED in remote splendor at the upper end of the Baltoro Glacier, K2, second
highest ...

Author: American Alpine Club

Publisher: The Mountaineers Books

ISBN: 0930410750

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 373

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1976 American Alpine Journal

American Alpine Club. just beyond the second peak on the ridge on June 5.
Beyond the end of the knife edge and below a 35-foot ice wall, they found a 1000
-foot- long flat ridge. Camp III was placed there in a snow cave on June 7. More
knife ...

Author: American Alpine Club

Publisher: The Mountaineers Books

ISBN: 1933056312

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page:

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Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

Most alpine and arctic lakes and ponds have low levels of nutrients. There is,
however, a tremendous scatter both in nutrients and concentrations of various
ions. Coastal ponds may be strongly influenced by bird droppings, and may also
 ...

Author: Jon Børre Ørbaek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540485148

Category: Science

Page: 434

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The European Arctic and Alpine regions are experiencing large environmental changes. These changes may have socio-economic effects if the changes affect the bioproduction, which form the basis for the marine and terrestrial food chains. This uniquely multidisciplinary book presents the various aspects of contemporary environmental changes in Arctic and Alpine Regions.
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Arctic and Alpine Mycology 6

Arhenia auriscalpium in arctic - alpine habitats : world distribution , ecology , new
reports from the southern Rocky Mountains , USA Cathy L . Cripps & Egon Horak
ARRHENIA AURISCALPIUM IN ARCTIC - ALPINE HABITATS Fig . 2. Abstract ...

Author:

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 8763512777

Category:

Page:

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Walking the Alpine Parks of France Northwest Italy

INTRODUCTION. The Alps of France and northwestern Italy comprise a beautiful
and varied region of impressively high peaks and steep glaciers, mountain tarns
and alpine meadows, and lonely valleys. What sets these western Alps apart ...

Author: Marcia Lieberman

Publisher: The Mountaineers Books

ISBN: 0898863988

Category: Travel

Page: 237

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Suggests hikes in five French and one Italian national parks, and offers tips on trip planning, map sources, and safe hiking.
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Cascade Alpine Guide

The following references provide valuable background for the region covered in
this volume; other references of localized value are noted in the copy. American
Alpine Journal (A.A.J. ). The American Alpine Club, Golden, Colo. Atkeson, Ray.

Author: Fred Beckey

Publisher: The Mountaineers Books

ISBN: 0898868386

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 400

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Volume II in the classic "Cascade Alpine Guide" seriesfeatures expert information on more than 300 climbing andhigh routes in the Cascades. This volume covers themiddle of the Cascade Range, from the foothills east ofPuget Sound to Lake Chelan. You'll find geographical,historical, and geological overviews of the majestic mid-Cascade ......
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