The Anatomy of Revolution Revisited

A Comparative Analysis of England, France, and Russia
Author: Bailey Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110704572X
Category: History
Page: 529
View: 2686
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This study aims to update a classic of comparative revolutionary analysis, Crane Brinton's 1938 study The Anatomy of Revolution. It invokes the latest research and theoretical writing in history, political science, and political sociology to compare and contrast, in their successive phases, the English Revolution of 1640-60, the French Revolution of 1789-99, and the Russian Revolution of 1917-29. This book intends to do what no other comparative analysis of revolutionary change has yet adequately done. It not only progresses beyond Marxian socioeconomic "class" analysis and early "revisionist" stresses on short-term, accidental factors involved in revolutionary causation and process; it also finds ways to reconcile "state-centered" structuralist accounts of the three major European revolutions with postmodernist explanations of those upheavals that play up the centrality of human agency, revolutionary discourse, mentalities, ideology, and political culture.

The Anatomy of Revolution


Author: Crane Brinton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Revolutions
Page: 300
View: 4869
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Révoltes et révolutions en Europe et aux Amériques

1773-1802
Author: Robert Calvet
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200242530
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 2268
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Traiter des révoltes et des révolutions de la fin du 18e siècle, tant en Europe que dans les Amériques, implique de s'intéresser à des espaces nombreux et disparates, des pays ayant déjà connu une certaine modernité, des sociétés bloquées, des espaces coloniaux marqués par la mainmise de la métropole. D'où des réalités très variées et des revendications très diverses. Compte tenu de cette diversité, une première approche selon plusieurs ensembles géographiques plus ou moins vastes sera nécessaire afin d'aborder chaque cas dans ses particularités, avant d'entamer une seconde réflexion, plus thématique et comparative, entre chaque cas national et les différents groupes sociaux impliqués. Robert Calvet est docteur en histoire et professeur certifié. Sa thèse portait sur l'historiographie comparée de la Révolution française. Il a publié aux éditions Armand Colin dans la collection « Civilisations », Les Japonais (2003) et Les Américains (2004).

Histoire des révolutions


Author: Martin Malia
Publisher: Tallandier
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 463
View: 5041
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Livre testament d’un des plus grands historiens du XXe siècle, Histoire des révolutions ( History’s Locomotives. Revolutions and the Making of the Modern World ) fait figure de classique depuis sa parution en anglais, à la fin de 2006. On l’a comparé sans abus à Tocqueville (L’Ancien régime et la Révolution) ou à Max Weber (L’Éthique protestante et l’esprit du capitalisme) , il est la synthèse d’une vie de recherches pluridisciplinaires. Un exceptionnel récit d’histoire comparée, limpide, sans artifices, où le modèle théorique est toujours strictement subordonné à l’exposé préalable des faits. Tout commence par la révolution hussite qui ensanglante la Bohême (1415-1436) et ouvre la voie à la Réforme. C’est le premier ébranlement de la chrétienté romaine. Suivront, dans un enchaînement logique : le séisme du luthéranisme (1517-1555), l’insurrection huguenote (1559-1598), la révolte des Pays-Bas (1566-1609), la révolution britannique (1640 1688), la guerre d’Indépendance américaine (1776-1787) et la Révolution française (1789-1799) qui inaugure le principe d’égalité. Dès lors, il ne s’agit plus simplement de corriger ou de réformer l’ordre existant mais de créer un monde neuf. Le rêve millénariste se renforce de raison, la révolution devient une science, une religion, avec sa loi et ses prophètes. Ainsi, 1848, la Commune de Paris puis la IIe Internationale prépareront l’avènement paradoxal d’une autre révolution, « Octobre rouge », qui contrevient en tout point aux « lois de l’histoire », promulguées dans Le Capital, et dont Malia suit le déroulement jusqu’à l’effondrement du communisme. Cette onzième révolution, qui devait mettre fin à toutes les autres, était-elle réellement la dernière ? L’auteur se garde bien de trancher. Son propos est à la fois plus modeste et plus sérieux. Plus inquiétant.

Reason, Social Myths and Democracy


Author: Sidney Hook
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1605206334
Category: Philosophy
Page: 316
View: 1417
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Dedicated "to the memory of a Great Adversary," this 1940 work is a startling clarion call to embrace reason and rationality as the only way to solve social problems. Hook discusses: [ democracy and scientific method [ the meaning behind nonsense [ the folklore of capitalism [ ideas as weapons [ integral humanism [ science, atheism, and mythology [ science and the "new obscurantism" [ the mythology of class science [ and much more.

Sociologie des crises politiques

La dynamique des mobilisations multisectorielles. 3e édition revue et augmentée d'une préface inédite
Author: Michel Dobry
Publisher: Presses de Sciences Po
ISBN: 2724687337
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 4046
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Continuation des rapports politiques ordinaires, les crises ont aussi une dynamique propre dont l'intelligibilité suppose de s'attacher à ce qui se joue dans les mobilisations constitutives de ces processus et dans les transformations brusques des espaces sociaux dans lesquels les protagonistes sont pris et agissent ; en somme, dans ce qui s'y passe.Les crises politiques ou, mieux, les conjonctures fluides dont ce livre ébauche la théorie apparaissent dès lors sous un jour nouveau : états particuliers des systèmes sociaux, dont l'auteur met en évidence une plasticité insoupçonnée jusqu'alors, mais surtout logiques de situation spécifiques qui contraignent perceptions, calculs et tactiques des acteurs.Paru en 1986, réédité dès 1992 au format poche, ce livre a pris rang de classique. Pour cette troisième édition, l'auteur a remanié louvrage pour en faciliter la lecture et la augmenté d'une préface inédite éclairant sa portée pour les débats actuels des sciences sociales.Ce livre est la preuve qu'une réflexion exigeante sur la société na que faire des conflits décole opposant artificiellement lindividu et les structures, le sujet et la totalité sociale. (Revue française de science politique)A major contribution to the study of political crises. (Acta Sociologica)Ce livre a limmense mérite de restituer au phénomène de crise politique son statut de normalité. (La Quinzaine littéraire)

Anatomy of the Red Brigades

The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists
Author: Alessandro Orsini
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801461392
Category: Political Science
Page: 317
View: 5590
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The Red Brigades were a far-left terrorist group in Italy formed in 1970 and active all through the 1980s. Infamous around the world for a campaign of assassinations, kidnappings, and bank robberies intended as a "concentrated strike against the heart of the State," the Red Brigades' most notorious crime was the kidnapping and murder of Italy's former prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978. In the late 1990s, a new group of violent anticapitalist terrorists revived the name Red Brigades and killed a number of professors and government officials. Like their German counterparts in the Baader-Meinhof Group and today's violent political and religious extremists, the Red Brigades and their actions raise a host of questions about the motivations, ideologies, and mind-sets of people who commit horrific acts of violence in the name of a utopia. In the first English edition of a book that has won critical acclaim and major prizes in Italy, Alessandro Orsini contends that the dominant logic of the Red Brigades was essentially eschatological, focused on purifying a corrupt world through violence. Only through revolutionary terror, Brigadists believed, could humanity be saved from the putrefying effects of capitalism and imperialism. Through a careful study of all existing documentation produced by the Red Brigades and of all existing scholarship on the Red Brigades, Orsini reconstructs a worldview that can be as seductive as it is horrifying. Orsini has devised a micro-sociological theory that allows him to reconstruct the group dynamics leading to political homicide in extreme-left and neonazi terrorist groups. This "subversive-revolutionary feedback theory" states that the willingness to mete out and suffer death depends, in the last analysis, on how far the terrorist has been incorporated into the revolutionary sect. Orsini makes clear that this political-religious concept of historical development is central to understanding all such self-styled "purifiers of the world." From Thomas Müntzer's theocratic dream to Pol Pot's Cambodian revolution, all the violent "purifiers" of the world have a clear goal: to build a perfect society in which there will no longer be any sin and unhappiness and in which no opposition can be allowed to upset the universal harmony. Orsini's book reconstructs the origins and evolution of a revolutionary tradition brought into our own times by the Red Brigades.

Law and Revolution, II

The Impact of the Protestant Reformations on the Western Legal Tradition
Author: Harold Joseph Berman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674020863
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 3923
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Harold Berman's masterwork narrates the interaction of evolution and revolution in the development of Western law. This new volume explores two successive transformations of the Western legal tradition under the impact of the sixteenth-century German Reformation and the seventeenth-century English Revolution, with particular emphasis on Lutheran and Calvinist influences. Berman examines the far-reaching consequences of these apocalyptic political and social upheavals on the systems of legal philosophy, legal science, criminal law, civil and economic law, and social law in Germany and England and throughout Europe as a whole. Berman challenges both conventional approaches to legal history, which have neglected the religious foundations of Western legal systems, and standard social theory, which has paid insufficient attention to the communitarian dimensions of early modern economic law, including corporation law and social welfare. Clearly written and cogently argued, this long-awaited, magisterial work is a major contribution to an understanding of the relationship of law to Western belief systems.

Royal and Republican Sovereignty in Early Modern Europe

Essays in Memory of Ragnhild Hatton
Author: Robert Oresko,G. C. Gibbs,H. M. Scott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521419109
Category: History
Page: 671
View: 3125
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A collection of illustrated essays on sovereignty and political power in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Europe.

The Challenge of Revolution

Contemporary Russia in Historical Perspective
Author: Vladimir Mau,Irina Starodubrovskaia
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191529117
Category: Political Science
Page: 386
View: 6621
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This volume provides an challenging and controversial explanation of the recent events in Russia. It examines the causes, processes, and consequences of Russia's recent political development. Drawing on, and criticizing the existing literature, the book also shows how the recent Russian experience casts light on general theories of revolution and comparative political developments. The transformation in Russia is usually compared with transformations in other post-communist countries. The authors argue that the Russian transformation should be explained in the logic of the great revolutions of the past such as the English Civil War, the French Revolution, and the Bolshevik Revolution. The difficulties and inconsistency of Russian reforms are usually explained as a result of mistakes made by reformers. This book argues, however, that these problems should be considered as a natural consequence of the 'weak state'. In revolution the weakness of state power is inevitable (resulting from social fragmentation, property rights transformation, changes in the interests of different social groups). Hence, the authors argue that most of the transitional problems in Russia were unavoidable. The authors go on to argue that revolutions are usually considered as rapid change made through violence. However, the spontaneous character of change in the situation of a weak state is a much more important feature of any revolution than violence. The book contains unique interviews with four leaders of the Russian transformation - Mikhail Gorbachev, Alexander Yakovlev, Yegor Gaidar, and Gennadii Burbulis - as well as the personal experience of the authors, who were deeply involved in the practical process of Russian transformation.

La Liberté guidant les peuples

Les révolutions de 1830 en Europe
Author: Sylvie APRILE,Jean-Claude CARON,Emmanuel FUREIX
Publisher: Editions Champ Vallon
ISBN: 2876737035
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 525
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Assiste-t-on, autour de 1830, à la première révolution européenne ?De la France à la Belgique, de la Pologne à l’Italie centrale, des États allemands à la Suisse, une bonne partie de l’Europe connaît une impressionnante série de mouvements insurrectionnels et révolutionnaires, inégalement achevés. Rarement pensés ensemble, ces mouvements font ici l’objet d’une approche inédite.Ce livre collectif propose de confronter des historiographies nationales jusque-là cloisonnées (française, belge, polonaise, italienne, allemande, suisse, britannique, espagnole). À l’heure de l’histoire globale, il s’efforce de penser des circulations révolutionnaires, d’exhumer des mobilisations transnationales, sans négliger les échecs et les tensions sociopolitiques à l’œuvre. Rompant alors avec la linéarité d’une histoire qui glisserait insensiblement d’une révolution à l’autre (1789-1830-1848), il permet d’interroger les sens perdus de ce « moment 1830 ». Les circulations humaines, symboliques et politiques décrites ici ont créé les conditions de possibilité d’un nouvel imaginaire de l’Europe des peuples. Ce nouvel imaginaire s’est pourtant heurté à une glaciation rapide du processus révolutionnaire.Autant de questions d’une stimulante actualité à l’heure des révolutions arabes.Textes de Sylvie APRILE, Arianna ARISI ROTA, Anna BARANSKA, Fabrice BENSIMON, Walter BRUYÈRE-OSTELLS, Jean-Claude CARON, Delphine DIAZ, Emmanuel FUREIX, Irène HERRMANN, Nathalie JAKOBOWICZ, François JARRIGE, Jean-Philippe LUIS, Marco MERIGGI, Julia A. SCHMIDT-FUNKE, Els WITTE.

Transition Towards Revolution and Reform

The Arab Spring Realised?
Author: Sonia L. Alianak
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 074869272X
Category: Political Science
Page: 220
View: 8097
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Compares the methods used by the secular leaders of Tunisia and Egypt to deal with revolution with the methods that the monarchs of Morocco and Jordan used to accommodate their peopleOCOs priority of reform. It asks why some Arab Spring uprisings led to"e;

Educational Reform in Post-Soviet Russia

Legacies and Prospects
Author: Ben Eklof,Larry E. Holmes,Vera Kaplan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135765391
Category: Education
Page: 368
View: 8238
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This volume consists of a collection of essays devoted to study of the most recent educational reform in Russia. In his first decree Boris Yeltsin proclaimed education a top priority of state policy. Yet the economic decline which accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union dealt a crippling blow to reformist aspirations, and to the existing school system itself. The public lost faith in school reform and by the mid-1990s a reaction had set in. Nevertheless, large-scale changes have been effected in finance, structure, governance and curricula. At the same time, there has been a renewed and widespread appreciation for the positive aspects of the Soviet legacy in schooling. The essays presented here compare current educational reform to reforms of the past, analyze it in a broader cultural, political and social context, and study the shifts that have occurred at the different levels of schooling 'from political decision-making and changes in school administration to the rewriting textbooks and teachers' everyday problems. The authors are both Russian educators, who have played a leading role in implementation of the reform, and Western scholars, who have been studying it from its very early stages. Together, they formulate an intricate but cohesive picture, which is in keeping with the complex nature of the reform itself. Contributors: Kara Brown, (Indiana University) * Ben Eklof (Indiana University) * Isak D. Froumin, (World Bank, Moscow) * Larry E. Holmes (University of South Alabama) * Igor Ionov, (Russian History Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences) * Viacheslav Karpov & Elena Lisovskaya, (Western Michigan University) * Vera Kaplan, (Tel Aviv University) * Stephen T. Kerr, (University of Washington) * James Muckle, (University of Nottingham) * Nadya Peterson, (Hunter College) * Scott Seregny, (Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis) * Alexander Shevyrev, (Moscow State University) * Janet G. Vaillant, (Harvard University)

Anatomie de la terreur - Le processus révolutionnaire (1787-1793)


Author: Timothy Tackett
Publisher: Le Seuil
ISBN: 2021323684
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 9726
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Comment l'élan démocratique de 1789 a-t-il pu donner naissance à la violence terroriste de 1793 ? Cette question obsédait déjà les contemporains, qui y voyaient non seulement un défi politique et une épreuve morale mais aussi un scandale logique. " Ce qui sera à jamais incompréhensible, c'est le contraste inouï de nos principes et de nos folies ", écrit le révolutionnaire Dominique-Joseph Garat dès 1795. Timothy Tackett n'instruit pas le procès de la Révolution, il décrit le processus révolutionnaire. Dans un livre très neuf, s'appuyant sur les correspondances, pour la plupart inédites des acteurs des journées révolutionnaires, le grand historien américain restitue le sens des événements et des engagements, au plus près de la manière dont ils furent vécus, et des émotions politiques qui s'y exprimèrent. Après avoir expliqué dans Par la volonté du peuple (1997) comment l'on devenait révolutionnaire, l'auteur montre ici avec brio comment l'on peut devenir terroriste. Traduit de l'anglais (États-Unis) par Serge Chassagne Professeur à l'université de Californie, Timothy Tackett est spécialiste de la Révolution française. Plusieurs de ses livres ont été traduits en français, dont Par la volonté du peuple. Comment les députés de 1789 sont devenus révolutionnaires (Albin Michel, 1997) et Le roi s'enfuit. Varennes et l'origine de la Terreur (La Découverte, 2004 et 2007).

Stuff I've Written So Far


Author: John Locke
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1105815277
Category: History
Page: 206
View: 8194
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This book contains various work from Locke's Master's program, along with a select group of articles from his blog called Not the Guy on Lost, (locke-on-politics.blogspot.com) and his most recent essays from his first semester as a doctoral student at Union Institute and University. John Locke covers a variety of topics, but throughout, there is a common thread: economic and social justice. This is the stuff he's written...so far.

Taking Power

On the Origins of Third World Revolutions
Author: John Foran
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139445184
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 1075
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Taking Power analyzes the causes behind some three dozen revolutions in the Third World between 1910 and the present. It advances a theory that seeks to integrate the political, economic, and cultural factors that brought these revolutions about, and links structural theorizing with original ideas on culture and agency. It attempts to explain why so few revolutions have succeeded, while so many have failed. The book is divided into chapters that treat particular sets of revolutions including the great social revolutions of Mexico 1910, China 1949, Cuba 1959, Iran 1979, and Nicaragua 1979, the anticolonial revolutions in Algeria, Vietnam, Angola, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe from the 1940s to the 1970s, and the failed revolutionary attempts in El Salvador, Peru, and elsewhere. It closes with speculation about the future of revolutions in an age of globalization, with special attention to Chiapas, the post-September 11 world, and the global justice movement.

When Men Revolt and Why


Author: James Chowning Davies
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412841405
Category: Political Science
Page: 357
View: 5236
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The environment within which humans interact has changed dramatically since the Industrial Revolution. However, their expectations stem from the same hopes and dreams people have had from the beginning of humankind. When Men Revolt and Why encourages readers to look closer and more deeply into the relationships between humans and the institutions that have originated to help them realize their full potential. The contributors not only examine people, but also the need to change institutions that have outworn their usefulness. When institutions inhibit rather than facilitate everyone's desire to live a full life, the result is likely to be violence. This book offers the ideas of many people who have tried to dig deeper into basic causes of violence. Included in this volume are selections by Aristotle, Tocqueville./Marx and Engels, and Brinton. The ideas they espoused still hold vitality. In his new introduction, James Davies talks about the circumstances under which this book was originally published. In Vietnam, a people were fighting for their autonomy. In the United States, many Americans were protesting against American involvement in the Vietnam War. Blacks were marching for their civil rights. Women were fighting for equality. Time has tempered these conflicts. Davies maintains that we remain ignorant of the elemental forces that impel people and nations to resort to violence. We are usually surprised by their anger and shocked by their violence. Davies asserts that we need to learn more about how humans respond to change so as to prepare ourselves for such responses to change. When Men Revolt and Why is as timely as ever as we deal with uncertainty in various areas of the world— the former Yugoslavia, the Middle East, and Ireland, among others. It is especially pertinent for political scientists, historians, and sociologists.

Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences


Author: James Mahoney,Dietrich Rueschemeyer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521016452
Category: Political Science
Page: 444
View: 8206
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The book considers the accomplishments and agendas of comparative-historical research in the social sciences.

Resisting Rebellion

The History and Politics of Counterinsurgency
Author: Anthony James Joes
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 081313806X
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 4519
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In Resisting Rebellion, Anthony James Joes's discussion of insurgencies ranges across five continents and spans more than two centuries. Analyzing examples from North and South America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, he identifies recurrent patterns and offers useful lessons for future policymakers. Insurgencies arise from many sources of discontent, including foreign occupation, fraudulent elections, and religious persecution, but they also stem from ethnic hostilities, the aspirations of would-be elites, and traditions of political violence. Because insurgency is as much a political phenomenon as a military one, effective counterinsurgency requires a thorough understanding of the insurgents' motives and sources of support. Clear political aims must guide military action if a counterinsurgency is to be successful and establish a lasting reconciliation within a deeply fragmented society.