the oleic acid on a live and wriggling sister or mother and refrain from evicting her from our hive. But does the occur rence of unintelligent behavior suffice to demonstrate the total absence of mental experience under any circumstances? Ethologists from some distant galaxy could easily discern ex amples of stupid and maladaptive behavior in our own species. But do instances of human stupidity prove that none of us is ever consciously aware of what he is dOing? No available evi dence compels us to believe that insects, or any other animals, experience any sort of consciousness, or intentionally plan any of their behavior. But neither are we compelled to believe the contrary. In areas where data are few and of limited rel evance, dogmatic negativity can easily limit what scientists even try to investigate, and thus perhaps delay or prevent im portant insights and discoveries. Many of the participants agreed that a good starting point would be to consider what we know of our own thinking, subjec tive feelings, and consciousness, and then move on to inquire whether other species experience anything similar. Such an ap proach was once considered fallaciously anthropomorphic. But it seems now to be widely if not universally recognized that this is a serious objection only if one has already assumed in advance that conscious thinking is uniquely human, and the accu sation of anthropomorphism is then merely a reiteration of the prior conviction.
Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Animal Mind — Human Mind, Berlin 1981, March 22–27 D. R. Griffin. Dahlem Konferenzen 1982. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag. Brain Functions and Mental Processes S. A. Hillyard" and F. E. ...
Author: D. R. Griffin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Several books chronicle attempts, most of them during the last 40 years, to teach animals to communicate with people in a human-designed language. These books have typically treated only one or two species, or even one or a few research projects. We have provided a more encompassing view of this field. We also want to reinforce what other authors, for example Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately convey about our responsibility for our closest animal kin. This book surveys what was known, or believed about animal language throughout history and prehistory, and summarizes current knowledge and the controversy around it. The authors identify and attempt to settle most of the problems in interpreting the animal behaviours that have been observed in studies of animal language ability.
THE ANIMAL MIND Finally, David Premack asks" whether animal and human minds are better represented by overlapping circles or by concentric circles with animal abilities totally contained within the larger circle of human intelligence.
Author: W.A. Hillix
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Donald Redfield Griffin
Category: Animal behavior
The study of animal cognition raises profound questions about the minds of animals and philosophy of mind itself. Aristotle argued that humans are the only animal to laugh, but in recent experiments rats have also been shown to laugh. In other experiments, dogs have been shown to respond appropriately to over two hundred words in human language. In this introduction to the philosophy of animal minds Kristin Andrews introduces and assesses the essential topics, problems and debates as they cut across animal cognition and philosophy of mind. She addresses the following key topics: what is cognition, and what is it to have a mind? What questions should we ask to determine whether behaviour has a cognitive basis? the science of animal minds explained: ethology, behaviourist psychology, and cognitive ethology rationality in animals animal consciousness: what does research into pain and the emotions reveal? What can empirical evidence about animal behaviour tell us about philosophical theories of consciousness? does animal cognition involve belief and concepts; do animals have a ‘Language of Thought’? animal communication other minds: do animals attribute ‘mindedness’ to other creatures? moral reasoning and ethical behaviour in animals animal cognition and memory. Extensive use of empirical examples and case studies is made throughout the book. These include Cheney and Seyfarth’s ververt monkey research, Thorndike’s cat puzzle boxes, Jensen’s research into humans and chimpanzees and the ultimatum game, Pankseep and Burgdorf’s research on rat laughter, and Clayton and Emery’s research on memory in scrub-jays. Additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of mind, animal cognition. It will also be an excellent resource for those in fields such as ethology, biology and psychology.
minds. Close your eyes, and reach for an object in front of you. Now open your eyes, and try to identify which object you touched. Easy, right? For human adults, cross modal perception between the visual and tactile senses is natural.
Author: Kristin Andrews
The fifty-seven original essays in this book provide a comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary field of animal cognition. The contributors include cognitive ethologists, behavioral ecologists, experimental and developmental psychologists, behaviorists, philosophers, neuroscientists, computer scientists and modelers, field biologists, and others. The diversity of approaches is both philosophical and methodological, with contributors demonstrating various degrees of acceptance or disdain for such terms as "consciousness" and varying degrees of concern for laboratory experimentation versus naturalistic research. In addition to primates, particularly the nonhuman great apes, the animals discussed include antelopes, bees, dogs, dolphins, earthworms, fish, hyenas, parrots, prairie dogs, rats, ravens, sea lions, snakes, spiders, and squirrels. The topics include (but are not limited to) definitions of cognition, the role of anecdotes in the study of animal cognition, anthropomorphism, attention, perception, learning, memory, thinking, consciousness, intentionality, communication, planning, play, aggression, dominance, predation, recognition, assessment of self and others, social knowledge, empathy, conflict resolution, reproduction, parent-young interactions and caregiving, ecology, evolution, kin selection, and neuroethology.
Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen, Gordon M. Burghardt ... Animal Learning & Behavior 24 : 123–141 . Crane , E. ( 1983 ) . ... In Animal Mind — Human Mind , D. R. Griffin , ed . , pp .
Author: Marc Bekoff
Publisher: MIT Press
This collection of 24 readings is the first comprehensive treatment of important topics by leading figures in the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of animal cognition. Taken togther the essays provide the nucleus for an introductory course in animal cognition (cognitive ethology and comparative psychology), philosophy of biology, or philosophy of mind.Selections are grouped in five sections: Perspectives on Animal Cognition; Cognitive and Evolutionary Explanations; Recognition, Choice, Vigilance, and Play; Communication and Language; and Animal Minds. Seventeen essays are reprinted from the authors much cited two-volume collection, Interpretation and Explanation in the Study of Animal Behavior. One essay taken from that book has been subsequently revised, and five additional essays are recent examples of critical thinking in cognitive ethology. The preface and final chapter, "Ethics and the Study of Animal Cognition," are new.A Bradford Book
Animal Mind , Human Mind : Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Animal Mind - Human Mind . Berlin : Springer - Verlag , pp . 269–298 . Grice , H. P. ( 1957 ) , “ Meaning , ” Philosophical Review 66 : 377–388 .
Author: Marc Bekoff
Publisher: MIT Press
In, The Human Mind: A Psychological View of Theological concepts, I compare and contrast the scientific understanding of the human mind with the teaching of the Bible. In some cases, these two perspectives are very similar, such as in various aspects of child development. However, where positive psychology claims that the power to induce change lies within the individual, the Bible teaches that we can do nothing apart from Christ. The book begins with the concept of belief, upon which the mind develops. Both Christian Theology and scientific psychology agree that one's beliefs serve as a lens through which reality is perceived; and that humans essentially choose what they want to believe. As such, an individuals' core beliefs serve as the foundation upon which their mind develops. This book then outlines the various developmental processes of the human mind. Beginning with what is commonly referred to as the blank slate, through sensory integration and learning, humans first develop a concept of self-awareness and then a theory of mind upon which an individual's identity is anchored. These developmental processes are discussed and form the framework of our understanding of consciousness. Finally, after establishing the relationship between mind and behavior, this book closes with the contemplation of the nature and development of the mind of Jesus of Nazareth.
everyone—and I believe deep down it is—that the human mind is not just qualitatively different from that of other animals. It is completely different. But alas, this difference allows humans to choose what they want to believe.
Author: Eric J. Kolb Ph.D.
"Animal Minds tackles a question that is both fascinating and important. The overwhelming body of evidence that Donald Griffin has assembled puts beyond reasonable doubt the case for recognizing that many non-human animals . . . are capable of much more sophisticated thinking than many scientists have been prepared to believe".--Peter Singer, author of Animal Liberation.
( Reprinted 1986 by Cornell University Press , Ithaca , N.Y. ) 1981. The question of animal awareness . 2d ed . New York : Rockefeller University Press . ed . 1982. Introduction to animal mind - human mind . New York : Springer . 1984.
Author: Donald R. Griffin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
This volume is a collection of fourteen essays by leading philosophers on issues concerning the nature, existence, and our knowledge of animal minds. The nature of animal minds has been a topic of interest to philosophers since the origins of philosophy, and recent years have seen significant philosophical engagement with the subject. However, there is no volume that represents the current state of play in this important and growing field. The purpose of this volume is to highlight the state of the debate. The issues which are covered include whether and to what degree animals think in a language or in iconic structures, possess concepts, are conscious, self-aware, metacognize, attribute states of mind to others, and have emotions, as well as issues pertaining to our knowledge of and the scientific standards for attributing mental states to animals.
Metacognition and consciousness. In P. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, and E. Thomson (eds.) ... Animal signals: mind reading and manipulation. In R. Krebs and N. B. Davies ... Animal Mind— Human Mind. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Author: Robert W. Lurz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
While philosophers have been interested in animals since ancient times, in the last few decades the subject of animal minds has emerged as a major topic in philosophy. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising nearly fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into eight parts: Mental representation Reasoning and metacognition Consciousness Mindreading Communication Social cognition and culture Association, simplicity, and modeling Ethics. Within these sections, central issues, debates, and problems are examined, including: whether and how animals represent and reason about the world; how animal cognition differs from human cognition; whether animals are conscious; whether animals represent their own mental states or those of others; how animals communicate; the extent to which animals have cultures; how to choose among competing models and explanations of animal behavior; and whether animals are moral agents and/or moral patients. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, ethics, and related disciplines such as ethology, biology, psychology, linguistics, and anthropology.
“The Insect Mind: Physics or Meta-Physics?” in D. R. Griffin (ed.) Animal Mind – Human Mind (pp. 269–298), Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Grah, G., and Ronacher, B. (2008) “Three-Dimensional Orientation in Desert Ants: Context-Independent ...
Author: Kristin Andrews
Publisher: Taylor & Francis