Archaeomineralogy

1.1 Prologue What is archaeomineralogy? The term has been used at least once before (Mitchell 1985), but this volume is the first publication to lay down the scientific basis and systematics for this subdiscipline.

Author: George R. Rapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662050057

Category: Science

Page: 326

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1.1 Prologue What is archaeomineralogy? The term has been used at least once before (Mitchell 1985), but this volume is the first publication to lay down the scientific basis and systematics for this subdiscipline. Students sometimes call an introductory archaeology course "stones and bones." Archaeomineralogy covers the stones component of this phrase. Of course, archaeology consists of a great deal more than just stones and bones. Contemporary archaeology is based on stratigraphy, geomorphology, chronometry, behavioral inferences, and a host of additional disciplines in addition to those devoted to stones and bones. To hazard a definition: archaeomineralogy is the study of the minerals and rocks used by ancient societies over space and time, as implements, orna ments, building materials, and raw materials for ceramics and other processed products. Archaeomineralogy also attempts to date, source, or otherwise char acterize an artifact or feature, or to interpret past depositional alteration of archaeological contexts. Unlike geoarchaeology, archaeomineralogy is not, and is not likely to become, a recognized subdiscipline. Practitioners of archaeomineralogy are mostly geoarchaeologists who specialize in geology and have a strong background in mineralogy or petrology (the study of the origin ofrocks).
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Archaeomineralogy

This second edition of Archaeomineralogy takes an updated and expanded look at the human use of rocks and minerals from the Paleolithic through to the 18th century ACE.

Author: George Rapp

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540785930

Category: Science

Page: 336

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“Archaeomineralogy” provides a wealth of information for mineralogists, geologists and archaeologists involved in archaeometric studies. The first edition was very well-received and praised for its systematic description of the rocks and minerals used throughout the world by our ancestors and for its excellent list of over 900 references, providing easy access to the fields of archaeomineralogy and geoarchaeology. This second edition of “Archaeomineralogy” takes an updated and expanded look at the human use of rocks and minerals from the Paleolithic through to the 18th century CE. It retains the structure and main themes of the original but has been revised and expanded with more than 200 new references within the text, a bibliography of additional references not included in the text, a dozen new figures (drawings and photos), coverage of many additional important mineral, rock, and gem materials, a broader geographic scope, particularly but not limited to Eastern Europe, and a more thorough review of early contributions to archaeomineralogy, especially those of Agricola. From reviews of the first edition: "... crammed full of useful information, is well-balanced using both new and Old World examples of the archaeomaterials described. It also provides a broad, but of necessity, all too brief overview of the geological raw materials used in antiquity." -- Geoscientist "...provides much interesting discussion of how particular names came to be employed by archaeologists working in different regions of the world.... much to offer for any geologist or archaeologist interested in minerals and rocks and how they have been used in the past." -- Mineralium Deposita "... a gem of a book, it's strength is that it is encyclopedic in content, if not in layout, draws on a wealth of field experience and almost every sentence contains a nugget of information" -- The Holocene
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Crystal Magic

Rapp, Archaeomineralogy, 106. 46. Rapp, Archaeomineralogy, 93. 47. Schumann, Gemstones of the World, 142. 48. Clifford Frondel, ed., Dana's The System of ...

Author: Sandra Kynes

Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide

ISBN: 9780738754161

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 312

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Strengthen your connection with the natural world as you learn to incorporate the power of crystals and gemstones into your magical practice. This comprehensive, full-color book is exquisitely designed to be both user-friendly and a gorgeous addition to your bookshelf. Inside, you'll find everything you need to effectively work with crystals, from the history, science, and magic of the mineral kingdom to an encyclopedic list of nearly 200 varieties of stones. Explore numerous ways to grow your knowledge and skills, including details on buying and preparing stones, magical associations by color, astrological influences, and how to spot fakes. Discover a new, powerful form of crystal grid and which stone is best for a specific goal. With more than 200 color photographs and convenient guides to correspondences, associated deities, and more, Crystal Magic will serve as a timeless, indispensable reference.
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Ibss Anthropology 1986

Moskva : Nauka , 1986 , 223 p . MITCHELL , Robert D .; ( ed . ) . Archaeomineralogy : an annotated bibliography of North and Central America ( 1840-1981 ) ...

Author: International Committee International Committee for Social Science Information and Documentation

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041503163X

Category: Reference

Page: 643

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IBSS is the essential tool for librarians, university departments, research institutions and any public or private institution whose work requires access to up-to-date and comprehensive knowledge of the social sciences.
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The Megaliths of Vera Island in the Southern Urals

Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy. Proceedings of the International Conference, 29–30 October 2008 Sofia. Sofia: St. Ivan Rilski. – P. 169–174.

Author: Stanislav Grigoriev

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781789692433

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

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The largest and brightest megalithic complex in Russia’s Ural Mountains is located on Vera Island, represented by three chambered megaliths and sanctuaries of the Eneolithic period (mid-4th - 3rd millennium BC). The oldest samples of stone sculpture in the Urals have been revealed within this complex.
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Gems and Gemmology

In: Archaeomineralogy. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, pp91–120 Rapp GR (2002b) Abrasive, salt, shells and miscellaneous geological raw materials.

Author: Stefanos Karampelas

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030354497

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

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This book provides a lucid introduction to the basics of gemmology. It familiarizes archaeologists, art historians and conservators with the science of gemstones and allows them to understand the basic concepts of their provenance, typology and treatments. Which are the main types of gems? What treatments can be applied? How does one analyse gems? How can gems contribute to archaeometrical research? This volume is written by four experts in the fields of gemmology and archaeometry and addresses both students who need an introduction to this field and professionals who want to refresh their knowledge of the topic. This work is part of a series of introductory texts that deal with a broad range of materials-related topics in archaeometry.
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Museums Journal

reviews 47 George Rapp Farming in the First Millennium AD Companion to British Road Haulage History Shamanism and Tantra in the Himalayas Archaeomineralogy AKULLS LL ALCHOL : m a HETER ECKLER AATESSO A3 Alche Galata oves , Gordon BBCS ...

Author: Elijah Howarth

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015057954060

Category: Museums

Page:

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"Indexes to papers read before the Museums Association, 1890-1909. Comp. by Charles Madeley": v. 9, p. 427-452.
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La parure en calla s du N olithique europ en

Archaeomineralogy. of. turquoise. in. Eurasia. Ruslan I. Kostov Abstract. A review is made from prehistoric times to on the deposits, distribution the early ...

Author: Guirec Querré

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781789692815

Category: Social Science

Page: 642

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Callaïs refers to the green stones from which the remarkable ornaments discovered in several Neolithic sites in Western Europe are made. This volume brings together the contributions of the best European specialists in callaïs, variscite and turquoise, who spoke at a symposium on this ancient gemstone held in April 2015 in Carnac.
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Paleoanthropology of the Balkans and Anatolia

In R. I. Kostov, B. Gaydarska & M. Gurova (Eds.), Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy. Proceedings of the International Conference, 29–30 October 2008, ...

Author: Katerina Harvati

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789402408744

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

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This edited volume systematically reviews the evidence for early human presence in one of the most relevant geographic regions of Europe - the Balkans and Anatolia, an area that has been crucial in shaping the course of human evolution in Europe, but whose paleoanthropological record is poorly known. The primary aim of this book is to showcase new paleoanthropological (human paleontological and paleolithic) research conducted in the region. The volume is organized into three sections. The first one deals with the human fossil record from Greece, the Central Balkans, Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey. The second section presents the paleolithic record of the same countries. In the third part, the authors provide a synthesis of current paleoenvironmental evidence for the Balkans. Chapters summarize and systematize the available human fossil evidence, examine their context, and place them within the framework of our understanding of human evolution in Europe and beyond, as well as present new analyses of existing human fossils. This book will be of interest to professionals, upper undergraduate and graduate students in paleoanthropology, human paleontology and paleolithic archaeology and in a variety of related fields, including human variation and adaptation, paleontology and biogeography. It will also be appropriate as a reference book for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on human evolution and European paleoanthropology.
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The Artifact

1969 , 7 ( 3 ) : 21-32 Mitchell , Robert D. Archaeomineralogy : The Use of Minerals in Archaeological Interpretation . 1984 , 22 ( 1 ) : 17-26 Morrow , Herbert C. Footprint of the Mimbres . 1973 , 11 ( 4 ) : 90 Fort D. A. Russell ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89084878354

Category: Indians of North America

Page:

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Living in Silverado

Archaeomineralogy. New York: Springer, 2009. Ray, John J. “The Traits of Immigrants: A Case Study of the Sydney Parsees.” Journal of Comparative Family ...

Author: David M. Gitlitz

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 9780826360809

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

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In this thoroughly researched work, David M. Gitlitz traces the lives and fortunes of three clusters of sixteenth-century crypto-Jews in Mexico’s silver mining towns. Previous studies of sixteenth-century Mexican crypto-Jews focus on the merchant community centered in Mexico City, but here Gitlitz looks beyond Mexico’s major population center to explore how clandestine religious communities were established in the reales, the hinterland mining camps, and how they differed from those of the capital in their struggles to retain their Jewish identity in a world dominated economically by silver and religiously by the Catholic Church. In Living in Silverado Gitlitz paints an unusually vivid portrait of the lives of Mexico’s early settlers. Unlike traditional scholarship that has focused mainly on macro issues of the silver boom, Gitlitz closely analyzes the complex workings of the haciendas that mined and refined silver, and in doing so he provides a wonderfully detailed sense of the daily experiences of Mexico’s early secret Jews.
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Asbestos and Mesothelioma

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 38:209–217 Rapp GR (2009) Archaeomineralogy, vol XV. Springer, Berlin/London, 348 pp Reid G (2015) MicroRNAs in mesothelioma: from ...

Author: Joseph R. Testa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319535609

Category: Medical

Page: 407

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This volume is comprised of a multidisciplinary assessment of the interplay between asbestos and cancer as well as new research about the biology and treatment of malignant mesothelioma. Chapters on the various types of asbestos and other mineral fibers, epidemiology, history and future of asbestos-related diseases are included. Other reviews present new information about the role of asbestos-related inflammation and genetic factors, including the role of inherited mutations of BAP1, in mesothelioma causation, as well as recent research about gene signatures, cell signaling, and epigenetic mechanisms in asbestos-related diseases. Other chapters provide updates of novel disease biomarkers and prevention, mechanistic lesson from genetically engineered mouse and 3-D models of mesothelioma tumorigenesis and therapeutic resistance. Also included are up-to-date reviews of surgical, molecularly targeted chemotherapeutic, and immunotherapeutic approaches for mesothelioma as well as an overview of legal issues.
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Building between the Two Rivers An Introduction to the Building Archaeology of Ancient Mesopotamia

Archaeomineralogy. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer. Rashid, S.A. 1983. Gründungsfiguren im Iraq (Prähistorische Bronzefunde, I. 2). München: Beck.

Author: Stefano Anastasio

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781789696042

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

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This volume introduces university students and scholars of Near Eastern archaeology to 'Building archaeology' methods as applied to the context of Ancient Mesopotamia. It helps the reader understand the principles underlying this discipline and to realise what knowledge and skills are needed, beyond those that are specific to archaeologists.
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Climate Changes in the Holocene

... archaeozoology, archaeomineralogy, geoarchaeology, palaeoclimatology and others: The need to establish archaeohydrology as a discipline of its own right ...

Author: Eustathios Chiotis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351260220

Category: Science

Page: 406

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This book highlights climate as a complex physical, chemical, biological, and geological system, in perpetual change, under astronomical, predominantly, solar control. It has been shaped to some degree through the past glaciation cycles repeated in the last three million years. The Holocene, the current interglacial epoch which started ca. 11,700 years ago, marks the transition from the Stone Age to the unprecedented cultural evolution of our civilization. Significant climate changes have been recorded in natural archives during the Holocene, including the rapid waning of ice sheets, millennial shifting of the monsoonal fringe in the northern hemisphere, and abrupt centennial events. A typical case of severe environmental change is the greening of Sahara in the Early Holocene and the gradual desertification again since the fifth millennium before present. Climate Changes in the Holocene: Impact, Adaptation, and Resilience investigates the impact of natural climate changes on humans and civilization through case studies from various places, periods, and climates. Earth and human society are approached as a complex system, thereby emphasizing the necessity to improve adaptive capacity in view of the anthropogenic global warming and ecosystem degradation. Features: Written by distinguished experts, the book presents the fundamentals of the climate system, the unparalleled progress achieved in the last decade in the fields of intensified research for improved understanding of the carbon cycle, climate components, and their interaction. Presents the application of paleoclimatology and modeling in climate reconstruction. Examines the new era of satellite-based climate monitoring and the prospects of reduced carbon dioxide emissions.
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In the Beginning

... Conference on Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy held in Soa. e paper titled: “Geological Aspect of the Problem of Dating the Great Egyptian 30 WH.

Author: Wayne Hill

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781684709458

Category: Religion

Page: 68

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"In the Beginning" speaks to the heart of our present civilization and all the civilizations that came before us. It is a very interesting read and I hope you will thoroughly enjoy it. It has a few controversial ideas, which are solely mine and no one else. One day we may all be wondering why it is that we still do not know how our present civilization came to be after only some 6,000 years of existence. How could we have developed so quickly from being hunter gatherer's to suddenly planning our next manned space mission to Mars and even beyond? What drives us to want to know what lies beyond our reach? In this book, you will find some of the answers to this fascinating subject. Who are we? Do you know? Maybe you will find the answer in this book.
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Earth Materials

Archaeomineralogy, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Wright, L. (2010). Lithium dreams: can Bolivia become the Saudi 520 Some Selected Earth Materials Resources.

Author: Cornelis Klein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107155404

Category: Nature

Page: 616

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Designed specifically for one-semester courses, this beautifully illustrated textbook explains the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology.
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Forgotten Civilization

In Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy, Proceedings of the International Conference, 29–30 October 2008, edited by R. I. Kostov, B. Gaydarska, ...

Author: Robert M. Schoch

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781644112939

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 560

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• Updated throughout with recent developments and additional illustrations • Reveals how solar outbursts caused the end of the last ice age, unleashed catastrophe upon ancient advanced civilizations, and led to six millennia of a Solar-Induced Dark Age • Includes evidence from solar science, geology, oceanic circulation patterns, the Sphinx, the underground cities of Cappadocia, the Easter Island rongorongo glyphs, and the Göbekli Tepe complex in Turkey In this newly revised and expanded edition, updated throughout with recent developments, geologist Robert Schoch builds upon his revolutionary theory that the origins of the Sphinx date back much further than 2500 BCE and examines scientific evidence of the catastrophe that destroyed early high culture nearly 12,000 years ago. Combining evidence from multiple scientific disciplines, Schoch makes the case that the abrupt end of the last ice age, circa 9700 BCE, was due to an agitated Sun. Solar outbursts unleashed electrical/plasma discharges upon Earth, triggering dramatic climate change as well as increased earthquake and volcanic activity, fires, high radiation levels, and massive floods. Schoch explains how these events impacted the civilizations of the time, set humanity back thousands of years, and led to six millennia of a Solar-Induced Dark Age (SIDA). Applying the SIDA framework to ancient history, he explores how many megalithic monuments, petroglyphs, indigenous traditions, and legends fall logically into place, including the underground cities of Cappadocia, the Easter Island rongorongo glyphs, and the Göbekli Tepe complex in Turkey. He also reveals that our Sun is a much more unstable star than previously believed, suggesting that history could repeat itself with a solar outburst powerful enough to devastate modern society. Weaving together a new view of the origins and antiquity of civilization and the dynamics of the planet we live on, Schoch maintains we must heed the megalithic warning of the past and collectively prepare for future events.
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Geotherapy

In Archaeomineralogy, pp. 201–221. Berlin, Germany: Springer Science & Business Media. Raynbird, H. 1847. On peat charcoal as a manure for turnips and other ...

Author: Thomas J. Goreau

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466595408

Category: Nature

Page: 630

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A Practical, Get-Your-Hands-in-the-Soil ManualGlobal climate change, increasing pollution, and continued rapid population growth is wreaking havoc on the planet. Stabilizing the environment at safe levels requires a large-scale restoration of damaged ecosystems. Geotherapy: Innovative Methods of Soil Fertility Restoration, Carbon Sequestration, and
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