Authority and Identity in Medieval Islamic Historiography

An innovative exploration of the local histories of the Persianate world and its preoccupation with identity, authority, and legitimacy.

Author: Mimi Hanaoka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107127036

Category: History

Page: 333

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An innovative exploration of the local histories of the Persianate world and its preoccupation with identity, authority, and legitimacy.
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Writing History in the Medieval Islamic World

Medieval Muslim Historians and the Franks in the Levant (Leiden and Boston,
2014), 161–200, 167–8; R. Irwin, Ibn ... Authority and Identity in Medieval Islamic
Historiography: Persian Histories from the Peripheries (Cambridge, 2016), 1–3.

Author: Fozia Bora

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786736116

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

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In the 'encyclopaedic' fourteenth century, Arabic chronicles produced in Mamluk cities bore textual witness to both recent and bygone history, including that of the Fatimids (969–1171CE). For in two centuries of rule over Egypt and North Africa, the Isma'ili Fatimids had left few self-generated historiographical records. Instead, it fell to Ayyubid and Mamluk historians to represent the dynasty to posterity. This monograph sets out to explain how later historians preserved, interpreted and re-organised earlier textual sources. Mamluk historians engaged in a sophisticated archival practice within historiography, rather than uncritically reproducing earlier reports. In a new diplomatic edition, translation and analysis of Mamluk historian Ibn al-Furat's account of late Fatimid rule in The History of Dynasties and Kings, a widely known but barely copied universal chronicle of Islamic history, Fozia Bora traces the survival of historiographical narratives from Fatimid Egypt. Through Ibn al-Furat's text, Bora demonstrates archivality as the heuristic key to Mamluk historical writing. This book is essential for all scholars working on the written culture and history of the medieval Islamic world, and paves the way for a more nuanced reading of pre-modern Arabic chronicles and of the epistemic environment in which they were produced.
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Medieval Islamic Historiography

“The Study of Islamic Historiography: A Progress Report.” JRAS 7 ... “Apocalypse
and Authority in Islamic Tradition: The Emergence of the twelve Leaders. ...
Spiegel, Gabrielle M. The Past as Text: The Theory and Practice of Medieval
Historiography. ... “Inquisition and the Definition of Identity in early Abbasid
History.

Author: Heather N. Keaney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134080991

Category: History

Page: 188

View: 542

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This book is a comparative analysis of the medieval Sunni historiography of the caliphate of Uthman b. Affan and the revolt against him. By comparing treatments of Uthman in pietistic literature and universal chronicles, the work traces the gradual silencing of more critical accounts in favor of those that portray Uthman as a saintly companion of the Prophet Muhammad. Through a comparative analysis of authors between genres and time periods, this book shows how authors were able to convey their personal perspectives on important religio-political tensions that emerged through the revolt against Uthman, namely the tension between Sunnis and Shiis, religious and political authority and appeals to maintain stability and unity vs. appeals for greater justice. This last debate, which in many ways began with the revolt against Uthman, has been repeated most recently in the Arab Spring. This work therefore provides readers with helpful historical context for important contemporary debates.
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The Jews of Medieval Islam

This volume depicts a civilization unified in its languages and basic structures but diverse in its distinctive lical indentities and collective memories.

Author: Daniel H. Frank

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004104046

Category: History

Page: 357

View: 932

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A collection of fifteen articles on the communal, social, and intellectual life of medieval Jewry in Islamic lands. This volume depicts a civilization unified in its languages and basic structures but diverse in its distinctive lical indentities and collective memories.
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The Formation of Islam

Table of contents

Author: Jonathan P. Berkey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521588138

Category: History

Page: 286

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Table of contents
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Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World

While these figures are extremely imprecise, they do illustrate that during the first
century of Islamic history, the Arabian Muslim conquerors ... By 1500, Islamic
political authority had expanded down into sub- Saharan West Africa, along the
east African Coast, well into Central ... groups that became incorporated into the
medieval Islamic world, a few comments on conceptions of ethnic identity are in
order.

Author: James E. Lindsay

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313322708

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 656

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From the time of its birth in Mecca in the 7th century C.E., Islam and the Islamic world rapidly expanded outward, extending to Spain and West Africa in the west, and to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent in the east. An examination of the daily life in these Islamic regions provides insight into a civilized, powerful, and economically stable culture, where large metropolitan centers such as Damascus, Baghdad, and Cairo thrived in many areas, including intellectual and scientific inquiry. In contrast with medieval Europe, there is little common knowledge in the West of the culture and history of this vibrant world, as different from our own in terms of the political, religious, and social values it possessed, as it is similar in terms of the underlying human situation that supports such values. This book provides an intimate look into the daily life of the medieval Islamic world, and is thus an invaluable resource for students and general readers alike interested in understanding this world, so different, and yet so connected, to our own.
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Religion and Culture in Medieval Islam

Seven distinguished scholars explore the religion and culture of medieval Islam.

Author: Richard G. Hovannisian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521623502

Category: History

Page: 119

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Seven distinguished scholars explore the religion and culture of medieval Islam.
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Culture and Memory in Medieval Islam

Introduction--Josef W. Meri Bibliography of the Works of Wilferd Madelung--Farhad Daftary Part I: The Transmission of Knowledge Universities: Past and Present--George Makdisi The ijaza from Abd Allah b.

Author: Wilferd Madelung

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1860648592

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 241

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Introduction--Josef W. Meri Bibliography of the Works of Wilferd Madelung--Farhad Daftary Part I: The Transmission of Knowledge Universities: Past and Present--George Makdisi The ijaza from Abd Allah b. Iali al-Samahiji (d. 1135/1722) to Nabir al-Jarudi al-Qanifi (d. 1164/1750-51). A Source for the Twelver Shiite Scholarly Tradition of Ba'rayn--Sabine Schmidtke Between Qum and the West: The Occultation according to Early Islamic Sources--Andrew J. Newman Memory and Maps Emilie Savage-Smith Abu ayyan al-Taw idi: A Sunni Voice in the Shii Century--Wadad al-Qaai Part II: Memorializing, Remembering and Forgetting Bal'ami's Account of Early Islamic History--Elton J. Daniel Say It Again and Make Me Your Slave: Notes on al-Daylam's Seventh Sign of Man's Love of God--Joseph Norment Bell Lists, Memory and Enquiry: Ibn Qutayba and Muhammad ibn Habib--Julia Bray Wa'iz Kashfi's 'Garden of the Martyrs' and the Subtext to the Portrayal of the Iman Husain in the Shii Martyrdom Narrative of the Late Timurid Period Abbas Amanat Part III: Commemorating Rulers, Dynasties and Conquests The Legitimation of Power in Samanid and Buyid Iran--Luke Treadwell The Beginning of the Ismaili Dawa and the Establishment of the Fanimid Dynasty as Commemorated by al-Qaai al-Numan--Ismail K. Poonawala Religious Identity, Dissimulation and Collective Memory: The Ismaili Context--Farhad Daftary Purloined Symbols of the Past: The Theft of Souvenirs and Sacred Relics in the Rivalry Between the Abbasids and Fatimids--Paul E. Walker Conceptions of Authority and the Transition of Shiism from Sectarian to National Religion in Iran--Said Amir Arjomand Umara's Poetical View of Shawar and Iirgham, Shirkuh and Iala al-Din, as Viziers under Fanimid Guidance--Pieter Smoor.
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Muslim Identities

Abdulaziz Sachedina, Islamic Messianism: The Idea of Mahdi in Twelver Shiʿism
(Albany: State University of New York ... “Authority in Twelver Shiism in the
Absence of the Imam,” in Religious Schools and Sects in Medieval Islam (London
: ... An Introduction to Shiʿi Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shiʿism.

Author: Aaron W. Hughes

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231531924

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 527

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Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.
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History of Islamic Political Thought

NL nettler, Ronald (2009), 'Mohamed Talbi's Ideas on Islam and Politics: a
conception of Islam for the Modern World', ... Rose, Gregory (1983), 'Velayat-e
Faqih and the Recovery of Islamic Identity in the Thought of Ayatollah khomeini',
... Rosenthal, Erwin I. J. (1958), Political Thought in Medieval Islam: an
Introductory Outline, cambridge, cambridge University Press. ... Sachedina, A. A. (
1988), The Just Ruler (al-sultan al-Æadil) in ShiÆite Islam: The Comprehensive
Authority of the ...

Author: Antony Black

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748688784

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 993

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Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).
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Popular Preaching and Religious Authority in the Medieval Islamic Near East

One of the dominant themes of recent Western scholarship about the Islamic
world has been that of the multiplicity and variety of ... on the specific character of
particular communities, cultures, and constructed systems of identity and
meaning—what anthropologists have ... 3 Historians have increasingly followed
3 Introduction.

Author: Jonathan P. Berkey

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295800981

Category: History

Page: 155

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Islamic popular preachers and storytellers had enormous influence in defining common religious knowledge and faith in the medieval Near East. Jonathan Berkey�s book illuminates the popular culture of religious storytelling. It draws on chronicles, biographical dictionaries, sermons, and tales � but especially on a number of medieval treatises critical of popular preachers, and also a vigorous defense of them which emerged in fourteenth-century Egyptian Sufi circles. Popular preachers drew inspiration and legitimacy from the rise of Sufi mysticism, with its emphasis on internal spiritual activity and direct enlightenment, enabling them to challenge or reinforce social and political hierarchies as they entertained the masses with tales of moral edification. As these charismatic figures developed a popular following, they often aroused the wrath of scholars and elites, who resented innovative interpretations of Islam that undermined orthodox religious authority and blurred social and gender barriers. Critics of popular preachers and storytellers worried that they would corrupt their audiences� understanding of Islam. Their defenders argued that preachers and storytellers could contribute to the consensus of the Islamic community as to what constituted acceptable religious knowledge. In the end, religious knowledge, and the definition of Islam as it was commonly understood, remained porous and flexible throughout the Middle Period, thanks in part to the activities of popular preachers and storytellers.
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Religious and Ethnic Movements in Medieval Islam

A collection of studies in religious and ethnic aspects of medieval Islam, including subjects such as Al-Hamdani's description of Northern Yemen in the light of chronicles of the 4th-10th and 5th-11th centuries, land tax and ownership in ...

Author: Wilferd Madelung

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015025260806

Category: Religion

Page: 337

View: 590

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A collection of studies in religious and ethnic aspects of medieval Islam, including subjects such as Al-Hamdani's description of Northern Yemen in the light of chronicles of the 4th-10th and 5th-11th centuries, land tax and ownership in Northern Yemen and Najran, the origins of the Yemenite Hijra.
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Islamic Cultures Islamic Contexts

This collected volume brings together a range of articles in honor of Professor Patricia Crone.

Author: Asad Q. Ahmed

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004281714

Category: History

Page: 670

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This collected volume brings together a range of articles in honor of Professor Patricia Crone.
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Women Islam and Abbasid Identity

Nadia Maria El Cheikh’s study reveals the importance of women to the writing of early Islamic history.

Author: Nadia Maria El Cheikh

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674736368

Category: History

Page: 160

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When the Abbasids overthrew the Umayyads in 750 CE and ushered in Islam’s Golden Age, ideas about gender and sexuality were central to the process by which the caliphate achieved self-definition and articulated its systems of power and thought. Nadia Maria El Cheikh’s study reveals the importance of women to the writing of early Islamic history.
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Unifying Hinduism

Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History Andrew J. Nicholson.
category of āstika philosophical systems, systems that professed belief in the
authority of the Veda. ... communalism, universalism, and hindu identity There are
dangers in recognizing the existence of Hindu-Muslim divisions in medieval India
.

Author: Andrew J. Nicholson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231526425

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

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Some postcolonial theorists argue that the idea of a single system of belief known as "Hinduism" is a creation of nineteenth-century British imperialists. Andrew J. Nicholson introduces another perspective: although a unified Hindu identity is not as ancient as some Hindus claim, it has its roots in innovations within South Asian philosophy from the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries. During this time, thinkers treated the philosophies of Vedanta, Samkhya, and Yoga, along with the worshippers of Visnu, Siva, and Sakti, as belonging to a single system of belief and practice. Instead of seeing such groups as separate and contradictory, they re-envisioned them as separate rivers leading to the ocean of Brahman, the ultimate reality. Drawing on the writings of philosophers from late medieval and early modern traditions, including Vijnanabhiksu, Madhava, and Madhusudana Sarasvati, Nicholson shows how influential thinkers portrayed Vedanta philosophy as the ultimate unifier of diverse belief systems. This project paved the way for the work of later Hindu reformers, such as Vivekananda, Radhakrishnan, and Gandhi, whose teachings promoted the notion that all world religions belong to a single spiritual unity. In his study, Nicholson also critiques the way in which Eurocentric concepts like monism and dualism, idealism and realism, theism and atheism, and orthodoxy and heterodoxy have come to dominate modern discourses on Indian philosophy.
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Islamic History A Very Short Introduction

... 75–79, 121 and succession to Muhammad 10 Umayyad claims to 16–18
Fatimid and Andalusian 22 religious authority of 23 ... 92, 94 reaction to Islamic
conquests 11 rivalry with Islam 17–18, 56, 134–135 relationship with Muslims in
Middle Ages 27, 30, 81 in Ottoman Empire 39 and Arab identity 52 and the Turks
58 contrasted with Islam 72, 132, 135–137 study of 85 and study of Islamic
history 94, 95 ...

Author: Adam J. Silverstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191609343

Category: Religion

Page: 176

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Does history matter? This book argues not that history matters, but that Islamic history does. This Very Short Introduction introduces the story of Islamic history; the controversies surrounding its study; and the significance that it holds - for Muslims and for non-Muslims alike. Opening with a lucid overview of the rise and spread of Islam, from the seventh to twenty first century, the book charts the evolution of what was originally a small, localised community of believers into an international religion with over a billion adherents. Chapters are also dedicated to the peoples - Arabs, Persians, and Turks - who shaped Islamic history, and to three representative institutions - the mosque, jihad, and the caliphate - that highlight Islam's diversity over time. Finally, the roles that Islamic history has played in both religious and political contexts are analysed, while stressing the unique status that history enjoys amongst Muslims, especially compared to its lowly place in Western societies where history is often seen as little more than something that is not to be repeated. Some of the questions that will be answered are: · How did Islam arise from the obscurity of seventh century Arabia to the headlines of twenty first century media? · How do we know what we claim to know about Islam's rise and development? · Why does any of this matter, either to Muslims or to non-Muslims? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Inquisition and the Definition of Identity in Early Abbasid History

In History and Theory , edited by B. Fay , P. Pomper and R. T. Vann , 153-71 .
Oxford : Blackwell ... Peters , E. Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe .
Philadelphia ... 3 ( 1990 ) : 1-18 . Robinson , C. " The Study of Islamic
Historiography ...

Author: John Persons Turner

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015053748862

Category: Abbasids

Page: 318

View: 454

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Mozarabs in Medieval and Early Modern Spain

Identities and Influences Professor Richard Hitchcock. Chapter 1 Meaning and
Origins The rejection of the use of the word 'Mozarab' when referring to the
Christians of ... Whatever Spanish historians may have called the Christians of al-
Andalus, they were not called Mozarabs. ... foresaw that a massive Berber
contingent could be a destabilizing influence and constitute a potential threat to
their authority.

Author: Professor Richard Hitchcock

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409480051

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 346

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The setting of this volume is the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, where Christianity and Islam co-existed side by side as the official religions of Muslim al-Andalus on the one hand, and the Christian kingdoms in the north of the peninsula on the other. Its purpose is to examine the meaning of the word 'Mozarab' and the history and nature of the people called by that name; it represents a synthesis of the author's many years of research and publication in this field. Richard Hitchcock first sets out to explain what being a non-Muslim meant in al-Andalus, both in the higher echelons of society and at a humbler level. The terms used by Arab chroniclers, when examined carefully, suggest a lesser preoccupation with purely religious values than hitherto appreciated. Mozarabism in León and Toledo, two notably distinct phenomena, are then considered at length, and there are two chapters exploring the issues that arose, firstly when Mozarabs were relocated in twelfth-century Aragón, and secondly, in sixteenth-century Toledo, when they were striving to retain their identity.
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The Religious Polemics of the Muslims of Late Medieval Christian Iberia

The Religious Polemics of the Muslims of Late Medieval Christian Iberia examines the corpus of polemical literature against the Christians and the Jews of the protected Muslims (Mudejars) preserved in Arabic and in Aljamiado (Spanish in ...

Author: Mònica Colominas Aparicio

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004363618

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 814

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The Religious Polemics of the Muslims of Late Medieval Christian Iberia examines the corpus of polemical literature against the Christians and the Jews of the protected Muslims (Mudejars) preserved in Arabic and in Aljamiado (Spanish in Arabic characters).
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Cultural History of Medieval India

Cultural History Of Medieval India Is A Part Of The Series, Readings In History. The Books In This Series Have Been Edited And Put Together By Eminent Historians For Their Students.

Author: Meenakshi Khanna

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 8187358300

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 720

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Cultural History Of Medieval India Is A Part Of The Series, Readings In History. The Books In This Series Have Been Edited And Put Together By Eminent Historians For Their Students. This Anthology Of Readings Seeks To Explore Indian Culture In The Medieval Period Through Five Themes: Kingship Traditions, Social Processes Of Religious Devotion, Inter-Cultural Perception, Forms Of Identities, And Aesthetics. Written By Well-Known Scholars, The Eleven Essays In This Book Present Sub-Cultures In Diverse Regional Settings Of The Subcontinent. The Articles Suggest That Culture Does Not Exist As Fragments Of The Great And Little , Or Classic And Folk In Any Given Tradition. In Fact, Variants Within A Given Tradition Interact With One Another And Assimilate New Characteristics Over Time. These Interactions Also Take Place Across Boundaries Of Different Religious And Cultural Spheres, And In The Process, Give Meaning To The Notions Of The 'Self' And The 'Other'. In An Attempt To Define The 'Other' One Discovers The 'Self'. These Readings Introduce A New Way Of Understanding Medieval Indian History By Engaging With Interdisciplinary Methods Of Research On Issues That Are Significant To Everyday Existence In A Plural Society Like That Of India. This Book Will Be Of Great Value To Students Of History, As Well As To Other Readers Interested In The Culture Of The Medieval Period In India.
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