Authority and Political Culture in Shi'ism

Author: Said Amir Arjomand
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887066382
Category: Crafts & Hobbies
Page: 393
View: 6687
Preface Contributors 1 Introduction: Shi’ism, Authority, and Political Culture Said Amir Arjomand Part I Essays 2 Imam and Community in the Pre-Ghayba Period Etan Kohlberg 3 The Evolution of Popular Eulogy of the Imams among the Shi’a Mohammad-Dja’far Mahdjoub and John R. Perry 4 The Mujtahid of the Age and the Mulla-bashi: An Intermediate Stage in the Institutionalization of Religious Authority in Shi’ite Iran Said Amir Arjomand 5 In Between the Madrasa and the Marketplace: The Designation of Clerical Leadership in Modern Shi’ism Abbas Amanat 6 Constitutionalism and Clerical Authority Abdol Karim Lahidji 7 Shari’at Sangalaji: A Reformist Theologian of the Rida Shah Period Yann Richard and Kathryn Arjomand 8 Ideological Revolution in Shi’ism Said Amir Arjomand Part II Selected Sources 9 An Annotated Bibliography on Government and Statecraft Mohammad-Taqi Danishpazhouh and Andrew Newman 10 ‘Allama al-Hilli on the Imamate and Ijtihad John Cooper 11 Two Decrees of Shah Tahmasp Concerning Statecraft and the Authority of Shaykh ‘All al-Karaki Said Amir Arjomand 12 The Muqaddas al-Ardabili on Taqlid John Cooper 13 Two Seventeenth-Century Persian Tracts on Kingship and Rulers William C. Chittick 14 Lives of Prominent Nineteenth-Century ‘Ulama’ from Tunika-buni’s Qisas al-’Ulama’ Hamid Dabashi 15 An Exchange between a Mujtahid and a Qajar Official Hamid Dabashi 16 Two Clerical Tracts on Constitutionalism Hamid Dabashi 17 Clerical Authority in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran Index

State, Religion, and Revolution in Iran, 1796 to the Present

Author: B. Moazami
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137325860
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 6432
Two basic assumptions have shaped understanding of recent Iranian history. One is that Shi'ism is an integral part of Iran's religious and cultural landscape. The other is that the ulama (religious scholars) have always played a crucial role. This book challenges these assumptions and constructs a new synthesis of the history of state and religion in Iran from 1796 to the present while challenging existing theories of large-scale political transformation. Arguing that the 1979 revolution has not ended, Behrooz Moazami relates political and religious transformations in Iran to the larger instability of the Middle East region and concludes that turmoil will continue until a new regional configuration evolves.

Religious Authority and Political Thought in Twelver Shi'ism

From Ali to Post-Khomeini
Author: Hamid Mavani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135044732
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 835
Ranging from the time of the infallible Imams, to the contemporary era, this book provides a comprehensive overview of Shi’i religious and political authority, focusing on Iran and Lebanon, without limiting the discourse to Khomeini’s version of an Islamic State. Utilising untapped Arabic and Persian sources, Hamid Mavani provides a detailed, nuanced, and diverse theoretical discussion on the doctrine of leadership (Imamate) in Shi’ism from traditional, theological, philosophical, and mystical perspectives. This theoretical discussion becomes the foundation for an analysis of the transmission of the Twelfth Imam’s religious and political authority vis-á-vis the jurists during his Greater Occultation. Bringing the often overlooked diversity within the Shi’i tradition into sharp focus, Religious Authority and Political Thought in Twelver Shi’ism discusses what constitutes an Islamic state, if there is such a notion as an Islamic state. Hamid Mavani further explores the possibility of creating a space for secularity, facilitating a separation between religion and state, and ensuring equal rights for all. This book argues that such a development is only possible if there is a rehabilitation of ijtihad. If this were to materialise modern religious, social, economic, political, and cultural challenges could be addressed more successfully. This book will be of use to scholars and students with interests ranging from Politics, to Religion, to Middle East Studies.

Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies
Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886520
Category: Religion
Page: 310
View: 4797
Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.

Kritik der westlichen Philosophie in Iran

Zum geistesgeschichtlichen Selbstverständnis von Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i und Murtaza Mutahhari
Author: Urs Gösken
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110392801
Category: History
Page: 493
View: 5831
Die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Westen stellt einen der Schwerpunkte im Denken iranischer Intellektueller dar. Mit Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i (1903-1981) und Murtaza Mutahhari (1920-1979) werden in diesem Buch zwei Vertreter der iranischen Geistesgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts und ihre Sicht auf die westliche und islamische Philosophiegeschichte vorgestellt. Zugleich wird der Einfluss ihres Denkens auf den vorrevolutionären Iran aufgezeigt.

Der Islam in der Gegenwart

Author: Werner Ende,Udo Steinbach,Renate Laut
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406534478
Category: Civilization, Islamic
Page: 1064
View: 5347

The Shi'is of Iraq

Author: Yitzhak Nakash
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691115757
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 8639
"The Shii's of Iraq" provides a comprehensive history of Iraq's majority group and its turbulent relations with the ruling Sunni minority. Yitzhak Nakash challenges the widely held belief that Shi'i society and politics in Iraq are a reflection of Iranian Shi'ism, pointing to the strong Arab attributes of Iraqi Shi'ism. A new introduction brings this book into the new century and illuminates the role that Shi'is could play in a future Iraq after Saddam Hussein.

Safavid Iran

Rebirth of a Persian Empire
Author: Andrew J Newman
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857733664
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 5349
Winner of the International Book Prize in Iranian Studies The Safavid dynasty, which reigned from the late fifteenth to the eighteenth century, links medieval with modern Iran. The Safavids witnessed wide-ranging developments in politics, warfare, science, philosophy, religion, art and architecture. But how did this dynasty manage to produce the longest lasting and most glorious of Iran’s Islamic-period eras? Andrew Newman offers a complete re-evaluation of the Safavid place in history as they presided over these extraordinary developments and the wondrous flowering of Iranian culture. In the process he dissects the Safavid story, from before the 1501 capture of Tabriz by Shah Ismail (1488-1524), the point at which Shi`ism became the realm's established faith; on to the sixteenth and early seventeenth century dominated by Shah Abbas (1587-1629), whose patronage of art and architecture from his capital of Isfahan embodied the Safavid spirit; and culminating with the reign of Sultan Husayn (reg. 1694-1722). Based on meticulous scholarship, Newman offers a valuable new interpretation of the rise of the Safavids and their eventual demise in the eighteenth century. Safavid Iran, with its fresh insights and new research, is the definitive single volume work on the subject. ‘There is an enormous amount of valuable material here and very wide and impressive reading.’ Charles Melville, Reader in Persian History, University of Cambridge

Islamic Ecumenism In The 20th Century

The Azhar And Shiism Between Rapprochement And Restraint
Author: Rainer Brünner
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004125485
Category: Religion
Page: 435
View: 7804
This survey of more than one century of inner-Islamic ecumenical activities in modern times concentrates on the role of the Cairo-based Azhar University and its relations to Shiite scholars. Particular emphasis is laid on the mutual dependency of theology and politics in the modern Islamic discourse.

Law and Tradition in Classical Islamic Thought

Studies in Honor of Professor Hossein Modarressi
Author: M. Cook,N. Haider,I. Rabb,A. Sayeed
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137078952
Category: Social Science
Page: 326
View: 6388
Bringing together essays on topics related to Islamic law, this book is composed of articles by prominent legal scholars and historians of Islam. They exemplify a critical development in the field of Islamic Studies: the proliferation of methodological approaches that employ a broad variety of sources to analyze social and political developments.

Iranische Geistlichkeit zwischen Utopie und Realismus

zum Diskurs über Herrschafts- und Staatsdenken im 20. Jh
Author: Reza Hajatpour
Publisher: Reichert Verlag
Category: History
Page: 387
View: 6502
Im Zuge der Modernisierung erlebte Iran, wie viele andere islamische Lander, einen tiefgreifenden geistigen, politischen, sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wandel, angesichts dessen ein Auflosungs- bzw. Transformationsprozess nicht zu vermeiden war. Der Gipfel dieses Traditionswandels war die Beseitigung des "alten" durch ein neues Gesellschaftssystem. Das 20. Jahrhundert wurde in Iran Schauplatz politischer und ideologischer Auseinandersetzungen und Selbstdefinitionen. Bei der Analyse dieser Entwicklung wird zumeist die Rolle der religiosen Funktionstrager und Autoritaten vergessen. Es stellte sich die Frage nach der Logik eines politischen Systems, das dem eigenen kulturellen Erbe und zugleich dem "Zeitgeist" gerecht werden sollte. War der Versuch einer konstitutionellen Integration von Moderne und Tradition utopisch oder realistisch? Insbesondere am Beispiel des Herrschafts- und Staatsdiskurses innerhalb der iranischen Geistlichkeit des 20. Jahrhunderts lasst sich die Entwicklung einer "politischen Philosophie" nachzeichnen, die grundlegend fur das Verstandnis der aktuellen geistigen und politischen Verhaltnisse in Iran und damit auch fur die Entstehung einer neuen politischen Elite ist.Das Changieren einflussreicher religioser Gelehrter von Sheykh Hadi Nadschmabadi (1834 bis 1902), Mirza Mohammad Hoseyn Na'ini (1860 bis 1936) bis Aqa Mahdi Ha'eri Yazdi (1923-1999) und Mohammad Modschtahed Shabestari (*1936) zwischen Utopie und Realismus erweist sich dabei als komplizierte Vorgeschichte der islamischen Infragestellung der Moderne aber auch als Versuch einer eigenstandigen Aneignung des "vernunftigen Gehalts der Moderne" (Habermas).Der Autor lasst sich in der vorliegenden Studie auf eine umfassende Darstellung und Analyse des politischen Denkens der iranischen Zwolferschia ein und zeigt so eine Perspektive fur die notwendige politisch-soziale und ideologische Neuorientierung des islamischen Diskurses in Iran.

Political Islam in the Age of Democratization

Author: K. Bokhari,F. Senzai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137313498
Category: Political Science
Page: 258
View: 2396
The continued prominence of Islam in the struggle for democracy in the Muslim world has confounded Western democracy theorists who largely consider secularism a prerequisite for democratic transitions. Kamran Bokhari and Farid Senzai offer a comprehensive view of the complex nature of contemporary political Islam and its relationship to democracy.

Modernist Islam, 1840-1940

A Sourcebook
Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199882509
Category: Religion
Page: 408
View: 5944
Modernist Islam was a major intellectual current in the Muslim world during the 19th and 20th centuries. Proponents of this movement typically believed that it was not only possible but imperative to show how "modern" values and institutions could be reconciled with authentically Islamic ideals. This sourcebook brings together a broad range of writings on modernist Islam from across the Muslim world. It makes available for the first time in English the writings of many of the activists and intellectuals who made up the early modernist Islamic movement. Charles Kurzman and a team of section editors, each specializing in a different region of the Islamic world, have assembled, translated, and annotated the work of the most important of these figures. With the publication of this volume, an English-speaking audience will have wider access to the literature of modernist Islam than did the makers of the movement themselves.


Political Culture in the Islamic Republic
Author: Samih K. Farsoun,Mehrdad Mashayekhi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134969465
Category: Political Science
Page: 284
View: 5521
Since the Islamic revolutionary movement overthrew the "Peacock Throne" (the Shah) in 1979 the Islamic Republic has maintained its credibility and the loyalty of the people of Iran. It has survived an extremely destructive war with Iraq, isolation from the West and the rest of the Middle East except Syria, and the death of the Ayaltollah Khomeini. This book explores the social transformation of Iran in this period stressing the importance of political culture and ideology. It argues that the systematic building of a legitimate Islamic political culture is the key to the success of the regime. The authors of the book address specific aspects of Iran's political culture within a general theoretical framework laid out in the introduction. There is discussion of a wide range of topics ranging from the relationship of the individual to society to "Westoxication", from Shi'ism to the Islamisation of film culture.

Al-Hilli: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199803965
Category: Social Science
Page: 10
View: 8754
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit

Shi'i Jurisprudence and Constitution

Revolution in Iran
Author: A. Boozari
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230118461
Category: Religion
Page: 252
View: 5529
Focusing substantially on the relation between the concept of constitutionalism and Islamic Law in general and how such relation is specifically reflected in the Shiite jurisprudence, this volume explores the juristic origins of constitutionalism, especially in the context of 1905 Constitutional Revolution in Iran.

The Twelver Shia in Modern Times

Religious Culture and Political History
Author: Rainer Brunner,Werner Ende
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004118034
Category: Religion
Page: 395
View: 9932
This publication discusses the development of Shiite Islam since the 18th century in its various aspects. Its 21 contributions focus on the transformation of theological traditions, the role of internal criticism and ideological and political tendencies in the 20the century.

Annäherung und Distanz

Schia, Azhar und die islamische Ökumene im 20. Jahrhundert
Author: Rainer Brunner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783879972562
Category: Islam
Page: 328
View: 8742


Philosophical Theology, Volume Three
Author: Robert Cummings Neville
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438457014
Category: Philosophy
Page: 422
View: 6133


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Middle East
Page: N.A
View: 9030