Avian Urban Ecology

This edited volume adopts an evolutionary framework to explore how pre-existing differences in life history, behaviour, and physiology of birds may determine the course of their adaptation to urban habitats.

Author: Diego Gil

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199661589

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 379

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This edited volume adopts an evolutionary framework to explore how pre-existing differences in life history, behaviour, and physiology of birds may determine the course of their adaptation to urban habitats.
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Avian Ecology and Conservation in an Urbanizing World

All interested in human-driven land-cover changes will benefit from a perusal of this book because we present high altitude photographs of each study area.

Author: John M. Marzluff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461515319

Category: Science

Page: 585

View: 679

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One of the most striking and persistent ways humans dominate Earth is by changing land-cover as we settle a region. Much of our ecological understanding about this process comes from studies of birds, yet the existing literature is scattered, mostly decades old, and rarely synthesized or standardized. The twenty-seven contributions authored by leaders in the fields of avian and urban ecology present a unique summary of current research on birds in settled environments ranging from wildlands to exurban, rural to urban. Ecologists, land managers, wildlife managers, evolutionary ecologists, urban planners, landscape architects, and conservation biologists will find our information useful because we address the conservation and evolutionary implications of urban life from an ecological and planning perspective. Graduate students in these fields also will find the volume to be a useful summary and synthesis of current research, extant literature, and prescriptions for future work. All interested in human-driven land-cover changes will benefit from a perusal of this book because we present high altitude photographs of each study area.
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Behavioural and Ecological Consequences of Urban Life in Birds

Urbanization is next to global warming the largest threat to biodiversity. Indeed, it is becoming increasingly evident that many bird species get locally extinct as a result of urban development.

Author: Caroline Isaksson

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889454976

Category:

Page: 364

View: 245

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Urbanization is next to global warming the largest threat to biodiversity. Indeed, it is becoming increasingly evident that many bird species get locally extinct as a result of urban development. However, many bird species benefit from urbanization, especially through the abundance of human-provided resources, and increase in abundance and densities. These birds are intriguing to study in relation to its resilience and adaption to urban environments, but also in relation to its susceptibility and the potential costs of urban life. This Research Topic consisting of 30 articles (one review, two meta-analyzes and 27 original data papers) provides insights into species and population responses to urbanization through diverse lenses, including biogeography, community ecology, behaviour, life history evolution, and physiology.
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Avian Ecology in Latin American Cityscapes

This book gathers a representative sample of the relevant knowledge related to the ecology, behavior, and conservation of birds in urban Latin America.

Author: Ian MacGregor-Fors

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319634753

Category: Science

Page: 173

View: 126

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This book gathers a representative sample of the relevant knowledge related to the ecology, behavior, and conservation of birds in urban Latin America. Latin America is one of the most biodiverse regions of the world, yet it is still understudied. Although it concentrates most of its population in rapidly growing cities under considerable economic, social, and environmental disparity, the study of the effects that urbanization has on biodiversity in Latin America is still insufficient. Among the best-studied wildlife groups, birds have been widely used as bioindicators in urban areas. Going from general to specific information regarding avian communities, populations, behavior, threats, and conservation issues, this book describes the state-of-the-art of avian urban ecology in the region. Such knowledge will hopefully promote the regional consolidation of the field and encourage future mechanistic studies that untangle the recorded patterns in order to have the required information to bridge the gap between evidence-based knowledge and practice in urban systems. Thus, the information included in this document will allow scientists, students, and even decision takers to relate with the current knowledge and gaps related to the topic, providing perspective for future studies and actions.
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Avian Ecology in Latin American Cityscapes

This book gathers a representative sample of the relevant knowledge related to the ecology, behavior, and conservation of birds in urban Latin America.

Author: Ian MacGregor-Fors

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319634739

Category: Science

Page: 173

View: 808

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This book gathers a representative sample of the relevant knowledge related to the ecology, behavior, and conservation of birds in urban Latin America. Latin America is one of the most biodiverse regions of the world, yet it is still understudied. Although it concentrates most of its population in rapidly growing cities under considerable economic, social, and environmental disparity, the study of the effects that urbanization has on biodiversity in Latin America is still insufficient. Among the best-studied wildlife groups, birds have been widely used as bioindicators in urban areas. Going from general to specific information regarding avian communities, populations, behavior, threats, and conservation issues, this book describes the state-of-the-art of avian urban ecology in the region. Such knowledge will hopefully promote the regional consolidation of the field and encourage future mechanistic studies that untangle the recorded patterns in order to have the required information to bridge the gap between evidence-based knowledge and practice in urban systems. Thus, the information included in this document will allow scientists, students, and even decision takers to relate with the current knowledge and gaps related to the topic, providing perspective for future studies and actions.
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Avian Urban Ecology

Ecological Applications, 7,543–551. DeGraaf, R. M. and Wentworth, J. M. (1986).
Avian guild structure and habitat associations in suburban bird communities.
Urban Ecosystems, 9,399–412. Ferández-Juricic, E. (2000a) Local and regional
 ...

Author: Diego Gil

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199661572

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 762

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As natural habitat continues to be lost and the world becomes more urbanized, biologists are increasingly studying the effect this has on wildlife. Birds in particular are good model systems as many of their life history, behaviour, and physiology traits are intrinsically linked to measurable environmental factors, and it is relatively easy to compare urban individuals and populations to their rural counterparts. This edited volume adopts an evolutionary frameworkto explore how pre-existing differences between individuals and populations may determine the course of adaptations, and focuses on the evolutionary process by which adaptation to urban habitats mayhappen. It discusses topics such as acoustics, reproductive cues, disease, and artificial feeding, and includes some additional case studies of cutting edge research on these areas. This is an accessible text suitable for professional avian biologists and ornithologists as well as graduate students of avian ecology, evolution, and conservation. A secondary market will exist amongst a more general audience of urban ecologists and conservation biologists.
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Urban Bird Ecology and Conservation

An international team of leading researchers in urban bird ecology and conservation from across Europe and North America presents the state of this diverse field, addressing classic questions while proposing new directions for further study ...

Author: Christopher A. Lepczyk

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520953895

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 581

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Now that more than half of the world’s population lives in cities, the study of birds in urban ecosystems has emerged at the forefront of ornithological research. An international team of leading researchers in urban bird ecology and conservation from across Europe and North America presents the state of this diverse field, addressing classic questions while proposing new directions for further study. Areas of particular focus include the processes underlying patterns of species shifts along urban-rural gradients, the demography of urban birds and the role of citizen science, and human-avian interaction in urban areas. This important reference fills a crucial need for scientists, planners, and managers of urban spaces and all those interested in the study and conservation of birds in the world’s expanding metropolises.
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Urban Ecology

This is the urban century in which, for the first time, the majority of people live in towns and cities.

Author: Kevin J. Gaston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139536066

Category: Nature

Page:

View: 733

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This is the urban century in which, for the first time, the majority of people live in towns and cities. Understanding how people influence, and are influenced by, the 'green' component of these environments is therefore of enormous significance. Providing an overview of the essentials of urban ecology, the book begins by covering the vital background concepts of the urbanisation process and the effect that it can have on ecosystem functions and services. Later sections are devoted to examining how species respond to urbanisation, the many facets of human-ecology interactions, and the issues surrounding urban planning and the provision of urban green spaces. Drawing on examples from urban settlements around the world, it highlights the progress to date in this burgeoning field, as well as the challenges that lie ahead.
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Assessing the Ecological Significance of Linkage and Connectivity for Avian Populations in Urban Areas

Bird movements between ringing sites demonstrated the permeability of the city and the importance of connectivity in the landscape. This work showed that the composition of the matrix influences bird occupancy and turnover of sites.

Author: Emma Jane Rosenfeld

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:858000170

Category:

Page:

View: 358

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As urbanisation continues to fragment and degrade habitats there is a need to ensure that cities are managed to sustain ecosystem function and high biodiversity. Ecological theories suggest that areas with higher levels of functional connectivity sustain a more diverse avian population. By identifying the key habitat features that dictate the distribution and abundance of avian populations it is possible to inform planning policy to maximise biodiversity. Bird species presence and abundance across an urban gradient in Birmingham (UK) was surveyed at 70 sites over three sampling periods (between 2009 and 2010), in combination with a tree survey and digital analysis of land use. Functional connectivity was shown to increase the abundance of bird species and to ameliorate the impacts of urban development. Bird species were found to vary with their associations with vegetation structure and a proxy for invertebrate productivity. There was clear evidence for increasing native tree species in the urban matrix to support more bird species. Ringing data collected between 2008 and 2011 were used to examine bird movements through the city and the influence of habitat factors such as connectivity and built space in the matrix. Bird movements between ringing sites demonstrated the permeability of the city and the importance of connectivity in the landscape. This work showed that the composition of the matrix influences bird occupancy and turnover of sites. The novel findings presented in this thesis on the influence of the urban landscape on urban avian ecology should make an important contribution to urban conservation methods.
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Avian Community and Species Responses to an Asymmetrical Urban Area Centered on the Pacific Ocean Coastline

Abstract: The current paradigm in urban ecology posits that generalists increase in abundance with a greater degree of urbanization, whereas specialists show the opposite trend.

Author: Kimberly Oldehoeft

Publisher:

ISBN: 1124994572

Category: Birds

Page: 108

View: 816

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Abstract: The current paradigm in urban ecology posits that generalists increase in abundance with a greater degree of urbanization, whereas specialists show the opposite trend. This paradigm assumes a central peak of urbanization with a gradient of reduced urbanization radiating away from this peak, thus creating a circular shaped urban center. There is little information about avian community and individual species responses to an asymmetrically-spreading urbanized center located along a coastline. My study assessed avian community and individual species responses along the urbanized gradient from the city center on the coast to the city edge. This study provided evidence that avian community variables increased positively with distance to the ocean, but it revealed no clear relationship between guild density and distance to the ocean. My findings suggest that in avian community response to urbanization does not change if an urban area is semicircular and centered on a body of water.
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BosBus

Ecological Applications , 9 ( 1 ) : 164 - 170 Blair , R . B . ( 2001 ) , ' Birds and
butterflies along urban gradients in two ... ( Chapter 4 ) In J . M . Marzluff , R .
Bowman & R . Donelly , Avian Ecology Urbanizing World , Norwell ,
Massachusetts ...

Author: Ton Matton

Publisher: Educational Studies Press

ISBN: UOM:39015063295870

Category: Architecture

Page: 64

View: 387

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Bosbus are public buses that have plants, including trees growing in them.
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Urban Ecology

Land use and bird fauna on shores in southern Sweden ; Oikos , v . 20 , p . 136-
155 . Motroni , Robert , 1979. Avian density and composition of riparian forest ;
California State University , Sacramento , CA , 172p . 1983. Field guide to the
birds ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210018922201

Category: Cities and towns

Page: 371

View: 227

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Coding a Biophilic Core

As a response, this work explores computational methods of modeling networks and habitats that are borrowed from landscape ecology, graph theory, and parametric architecture, in the pursuit of a design methodology that thrives amidst the ...

Author: James Cameron Parkin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1057430136

Category: Architecture

Page: 133

View: 688

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This research develops a methodology for computationally sensing, illustrating, and utilizing avian-focused patch networks to locate and inform ecological interventions in dense urban settings. These interventions are designed to extend the range of regional avian ecosystems, promoting beneficial urbanite-fauna interaction, often referred to as biophilia. This research is in response to Toronto's rapid densification, where in recent years, there has been a major increase of residential and mixed-use development in the downtown and central waterfront areas. Literature shows that as populations move to urban centers, there is a need for people to have access to thriving, biodiverse green space to foster mental health and environmental responsibility. At the same time, experts in landscape architecture and urbanism critique existing approaches to providing green space in cities, which often lead to sterile, ornamental lawns that limit urban biodiversity. To move beyond this approach, experts call for more dynamic and complex strategies in urban ecology. As a response, this work explores computational methods of modeling networks and habitats that are borrowed from landscape ecology, graph theory, and parametric architecture, in the pursuit of a design methodology that thrives amidst the complexity and dynamic nature of urban and ecological systems. The resulting body of work involves simulating two dimensional and three-dimensional agent movement within patch networks, populating these networks with bird sighting data, and using this information to locate and inform a variety of intervention typologies. The work generated in this thesis is broken into three parts, with each part exploring a progressively smaller piece of urban fabric. The first part maps patch networks and suggests interventions in Toronto's downtown and central waterfront, the second part explores how these interventions affect bird movement in the three-dimensional fabric of CityPlace and Fort York, and the final part composes an artificial habitat that attracts local bird species and acts as a biophilic amenity for urbanites in CityPlace's Canoe Landing Park.
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Invasive Birds

Examining globally invasive alien birds, the first part of this book provides an account of 32 global avian invasive species (as listed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group, ISSG).

Author: Colleen T. Downs

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781789242065

Category: Nature

Page: 397

View: 111

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Examining globally invasive alien birds, the first part of this book provides an account of 32 global avian invasive species (as listed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group, ISSG). It acts as a one stop reference volume; it assesses current invasive status for each bird species, including details of physical description, diet, introduction and invasion pathways, breeding behaviour, natural habitat. It also looks at the environmental impact of each species, as well as current and future control methods. Full colour photographs assist with species identification and global distribution maps give a visual representation of the current known distributions of these species. The second part of the book discusses the biogeographical aspects of avian invasions, highlighting current and emerging invasive species across different regions of the world. The third section considers the impact of invasive species on native communities, problems associated with invasive bird management and the use of citizen science in the study of invasive birds.
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North American Bird Bander

The banding site is located on the Caddo Lake watershed in Texas . I will also
discuss an unusual habitat for wintering Ammodramus sparrows . The Milwaukee
County Avian Migration Monitoring Partnership . TIM VARGO , Urban Ecology ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123118197

Category: Bird banding

Page:

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People and Predators

2000 . “ Urban landscapes and raptors : A review of factors affecting population
ecology , ” in Raptors at Risk , ed . ... Land use and avian species diversity along
an urban gradient , " Ecological Applications 6 : 506 - 519 . Bloom , P . H . , M . D
 ...

Author: Defenders of Wildlife

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015059309123

Category: Nature

Page: 285

View: 690

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Human populations & carnivores generally have a strained relationship, which presents problems for conservationists. This book looks at aspects of human-carnivore interaction across a range of landscapes & environments.
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Urban Wildlife Management Second Edition

McDonnell , M.J. and S.T.A. Pickett . 1990. Ecosystem structure and function
along urban - rural gradients : An unexploited opportunity for ecology . Ecology
71 ( 4 ) : 1232-1237 . Melles , S. , S. Glenn , and K. Martin . 2003. Urban bird
diversity ...

Author: Clark E. Adams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105215284741

Category: Nature

Page: 403

View: 971

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Now fully expanded and revised, this second edition features a new chapter on zoonotic diseases and another on economic issues. It also includes an expanded section on urban soils as well as a deepened assessment of urban aquatic systems.
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Urban Wildlife

Comparison of variable strip transect and spot - map methods for censusing
avian populations in a mixed coniferous ... Urban Ecology Today Sym-
EVENDEN , F. G. 1974 . posium of Ecological Soc of Am and The " Wildlife as an
indicator of a ...

Author: John Lothar George

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112018916764

Category: Habitat (Ecology)

Page: 22

View: 562

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Bird Species

The average person can name more bird species than they think, but do we really know what a bird “species” is? This open access book takes up several fascinating aspects of bird life to elucidate this basic concept in biology.

Author: Dieter Thomas Tietze

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319916882

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 775

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The average person can name more bird species than they think, but do we really know what a bird “species” is? This book takes up several fascinating aspects of bird life to elucidate this basic concept in biology. From genetic and physiological basics to the phenomena of bird song and bird migration, it analyzes various interactions of birds – with their environment and other birds. Lastly, it shows imminent threats to birds in the Anthropocene, the era of global human impact. Although it seemed to be easy to define bird species, the advent of modern methods has challenged species definition and led to a multidisciplinary approach to classifying birds. One outstanding new toolbox comes with the more and more reasonably priced acquisition of whole-genome sequences that allow causative analyses of how bird species diversify. Speciation has reached a final stage when daughter species are reproductively isolated, but this stage is not easily detectable from the phenotype we observe. Culturally transmitted traits such as bird song seem to speed up speciation processes, while another behavioral trait, migration, helps birds to find food resources, and also coincides with higher chances of reaching new, inhabitable areas. In general, distribution is a major key to understanding speciation in birds. Examples of ecological speciation can be found in birds, and the constant interaction of birds with their biotic environment also contributes to evolutionary changes. In the Anthropocene, birds are confronted with rapid changes that are highly threatening for some species. Climate change forces birds to move their ranges, but may also disrupt well-established interactions between climate, vegetation, and food sources. This book brings together various disciplines involved in observing bird species come into existence, modify, and vanish. It is a rich resource for bird enthusiasts who want to understand various processes at the cutting edge of current research in more detail. At the same time it offers students the opportunity to see primarily unconnected, but booming big-data approaches such as genomics and biogeography meet in a topic of broad interest. Lastly, the book enables conservationists to better understand the uncertainties surrounding “species” as entities of protection.
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The Forestry Chronicle

Land use and avian species diversity along an urban gradient . Ecological
Applications 6 : 506-519 . Bolger , D.T. , T.A. Scott , and J.T. Rotenberry . 1997.
Breeding bird abundance in an urbanizing landscape in coastal southern
California .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P00651588E

Category: Forests and forestry

Page:

View: 995

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