Aviation Social Science: Research Methods in Practice


Author: Mark W. Wiggins,Catherine Stevens
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351956213
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 248
View: 2951
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This book is a guide that addressees social science research issues within the aviation industry. Studies involving human factors, personality, training systems evaluation, decision-making, crew resource management and situation awareness are used to illustrate not only the process, but also the outcomes that can emerge from social science research. The book describes the principles involved in conceptualising a research problem, obtaining management support, developing an appropriate timeframe, obtaining ethics approval and collecting and managing data. It also provides useful guidelines concerning the publication of research in magazines, academic journals and conference presentations. The topics are illustrated with aviation examples and the principles are deliberately broad. This book will be a useful guide for both novice and experienced researchers, especially pilots, air traffic controllers, maintenance personnel, aviation management, aviation researchers, safety personnel and undergraduate and postgraduate university students.

Aviation Psychology and Human Factors


Author: Monica Martinussen,David R. Hunter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439808443
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 240
View: 1590
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While it is true that fortune favors the prepared mind, in the field of aviation, it may be equally true that misfortune often punishes an unprepared mind. To be fully prepared, pilots must have comprehensive knowledge of weather, aerodynamics, propulsion, navigation, and all the other technical disciplines. However, they must also have a comprehensive understanding of the component that is simultaneously the most fragile and most resilient, the most unreliable and the most adaptable—the human being. Aviation Psychology and Human Factors explores the application of psychological principles and techniques to the specific situations and problems of aviation. It provides a complete overview of the role of psychology in the field of aviation. The authors address the contribution of psychology in the design of aviation systems, the selection and training of pilots, the psychological characteristics of pilots that may relate to aviation safety, and to the behavior of passengers. They cover key concepts of psychological research and data analysis at a depth that fosters a greater appreciation of how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge. A keener understanding of aviation psychology will better prepare pilots for the demands that aviation will make. While many books cover this subject for psychologists, very few, if any present the material to pilots. With balanced coverage that makes the material accessible to both, this book makes pilots aware of the positive impact psychology and its application can have on improving aviation operations, providing specific information that pilots can use in their daily operations. It gives psychologists a better understanding of how their discipline is applied to aviation, while giving pilots the tools to better evaluate and implement future products in the field of aviation psychology.

Innovation and Consolidation in Aviation

Selected Contributions to the Australian Aviation Psychology Symposium 2000
Author: Peter Pfister
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135192740X
Category: Transportation
Page: 360
View: 6641
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This unique book expands the contribution of aviation psychology and human factors to the aviation industry within the Asia Pacific region, with participation from many other parts of the globe, and key local and international experts, developing the safety, efficiency and viability of the industry. It is a forward-looking work, providing new strategies for psychology and human factors to increase the safe and effective functioning of aviation organisations and systems, pertinent to both civil and military operations. This is the formal refereed proceedings of The Fifth Australian Aviation Psychology Symposium, Manly Beach, Sydney 2000. The symposium had a diverse range of contributions and Development Workshops, bringing together practitioners from aviation psychology and human factors, flight operations management, safety managers, pilots, cabin crew, air traffic controllers, engineering and maintenance personnel, air safety investigators, staff from manufacturers and regulatory bodies, and applied aviation industry researchers and academics. This book will be of interest to anyone involved in human factors, safety systems or aviation psychology within both the civil and military aviation industry.

Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems


Author: Steven James Landry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351653148
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 412
View: 9244
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One of the primary applications of human factors engineering is in the aviation domain, and the importance of human factors has never been greater as U.S. and European authorities seek to modernize the air transportation system through the introduction of advanced automation. This handbook provides regulators, practitioners, researchers, and educators a comprehensive resource for understanding and applying human factors to air transportation.

American Book Publishing Record


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 1862
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The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 4674
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Krisenjahre und Aufbruchszeit

Alltag und Politik im französisch besetzten Baden 1945–1949
Author: Edgar Wolfrum,Peter Fäßler,Reinhard Grohnert
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486829947
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 8199
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Frankreich: "Erbfeind" oder "Erneuerer"? Die französische Besatzungspolitik von 1945 bis 1949 galt lange als Hindernis für die deutsch-französische Freundschaft. Aber das Bild muß korrigiert werden. Die französische Politik zeichnete sich bei aller Widersprüchlichkeit durch Eigenständigkeit, Originalität und durch Reformansätze aus, die sich an den Zielen von Demokratisierung, Dezentralisierung und Denazifizierung orientierten. Ein Teil der Reformen versandete jedoch, weil sie den Alltagsbedürfnissen der Bevölkerung nicht entsprachen. Dies zeigen die Autoren am Beispiel des Landes Baden. Eindringlich schildern sie, Alltag und Alltagsnot der Menschen und bringen das in Zusammenhang mit der politischen Geschichte. Die Betroffenen empfanden die französischen Vorhaben trotz überzeugender Konzepte häufig als negativ. Diese Kluft wirkte noch lange nach. Ein Beispiel ist die in der französischen Besatzungszone praktizierte Spielart der Entnazifizierung, die "auto-épuration". Sie sollte nicht schematisch, sondern unter Würdigung der individuellen Umstände die wirklich Schuldigen treffen und zugleich, da die Deutschen selbst entscheidend am Verfahren beteiligt waren, eine gründliche Auseinandersetzung mit der Vergangenheit ermöglichen. Die Art der Verwirklichung ließ die "Selbst-Reinigung" scheitern, doch die Idee kann immer noch eine gewisse Plausibilität beanspruchen. Sie war nicht die einzige Besonderheit Nachkriegsbadens innerhalb der Besatzungszonen. Manches aus der Nachkriegszeit Badens ist vergessen worden, war aber keineswegs bedeutungslos. Dieses Buch hilft mit, es wieder bewußt zu machen.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods


Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761923633
Category: Social Science
Page: 1528
View: 1056
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"This defining work will be valuable to readers and researchers in social sciences and humanities at all academic levels. As a teaching resource it will be useful to instructors and students alike and will become a standard reference source. Essential for general and academic collections." --CHOICE This Encyclopedia provides readers with authoritative essays on virtually all social science methods topics, quantitative and qualitative, by an international collection of experts. Organized alphabetically, the Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods covers research terms ranging from different methodological approaches to epistemological issues and specific statistical techniques. Written to be accessible to general readers, the Encyclopedia entries do not require advanced knowledge of mathematics or statistics to understand the purposes or basic principles of any of the methods. To accomplish this goal, there are two major types of entries: definitions consisting of a paragraph or two to provide a quick explanation of a methodological term; and topical treatments or essays that discuss the nature, history, applications, and implications of using a certain method, including suggested readings and references. Readers are directed to related topics via cross-referenced terms that appear in small capital letters. By assembling entries of varied origins and serving different research purposes, readers will be able to benefit from this immense source of methodological expertise in advancing their understanding of research. With three volumes and more than 900 signed entries, the Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods will be a critical addition to any social science library.

Aviation Safety

Can NASA Do More to Protect the Public? : Hearings Before the Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session, October 31, 2007
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: N.A
Category: Aeronautics
Page: 404
View: 2128
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Der falsch vermessene Mensch


Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518281833
Category: Kraniometrie - Intelligenzdiagnostik - Bewertung
Page: 394
View: 3297
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Real Social Science

Applied Phronesis
Author: Bent Flyvbjerg,Todd Landman,Sanford Schram
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107000254
Category: Philosophy
Page: 308
View: 2805
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"Real Social Science presents a new, hands-on approach to social inquiry. The theoretical and methodological ideas behind the book, inspired by Aristotelian phronesis, represent an original perspective within the social sciences, and for the first time this volume gives readers a set of studies exemplifying what applied phronesis looks like in practice. The reflexive analysis of values and power gives new meaning to the impact of research on policy and practice. Real Social Science is a major step forward in a novel and thriving field of research. This book will benefit scholars, researchers, and students who want to make a difference in practice, not just in the academy. Its message will make it essential reading for students and academics across the social sciences"--

Trends and Research in the Decision Sciences

Best Papers from the 2014 Annual Conference
Author: Decision Sciences Institute,Merrill Warkentin
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0133925536
Category: Computers
Page: 400
View: 3019
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Decision science offers powerful insights and techniques that help people make better decisions to improve business and society. This new volume brings together the peer-reviewed papers that have been chosen as the "best of the best" by the field's leading organization, the Decision Sciences Institute. These papers, authored by respected decision science researchers and academics from around the world, will be presented at DSI's 45th Annual Meeting in Tampa, Florida in November 2014. The first book of papers ever assembled by DSI, this volume describes recent methods and approaches in the decision sciences, with a special focus on how accelerating technological innovation is driving change in the ways organizations and individuals make decisions. These papers offer actionable insights for decision-makers of all kinds, in business, public policy, non-profit organizations, and beyond. They also point to new research directions for academic researchers in decision science worldwide.

Issues in Commuting and Pilot Fatigue

Interim Report
Author: Board on Human-Systems Integration,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Transportation Research Board
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309187133
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 29
View: 4678
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The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing that fatigue is a safety concern. A more recent consideration is whether and how pilot commuting, conducted in a pilot's off-duty time, may affect fatigue. The National Academy of Sciences was asked to review available information related to the prevalence and characteristics of pilot commuting; sleep, fatigue, and circadian rhythms; airline and regulatory oversight policies; and pilot and airline practices. This interim report summarizes the committee's review to date of the available information. The final report will present a final review, along with the committee's conclusions and recommendations based on the information available during its deliberations.

Media power in politics


Author: Doris Appel Graber
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7867
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The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge
Author: Norman Don
Publisher: Vahlen
ISBN: 3800648105
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 320
View: 7202
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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Research in education


Author: Educational Research Information Center (U.S.)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: N.A
View: 5732
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The National Research Council in 1978

Current Issues and Studies
Author: National Research Council (U.S.)
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Research
Page: 326
View: 3511
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Grounded theory

Grundlagen qualitativer Sozialforschung
Author: Anselm L. Strauss,Juliet M. Corbin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783621272650
Category: Grounded theory
Page: 227
View: 4630
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Studierende und Forscher verschiedener Disziplinen, die am Entwickeln einer Theorie interessiert sind, stellen sich nach der Datenerhebung oft die Frage: Wie komme ich zu einer Theorie, die sich auf die empirische Realität gründet? Die Autoren beantworten diese und andere Fragen, die sich bei der qualitativen Interpretation von Daten ergeben. Auf klare und einfache Art geschrieben vermittelt das Buch Schritt für Schritt die grundlegenden Kenntnisse und Verfahrensweisen der "grounded theory" (datenbasierte Theorie), so daß es besonders für Personen interessant ist, die sich zum ersten Mal mit der Theorienbildung anhand qualitativer Datenanalyse beschäftigen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Teil I bietet einen Überblick über die Denkweise, die der "grounded theory" zugrunde liegt. Teil II stellt die speziellen Techniken und Verfahrensweisen genau dar, wie z.B. verschiedene Kodierungsarten. In Teil III werden zusätzliche Verfahrensweisen erklärt und Evaluationskriterien genannt.

Distributed Decision Making

Report of a Workshop
Author: Committee on Human Factors,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309582490
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 60
View: 7333
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Decision making in today's organizations is often distributed widely and usually supported by such technologies as satellite communications, electronic messaging, teleconferencing, and shared data bases. Distributed Decision Making outlines the process and problems involved in dispersed decision making, draws on current academic and case history information, and highlights the need for better theories, improved research methods and more interdisciplinary studies on the individual and organizational issues associated with distributed decision making. An appendix provides additional background reading on this socially and economically important problem area.