Aviation Social Science: Research Methods in Practice

Author: Mark W. Wiggins,Catherine Stevens
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351956213
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 248
View: 687
This book is a guide that addressees social science research issues within the aviation industry. Studies involving human factors, personality, training systems evaluation, decision-making, crew resource management and situation awareness are used to illustrate not only the process, but also the outcomes that can emerge from social science research. The book describes the principles involved in conceptualising a research problem, obtaining management support, developing an appropriate timeframe, obtaining ethics approval and collecting and managing data. It also provides useful guidelines concerning the publication of research in magazines, academic journals and conference presentations. The topics are illustrated with aviation examples and the principles are deliberately broad. This book will be a useful guide for both novice and experienced researchers, especially pilots, air traffic controllers, maintenance personnel, aviation management, aviation researchers, safety personnel and undergraduate and postgraduate university students.

Aviation Psychology and Human Factors

Author: Monica Martinussen,David R. Hunter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439808443
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 240
View: 9833
While it is true that fortune favors the prepared mind, in the field of aviation, it may be equally true that misfortune often punishes an unprepared mind. To be fully prepared, pilots must have comprehensive knowledge of weather, aerodynamics, propulsion, navigation, and all the other technical disciplines. However, they must also have a comprehensive understanding of the component that is simultaneously the most fragile and most resilient, the most unreliable and the most adaptable—the human being. Aviation Psychology and Human Factors explores the application of psychological principles and techniques to the specific situations and problems of aviation. It provides a complete overview of the role of psychology in the field of aviation. The authors address the contribution of psychology in the design of aviation systems, the selection and training of pilots, the psychological characteristics of pilots that may relate to aviation safety, and to the behavior of passengers. They cover key concepts of psychological research and data analysis at a depth that fosters a greater appreciation of how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge. A keener understanding of aviation psychology will better prepare pilots for the demands that aviation will make. While many books cover this subject for psychologists, very few, if any present the material to pilots. With balanced coverage that makes the material accessible to both, this book makes pilots aware of the positive impact psychology and its application can have on improving aviation operations, providing specific information that pilots can use in their daily operations. It gives psychologists a better understanding of how their discipline is applied to aviation, while giving pilots the tools to better evaluate and implement future products in the field of aviation psychology.

Innovation and Consolidation in Aviation

Selected Contributions to the Australian Aviation Psychology Symposium 2000
Author: Peter Pfister
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135192740X
Category: Transportation
Page: 360
View: 929
This unique book expands the contribution of aviation psychology and human factors to the aviation industry within the Asia Pacific region, with participation from many other parts of the globe, and key local and international experts, developing the safety, efficiency and viability of the industry. It is a forward-looking work, providing new strategies for psychology and human factors to increase the safe and effective functioning of aviation organisations and systems, pertinent to both civil and military operations. This is the formal refereed proceedings of The Fifth Australian Aviation Psychology Symposium, Manly Beach, Sydney 2000. The symposium had a diverse range of contributions and Development Workshops, bringing together practitioners from aviation psychology and human factors, flight operations management, safety managers, pilots, cabin crew, air traffic controllers, engineering and maintenance personnel, air safety investigators, staff from manufacturers and regulatory bodies, and applied aviation industry researchers and academics. This book will be of interest to anyone involved in human factors, safety systems or aviation psychology within both the civil and military aviation industry.

Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems

Author: Steven James Landry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351653148
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 412
View: 9271
One of the primary applications of human factors engineering is in the aviation domain, and the importance of human factors has never been greater as U.S. and European authorities seek to modernize the air transportation system through the introduction of advanced automation. This handbook provides regulators, practitioners, researchers, and educators a comprehensive resource for understanding and applying human factors to air transportation.

American Book Publishing Record

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 2749

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 9695

Fundamentos de la investigación social

Author: Earl Babbie,Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Cengage Learning Editores
ISBN: 9789706860026
Category: Social Science
Page: 473
View: 727
Un libro conciso y accesible sobre meto-dos de investigacion, que resalta la importancia del entendimiento de la logica teorica para respaldar el proceso de investigacion y la demostracion de las tecnicas preferidas. Ayuda al estudiante a emplear los metodos de investigacion como medios de razonamiento y para recopilar informacion. El material cualitativo brinda un equilibrio de enfoques con la exposicion de conceptos esenciales en la investigacion social.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761923633
Category: Social Science
Page: 1528
View: 8317
"This defining work will be valuable to readers and researchers in social sciences and humanities at all academic levels. As a teaching resource it will be useful to instructors and students alike and will become a standard reference source. Essential for general and academic collections." --CHOICE This Encyclopedia provides readers with authoritative essays on virtually all social science methods topics, quantitative and qualitative, by an international collection of experts. Organized alphabetically, the Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods covers research terms ranging from different methodological approaches to epistemological issues and specific statistical techniques. Written to be accessible to general readers, the Encyclopedia entries do not require advanced knowledge of mathematics or statistics to understand the purposes or basic principles of any of the methods. To accomplish this goal, there are two major types of entries: definitions consisting of a paragraph or two to provide a quick explanation of a methodological term; and topical treatments or essays that discuss the nature, history, applications, and implications of using a certain method, including suggested readings and references. Readers are directed to related topics via cross-referenced terms that appear in small capital letters. By assembling entries of varied origins and serving different research purposes, readers will be able to benefit from this immense source of methodological expertise in advancing their understanding of research. With three volumes and more than 900 signed entries, the Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods will be a critical addition to any social science library.

Aviation Safety

Can NASA Do More to Protect the Public? : Hearings Before the Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session, October 31, 2007
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology
Publisher: Government Printing Office
Category: Aeronautics
Page: 404
View: 2432

Trends and Research in the Decision Sciences

Best Papers from the 2014 Annual Conference
Author: Decision Sciences Institute,Merrill Warkentin
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0133925536
Category: Computers
Page: 400
View: 825
Decision science offers powerful insights and techniques that help people make better decisions to improve business and society. This new volume brings together the peer-reviewed papers that have been chosen as the "best of the best" by the field's leading organization, the Decision Sciences Institute. These papers, authored by respected decision science researchers and academics from around the world, will be presented at DSI's 45th Annual Meeting in Tampa, Florida in November 2014. The first book of papers ever assembled by DSI, this volume describes recent methods and approaches in the decision sciences, with a special focus on how accelerating technological innovation is driving change in the ways organizations and individuals make decisions. These papers offer actionable insights for decision-makers of all kinds, in business, public policy, non-profit organizations, and beyond. They also point to new research directions for academic researchers in decision science worldwide.

Fuera de serie

Por qué unas personas tienen éxito y otras no
Author: Malcolm Gladwell
Publisher: TAURUS
ISBN: 8430615512
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 9686
Del máximo gurú de los negocios, autor de La clave del éxito. The tipping point e Inteligencia intuitiva. ¿Qué diferencia a quienes hacen algo especial en la vida de quienes no lo hacen? Fuera de serie explora las curiosas historias de los grandes jugadores de fútbol; bucea en la peculiar infancia de Bill Gates; busca qué convirtió a los Beatles en el mejor grupo de rock; y se pregunta qué distingue a los pilotos que estrellan aviones de los que no. A través de su viaje por el mundo de los «fuera de serie», los mejores, los más brillantes y famosos, nos convence de que nuestro modo de pensar en el éxito es erróneo. Prestamos demasiada atención al aspecto de estas personas, y muy poca al lugar de donde vienen, es decir, a su cultura, su familia, su generación y a las singularidades de su educación. Brillante y entretenido, Fuera de serie es toda una referencia que al mismo tiempo iluminará y hará disfrutar. Reseñas: «Leer Fuera de serie es un verdadero placer, y Gladwell nos deja dándoles vueltas a sus ingeniosas teorías durante días.» David Leonhardt, The New York Times «Fuera de serie es un libro convincente y entusiasta. Su secreto es que no trata sólo de los fuera de serie, sino de la gente en general.» Robert Colvile, Telegraph «Las teorías de Malcolm Gladwell, que ya gozan de una impresionante popularidad, han convertido su apellido en un adjetivo: ¡Gladwelliano! En Fuera de serie, matiza nuestro culto al éxito.» Jason Zengerle, New York Magazine «Una vez más, Gladwell demuestra dominar un género del que, de hecho, es pionero: el de los libros que esclarecen las causas ocultas tras los fenómenos del día a día.» Publishers Weekly «Malcolm Gladwell, escritor de éxito masivo, se ha convertido en uno de los grandes especialistas de nuestro tiempo en iluminar las zonas de sombra con su mezcla de periodismo, estudios científicos, historia y filosofía. Amante de llevar la contraria [...] Su objetivo es colocar junto a la certeza un signo de interrogación. [...] Gladwell define su trabajo como "no ficción pop". [...] Es un cheerleader de las ciencias sociales. [...] A la vista de los millones de lectores que han devorado sus libros, cabría decir que hay algo tranquilizador en ver ideas confirmadas por los estudios citados. También es curioso y seductor.» El País Semanal «Un mago en los libros de autoayuda. [...] Con más de 10 millones de ejemplares vendidos, Malcolm Gladwell es uno de los principales escritores "motivacionales", gurú del éxito y analista de "estrategias para triunfar". La clave del éxito, Inteligencia intuitiva, Lo que vio el perro y Fuera de serie son libros que ejecutivos y líderes de todo tipo devoran en los aeropuertos.» La Gaceta de los negocios

Methods of Educational and Social Science Research

An Integrated Approach
Author: David R. Krathwohl
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
Category: Education
Page: 742
View: 5913
Designed to better serve master's level students while meeting needs of doctoral level students in educational research methods, this text provides a comprehensive framework for designing, implementing, and evaluating studies. The only text of its kind to be modeled around the concept of "how research becomes accepted as knowledge," it offers substantial treatment of research by practitioners (Ch. 23). The Qualitative End (expanded from 5 chapters to Sec. 4); The Qualitative/Quantitative Middle (represented by survey research - Sec. 5); and The Quantitative End (Section 6) help readers realize that they are not confined to either one or the other, but may choose from, merge, and creatively adapt them. In the new edition, the discussion of meta-analysis has been expanded to chapter length (Ch. 21) and the ethics coverage (Ch. 10) is introduced before the research approaches chapters. New appendix on writing a research proposal helpful to doctoral and masters students doing theses. Best used by professors wanting a comprehensive, weighty text.

Real Social Science

Applied Phronesis
Author: Bent Flyvbjerg,Todd Landman,Sanford Schram
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107000254
Category: Philosophy
Page: 308
View: 3901
"Real Social Science presents a new, hands-on approach to social inquiry. The theoretical and methodological ideas behind the book, inspired by Aristotelian phronesis, represent an original perspective within the social sciences, and for the first time this volume gives readers a set of studies exemplifying what applied phronesis looks like in practice. The reflexive analysis of values and power gives new meaning to the impact of research on policy and practice. Real Social Science is a major step forward in a novel and thriving field of research. This book will benefit scholars, researchers, and students who want to make a difference in practice, not just in the academy. Its message will make it essential reading for students and academics across the social sciences"--

Research in education

Author: Educational Research Information Center (U.S.)
Publisher: N.A
Category: Education
Page: N.A
View: 7272

Staffing Standards for Aviation Safety Inspectors

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Federal Aviation Administration Aviation Safety Inspector Staffing Standards
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309103266
Category: Science
Page: 138
View: 3082
A primary mission of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is the assurance of safety in civil aviation, both private and commercial. To accomplish this mission, the FAA has promulgated a large number of regulations and has established a major division, the Office of Aviation Safety, to enforce and maintain the regulations and effectively promote safety in aviation. Within the office there are several subordinate organizations. Staffing Standards for Aviation Safety Inspectors is concerned with two of them: the Flight Standards Service (called AFS), charged with overseeing aviation operations and maintenance, as well as other programs, and the Aircraft Certification Service (AIR), charged with ensuring the safety of aircraft through regulation and oversight of their design and manufacture. The objective of the study is to determine the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and models that the FAA now uses in developing staffing standards and projections of staffing needs for ASIs and to advise the FAA on potential improvements. Staffing Standards for Aviation Safety Inspectors is organized in an Executive Summary and five chapters. This first chapter provides the background of the study and explains the committee's approach to its task. Chapter 2 discusses modeling and its applicability to the development of staffing standards for such organizations as the Flight Standards Service and the Aircraft Certification Service. Chapter 3 traces the recent history of staffing standards in these organizations and considers manpower and staffing models and methods used by other organizations. Chapter 4 examines factors to be considered in the development of ASI staffing standards and the challenges faced by any methodology applied to this task. Chapter 5 presents the committee's findings and recommendations, including a discussion of issues and constraints that must be considered in weighing the implementation of alternative approaches.

The National Research Council in 1978

Current Issues and Studies
Author: National Research Council (U.S.)
Publisher: National Academies
Category: Research
Page: 326
View: 1228

Issues in Commuting and Pilot Fatigue

Interim Report
Author: National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Committee on the Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309305748
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 40
View: 8085
The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing that fatigue is a safety concern. A more recent consideration is whether and how pilot commuting, conducted in a pilot's off-duty time, may affect fatigue. The National Academy of Sciences was asked to review available information related to the prevalence and characteristics of pilot commuting; sleep, fatigue, and circadian rhythms; airline and regulatory oversight policies; and pilot and airline practices. This interim report summarizes the committee's review to date of the available information. The final report will present a final review, along with the committee's conclusions and recommendations based on the information available during its deliberations.

Science Progress in China

Author: Lu Yongxiang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080449700
Category: Science
Page: 494
View: 7484
Today, China is in a critical period of development facing a series of challenges such as optimizing the economic structure, rationalizing the use of resources, protecting the ecological environment, eradicating poverty, and fostering coordinated development of the whole society. These challenges can not be comprehensively address without the integrated development of science and technology. This book takes an active part in international cooperation for promoting the development of science and technology and the progress of human civilization. In Science Progress in China Chinese scientists have outlined the development and accomplishments across a spectrum of science over the past 50 years. Scientific acheivements discussed include: the first synthesis of crystalline bovine insulin, the publication of the diagram of rice genes and much more. * Promotes the development of science and education, with emphasis placed on cultivating and nurting scientific talents * Discusses Chinese mathematics, engineering achievements, and the science and technology strategies and policies * Povides insights in the progress of crop genetics and breeding * Offers an analysis of the development of the population and the effects of reproductive medicine

Security Management

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Industries
Page: N.A
View: 1959