Battle of Crete

Drawing upon an incredible selection of contemporary photographs, allied with first-hand recollections from those who fought,'Battle of Crete' examines one of the most bitterly contested engagements of the early war years.

Author: George Forty

Publisher: Ian Allan Pub

ISBN: 071103446X

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 652

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Following the successful German invasion of the Balkans and the capture of mainland Greece, the Axis powers' focussed their attentions upon the strategic island of Crete. The island was Britain's last foothold in the northeast Mediterranean and was perceived as being pivotal to the ongoing defence of the Middle East and the crucial sea-lanes leading to the Suez Canal. By early 1941 the British position in the Mediterranean was wavering; in North Africa Rommel's forces were sweeping towards Egypt, and the remaining British fortresses such as Malta were threatened. Against this background, German forces launched an airborne attack against Crete in late May 1941. Drawing upon an incredible selection of contemporary photographs, allied with first-hand recollections from those who fought,'Battle of Crete' examines one of the most bitterly contested engagements of the early war years. Uniquely recounted from the viewpoint of the individual fighting soldier, sailor and airman, this timely examination of an important but often overlooked battle will be essential reading for all historians of World War 2.
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Battle of Crete

Between 20 May and 1 June 1941 the Second World War came to the Greek island of Crete. The Commonwealth defenders consisted of Australian, New Zealand and British refugees from the doomed Greek Campaign who had not recovered from defeat.

Author: Albert Palazzo

Publisher: Big Sky Publishing

ISBN: 9780980320411

Category: Crete (Greece)

Page: 178

View: 947

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Between 20 May and 1 June 1941 the Second World War came to the Greek island of Crete. The Commonwealth defenders consisted of Australian, New Zealand and British refugees from the doomed Greek Campaign who had not recovered from defeat.
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Operation Mercury

Detailed study of a brief but bloody campaign Full of personal accounts of air, ground, and naval actions Author has made numerous trips to Crete and knows the ground well The fall of Crete in May 1941 was a catastrophic blow to the Allied ...

Author: John Sadler

Publisher:

ISBN: 0811735060

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 131

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Detailed study of a brief but bloody campaign Full of personal accounts of air, ground, and naval actions Author has made numerous trips to Crete and knows the ground well The fall of Crete in May 1941 was a catastrophic blow to the Allied cause. Nevertheless, the British, New Zealand, and Australian defenders forced the German invaders to pay a heavy price for victory. The daring German parachute assault, the first major example of its kind, proved a near disaster--so much so that Hitler never sanctioned another. But the Germans recovered, gained the initiative, and took the island in ten days.
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Ten Days to Destiny

This is the documented story of the one of the most important yet least acknowledged battles of World War II.

Author: G. C. Kiriakopoulos

Publisher: Holy Cross Orthodox Press

ISBN: 0917653491

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 189

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For ten dramatic and bitterly fought days in May, 1941, British Commonwealth and Greek soldiers fought with the valiant assistance of Cretan civilians -- men and women, young and old -- to hold their island against a Nazi onslaught. This is the documented story of the one of the most important yet least acknowledged battles of World War II.
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Creforce

In the first parachute drop of World War II, the Germans invaded Crete on 20 May, 1941. Australian, New Zealand and British troops, alongside Greek soldiers and the people of Crete, formed a crucial bond as they defended the tiny island.

Author: Stella Tzobanakis

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781742030821

Category: Premier's Reading Challenge

Page: 186

View: 829

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In the first parachute drop of World War II, the Germans invaded Crete on 20 May, 1941. Australian, New Zealand and British troops, alongside Greek soldiers and the people of Crete, formed a crucial bond as they defended the tiny island.
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Battle for Crete

Battle for Crete is a fine account of the political and military prelude to the evacuation of British, Australian and New Zealand forces from Greece to Crete in April 1941, and of the subsequent German offensive against Crete, the first ...

Author: John Hall Spencer

Publisher: Pen & Sword

ISBN: 1844157709

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 685

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After two years' extensive research, the author has written a thorough account of the political and military background to the German invasion of Crete and the bitter fighting that followed the first airborne assault on an island in history. It also contains individual accounts of the fighting, ultimate retreat and evacuation.
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The Battle For Heraklion Crete 1941

This book highlights personal stories and accounts - and the author’s access to records from all three sides allowed accounts to be placed in their correct place and time.

Author: Yannis Prekatsounakis

Publisher: Helion and Company

ISBN: 9781913118464

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 871

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Crete, 20 May 1941: the first campaign-sized airborne assault is launched. Many books have been written about this famous invasion, with the emphasis mainly on the battles for Maleme and Chania. The Battle for Heraklion - an epic struggle - remained largely forgotten and widely unstudied. Yet the desperate fight for Heraklion had everything: street-fighting in the town; heroic attacks against well-fortified positions and medieval walls; heavy losses on all sides; and tragic stories involving famous German aristocratic families like the von Blüchers and members of the Bismarck family. This book highlights personal stories and accounts - and the author’s access to records from all three sides allowed accounts to be placed in their correct place and time. Finally, the history of the battle is written with the added perspective of extensive Greek accounts and sources. In contrast, earlier books were based solely on British and German sources - totally ignoring the Greek side. Many of these accounts are from people who were fighting directly against each other - and some reveal what the enemies were discussing and thinking while they were shooting at or attacking each other. Some accounts are so accurate and detailed that we can even identify who killed whom. In addition, long-lost stories behind both well known and previously unpublished pictures are revealed. For the first time, 75 year-old mysteries are solved: what were the names of the paratroopers in the planes seen crashing in famous pictures? What was the fate of soldiers seen in pictures taken just before the battle? The author has studied the battlefield in every detail - thus giving the reader the opportunity to understand actions and incidents by examining what happened on the actual field of battle. For example, how was it possible for a whole platoon to be trapped and annihilated, as in the fate of Wolfgang Graf von Blücher? Such a question is not easily answered even by people with a military background. How was it possible for the paratroopers to fail in their attempt to occupy the town? The answers to questions like these became very clear when the author walked through the battlefields - following the accounts of the people from all sides who had fought there and which describe the same incidents. The author’s extensive research is vividly presented via detailed maps and photographs, both from the era of the battle and today; even battlefield archaeology plays a role in revealing what really happened on the battlefield. The author’s approach addresses two different types of readers: those who are largely unfamiliar with the battle - hence the emphasis on personal stories, accounts and pictures - and the researcher who wants a reliable source of firsthand material and perhaps a different point of view, such as is offered by Greek accounts and sources (and by the writer’s detailed analysis of the battle). This fresh account of one of the Second World War’s most memorable battles is given added authority by the writer’s military background, together with his deep knowledge of the battlefield and his access to Greek accounts and sources.
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Perilous Commitments

A guide to the Grecian conflict in World War II, outlining a comprehensive appraisal of events, this text is concerned with the British military intervention in Greece and the subsequent defence of, and evacuation from, Crete.

Author: Matthew Willingham

Publisher: Spellmount, Limited Publishers

ISBN: UOM:39015062614311

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 591

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A guide to the Grecian conflict in World War II, outlining a comprehensive appraisal of events, this text is concerned with the British military intervention in Greece and the subsequent defence of, and evacuation from, Crete.
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Battle for Crete

In this gripping account of New Zealand's part in the battle for Crete, Matthew Wright draws on a wide range of archival sources to refute criticism both of the calibre of the New Zealand forces and of decisions made by the man in charge of ...

Author: Matthew Wright

Publisher:

ISBN: 0908318162

Category: Operation Mercury, 1941

Page: 120

View: 804

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Confronting the might of the Luftwaffe! New Zealand soldiers arrived in Crete during early May 1941, short of equipment after a hasty evacuation from Greece. Three weeks later Germany invaded from the air, and the fate of New Zealand
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Operation Mercury

Author: Tony Simpson

Publisher:

ISBN: 0340231181

Category: Operation Mercury, 1941

Page: 316

View: 778

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The Battle of Crete

Between 20 May and 1 June 1941 the Second World War came to the Greek island of Crete. The Commonwealth defenders consisted of Australian, New Zealand and British refugees from the doomed Greek Campaign who had not recovered from defeat.

Author: Albert Palazzo

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781921941245

Category: History

Page: 173

View: 269

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Between 20 May and 1 June 1941 the Second World War came to the Greek island of Crete. The Commonwealth defenders consisted of Australian, New Zealand and British refugees from the doomed Greek Campaign who had not recovered from defeat.
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Men of Valour

Wavell to Freyberg (perhaps) he Battle for Crete was a man's battle. That's the
way wars were and, generally, still are. The women of Crete were a notable and
courageous exception; they fought for their homes and their freedom with a
carving ...

Author: Dr. Ron Palenski

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781869713096

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 661

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For a time in the Second World War, Crete was the prize both sides wanted. The Allies had it and the Germans wanted it. The Germans won. The man in charge of hanging on to it was Bernard ('Tiny') Freyberg, the New Zealand Division commander. With him was a ragtag army of New Zealand, Australian, British and Greek soldiers. They had to withstand the mightiest airborne invasion the world had seen. It was a German victory but their losses were almost as many as those of the Allies. Beaten and bedraggled, the men made their way back to Egypt; they'd fought for the first time as a New Zealand division under the overall command of a New Zealander and been beaten. Inquiries followed: was Freyberg at fault? Did he make mistakes that allowed the Germans to make advance? Were Freyberg's officers disloyal? Like the British after Dunkirk, the New Zealanders rose again. Freyberg led them through North Africa and Italy striking fear and respect into the hearts of enemies.
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Intelligence Lessons Learned from the Battle for Crete 1941

Examination of the preparations for the battle and of the available intelligence reveals shortcomings in the linkage between intelligence and operations which reduced the battlefield commander's ability to effectively use the intelligence ...

Author: Lt. Commander Miriam Perlberg

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1494202859

Category:

Page: 50

View: 500

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Ultra intelligence derived from decryption of high-level German military communications nets provided the Allied forces defending Crete with extraordinary warning of the impending German air assault in May 1941. Despite the advantage of this warning, the Allies' defense of Crete was unsuccessful. Examination of the preparations for the battle and of the available intelligence reveals shortcomings in the linkage between intelligence and operations which reduced the battlefield commander's ability to effectively use the intelligence provided to him. Five intelligence essons learned fra the Battle for Crete are the need to plan to ensure continuous availability of intelligence throughout an operation, the criticality of communications to intelligence, the need for the ccomander to understand intelligence to effectively use it, the problems associated with source protection and the inevitability of ambiguity in intelligence.
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Trouble Ahead

Heraklion, May 1941.

Author: Rob Lofthouse

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781784293550

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 829

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Heraklion, May 1941. On the north coast of Crete, the British forces are redeploying troops, ahead of a German invasion of the island. A brutal defeat in Greece has forced them to withdraw from the mainland, weakened and dejected. For Captain Bentley Paine, of the Yorks & Lancs Regiment, the planned assault is a chance to finally prove himself in this war, not least to his infuriating assistant, Corporal Hallmark. But when the attack begins at dawn, no one can be prepared for the death and bloody fighting that will ensue. As German paratroopers fire at will, victory is decided in a matter of days. But both sides will face devastating losses, in a game-changing campaign, that will become one of the most intense and horrific battles of the Second World War.
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Battle on 42nd Street

'This is military history at its best: deeply researched, powerfully told and proving that the essence of war is men killing other men.' — Joan Beaumont

Author: Peter Monteath

Publisher: NewSouth

ISBN: 9781742244686

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 612

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At what point does the will to survive on the battlefield give way to bloodlust? The battle for Crete was at once the most modern and the most ancient of wars. For a week Australian and New Zealand forces were relentlessly hammered from the skies by the Luftwaffe and pursued across Crete by some of the most accomplished and best equipped forces Hitler could muster. On the morning of 27 May 1941, however, all that was about to change. When a unit of German mountain troops approached the Allies’ defensive line — known as 42nd Street — men from the Australian 2/7th and 2/8th Battalions and New Zealanders from several battalions counter-attacked with fixed bayonets. By the end, German bodies were strewn across the battlefield. Acclaimed historian Peter Monteath draws on recollections and records of Australian, New Zealand, British and German soldiers and local Cretans to reveal the truth behind one of the bloodiest battles of the Second World War. 'This is military history at its best: deeply researched, powerfully told and proving that the essence of war is men killing other men.' — Joan Beaumont
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Crete

The Battle and the Resistance Antony Beevor. Hill 107. Not surprisingly, spirits
fell as soon as this news spread in the company. Campbell felt that he had no
alternative but to fall back as well. A German propaganda myth grew out of this ...

Author: Antony Beevor

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781848546356

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 650

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Acclaimed historian and best-selling author Antony Beevor vividly brings to life the epic struggles that took place in Second World War Crete - reissued with a new introduction. 'The best book we have got on Crete' Observer The Germans expected their airborne attack on Crete in 1941 - a unique event in the history of warfare - to be a textbook victory based on tactical surprise. They had no idea that the British, using Ultra intercepts, knew their plans and had laid a carefully-planned trap. It should have been the first German defeat of the war, but a fatal misunderstanding turned the battle round. Nor did the conflict end there. Ferocious Cretan freedom fighters mounted a heroic resistance, aided by a dramatic cast of British officers from Special Operations Executive.
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Greece and Crete 1941

In the campaign in Greece and the battle for Crete the tale is of military failure, mainly due to the German command of the air over both land and sea.

Author: Christopher Buckley

Publisher: Efstathiadis Group/Bay Foreing Langua

ISBN: 9602260416

Category: Crete (Greece)

Page: 340

View: 170

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In the campaign in Greece and the battle for Crete the tale is of military failure, mainly due to the German command of the air over both land and sea. But the skill and endurance of British forces staved off utter disaster in Greece and made the Germans pay a heavy and unwelcome price for their conquest of Crete.
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Crete

A look at how Germany's air superiority and Allied incompetence helped the Germans win the battle of Crete despite the deaths of over 6,000 men, and the loss of over 170 planes.

Author: George M. Bond

Publisher: Nimble Books

ISBN: 1608880400

Category: History

Page: 48

View: 445

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A look at how Germany's air superiority and Allied incompetence helped the Germans win the battle of Crete despite the deaths of over 6,000 men, and the loss of over 170 planes.
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Crete 1941 Eyewitnessed

Combined with the six-month Greek epic on Mainland Greece this epoch-making campaign greatly contributed in turning the tide of World War II in favour of the Allies. This book is an anthology of authentic testimonies.

Author: Costas N. Hadjipateras

Publisher: Efstathiadis Group/Bay Foreing Langua

ISBN: 9602261846

Category: Operation Mercury, 1941

Page: 328

View: 706

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"[This] is the story of all those Greeks, Allies and Germans who lived and witnessed every moment of the eleven-day battle of Crete, the one and only air-borne invasion in history. Combined with the six-month Greek epic on Mainland Greece this epoch-making campaign greatly contributed in turning the tide of World War II in favour of the Allies. This book is an anthology of authentic testimonies. Supported by letters, diaries, poems, photographs, sketches, it recaptures ... the 'feel' of this fateful battle"--P. [4] of cover.
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Diggers and Greeks

Australian historians have, for too long, neglected the Greek and Crete campaigns and what has been written, until now, has ignored the Greek side of the story.

Author: Maria Hill

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: 9781742230146

Category: History

Page: 479

View: 843

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Much has been written about the ill-fated Australian campaigns in Greece and Crete during World War II, but this book is the first account from the perspective of the Greeks. This compelling history combines details of the campaigns, as well as responses from Greeks and Cretans to the Allied forces on their soil. While miscommunication between the Greek General Staff and the Allied forces was frequent, this study reveals that situation on the ground was far more complex: the personal relations that developed between Australian soldiers and Greek civilians and soldiers were sometimes hostile but in other cases developed into friendships that lasted decades after the war had finished. Elucidating why the campaigns on mainland Greece and Crete compelled people to behave in altruistic ways--even when it meant placing themselves in danger--this insightful chronicle proves that it is possible to form successful relations with people of a completely different culture in conflict situations, and that those relationships are important to the well-being of all involved.
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