Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection

Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection examines animals belonging to diverse trophic groups, from carnivores, herbivores, micro-algal grazers, to filter-feeders and detritus-feeders.

Author: Roger N. Hughes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642751202

Category: Science

Page: 886

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Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection examines animals belonging to diverse trophic groups, from carnivores, herbivores, micro-algal grazers, to filter-feeders and detritus-feeders. In the past Optimal Foraging Theory has been applied to all these groups, but in different ways and in disci plines that rarely overlap. Here concepts and developments hitherto scattered in the literature are drawn together. This uniquely broad synthesis captures the state of the art in the study of diet selection and prescribes new objectives in theoretical development and research.
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Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection

Specifically, 3 competing hypotheses about the behavioural mechanisms of food selection by Canvasbacks are tested: (1) they forage randomly in the environment and consume foods as encountered (effectively no selection or "passive ...

Author: Roger N. Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642751189

Category: Science

Page: 886

View: 441

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Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection examines animals belonging to diverse trophic groups, from carnivores, herbivores, micro-algal grazers, to filter-feeders and detritus-feeders. In the past Optimal Foraging Theory has been applied to all these groups, but in different ways and in disci plines that rarely overlap. Here concepts and developments hitherto scattered in the literature are drawn together. This uniquely broad synthesis captures the state of the art in the study of diet selection and prescribes new objectives in theoretical development and research.
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Behavioural Ecology of Fishes

Constraints on diet selection and foraging behaviour in mammalian herbivores . In : Behavioural mechanisms of food selection ( Ed . by R. N. Hughes ) . NATO ASI Ser . Vol . G20 . Berlin : Springer - Verlag . pp . 369-394 .

Author: Felicity Anne Huntingford

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 371865346X

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 734

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This volume is based on the proceedings of a conference held in Sicily, in October 1991. It illustrates the developments in the field of behavioural ecology using fishes, with new or more sophisticated ideas and techniques that offer the potential of powerful analyses of selection on behaviour.
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Improving America s Diet and Health

Moving well beyond the "pamphlet and public service announcement" approach to dietary change, this volume investigates current eating patterns in this country, consumers' beliefs and attitudes about food and nutrition, the theory and ...

Author: Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309041393

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 830

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Written and organized to be accessible to a wide range of readers, Improving America's Diet and Health explores how Americans can be persuaded to adopt healthier eating habits. Moving well beyond the "pamphlet and public service announcement" approach to dietary change, this volume investigates current eating patterns in this country, consumers' beliefs and attitudes about food and nutrition, the theory and practice of promoting healthy behaviors, and needs for further research. The core of the volume consists of strategies and actions targeted to sectors of society--government, the private sector, the health professions, the education community--that have special responsibilities for encouraging and enabling consumers to eat better. These recommendations form the basis for three principal strategies necessary to further the implementation of dietary recommendations in the United States.
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Diet Selection

In Behavioural Mechanisms of' Food Selection (ed. by R.N. Hughes), NATU ASI series, vol. G 20, pp. 61-82. Springer Verlag, Berlin. Kacelnik A. 8: Krebs LR. (1985) Learning to exploit patchily distributed food.

Author: R. Hughes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444314014

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 409

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All animals feed selectively. This book examines the selectivity of feeding from a variety of viewpoints. It examines the viewpoint of the behavioural ecologist that considers decision rules, the dietitian that looks at nutritional problems, and the community ecologist that sees feeding as a factor influencing species diversity. The text brings these diverse disciplines together to produce a coherent view of the way in which organisms 'choose' their diet. Optimal foraging theory has brought the study of foraging behaviour, particularly diet selection to a point where physiological, nutritional, psychological, morphological and ecological factors can begin to be addressed in a coherent fashion. This book is not another exposition of optimal foraging theory, but it does draw on the applications and limitations of the theory to demonstrate the great potential for the development of diet selection as an interdisciplinary subject. Authoritative synthesis of the latest thinking in optimal foraging and feeding theory. Adopts, for the first time, a truly interdisciplinary approach to diet selection. Authored by experts from each of the contributing fields.
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Biology and Ecology of Pike

Hunting by the hunted: optimal prey selection by foragers under predation hazard. pp 797-819. In: R.N.Hughes (ed.). Behavioural mechanisms of food selection,NATO ASI Series Vol. G20. Giraldeau, L.-A. and Caraco, T., 2000.

Author: Christian Skov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351645362

Category: Nature

Page: 402

View: 118

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This book sets out to bridge the order scales among pike researchers, populations, communities, management, and fisheries. It emphasizes the progress of pike research during the last two decades, during which the order-bridging approach emerged. This framework underpins the text and the message, to convey its importance to pike research and to fish research in general. In addition, a considerable part of the book is devoted to management implications and highlights aspects of human dimensions in recreational fisheries.
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Ecological Versatility and Community Ecology

P. (1990) Active diet selection or passive reflection of changing food availability: the underwater foraging of Canvasback Ducks. In Behavioural mechanisms of food selection, 20, ed. Hughes, R.N., pp. 95-107. Springer-Verlag: Berlin ...

Author: Ralph C. MacNally

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521405539

Category: Nature

Page: 435

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A comprehensive analysis of ecological specialisation and generalisation in natural communities, first published in 1995.
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Computable Constructive Behavioural Economic Dynamics

(1990b) 'Predator switching and the interpretation of animal choice behavior: The case for constrained optimization', in R.N. Hughes (ed.), Behavioral Mechanisms of Food Selection, NATO ASI Series Vol. G20, Berlin: Springer Verlag.

Author: Stefano Zambelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135272531

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 828

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The book contains thirty original articles dealing with important aspects of theoretical as well as applied economic theory. While the principal focus is on: the computational and algorithmic nature of economic dynamics; individual as well as collective decision process and rational behavior, some contributions emphasize also the importance of classical recursion theory and constructive mathematics for dynamical systems, business cycles theories, growth theories, and others are in the area of history of thought, methodology and behavioural economics. The contributors range from Nobel Laureates to the promising new generation of innovative thinkers. This volume is also a Festschrift in honour of Professor Kumaraswamy Vela Velupillai, the founder of Computable Economics, a growing field of research where important results stemming from classical recursion theory and constructive mathematics are applied to economic theory. The aim and hope is to provide new tools for economic modelling. This book will be of particular appeal to postgraduate students and scholars in one or more of the following fields: computable economics, business cycles, macroeconomics, growth theories, methodology, behavioural economics, financial economics, experimental and agent based economics. It might be also of importance to those interested on the general theme of algorithmic foundations for social sciences.
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An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology

Intraden'n'c group selection and the sex ratio. In RM. Sibly 81. R11. Smith Iedsl, Behavioural Ecology: Ecological Consequences of Adaptive Behaviour, pp. ... Hughes led], Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection, NATO ASI series Vol.

Author: Nicholas B. Davies

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444314021

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 655

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The third edition of this successful textbook looks again at theinfluence of natural selection on behavior - an animal's struggleto survive by exploiting resources, avoiding predators, andmaximizing reproductive success. In this edition, new examples areintroduced throughout, many illustrated with full colorphotographs. In addition, important new topics are added includingthe latest techniques of comparative analysis, the theory andapplication of DNA fingerprinting techniques, extensive newdiscussion on brood parasite/host coevolution, the latest ideas onsexual selection in relation to disease resistance, and a newsection on the intentionality of communication. Written in thelucid style for which these two authors are renowned, the text isenhanced by boxed sections illustrating important concepts and newmarginal notes that guide the reader through the text. This bookwill be essential reading for students taking courses in behavioralecology. The leading introductory text from the two most prominentworkers in the field. Second colour in the text. New section of four colour plates. Boxed sections to ilustrate difficult and importantpoints. New larger format with marginal notes to guide the readerthrough the text. Selected further reading at the end of each chapter.
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Feeding in Domestic Vertebrates

Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection. NATO ASI Series G: Ecological Sciences, Vol. 20. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 423–459. Provenza, F.D. and Cincotta, R.P. (1993) Foraging as a self-organizational learning process: ...

Author: V. L. Bels

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845931063

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 125

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Domestication of vertebrates is based on the understanding of the needs of animals in their natural environment. Thus the success of this domestication throughout human history is largely dependant of the knowledge of the animal feeding behaviour. The aim of this volume is to provide advanced students and researchers with a review of current knowledge of feeding in domestic mammals and birds. The book also presents chapters on feeding behaviour in particular species; the scope is wide, covering not only ruminants, poultry and pigs, but also more specifically horses, rabbits and ostrich. Contributors include leading research workers from Europe, USA, Australia and South Africa.
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Biology of Cladocera

Direct observations of mechanisms regulating feeding behavior of Daphnia in lakewater. Int. Revue ges. ... Retention efficiency, perceptual bias, and active choice as mechanisms of food selection by suspension feeding zooplankton.

Author: V. Korínek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401709187

Category: Science

Page: 323

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Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Cladocera, Tatranska Lomnicá, Czechoslovakia, September 13-20, 1989
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Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Insect Plant Relationships

Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection, Nato ASI Series, Vol. 20. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 255–278. Calow, P., 1976. Biological Machines. A Cybernetic Approach. Edward Arnold, London. Chambers, P. G., S.J. Simpson & D.

Author: Stephen J. Simpson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401718905

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 417

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Over the past 40 years, the SIP meetings have played a central role in the development of the field of insect-plant relationships, providing both a show-case for current research as well as a forum for the airing and development of influential new ideas. The 10th symposium, held 4-10 July 1998, in Oxford, followed that tradition. The present volume includes a representative selection of fully refereed papers from the meeting, plus a listing of the titles of all presentations. The volume includes reviews of major areas within the subject, along with detailed experimental studies. Topics covered include central neural and chemosensory bases of host plant recognition, integrative studies of insect behaviour, tritrophic interactions, plant defences, insect life histories, plant growth responses, microbial partners in insect-plant associations, and genetic bases of host plant associations. The book provides a key source for students and research workers in the field of insect-plant relationships.
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Comparative Psychology

Formation of associations of colored and flavored food with induced sickness in five avian species. Behavioral and Neural Biology, 43,223-237. ... In. R. N. Hughes (Ed.), Behavioural mechanisms of food selection (pp. 423-459).

Author: Gary Greenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136794513

Category: Education

Page: 930

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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Behaviour of Teleost Fishes

Li, S. K. and Owings, D. H. (1978) Sexual selection in the three-spined stickleback: I. Normative observations. ... Milinski, M. (1990a) Information overload and food selection, in Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection (ed.

Author: T.J. Pitcher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412429309

Category: Science

Page: 716

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This is the second edition of an extremely important and well received book. The editor has brought together an international team of experts in the subject, producing a book which contains vital information on major aspects of this important subject. It should appear on the shelves of animal behaviourists, fish biologists and fisheries scientists.
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Cognitive Ecology

Scrounging prevents cultural transmission of food-finding in pigeons. Animal Behaviour 35:387-394. Gross, M., and R. Charnov. 1980. ... In R. N. Hughes, ed., Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection, 679-706. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Author: Reuven Dukas

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226169330

Category: Nature

Page: 420

View: 931

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How does the environment shape the ways an animal processes information and makes decisions? How do constraints imposed on nervous systems affect an animal's activities? To help answer these questions, Cognitive Ecology integrates evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, demonstrating how studies of perception, memory, and learning can deepen our understanding of animal behavior and ecology. Individual chapters consider such issues as the evolution of learning and its influence on behavior; the effects of cognitive mechanisms on the evolution of signaling behavior; how neurobiological and evolutionary processes have shaped navigational activities; functional and mechanical explanations for altered behaviors in response to changing environments; how foragers make decisions and how these decisions are influenced by the risks of predation; and how cognitive mechanisms affect partner choice. Cognitive Ecology will encourage biologists to consider how animal cognition affects behavior, and will also interest comparative psychologists and cognitive scientists.
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Behavioral Mechanisms in Ecology

Synthesis In a broad sense the selective basis for habitat selection is apparent ; it will result in improved ... As a type of choice behavior , habitat selection bears definite similarities to food selection , and many of the same ...

Author: Douglass H. Morse

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674064615

Category: Science

Page: 383

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This readable text represents a much needed synthesis of ecological insight into animal behavior. The field of behavioral ecology is relatively new, having evolved from a combination of classical ethology, as developed by Lorenz and Tinbergen, and population ecology. Now for the first time, a single author integrates the vast literature on animal ecology and behavior into a conceptual whole. Exploring the theme of resource acquisitions, Morse combines the comparative approach to biology with models based on evolutionary theory. Secondary consequences of sexual selection and other selective pressures are considered in detail. Discussion of interspecific interactions and constraints is especially rich, as is the treatment of foraging theory, kinship theory, habitat selection and predator avoidance. Perhaps the book's greatest achievement, however, is its unparalleled ecological and evolutionary analysis of individual differences. Behavioral Mechanisms in Ecology will meet the teaching and reference needs of an extremely broad audience of professional biologists.
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Cognition Evolution and Behavior

Milinski, M. (1984). ''A predator's cost of overcoming the confusion effect.''Animal Behaviour 32: 1157–1162. ———. (1990). Information overload and food selection. In Behavioral Mechanisms in Food Selection, ed. R. N. Hughes, 721–736.

Author: Sara J. Shettleworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199717818

Category: Psychology

Page: 720

View: 298

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How do animals perceive the world, learn, remember, search for food or mates, communicate, and find their way around? Do any nonhuman animals count, imitate one another, use a language, or have a culture? What are the uses of cognition in nature and how might it have evolved? What is the current status of Darwin's claim that other species share the same "mental powers" as humans, but to different degrees? In this completely revised second edition of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses these questions, among others, by integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition, in the broadest sense--from species-specific adaptations of vision in fish and associative learning in rats to discussions of theory of mind in chimpanzees, dogs, and ravens. She reviews the latest research on topics such as episodic memory, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding behavior in animals, as well as recent theories about what makes human cognition unique. In every part of this new edition, Shettleworth incorporates findings and theoretical approaches that have emerged since the first edition was published in 1998. The chapters are now organized into three sections: Fundamental Mechanisms (perception, learning, categorization, memory), Physical Cognition (space, time, number, physical causation), and Social Cognition (social knowledge, social learning, communication). Shettleworth has also added new chapters on evolution and the brain and on numerical cognition, and a new chapter on physical causation that integrates theories of instrumental behavior with discussions of foraging, planning, and tool using.
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Grassland a global resource

Behavioural mechanisms of food selection. Spring-Verlag, Berlin, 343-366. Belovsky, G.E., J. Fryxell & O.J. Schmitz (1999). Natural selection and herbivore nutrient: optimal foraging theory and what it tells us about the structure of ...

Author: D.A. McGilloway

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9789086865512

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

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The concept of grasslands as a global resource is not new. Indeed many recognised authorities have been canvassing for a global approach to understanding, managing and exploiting this resource for many years. This is the first book that gathers together leading experts from around the world to outline our current understanding of this complex ecosystem, the ways in which it can be enhanced and utilised and where the research challenges are for the future. The following themes unite the book: - Efficient production from grassland; - Grassland and the environment; - Delivering the benefits from grassland. The reader is given an in depth understanding of the biology of the system and how grasslands are crucial for soil stabilisation and water quality. Secondly, much attention is given to how grasslands offer the possibility of increasing food supply and income generation, which is a hugely important but often ignored facet in today’s climate of extensification and biodiversity. Current advances in the grassland sciences have a proven potential to promote the economic development and environmental stability of regions, nations and peoples, particularly in some of the most resource-limited areas of the world. Approaches for achieving the most effective development and adoption of new technology are reviewed.
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Social Behavior in Farm Animals

Keeley , E.R. and McPhail , J.D. ( 1998 ) Food abundance , intruder pressure , and body size as determinants of territory size in juvenile steelhead trout ... Behaviour 135 , 65-82 . ... Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection .

Author: J. L. Keeling

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

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An understanding of social behaviour is increasingly necessary in farm animal husbandry as more animals are housed in groups rather than in individual stalls or pens. There may be economic or welfare reasons for such housing. This book is the first to specifically address this important subject. The chapters fall into three broad subject areas: concepts in social behaviour; species specific chapters; current issues. Authors include leading experts from Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand.Animal welfare/behaviour issues are becoming increasingly importantCombines theoretical and practical details about the social behaviour of our most common farm speciesWritten by leading experts from around the world
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