Beyond the Boomerang

Contributors to this volume were asked to answer these questions: How does transcalar advocacy differ from older conceptions of transnational advocacy? Where and when does transcalar advocacy occur?

Author: Christopher L. Pallas

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817321147

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 272

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""Beyond the Boomerang" provides a substantial update and revision to one of the most prominent theories in transnational advocacy, Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink's boomerang theory. Their 1998 book, Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics (Cornell University Press), remains one of the first broadly applicable theories for why groups of NGOs and interested individuals formed transnational advocacy networks. Keck and Sikkink argued that these networks formed when local NGOs (typically from the global South) faced local blockages, usually in the form of intransigent government officials, and reached out to international NGOs (typically from the global North) to rally international pressure on behalf of the local actors. Their book has been cited more than 12,000 times and is a standard text for graduate students around the world. Since publication, the empirical conditions that prompted their theory have changed. The types of actors involved in transnational advocacy have diversified. Northern NGOs have lost power and influence and been restricted in their access to southern states. Southern NGOs have developed a capacity to undertake advocacy on their own and often built closer relationships with their own governments. International institutions have become more open to southern NGOs and more skeptical of southern NGOs' claims to speak for southern populations. The result is that the boomerang theory, although still useful, no longer provides the broad explanation for advocacy. A wealth of recent articles (many by contributors to this volume) showed a growing scholarly recognition of the need for new theory. "Beyond the Boomerang" offers cutting-edge scholarship and synthesizes a new theoretical framework to develop a coherent, integrated picture of the current dynamics in global advocacy. "Beyond the Boomerang" editors Christopher Pallas and Elizabeth Bloodgood propose a new theory called transcalar advocacy. Contributors to this volume were asked to answer these questions: How does transcalar advocacy differ from older conceptions of transnational advocacy? Where and when does transcalar advocacy occur? Who initiates and participates in transcalar advocacy? When are alliances and partnerships created, if at all? How generalizable is the theory we are developing? The answers relayed in the chapters show that developments in two particular areas are reshaping the nature and impacts of transcalar advocacy. First, the global structures in which NGOs operate are shifting, in terms of the nature of power, who holds power, and the geographic locations where policies are made. This in turn suggests important shifts in where advocacy should be targeted. Second, the agency of NGOs is also changing. Advocates have a larger diversity of possible partners, strategies, and campaigns open to them, which produces a more widely variable set of behaviors and policy outcomes. The introduction discusses how historical theories of transnational advocacy have derived from specific empirical observations. The volume editors demonstrate how changing empirical conditions and new advocacy phenomena are not all well explained by historical approaches to transnational advocacy and thus require the development of new theory. Chapters in Part I look at changes in the architecture of global governance (which alter the playing field for advocates), and chapters in Part II examine changes in the agency of advocates (which alter the roles and capacities of the players). A volume conclusion provides a new theory to integrate and model these trends. To demonstrate the applicability and relevance of its core theoretical insights, the case studies are global in scope, with data from Latin America, Africa, Europe, and Asia, and with several chapters featuring cross-national comparison. The chapters highlight the wide variety of actors involved in advocacy work, including NGOs, social movements, international institutions, governments, and businesses. Contributors use both qualitative and quantitative methodologies and bring to bear insights from political science, international relations, and sociology. The case studies also include a wide variety of issue areas, from women's rights to environmental protection, sustainable agriculture, health policy, and democracy promotion"--
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Activists beyond Borders

The Boomerang Pattern It is no accidert that so many advocacy networks address claims about rights in their campaigns. Governments are the primary "guarantors" of rights, but also their primary violators. When a government violates or ...

Author: Margaret E. Keck

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801471292

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 332

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In Activists beyond Borders, Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink examine a type of pressure group that has been largely ignored by political analysts: networks of activists that coalesce and operate across national frontiers. Their targets may be international organizations or the policies of particular states. Historical examples of such transborder alliances include anti-slavery and woman suffrage campaigns. In the past two decades, transnational activism has had a significant impact in human rights, especially in Latin America, and advocacy networks have strongly influenced environmental politics as well. The authors also examine the emergence of an international campaign around violence against women.
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Boomerang

Behind an Australian Icon Philip Jones. In this region the great variety of Aboriginal language groups is reflected in a multiplicity of language terms for the boomerang . Here is a sample : barakadan ( Moreton Bay ) , barengun ...

Author: Philip Jones

Publisher: Wakefield Press

ISBN: 1862543828

Category: Aboriginal Australians

Page: 148

View: 337

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Describes the traditional making and uses of the boomerang. Provides information about topics such as boomerangs in fighting, fishing, rituals and trade, decorating boomerangs, and the differences in appearance and usage across Australia. Includes a bibliography. The author has published widely on Aboriginal history and art.
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Mangrove Sands the Enchanted Seaworld and Beyond

“What about my boomerang?” questioned Wanjee who suddenly remembered they had left before the boomerang had returned. “We will look for it when we get back to our carts,” assured Tommy. The children said goodbye to their friends ...

Author: L. J. Nilsson

Publisher: Austin Macauley Publishers

ISBN: 9781398407152

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 194

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This book is a sequel to Mangrove Sands. It aims to inspire and educate children who, either by fate or disability, have difficult starts in life. Each chapter provides a human life lesson including; learning about other cultures, taking responsibility, how to handle bullies, encouraging goals, environmental awareness, friendship, and human qualities. Based on an island in South East Queensland, Australia, four children who have difficult starts in life are chosen by Parlow the pelican to experience a better life in the Enchanted Sea World. A magical ingot and tunnel is the only way into this magical world beneath mangrove sands where the children are mentored by Dugong tutors and experience many exciting adventures with their talking animal friends. In this series, the adventures continue when the children learn about a new culture after meeting a 10-year-old Aboriginal girl, Wanjee, who is chosen to join them in the Enchanted Sea World away from her horrid alcoholic foster parents. The children learn of a new language, symbolic art, dreamtime stories and bush medicine. Amidst playing didgeridoos, throwing boomerangs, flying on swings attached to whistling kites, the children escape bushfires and meet Toddalick, a giant green healing frog who takes the children on the ride of their lives to help stop an environmental disaster. Mangrove Sands, the Enchanted Seaworld and Beyond is full of enchanting adventures, life lessons and magical moments. It aims to provide hope, inspiration, respect and education of other cultures to children around the globe.
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Pasts Beyond Memory

30 What this involved is clear from his exhibition of Aboriginal boomerangs (Figure 7.1). Meaningless in itself, this is made intelligible only by the accompanying label which tells the visitor how to read the relationships between the ...

Author: Tony Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134539109

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 566

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Contributing to current debates on relationships between culture and the social, and the the rapidly changing practices of modern museums as they seek to shed the legacies of both evolutionary conceptions and colonial science, this important new work explores how evolutionary museums developed in the USA, UK, and Australia in the late nineteenth century.
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Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

technology, part of their material culture may still be linked to the past. ... Two succinct examples are the Arbon-Bleiche 3 'boomerang', and the trapezoidal structure of Steinhausen-Chollerpark (Lake Zug), both found in prehistoric ...

Author: Francesco Menotti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199571017

Category: History

Page: 544

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Wetland Archaeology and Beyond offers an appreciative study of the people, and their artefacts, who occupied a large variety of worldwide wetland archaeological sites. The volume also includes a comprehensive explanation of the processes involved in archaeological practice and theory.
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Beyond NGO ization

The boomerang approach that the home-birth movement applied to force the Hungarian government to hear its petitions raises several questions: What do these networks look like? How closely do they work together?

Author: Steven Saxonberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317174615

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

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The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context. This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.
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Beyond the Shaking Time

Cass sat on a mossy rock and stroked the boomerang. 'What a weapon! Fits so natural in the hand. And the sound when it flies: wings of the death angel!' Remembering the purpose of their visit, her face reddened.

Author: Simon Higgins

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780734412966

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 192

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Cassandra Marshal is 18 and somewhat over-protected by her father who forbids her to join the village militia that has formed to guard the fledgling society that remains after the terrible Shaking Time. Villagers are disappearing on food gathering treks and when one of Cassandra’s friends suddenly disappears, she resolves to find out who is behind this alarming new development. Cassandra survives terrifying experiences - including an inter-tribal war - by calling on inner resources she would never have dreamed she had in this gripping dystopian thriller.
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North Africa and the Making of Europe

beyond. the. 'Boomerang. Effect'. Muriam Haleh Davis and Thomas Serres In January 2017, the leaders of the major European parties on the far-right gathered to present their vision for the future of the continent in a 'countersummit'.

Author: Muriam Haleh Davis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350021839

Category: History

Page: 304

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This innovative edited collection brings together leading scholars from the USA, the UK and mainland Europe to examine how European identity and institutions have been fashioned though interactions with the southern periphery since 1945. It highlights the role played by North African actors in shaping European conceptions of governance, culture and development, considering the construction of Europe as an ideological and politico-economic entity in the process. Split up into three sections that investigate the influence of colonialism on the shaping of post-WWII Europe, the nature of co-operation, dependence and interdependence in the region, and the impact of the Arab Spring, North Africa and the Making of Europe investigates the Mediterranean space using a transnational, interdisciplinary approach. This, in turn, allows for historical analysis to be fruitfully put into conversation with contemporary politics. The book also discusses such timely issues such as the development of European institutions, the evolution of legal frameworks in the name of antiterrorism, the rise of Islamophobia, immigration, and political co-operation. Students and scholars focusing on the development of postwar Europe or the EU's current relationship with North Africa will benefit immensely from this invaluable new study.
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Paddy s People

Hitting him with his boomerang was the next objective but this would be a slam dunk. The Pest was a whiz with the wooden wobbler. They approached Black Ice Corner at around seventy miles an hour. Paddy's mouth was now behind his left ...

Author: Gerry Burke

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781475995923

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

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Paddy Pest, the ubiquitous Aussie gumshoe, is immersed in a world full of beautiful women, conniving conspirators, and covert agents. Never without his Beretta or fold-up boomerang, Paddy is always prepared—a good thing, since he is about to take a ride on the wild side with his entourage of female associates. Stormy Weathers, Paddy’s girlfriend and wing person, is known for her flaming red hair, nice legs, and her ability to hold her own in a fight. Pest surrounds himself with girls with guns and they mean business. Ariadne Vasilis has long black hair, a brutal arm-chop, and a fierce loyalty to her country, as does the delightful French gendarme Yvette Baguette. She wouldn’t be seen dead without her Paris fashion labels. From a salacious situation in Salem to a conundrum in Kentucky! There’s murder in Melbourne and mystery in Moscow, and Paddy’s people are playing for keeps. Paddy’s People is a collection of short stories laced with treachery, mayhem, and mischievous behavior that encompass some of Paddy’s worldwide adventures and acknowledge those men and women who have been inspired by his exploits.
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