This book highlights what Buddhism has to offer for "living well" here and now—for individuals, society as a whole, all sentient beings and the planet itself. From the perspectives of a variety of Buddhist thinkers, the book evaluates what a good life is like, what is desirable for human society, and ways in which we should live in and with the natural world. By examining this-worldly Buddhist philosophy and movements in India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, the Tibetan diaspora, Korea, Taiwan, Japan and the United States, the book assesses what Buddhists offer for the building of a good society. It explores the proposals and programs made by progressive and widely influential lay and monastic thinkers and activists, as well as the works of movement leaders such as Thich Nhat Hanh and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, for the social, economic, political and environmental systems in their various countries. Demonstrating that Buddhism is not solely a path for the realization of nirvana but also a way of living well here and now, this book will be of interest to researchers working on contemporary and modern Buddhism, Buddhism and society, Asian religion and Engaged Buddhism.
This critique of consumerism is a prominent theme in other Buddhist approaches to economics. See, e.g., Peter Harvey, “Economic Ethics,” in Introduction to Buddhist Ethics (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 187–328, ...
Author: Sallie B. King
Buddhist Ethics presents an outline of Buddhist ethical thought. It is not a defense of Buddhist approaches to ethics as opposed to any other, nor is it a critique of the Western tradition. Garfield presents a broad overview of a range of Buddhist approaches to the question of moral philosophy. He draws on a variety of thinkers, reflecting the great diversity of this 2500-year-old tradition in philosophy but also the principles that tie them together. In particular, he engages with the literature that argues that Buddhist ethics is best understood as a species of virtue ethics, and with those who argue that it is best understood as consequentialist. Garfield argues that while there are important points of contact with these Western frameworks, Buddhist ethics is distinctive, and is a kind of moral phenomenology that is concerned with the ways in which we experience ourselves as agents and others as moral fellows. With this framework, Garfield explores the connections between Buddhist ethics and recent work in moral particularism, such as that of Jonathan Dancy, as well as the British and Scottish sentimentalist tradition represented by Hume and Smith.
“The Good Life: A Tibetan Perspective,” in Sallie King (ed.), The Good Life: Buddhist Perspectives, pp. 121–134. London: Routledge. Garfield, J. (2022). Losing Yourself: How to be a Person Without a Self. Princeton: Princeton University ...
Author: Jay L. Garfield
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book, through extensive textual study, explores the Buddha's and Buddhism's uncompromising and unflinching emphasis on the centrality of ethics as against any pernicious dogmas and metaphysical beliefs, and their attempts to causally relate moral perfection to soteriological or eschatological goal. What is most admirable about Buddhism is that it integrates the vertical development of human consciousness, for which the other is the necessary condition, with the gradual development of morality. It was this emphasis which separated Siddhartha, before he attained the Awakened Wisdom (bodhi), from his teachers - Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta - and it is for this reason that the Buddha calls himself and his Dhamma Patisotagami, i.e. going against the currents of the prevailing dogmas and pernicious beliefs. In brief, Buddhism is about overcoming of suffering, the greatest evil, through ethicization of human consciousness and conduct, which also takes care of the ethicization of the society and the universe. Besides, some of the essays of this book explore many other themes like Buddhist epistemology, nature of self, time, and intercultural.
Actually , in Buddhism , moral life , i . e . the life of right speech , action , and manner of livelihood ( sīla ) is equated to the highest good , a life of bliss and freedom . 36 According to Buddhism , the 32 . Ibid . , p . 7 .
Author: Hari Shankar Prasad
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
This innovative volume brings together the views of leading scholars on a range of controversial subjects including human rights, animal rights, ecology, abortion, euthanasia, and contemporary business practice.
In the postmodern West, the Buddha's story or the life of awakened virtue can be told and tested only in small, marginalized zones appropriately distanced from the dominant power and value structures. The criteria of testing are two: 1) ...
Author: Damien Keown
Category: Social Science
The book Bioethics and Buddhism is a unique work giving a glimpse of Bioethics and Buddhism along with of discussing various Bioethical issues from a Buddhist Perspective. The author has brought out the significance of Bioethics and Buddhism for the contemporary world. The book aims at conveying the message of the Buddha to the modern world-the message of Ethics and Morality. The central contention of the book is that the modern world must follow the teachings of the Buddha as well as Buddhist Ethics in order to solve its problems, medical, social, moral and Spiritual. Dr. Venkata Sivasai has made a commendable effort to bring out the basic principles of Buddhist ethics and show that these principles are as relevant and to solve various contemporary Biomedical issues.
history and base on school texts, one of them earliest moral philosophy of human kind is Buddhist ethics. ... turned out to be the moral god of the Vedic pantheon.19 In the early Vedic religion envisaged good life as cooperation between ...
Author: Dr Ch. Venkata Sivasai
Publisher: K.K. Publications
This is a book for anyone who wants to live “the good life,” but who has not yet found a clear path to that goal. By examining the common threads that unite three, great spiritual traditions--Judaism, Buddhism, and Stoicism--the author provides a framework for achieving a fulfilled and ethically responsible life. The author helps the reader take the spiritual “nutrients” from these three ancient traditions and transform them into a life of beauty, order, and purpose. No scholarly expertise or special knowledge of religion is required to understand this book, nor need the reader believe in a “supreme being” or owe allegiance to a particular religion. All that's needed is an open mind and a sincere desire to create an awakened and flourishing life.
(Buddhism Without Beliefs, p. 45). In Donald's case, it seems likely that his inner sense of “emptiness” may stem from a dim awareness that his life lacks moral integrity. In its version of “the good life”, Buddhist ethics emphasizes ...
Author: Ronald W. Pies MD
Buddhism and Bioethics discusses contemporary issues in medical ethics from a Buddhist perspective. The issues examined include abortion, embryo research and euthanasia. Drawing on ancient and modern sources, the book shows how Buddhist ethical principles can be applied consistently to a range of bioethical problems. It is suggested that moral judgements can be objective and that there can be a 'Buddhist view' on ethical issues.
This is the complex which in early Buddhism is labelled as Morality (sila), and in the Mahayana as Compassion ... This omission is not due to the fact that life is in any sense less fundamental a good than the others — indeed it is ...
Author: Damien Keown
This work introduces the reader to the central issues and theories in western environmental ethics, and against this background develops a Buddhist environmental philosophy and code of ethics. It contains a lucid exposition of Buddhist environmentalism, its ethics, economics and Buddhist perspectives for environmental education. The work is focused on a diagnosis of the contemporary environmental crisis and a Buddhist contribution to positive solutions. Replete with stories and illustrations from original Buddhist sources, it is both informative and engaging.
There was the celebrated instance of the person who requested the Buddha to prove that survival after death is a certainty, so that living a good life will be worthwhile. The Buddha responded by requesting him to lead a good life.
Author: Padmasiri De Silva
Many forms of Buddhism, divergent in philosophy and style, emerged as Buddhism filtered out of India into other parts of Asia. Nonetheless, all of them embodied an ethical core that is remarkably consistent. Articulated by the historical Buddha in his first sermon, this moral core is founded on the concept of karma—that intentions and actions have future consequences for an individual—and is summarized as Right Speech, Right Action, and Right Livelihood, three of the elements of the Eightfold Path. Although they were later elaborated and interpreted in a multitude of ways, none of these core principles were ever abandoned. The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics provides a comprehensive overview of the field of Buddhist ethics in the twenty-first century. The Handbook discusses the foundations of Buddhist ethics focusing on karma and the precepts looking at abstinence from harming others, stealing, and intoxication. It considers ethics in the different Buddhist traditions and the similarities they share, and compares Buddhist ethics to Western ethics and the psychology of moral judgments. The volume also investigates Buddhism and society analysing economics, environmental ethics, and Just War ethics. The final section focuses on contemporary issues surrounding Buddhist ethics, including gender, sexuality, animal rights, and euthanasia. This groundbreaking collection offers an indispensable reference work for students and scholars of Buddhist ethics and comparative moral philosophy.
Yet all of them can be seen as forms of virtue ethics, and the conceptions of the good life can be understood by looking at how their cultural traditions view human nature. In Buddhism, similar naturalistic arguments for ethics can be ...
Author: Daniel Cozort
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The first book of its kind, Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction introduces the reader to contemporary philosophical interpretations and analyses of Buddhist ethics. It begins with a survey of traditional Buddhist ethical thought and practice, mainly in the Pali Canon and early Mahāyāna schools, and an account of the emergence of Buddhist moral philosophy as a distinct discipline in the modern world. It then examines recent debates about karma, rebirth and nirvana, well-being, normative ethics, moral objectivity, moral psychology, and the issue of freedom, responsibility and determinism. The book also introduces the reader to philosophical discussions of topics in socially engaged Buddhism such as human rights, war and peace, and environmental ethics.
Hence, to engage in a discussion about whether Buddhist ethical thought should be understood or developed in terms of one of ... of moral philosophy that emphasizes the importance of living a good life and having a good moral character.
Author: Christopher W. Gowans