Civilizations in World Politics

Plural and Pluralist Perspectives
Author: Peter J. Katzenstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135278067
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 1494
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A highly original and readily accessible examination of the cultural dimension of international politics, this book provides a sophisticated and nuanced account of the relevance of cultural categories for the analysis of world politics. The book’s analytical focus is on plural and pluralist civilizations. Civilizations exist in the plural within one civilization of modernity; and they are internally pluralist rather than unitary. The existence of plural and pluralist civilizations is reflected in transcivilizational engagements, intercivilizational encounters and, only occasionally, in civilizational clashes. Drawing on the work of Eisenstadt, Collins and Elias, Katzenstein’s introduction provides a cogent and detailed alternative to Huntington’s. This perspective is then developed and explored through six outstanding case studies written by leading experts in their fields. Combining contemporary and historical perspectives while addressing the civilizational politics of America, Europe, China, Japan, India and Islam, the book draws these discussions together in Patrick Jackson’s theoretically informed, thematic conclusion. Featuring an exceptional line-up and representing a diversity of theoretical views within one integrative perspective, this work will be of interest to all scholars and students of international relations, sociology and political science.

The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order


Author: Samuel P. Huntington
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416561242
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 2476
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The classic study of post-Cold War international relations, more relevant than ever in the post-9/11 world, with a new foreword by Zbigniew Brzezinski. Since its initial publication, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order has become a classic work of international relations and one of the most influential books ever written about foreign affairs. An insightful and powerful analysis of the forces driving global politics, it is as indispensable to our understanding of American foreign policy today as the day it was published. As former National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski says in his new foreword to the book, it “has earned a place on the shelf of only about a dozen or so truly enduring works that provide the quintessential insights necessary for a broad understanding of world affairs in our time.” Samuel Huntington explains how clashes between civilizations are the greatest threat to world peace but also how an international order based on civilizations is the best safeguard against war. Events since the publication of the book have proved the wisdom of that analysis. The 9/11 attacks and wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have demonstrated the threat of civilizations but have also shown how vital international cross-civilization cooperation is to restoring peace. As ideological distinctions among nations have been replaced by cultural differences, world politics has been reconfigured. Across the globe, new conflicts—and new cooperation—have replaced the old order of the Cold War era. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order explains how the population explosion in Muslim countries and the economic rise of East Asia are changing global politics. These developments challenge Western dominance, promote opposition to supposedly “universal” Western ideals, and intensify intercivilization conflict over such issues as nuclear proliferation, immigration, human rights, and democracy. The Muslim population surge has led to many small wars throughout Eurasia, and the rise of China could lead to a global war of civilizations. Huntington offers a strategy for the West to preserve its unique culture and emphasizes the need for people everywhere to learn to coexist in a complex, multipolar, muliticivilizational world.

Kampf der Kulturen

die Neugestaltung der Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert
Author: Samuel P. Huntington
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783877630112
Category: Civilization, Modern
Page: 580
View: 814
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Islam in Global Politics

Conflict and Cross-Civilizational Bridging
Author: Bassam Tibi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136623922
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 1169
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Reaching beyond traditionally politicised scholarship to provide a unique perspective on the place of religion and culture in global and local politics, this book examines the impact of Islam on 'civilizational' relations between different groups and polities. Bassam Tibi takes a highly original approach to the topic of religion in world politics, exploring the place of Islam in society and its frequent distortion in world politics to the more radical Islamism. Looking at how this becomes an immediate source of tension and conflict between the secular and the religious, Tibi rejects the 'clash of civilizations' theory and argues for the revival of Islamic humanism to help bridge the gap. Chapters expand on: inter-civilizational conflict in global politics dialogue between religious and secular, East and West western concepts of Islamism euro-Islam and the Islamic diaspora in Europe Islamic humanism as a tool for bridging civilizations. Shedding new light on the highly topical subject of Islam in politics and society, this book is an essential read for scholars and students of international politics, Islamic studies and conflict resolution.

Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations


Author: Mark B. Salter
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 9780745319025
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 1521
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The terrorist attacks in New York and Washington have led to popular conceptions of Muslims as terrorists. Some commentators have harked back to the 'Clash of Civilizations' argument outlined by Samuel Huntington which has become a touchstone in postcolonial studies. Huntington argued that, after the collapse of the Cold War, culture would become the main axis of conflict for civilizational alliances. Mark Salter takes issue with Huntington's theory and explains how the terms of his argument are part of an imperialist discourse that casts other civilizations as essentially barbarian.Although many commentators have engaged with Huntington's claims, few have pursued the political implications of his argument. Barbarians and Civilisation offers a decisive exploration of the colonial rhetoric inherent in current political discourse. Charting the usefulness of concepts of culture and identity for understanding world politics, Salter brilliantly illustrates the benefits and the limitations of the civilized/barbarian dichotomy in international relations.

Weltordnung


Author: Henry A. Kissinger
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641155487
Category: Political Science
Page: 480
View: 6967
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Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518761528
Category: Social Science
Page: 329
View: 1514
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Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihren Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

Das Unbehagen in der Kultur


Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher: SEVERUS Verlag
ISBN: 3958019641
Category: Fiction
Page: 124
View: 3447
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Eines der einflussreichsten kulturkritischen Erzeugnisse des 20. Jahrhunderts im Original: Sigmund Freud erforscht die Grundlagen unserer kulturellen Entwicklung. Er sieht das Wachsen unserer Kultur in einer unabdingbaren Relation zu einem parallel ansteigenden Schuldgefühl, das sich aufgrund des notwendigen Triebverzichts einstellt und spricht sich gänzlich gegen jede Art von Kultur aus. Noch heute wird sein Werk kontrovers diskutiert.

Der Untergang des Morgenlandes

Warum die islamische Welt ihre Vormacht verlor
Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3838757920
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 8147
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Die Probleme der islamischen Welt sind unübersehbar, ebenso deren Folgen für den Westen. Mit dieser provokanten Feststellung analysiert Beranard Lewis die historische Entwicklung des Orients - insbesondere des Osmanischen Reiches und seine Nachfolgestaaten: Die einstige Drehscheibe der Kultur, des Fortschritts und der Kunst verlor im Laufe der Geschichte ihre zivilisatorische Vormachtrolle gegenüber dem Westen und geriet in einen konfliktträchtigen Dualismus zwischen Tradition und Moderne. Das E-Book wendet sich an Leser und Leserinnen, die sich für Lösungsansätze der Krise zwischen der islamischen und der westlichen Welt interessieren: Themenfelder wie Wohlstand und Macht, soziale und kulturelle Schranken, Modernisierung und soziale Gleichheit, Säkularismus und Zivilgesellschaft. Zeit, Raum und Modernität sind die Leitfäden der Darstellung. Die Originalausgabe des Bandes aus der Feder des Princeton-Emeritus Lewis erschien unter dem Titel "What went wrong?".

Who are we?

die Krise der amerikanischen Identität
Author: Samuel P. Huntington
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442151981
Category:
Page: 506
View: 510
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Civilizations and World Order

Geopolitics and Cultural Difference
Author: Fred Dallmayr,M. Akif Kayapınar,İsmail Yaylacı
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739186078
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 5974
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Civilizations and World Order: Geopolitics and Cultural Difference examines the role of civilizations in the context of the existing and possible world order(s) from a cross-cultural and inter-disciplinary perspective. Contributions seek to clarify the meaning of such complex and contested notions as “civilization,” “order,” and “world order”; they do so by taking into account political, economic, cultural, and philosophical dimensions of social life. The book deals with its main theme from three angles or vectors: first, the geopolitical or power-political context of civilizations; secondly, the different roles of civilizations or cultures against the backdrop of “post-coloniality” and “Orientalism”; and thirdly, the importance of ideological and regional differences as factors supporting or obstructing world order(s). All in all, the different contributions demonstrate the impact of competing civilizational trajectories on the functioning or malfunctioning of contemporary world order.

Power in a Complex Global System


Author: Louis W. Pauly,Bruce W. Jentleson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317812689
Category: Political Science
Page: 260
View: 8771
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Can twenty-first century global challenges be met through the limited adaptation of existing political institutions and prevailing systemic norms, or is a more fundamental reconstitution of governing authority unavoidable? Are the stresses evident in domestic social compacts capable of undermining the fundamental policy capacity of contemporary governments? This book, inspired by the work of the distinguished scholar Peter J. Katzenstein, examines these important and pressing questions. In a period of complex political transition, the authors combine original research and intensive dialogue to build on Katzenstein’s innovative insights. They highlight his seminal work on variations in domestic structures, on the role of ideologies of social partnership, on the regionally differentiated foundations of political legitimation, on diverse conceptions of "civilization," and on the idea and practice of power in a tenuous American imperium. Together, the chapters map the complex terrain upon which legitimate political authority and effective policy capacity will have to be reconstituted to address twenty-first-century global, regional and state-level challenges. The book will be of great interest to students and scholars in international organization, global governance, foreign policy analysis, and comparative politics.

Towards a Postsecular International Politics

New Forms of Community, Identity, and Power
Author: L. Mavelli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137341785
Category: Political Science
Page: 276
View: 8998
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An investigation of the postsecular in International Relations and how an increasingly postsecular international politics is contributing to the emergence of new patterns of authority, legitimacy and power in the international system.

Anglo-America and its Discontents

Civilizational Identities beyond West and East
Author: Peter J. Katzenstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136459219
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 3178
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Anglo-America is a clearly identifiable part of what is commonly referred to as the West. The West exists, this book argues, in the form of multiple traditions that have currency in America, Europe, the Americas, and a few outposts in the Southern hemisphere. Led by the British Empire until the beginning and by the United States since the middle of the twentieth century, Anglo-America has been at the very centre of world politics. Bridging the European and the American West, Anglo-America is distinctive, not unique. These multiple Wests coexist with each other and with other civilizations, as parts of one global civilization containing multiple modernities. And like all other civilizations, Anglo-America is marked by multiple traditions and internal pluralism. Once deeply held notions and practices of imperial rule and racial hierarchy now take the form of hegemony or multilateralism and politically contested versions of multiculturalism. At its core Anglo-America is fluid, not fixed. The analytical perspectives of this book are laid out in Katzenstein’s opening and concluding chapters. They are explored in seven outstanding case studies, written by widely known authors, which combine historical and contemporary perspectives. Featuring an exceptional line-up and representing a diversity of theoretical views within one integrative perspective, this work will be of interest to all scholars and students of international relations, sociology and political science.

Sinicization and the Rise of China

Civilizational Processes Beyond East and West
Author: Peter J. Katzenstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136460195
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 3889
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China’s rise and processes of Sinicization suggest that recombination of new and old elements rather than a total rupture with or return to the past is China’s likely future. In both space and time, civilizational politics offers the broadest social context. It is of particular salience in China. Reification of civilizations into simple categories such as East and West is widespread in everyday politics and common in policy and academic writings. This book’s emphasis on Sinicization as a specific instance of civilizational processes counters political and intellectual shortcuts and corrects the mistakes to which they often lead. Sinicization illustrates that like other civilizations China has always been open to variegated social and political processes that have brought together many different kinds of peoples adhering to very different kinds of practices. This book tries to avoid the reifications and celebrations that mark much of the contemporary public debate about China’s rise. It highlights instead complex processes and political practices bridging East and West that avoid easy shortcuts. The analytical perspectives of this book are laid out in Katzenstein’s opening and concluding chapters. They are explored in six outstanding case studies, written by widely known authors, which over questions of security, political economy and culture. Featuring an exceptional line-up and representing a diversity of theoretical views within one integrative perspective, this work will be of interest to all scholars and students of international relations, sociology and political science.

The Social in the Global

Social Theory, Governmentality and Global Politics
Author: Jonathan Joseph
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139536796
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7260
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How do influential social ideas contribute to global governance? This book takes an original approach to international relations by looking at the way social ideas help to portray the world in a particular way. Jonathan Joseph begins by analysing the role of important concepts such as globalisation, global civil society, social capital, networks and risk; then examines the role these concepts play in the discourse of international organisations. Using the concept of governmentality, he argues that contemporary social theories help justify contemporary forms of governance. By comparing organisations like the EU and the World Bank, Joseph investigates the extent to which these ideas are influential in theory and in practice.

Political Islam, World Politics and Europe

From Jihadist to Institutional Islamism
Author: Bassam Tibi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317816358
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 9011
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The new and updated edition of Political Islam, World Politics and Europe focusses on the shift within political Islam, in light of 9/11 and the events of the Arab Spring, from a jihadist struggle, to institutional Islamism. Refuting what has often been referred to by commentators as the ‘moderation,’ of Islamism, the second edition of this book introduces the concept of ‘institutional,’ Islamism, a process which Tibi argues was accelerated in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. Both jihadist and institutional Islamism pursue the same goal of an Islamist state, but disagree fundamentally on the strategy for achieving it. Whilst jihadism is committed to the idea of a (violent) Islamic world revolution, institutional Islamism embraces political institutions as a means to an end. Turning to the events of the Arab Spring in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt this book attempts to determine whether an abandonment of violence is enough to underpin a shift to genuine democracy. Analysing the fall of Morsi in particular, Tibi questions what lessons can be learnt from his presidency, and argues that this event will not change the overall trend of development from jihadism to institutional Islamism A timely addition to existing literature, this book will be of interest to students and scholars studying Middle Eastern and European Politics, Political Islam and International Relations.

Remaking Turkey

Globalization, Alternative Modernities, and Democracies
Author: Fuat E. Keyman
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739160192
Category: History
Page: 294
View: 1653
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In recent years there has been an upsurge of interest in Turkey's ability to create a secular, constitutional democracy within a predominantly Muslim population. Remaking Turkey provides a comprehensive and detailed account of how Turkey has achieved the possibility of modernity and democracy in a Muslim social setting as well as the important problems and challenges confronting this achievement. Turkey has demonstrated that as an alternative modernity and as a significant historical experience of the co-existence between Islam and democratic modernity in a secular political structure it could make an important contribution to the most needed democratic global governance for the creation of a secure, just and peaceful world. Remaking Turkey starts its investigation with an analysis of the Ottoman legacy, then focuses on identity-based conflicts and civil, economic, and global processes, all of which have brought about significant challenges to modernity and democracy in Turkey. The book concludes with an account of the recent changes and transformations that have given rise to the process of 'remaking Turkey.' In this way, editor E. Fuat Keyman presents a political theory-based approach to Turkish modernity and its recent changing formation, creating an original study of contemporary Turkey.

Losing Earth


Author: Nathaniel Rich
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644004064
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 9856
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Die Klimakatastrophe, die wir jetzt erleben, hätte verhindert werden können. Vor dreißig Jahren gab es die Chance, den Planeten zu retten – doch sie wurde verspielt. Nathaniel Rich schildert in dieser dramatischen Reportage, wie es zu diesem wahrhaft globalen Versagen kam. Wir folgen einer Gruppe von Wissenschaftlern, Aktivisten und Politikberatern rund um den Umweltlobbyisten Rafe Pomerance und den Nasa-Forscher James Hansen, die Ende der siebziger Jahre erstmals erkennen, dass sich die Erderwärmung desaströs beschleunigt, aber auch, was dagegen zu tun ist – beinahe alles, was wir heute darüber wissen, stammt aus dieser Zeit. Rich schildert ein Jahrzehnt erbitterter Kämpfe um Öffentlichkeit, Anerkennung, politische Maßnahmen – und wie diese 1989, kurz vor dem Durchbruch, tragisch scheitern. Eine historische Reportage, die aktueller nicht sein könnte: Wir bekommen in den kommenden Jahren das zu spüren, was vor drei Jahrzehnten versäumt wurde – so wie unser gegenwärtiges Scheitern das Schicksal des Planeten in naher Zukunft besiegelt. Die Erde in ihrer heutigen Gestalt ist bereits verloren, sie wurde damals verloren – und so erzählt Rich hier die Geschichte eines beispiellosen Menschheitsversagens.

Religion and International Relations Theory


Author: Jack Snyder
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231526911
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 8456
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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.