The Madrasah al-Shu'aybiyah in Aleppo, erected in 545/1150 by Nur al-Din Mahmud, is an Islamic building in which antique forms are reused. Starting from this building the author draws wider and wider circles of comparison around it, discussing the development of Islamic architecture and demonstrating that there was a classical revival in this architecture. Herzfeld regarded the Shu'aybiyah and other classicizing buildings as represntatives of an uninterrupted antique tradition and denied a "renaissance of the antique". Allen clearly shows the differences between Islamic classicism and the classicism that occured in the many revivals of classical architecture in the West. In Italy, for example, antique prototyps were copied, reused and reinterpreted in their original sense, with their iconography maintained intact. Such kind of renaissance could not take place in the Islamic world, since it did not regard Greaco-Roman culture as its heritage. The classical revival in Islamic architecture that developed in Syria and neighboring lands during the 5th and 6th centuries A.H./11th and 12th centuries A.D. has double value for anyone interested in European architecture. This book will find its readers not only among art historians and those who are interested in architecture but also among anyone who is interested in the history of art and culture in general.
This book will find its readers not only among art historians and those who are interested in architecture but also among anyone who is interested in the history of art and culture in general.
Author: Terry Allen
Publisher: Reichert Verlag
"Muqarnas" is sponsored by The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. "Muqarnas" 26 contains articles on a variety of topics that span and transcend the geographic and temporal boundaries that have traditionally defined the history of Islamic art and architecture. Contributors include Robert McChesney, Mattia Guidetti, Marcus Schadl, Christian Gruber, Katia Cytryn-Silverman, Doris Abouseif, Olga Bush, Emine Fetvaci, Moya Carey, Bernard O'Kane, Hadi Maktabi, Nadia Erzini and Stephen Vernoit.
Terry Allen, A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture (Wiesbaden, 1986), 1–23; Mattia Guidetti, “L'antico in due edifici siriani medievali.” 143. Finbarr B. Flood, “A Group of Reused Byzantine Tables as Evidence for Seljuq ...
Author: Gülru Necipoğlu
This book is a study of Islamic architecture in Anatolia following the Mongol conquest in 1243. Complex shifts in rule, movements of population, and cultural transformations took place that affected architecture on multiple levels. Beginning with the Mongol conquest of Anatolia, and ending with the demise of the Ilkhanid Empire, centered in Iran, in the 1330s, this book considers how the integration of Anatolia into the Mongol world system transformed architecture and patronage in the region. Traditionally, this period has been studied within the larger narrative of a progression from Seljuk to Ottoman rule and architecture, in a historiography that privileges Turkish national identity. Once Anatolia is studied within the framework of the Mongol Empire, however, the region no longer appears as an isolated case; rather it is integrated into a broader context beyond the modern borders of Turkey, Iran, and the Caucasus republics. The monuments built during this period served a number of purposes: mosques were places of prayer and congregation, madrasas were used to teach Islamic law and theology, and caravanserais secured trade routes for merchants and travelers. This study analyzes architecture on multiple, overlapping levels, based on a detailed observation of the monuments. The layers of information extracted from the monuments themselves, from written sources in Arabic, Persian, and Turkish, and from historical photographs, shape an image of Islamic architecture in medieval Anatolia that reflects the complexities of this frontier region. New patrons emerged, craftsmen migrated between neighboring regions, and the use of locally available materials fostered the transformation of designs in ways that are closely tied to specific places. Starting from these sources, this book untangles the intertwined narratives of architecture, history, and religion to provide a broader understanding of frontier culture in the medieval Middle East, with its complex interaction of local, regional, and trans-regional identities.
Islamic Architecture in the Lands of Rum, 1240–1330 Patricia Blessing ... 67 Terry Allen, A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture, Wiesbaden: L. Reichert, 1986; J. Michael Rogers, “A Renaissance of Classical Antiquity in North Syria ...
Author: Patricia Blessing
In fact, in his text Rogers uses the term “revival” rather than “renaissance.” Cf. Terry Allen, A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture (Wiesbaden, 1986), pp. 88–91. Yasser Tabbaa, “Survivals and Archaisms in the Architecture of ...
Author: Gülru Necipoğlu
Category: Social Science
This richly illustrated book provides an unsurpassed overview of Islamic art and architecture from the seventh to the thirteenth centuries, a time of the formation of a new artistic culture and its first, medieval, flowering in the vast area from the Atlantic to India. Inspired by Ettinghausen and Grabar’s original text, this book has been completely rewritten and updated to take into account recent information and methodological advances. The volume focuses special attention on the development of numerous regional centers of art in Spain, North Africa, Egypt, Syria, Anatolia, Iraq, and Yemen, as well as the western and northeastern provinces of Iran. It traces the cultural and artistic evolution of such centers in the seminal early Islamic period and examines the wealth of different ways of creating a beautiful environment. The book approaches the arts with new classifications of architecture and architectural decoration, the art of the object, and the art of the book. With many new illustrations, often in color, this volume broadens the picture of Islamic artistic production and discusses objects in a wide range of media, including textiles, ceramics, metal, and wood. The book incorporates extensive accounts of the cultural contexts of the arts and defines the originality of each period. A final chapter explores the impact of Islamic art on the creativity of non-Muslims within the Islamic realm and in areas surrounding the Muslim world.
For interpretations see T. Allen , A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture ( Wiesbaden , 1986 ) , and T. Sinclair , ' Early Artukid Mosque Architecture ' , in J. Raby , ed . , The Art of Syria and the Jazira 1100-1250 ( Oxford ...
Author: Richard Ettinghausen
Publisher: Yale University Press
Oxford University Press is proud to present the most up-to-date and comprehensive encyclopedia in this field. In three illustrated volumes with more than 1,500 entries, the Encyclopedia deals with all aspects of this important area of study, ranging from the Middle East to Central Asia to Southeast Asia and Africa as well as Europe and North America. The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture covers all subject areas including: artists, ruler, writers, architecture, ceramics, sculpture, painting, calligraphy, coins, textiles, and much more. The Encyclopedia offers fully-updated articles and bibliographies that draw upon the expansive scholarship of The Dictionary of Art, as well as more than 500 plans, maps, diagrams, illustrations, and color plates. This exciting reference work is accessible to scholars, students, and general readers, making it a reliable and essential resource covering this topic of burgeoning importance in world history and the visual arts.
The Büyük Mehmed or Fatıh Pasha Mosque (1518–20) is the first Ottoman mosque to have a central dome surrounded by four semi-domes. ... 80–84, 91 T. Allen: A Classical Revival in IslamicArchitecture (Wiesbaden, 1986), pp.
Author: Jonathan Bloom
Category: Islamic architecture
The two-volume Companion to Islamic Art and Architecture bridges the gap between monograph and survey text by providing a new level of access and interpretation to Islamic art. The more than 50 newly commissioned essays revisit canonical topics, and include original approaches and scholarship on neglected aspects of the field. This two-volume Companion showcases more than 50 specially commissioned essays and an introduction that survey Islamic art and architecture in all its traditional grandeur Essays are organized according to a new chronological-geographical paradigm that remaps the unprecedented expansion of the field and reflects the nuances of major artistic and political developments during the 1400-year span The Companion represents recent developments in the field, and encourages future horizons by commissioning innovative essays that provide fresh perspectives on canonical subjects, such as early Islamic art, sacred spaces, palaces, urbanism, ornament, arts of the book, and the portable arts while introducing others that have been previously neglected, including unexplored geographies and periods, transregional connectivities, talismans and magic, consumption and networks of portability, museums and collecting, and contemporary art worlds; the essays entail strong comparative and historiographic dimensions The volumes are accompanied by a map, and each subsection is preceded by a brief outline of the main cultural and historical developments during the period in question The volumes include periods and regions typically excluded from survey books including modern and contemporary art-architecture; China, Indonesia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sicily, the New World (Americas)
A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture. Wiesbaden: Reichert. Allen, T. (1996–1999). Ayyubid Architecture, http://www.sonic.net/~tallen/palmtree/ ayyarch/(accessed 1 February 2017). Bates, Ü.Ü. (1970). The Anatolian mausoleum of the ...
Author: Finbarr Barry Flood
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The transformation of Islamic architecture and ornament during the eleventh and twelfth centuries signaled profound cultural changes in the Islamic world. Yasser Tabbaa explores with exemplary lucidity the geometric techniques that facilitated this transformation, and investigates the cultural processes by which meaning was produced within the new forms. Iran, Iraq, and Syria saw the development of proportional calligraphy, vegetal and geometric arabesque, muqarnas (stalactite) vaulting, and other devices that became defining features of medieval Islamic architecture. Ultimately, the forms and themes described in this book shaped the development of Mamluk architecture in Egypt and Syria, and by extension, the entire course of North African and Andalusian architecture as well. These innovations developed and were disseminated in a highly charged atmosphere of confrontation between the Seljuk and post-Seljuk proponents of the traditionalist Sunni revival and their main opponents in Fatimid Egypt. These forms stood as visual signs of allegiance to the orthodox Abbasid caliphate and of difference from the heterodox Fatimids. Tabbaa proposes that their rapid spread throughout the Islamic world operated within a system of reciprocating, ceremonial gestures, which conveyed a new and formal language that helped negotiate the gap between the myth of a unified Sunni Islam and its actual political fragmentation. In subject matter and approach, The Transformation of Islamic Art during the Sunni Revival makes original contributions to the study of art, revealing that this relatively neglected sector of medieval art and architecture is of critical importance for reevaluating the entire field of Islamic studies. It challenges the essentialist and positivist approaches that still permeate the study of Islamic art, and offers a historical and semiotic alternative for exploring meaning within ruptures of change.
̄at.,” in The Islamic World from Classical to Modern Times: Essays in Honor of Bernard Lewis, ed. ... A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Recihert Verlag, 1986), which includes hitherto unpublished plans and ...
Author: Yasser Tabbaa
Publisher: University of Washington Press
This survey and synthesis of the structural and decorative uses of Roman remains, particularly marble, throughout the mediaeval Mediterranean, deals with the Christian West - but also Byzantium and Islam, each the inheritor of much Roman territory. It includes a 5000-image DVD.
of Crusader marble in Mamluk monuments, such as marble from the fortress at Jaffa in Baybars' mosque at Husayniyya.134 Most of these are ... 137 Allen, Terry, A classical revival in Islamic architecture, (Wiesbaden 1986), 37ff.
Author: Michael Greenhalgh
The essays presented in this volume, first published in 2000, describe a phenomenon so widespread in human time and space that its importance is easily overlooked. City walls shaped the history of warfare; the mobilisation of manpower and resources needed to build them favoured some kinds of polities over others; and their massive strength, appropriately ornamented, created a visual language of authority. Previous collective volumes on the subject have dealt mainly with Europe, but the historians and art historians who collaborate here follow a comparative agenda. The millennial practice of wall building that branched out from the ancient Near East into India, Europe, and North Africa shows continuities and points of contact of which the makers of urban fortifications were scarcely aware; separate traditions in China, sub-Saharan Africa, and North America illustrate universal themes of defensive strategy and the symbolism of power, each time embedded in a distinctive local context.
A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture . Wiesbaden , 1986 . The study focuses on one edifice , the twelfth - century Madrasah alShu'aybiyah of Aleppo , and its place in Islamic architecture . Uses this as an example of an eleventh- ...
Author: University of Minnesota. Center for Early Modern History
Publisher: Cambridge University Press