Cluster Based Industrial Development

This book examines how to promote industrial development in low-income countries.

Author: T. Sonobe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230295124

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 323

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This book examines how to promote industrial development in low-income countries. It considers the role of traders in the evolution of a cluster, the role of managerial human capital, the effect of the 'China shock', and the role of industrial policies focused on international knowledge transfer in supporting the upgrading of clusters.
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Cluster Based Industrial Development

This book attempts to provide an effective strategy for industrial development based on the KAIZEN management training experiments conducted in Ghana, Kenya, Ethiopia, Vietnam, and Tanzania.

Author: T. Sonobe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137385116

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 784

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This book attempts to provide an effective strategy for industrial development based on the KAIZEN management training experiments conducted in Ghana, Kenya, Ethiopia, Vietnam, and Tanzania. We focus on micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in industrial clusters, because clusters consisting of MSEs are ubiquitous and have high potential to grow.
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Clusters as drivers of local industrial development in Egypt Which are the promising sectors and locations

These are all promising organic clusters based on their high market demand, export potential, labor intensity, and historical roots.

Author: Abdelaziz, Fatma

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 39

View: 139

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Clusters – the geographic concentration of specialized firms that are working in similar or related activities and are interdependent – have played an important role in the industrial development of many countries, including in Europe, the Americas, and Asia. A large part of these successes can be explained by the ability of clusters to build on existing strengths of local communities, such as social capital and abundant labor, to overcome common constraints to economic expansion, such as weak financial markets and institutions. Realizing the potential for cluster-based development and the long history of clusters in the country, the Egyptian Government has made cluster-based industrialization a key pillar of Egypt’s sustainable development strategy to 2030. The timing for a cluster-based industrial development model for Egypt seems favorable as macroeconomic reforms in recent years have made Egypt’s economy more competitive and the country’s young labor force provides a comparative advantage for labor-intensive sectors. The objectives of this paper are to take stock of existing clusters in Egypt; to identify a set of promising “organic” clusters; and to make high-level recommendations for the further expansion of agribusiness and handicrafts clusters based on an innovative analysis of economic census data, a review of previous cluster studies in Egypt, and information obtained from expert interviews and a stakeholder workshop. Our findings suggest focusing cluster development efforts on Upper Egypt, which has a comparative advantage in several sectors, especially in labor-intensive sectors. However, the current cluster density in Upper Egypt is low, particularly in rural areas. Expanding the number and density of clusters there will likely require improvements in infrastructure, institutions, and services. The most promising clusters identified through the analysis include medical and aromatic plants, sugarcane, and tomatoes in the agribusiness sector; ready-made garments and carpets in the handicrafts sector, and furniture. These are all promising organic clusters based on their high market demand, export potential, labor intensity, and historical roots. We develop several recommendations for the agribusiness and the handicrafts sectors, especially highlighting the important facilitating role that local governments should play in cluster-based development by providing necessary basic public goods and services. In-depth case studies for specific, promising clusters should follow to help local governments and entrepreneurs to fully harness the unique opportunities that clusters can provide for local industrial development and job creation in Egypt.
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Cluster Based Industrial Development

Industrial clusters have been developing in a large number of locations throughout the world, not just in Silicon Valley and Bangalore. Historically industrial clusters have played critical roles in industrial development in East Asia, ...

Author: Tetsushi Sonobe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230596061

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

View: 859

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Despite its utmost importance, the issue of industrial development has been largely neglected in the literature for the last few decades. The authors have conducted comparative case studies between Chinese and Japanese industries.
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Finance and Cluster Based Industrial Development in China

CONCLUSIONS The rapid development of rural SMEs has played an important role in China's rapid economic growth over the past ... Based on primary surveys in a cashmere sweater cluster in Puyuan, we show that clustering play a key role in ...

Author: Xiaobo Zhang

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 24

View: 190

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Cluster Genesis

But there is little understanding of how clusters come into existence, and little guidance provided on the role of policies that are conducive to the formation of clusters. Cluster Genesis focuses on these early origins of clusters.

Author: Pontus Braunerhjelm

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191525834

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 643

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Clusters - regional concentrations of related firms and organizations - are seen as being an important element of economic growth and innovation. But there is little understanding of how clusters come into existence, and little guidance provided on the role of policies that are conducive to the formation of clusters. Cluster Genesis focuses on these early origins of clusters. The case histories of well-known, established clusters, as well as more recently-developed clusters are discussed, including: · The Hollywood motion picture cluster, · Silicon Valley, · Boston and San Francisco biotech regions, · The Biotech industry in China, · Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, · The Irish ITC sector. Leading scholars contribute chapters examining cluster genesis, the divergent processes by which clusters arise, how multinationals contribute to cluster development, and how economic development policy may promote or hinder cluster genesis. Cluster Genesis uses a variety of methodological perspectives, examines a range of policy options, and draws on a number of rich case histories, and will be key reading for academics, researchers, and students of Economics, Innovation, Sociology, Geography, and Management Studies, as well as economic development officials and policy makers.
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Essays on Cluster based Industrial Development

Author: Yukichi Mano

Publisher:

ISBN: 0549155724

Category: Economic geography

Page: 292

View: 471

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Chapter 2 considers the role of marketing in the growth of new industrial clusters in China and Japan. Case studies suggest that as firms improve product quality, they switch from anonymous transactions through marketplaces or local traders to direct transactions with customers. The data is consistent with a model where an industrial cluster generates a business environment where innovative investment benefits from low transaction costs and local external economies. Our model explains that firms switch marketing methods to resolve the asymmetric information problem in product quality. We estimate model parameters based on the data for three industries: the electric appliance industry in Wenzhou, China, the child clothing industry in Jili, China, and the work clothing industry in Bingo, Japan. The estimated model closely fits the evolution of the industries. The policy experiments suggest that the establishment of marketplaces and the formation of industrial clusters significantly contributed to the development of these industries.
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Cluster Genesis

This book discusses the case histories of well-known clusters, including: the Hollywood motion picture cluster, Silicon Valley, and Boston and San Francisco biotech regions.

Author: Pontus Braunerhjelm

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199207183

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 153

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Clusters - regional concentrations of related firms and organisations - are a key element of economic growth and innovation. This book discusses the case histories of well-known clusters, including: the Hollywood motion picture cluster, Silicon Valley, and Boston and San Francisco biotech regions.
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Reshaping Economic Geography in East Asia

Many successfully growing industries are based in clusters, particularly in developing countries where small and medium enterprises (SMEs) dominate. There is no question that industrial clusters stimulate industrial development by ...

Author: Yukon Huang

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082137642X

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 270

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This companion volume to the 'World Development Report 2009' comprises twenty papers authored by noted Asian scholars. These studies highlight how, throughout East Asia, spatial considerations have influenced Government policies at the national, regional, and local levels. Key themes include how countries have dealt with: (1) agglomeration economies, urbanization, and regional disparities; (2) improving connectivity with infrastructure investments; and (3) eliminating barriers across and within countries to favor the movement of labor, goods and services. Achievements vary widely across countries: while some succeeded in enhancing competitiveness and improving social outcomes, others are experiencing increasing inequalities and failures to spur growth in disadvantaged areas. The book highlights many examples of how the new economic geography is reshaping development objectives: from initiatives to foster growth via enhanced agglomeration and improved local connectivity to the world economy, to special decentralization programs that channel resources to lagging regions. This volume will be of great interest to readers working in the areas of economic policy, poverty reduction and urban-rural development strategies, and transport-led infrastructure policy.
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Cluster Based Industrial Parks

It then suggests cluster-based industrial parks as the most effective tool for developing competitive industries and generating employment, and provides some practical guidance to development practitioners and policymakers on the road ahead ...

Author: Célestin Monga

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:787105959

Category:

Page: 19

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Cluster based industrialization in China Financing and performance

Rodríguez-Clare, A. 2007. Clusters and comparative advantage: Implications for industrial policy. Journal of Development Economics 82: 43–57. Ruan, J. and X. Zhang. 2009. Finance and cluster-based industrial development in China ...

Author: Cheryl Long, Xiaobo Zhang

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page:

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Industrial Districts in History and the Developing World

This book sheds new light on the role of industrial districts in the industrial development of the past and present.

Author: Tomoko Hashino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811001826

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 465

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This book sheds new light on the role of industrial districts in the industrial development of the past and present. Industrial districts, which refer to the geographical concentration of enterprises producing similar or closely related commodities in a small area, play a significant role in the development of manufacturing industries not only historically in Europe and Japan but also at present in emerging East Asian economies, such as China and Vietnam and low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The book identifies similarities in the development patterns of industrial districts in history and the present and analyzes the reasons for these similarities. More specifically, the book examines whether Marshallian agglomeration economies provide sufficient explanations and seeks to deepen understanding about the important factors that are missing. Despite the common issues addressed by economic historians and development economists regarding the advantages of industrial districts for industrial development, discussion of these issues between the two groups of researchers has been largely absent, or at best weak. The purpose of this book is to integrate the results of case studies by economic historians interested in France, Spain, and Japan and those by development economists interested in the contemporary industries still developing in China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Tanzania, and other countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Industrial Clusters and Micro and Small Enterprises in Africa

The World Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Research Institute, and the Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development (FASID), in collaboration with researchers affiliated with the African Economic Research ...

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082138628X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 275

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The World Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Research Institute, and the Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development (FASID), in collaboration with researchers affiliated with the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), recently conducted a study on Africa s domestic enterprises to improve the understanding of the constraints micro and small enterprises in Africa face in improving productivity and expanding their markets. In Africa, there are stark performance gaps between domestically owned enterprises and foreign-owned enterprises in terms of sales performance, productivity, and ability to reach distant markets. Among others, size appears to be a dominant factor in explaining the gap. Against this background, the study analyzes how naturally formed industrial clusters concentrations of enterprises engaged in same or closely related industrial activities in specific locations could potentially mitigate constraints Africa s micro and small enterprises face and enhance their business performance. The study is one of the first comprehensive quantitative inquiries on industrial clusters in Africa. The analysis specifically focuses on the role of spontaneously grown clusters of light manufacturing industries based on a set of original case studies of industrial clusters conducted for this research project. One of the key findings from the case studies was that cluster-based micro and small enterprises are performing better than similar micro and small enterprises outside of the clusters in terms of sales performance and ability to reach distant markets. Market access is a leading reason for cluster-based enterprises to choose their current locations. However, cluster-based enterprises face another set of unique growth constraints. By the very nature of spontaneous agglomera tion, new enterprises continue to flow to the clusters seeking the profit opportunities and better access to markets at such locations. The result can be intense competition in addition to increased congestion. Space constraints often impede growth within clusters. The lack of alternative locations available for industrial activities in the same cities, generic infrastructure bottlenecks, and unclear zoning policies and their unpredictable changes limit firms location choices and constrain their mobility. While competition should improve efficiency, lack of capacity among those competing cluster-based enterprises to invest and innovate does not generate growth out of the competition. The vast majority of naturally formed clusters of light manufacturing industries in Africa are still at a survival level, where agglomeration externalities are only limited to expand quantity but not quality as we observe in more advanced innovation-oriented clusters in elsewhere in the world. Existing studies on such natural industrial clusters in Africa have found that the lack of managerial skills among entrepreneurs running micro and small enterprises is a major constraint for innovation and growth in the clusters. As a part of this study, pilot managerial skills training programs were conducted in two industrial clusters on an experimental basis, where a group of randomly selected entrepreneurs within the clusters were given three-week long crush course of based management such as bookkeeping, marketing, business planning, and production management. The impact evaluation of the experiments showed significant positive impacts of the training programs on value added and gross profits of enterprises. Raising the current survival-type industrial clusters, which have been formed as a coping mechanism to weak investment climate, into more dynamic innovating clusters will be an important avenue for fostering growth of micro and small enterprises in Africa. While national efforts to improve investment climate and investments in human capital are undoubtedly important, there could be more targeted policies to be formulated, in complementing general policies, to support growth of micro and small domestic enterprises using existing industrial clusters as a natural springboard for their growth. In that context, the study discusses the merit of cluster-based managerial human capital development to build steps toward more innovation-oriented clusters, the importance of sound spatial planning policy, particularly at the local level in the context of urban planning, the need to expand market access and economic linkages for industrial clusters including regional integration and linkages with large enterprises.
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Building effective clusters and industrial parks

New Structural Economics: A Framework for Rethinking Development and Policy. Washington, DC: World Bank. Long, C., and X. Zhang. 2011. “Cluster-Based Industrialization in China: Financing and Performance.

Author: Zhang, Xiaobo

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 20

View: 924

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It is a daunting task to build institution and infrastructure over a short time period in developing countries. But in the absence of sound institutions and adequate infrastructure, it is difficult for economic transformation to take place. An alternative is to facilitate existing industrial clusters or build industrial parks by creating an enabling environment in a limited place. This paper reviews the commonly used strategies to build effective clusters and industrial parks. Clusters and industrial parks are location specific. Because they have an informational advantage, local governments are in a better position than the central government to identify and solve the bottlenecks that affect clusters and industrial parks. As clusters and industrial parks evolve, new bottlenecks emerge, thereby requiring new solutions. This in turns calls for continuous tinkering by local governments. It is important to place local governments and business communities in the driver’s seat of local economic growth so that they can watch out for and adjust to the bumps in the road ahead.
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Economic Development 13ed

“The role of clustering in rural industrialisation: A case study of Wenzhou's footwear industry. ... “Finance and cluster-based industrial development in China.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 58 (2009): 143–164.

Author: Michael P. Todaro and Stephen c. Smith

Publisher: Pearson UK

ISBN: 9781292291192

Category:

Page:

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Industrial Clusters and SME Promotion in Developing Countries

SME's make up the bulk of enterprises in developing countries and make a significant contribution to employment and economic growth.

Author: Eileen Fischer

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 0850926483

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 42

View: 309

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SME's make up the bulk of enterprises in developing countries and make a significant contribution to employment and economic growth. This paper takes stock of best practices in industrial clustering and SME promotion in Commonwealth developing countries. It provides examples of cluster formation, policies to stimulate cluster development and guidelines for business development services for SME's.
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Institutional Change and the Development of Industrial Clusters in China

Finance and cluster-based industrial development in China. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 58, 143–164. Ruttan, V and Y Hayami (1984). Toward a theory of induced institutional change. Journal of Development Studies, 20 (4), ...

Author: Jinmin Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814579872

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 832

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The book mainly uses the New Institutional Economics Approach (NIE) to examine the formation and development of industrial clusters in China through multiple case studies of textile and clothing clusters in the Zhejiang province. The micro case studies illustrate the interaction between institutional change and the industrial development of China in transition. It also attempts to fill the information gap through an analysis of the typical institutional factors leading to the development and upgrading of industrial clusters, and provides a better understanding of the changing nature of the public-private interface in the process of cluster development in China. Contents:IntroductionInstitutions, Industrial Clusters and Regional DevelopmentGlobal Institutional Change and the Development of Textile and Clothing Clusters in ChinaInstitutional Change and the Development of Industrial Clusters in Zhejiang ProvinceThe Ningbo Clothing ClusterShaoxing Textile ClusterYiwu Socks ClusterConclusions Readership: Undergraduates, graduates and scholars in contemporary Chinese Studies, development studies and international business management in the Asia-Pacific region. Keywords:China;Industrial Clusters;Institutional Change;Textile and Clothing;Public-Private Interface
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