Most of the essays in this volume stem from the special sessions of the Historiography Seminar of the Canadian Society for Biblical Studies, held in the late spring of 2007 (University of Saskatchewan).
Author: Gary N. Knoppers
Substantial insights into various identity discourses reflected in the biblical prayers This collection of essays from an international group of scholars focuses on how biblical prayers of the Persian and early Hellenistic periods shaped identity, evoked a sense of belonging to specific groups, and added emotional significance to this affiliation. Contributors draw examples from different biblical texts, including Genesis, Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, Psalms, Jonah, and Daniel. Features Thorough study of prayers that play a key role for a biblical book’s (re)construction of the people’s history and identity An examination of ways biblical figures are remodeled by their prayers by introducing other, sometimes even contradictory, discourses on identity An exploration of different ways in which psalms from postexilic times shaped, reflected, and modified identity discourses
retelling of a story, it also seems to be aimed at shaping the identity of the
Judeans in postexilic yehud. 4. ... “textual identities in the Books of Chronicles:
The Case of Jehoram's history,” in Community Identity in Judean Historiography:
Author: Susanne Gillmayr-Bucher
Publisher: SBL Press
The book of Esther was a conscious reaction to much of the conventional wisdom of its day, challenging beliefs regarding the Jerusalem Temple, the land of Israel, Jewish law, and even God. Aaron Koller identifies Esther as primarily a political work, and shows that early reactions ranged from ignoring the book to 'rewriting' Esther in order to correct its perceived flaws. But few biblical books have been read in such different ways, and the vast quantity of Esther-interpretation in rabbinic literature indicates a conscious effort by the Rabbis to present Esther as a story of faith and traditionalism, and bring it into the fold of the grand biblical narrative. Koller situates Esther, and its many interpretations, within the intellectual and political contexts of Ancient Judaism, and discusses its controversial themes. His innovative line of enquiry will be of great interest to students and scholars of Bible and Jewish studies.
Many in the east supported Ezra, especially since he drew his legitimacy from the
exilic community. The vigorous defense of ... and Kenneth A. Ristau (eds.),
Community Identity in Judean Historiography: Biblical and Comparative
Author: Aaron Koller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Moffat aims to provide further insight into the mixed marriage narrative by exposing the social and cultural factors on which it is based. He also identifies historical traces in the narrative that can contribute to a historical reconstruction of the post-exilic era. The socio-cultural analysis highlights previously unobserved aspects of the narrative as it understands that the narrative reflects a context in which identity formation issues were prominent in Persian Yehud. Moffat argues that the rituals of mourning and penitential prayer are important acts that shaped the mixed marriage controversy. The label 'foreign women' is identified as a symbol which carried considerable freight and connected the mixed marriages with wider social discourse on identity. Further, the Exodus traditions are shown to be significant for the conceptual foundations underlying the narrative and the society that produced it. The analysis also gives reason to understand Ezra as the pivotal character in narrative plot. This not only affects how the narrative is understood but has implications for historical reconstruction that utilises this narrative.
Johnstone, W. “The Revision of Festivals in Exodus 1–24 in the Persian Period
and the Preservation of Jewish Identity in the ... Pages 202–6 in Knoppers and
Ristau, eds., Community Identity. ... Community Identity in Judean Historiography.
Author: Donald P. Moffat
Publisher: A&C Black
Art, History, and the Historiography of Judaism in Roman Antiquity explores the complex interplay between visual culture, texts and their interpretations, arguing for an open-ended and self-aware approach to understanding Jewish culture from the first century CE through the rise of Islam.
Chapter Six JewiSh identity at the CuSp of empireS: the JewS of dura europoS
between rome and perSia Jewish identity ... in the present to define their own
communal identities, and historians of early Christianity attempting to understand
Author: Steven Fine
The studies in this volume examine the unique communal patterns among Jews and Christians within Roman civic culture and their diverse responses to shared challenges under Imperial rule.
The contributions of Tal Ilan and Seth Schwartz to this section offer differing
assessments of the fragileness of Jewish existence in the Roman Diaspora, as
both respond to earlier voices in Jewish historiography. As a prolegomena to the
Author: Yair Furstenberg
Scholarship has viewed the book of Hosea as originating in eighth-century Israel before being taken to Judah, where it underwent one or more redactions in later centuries. However, evidence suggests that the book should be viewed as a Judahite text from the start, of late sixth or early fifth century B.C.E composition. The post-monarchic period in Yehud provides the most fitting context for the anti-monarchical ideology of the book, with the polemic against Benjamin explicable only as a result of the tension between the governing Saulides resident in Mizpah and the Judahite elite who had recently immigrated to Jerusalem from Mesopotamia in the late sixth century. The dual theme of Exile and Return present in the book is consistent with the discourse found in other sixth century Judahite books. Additionally, the book shows a broad familiarity with Judahite historiographic traditions, many of which are in all probability seventh century or later. Thus, the book of Hosea should be interpreted as a work by a Judahite scribe for a Judahite audience.
Israel in Exile: The History and Literature of the Sixth Century B.C.E. Translated
by David Green. SBL 3. Atlanta: SBL ... Pages 59–86 in Community Identity in
Judean Historiography: Biblical and Comparative Perspectives. Edited by Gary N
Author: James M. Bos
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
How does a Christian render unto Caesar what is Caesar's, and unto God what is God's? This book is the result of the Bingham Colloquium of 2007 that brought scholars from across North America to examine the New Testament's response to the empires of God and Caesar. Two chapters lay the foundation for that response in the Old Testament's concept of empire, and six others address the response to the notion of empire, both human and divine, in the various authors of the New Testament. A final chapter investigates how the church fathers regarded the matter. The essays display various methods and positions; together, however, they offer a representative sample of the current state of study of the notion of empire in the New Testament.
“Identity and Empire, Reality and Hope in the Chronicler's Perspective.” In
Community Identity in Judean Historiography: Biblical and Comparative
Perspectives, edited by Gary Knoppers and Ken Ristau, 249–72. Winona Lake,
IN: Eisenbrauns ...
Author: Stanley E. Porter
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
How far can Jewish life in the South during Reconstruction (1863–1877) be described as German in a period of American Jewry traditionally referred to as ‘German Jewish’ in historiography? To what extent were Jewish immigrants in the South acculturated to Southern identity and customs? Anton Hieke discusses the experience of Jewish immigrants in the Reconstruction South as exemplified by Georgia and the Carolinas. The book critically explores the shifting identities of German Jewish immigrants, their impact on congregational life, and of their identity as ‘Southerners’. The author draws from demographic data of six thousand individuals representing the complete identifiable Jewish minority in Georgia, South and North Carolina from 1860 to 1880. Reconstruction, it is concluded, has to be seen as a formative period for the region’s Jewish congregations and Reform Judaism. The study challenges existing views that are claiming German Jews were setting the standard for Jewish life in this period and were perceived as distinct from Jews of another background. Rather Hieke arrives at a conclusion that takes into consideration the migratory movement between North and South.
... a formative period for many Jewish communities and congregations in parts of
the South where there had been none prior to the Civil War. In some respects
there is a ... Reconstruction also marked the beginning of a transition for many
Jewish congregations from Orthodox to Reform Judaism.“ Yet ... Reconstruction
is largely an unknown time in American Jewish historiography. ... 3 Their Jewish
Author: Anton Hieke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
This volume focuses on the postwar rehabilitation of Jews returning to their countries of origin or starting from scratch elsewhere. Migrant Holocaust survivors and Jews from Arab and Muslim countries had to rebuild their lives after suffering extreme persecution.
Yigal Bin-Nun The history of the Jewish community in independent Morocco is
one limited in time. ... to survive or exist, was to the eyes of a minority torn
between its long local history in Morocco, its French culture, and its Jewish
Author: Françoise S. Ouzan
She is currently continuing her work on crypto - faith communities , especially the
Mashhadi Jewish community . Rachel Rojanski is senior lecturer in Jewish
history at the University of Haifa . She is the author of Conflicting Identities :
A collection of articles, most of them published previously. The following deal with antisemitism:
A collection of articles, most of them published previously. The following deal with antisemitism:
Author: Michael A. Meyer
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
This study explores the shifting boundaries and identities of historic and contemporary Jewish communities. The contributors assert that, geographically speaking, Jewish people rarely lived in ghettos and have never been confined within the borders of one nation or country. Whereas their places of residence may have remained the same for centuries, the countries and regimes that ruled over them were rarely as constant, and power struggles often led to the creation of new and divisive national borders. Taking a postmodern historical approach, the contributors seek to reexamine Jewish history and Jewish studies through the lens of borders and boundaries.
The focus on borders and boundaries is part of the postmodernist trend in history
writing in which historians of Jewish history in ... While this postmodern boundary
discourse represents an innovative and conscious move away from an
essentialist approach to history and identity, the ... without repercussion, leading
at times to the crea- tion of new national borders that divided communities once
Author: David J. Wertheim
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
With great vigour and from the vantage point of long experience of writing and teaching Jewish history, Moshe Rosman treats the key questions that postmodernism raises for the writing of Jewish history.What is the relationship between Jewish culture and history and those of the non-Jews among whom Jews live? Can we-in the light of postmodernist thought-speak of a continuous, coherent Jewish People, with a distinct culture and history? What in fact is Jewish cultural history, and how can it be written? How does gender transform the Jewish historical narrative? How does Jewish history fit into the multicultural paradigm? Has Jewish history entered a postmodern phase? How can Jewish history utilize the methodologies of other disciplines to accomplish its task? All these are questions that Jewish historians need to think about if their work is to be taken seriously by mainstream historians and intellectuals, or indeed by educated Jews interested in understanding their own cultural and historical past. While engaging with the questions raised by postmodernists, the author adopts a critical stance towards their work. His basic claim is that it is possible to incorporate, judiciously, postmodern innovations into historical scholarship that is still based on documentary research and critical analysis. The resulting endeavor might be termed 'a reformed positivism'. Rosman presents a concentrated, coherent, cogent argument as to what considerations must be brought to bear on the writing of Jewish history today. By highlighting in one book the issues raised by postmodernism, How Jewish is Jewish History? provides those in the field with a foundation from which to discuss how it should be practiced in light of this generation's challenges. It is a valuable resource for students of Jewish history and historiography and a handy tool for scholars who must confront the issues aired here in their own more narrowly focused scholarly works.
88 So Jewish history is the story of the Jews ' quest to survive with a distinct
collective identity which , paradoxically , was ... In each historical context , Jewish
society and culture are not seen to be cells of some worldwide Jewish community
' in ...
Author: Moshe Rosman
Publisher: Littman Library of Jewish
German Jews were fully assimilated and secularized in the nineteenth century—or so it is commonly assumed. In Jewish Scholarship and Culture in the Nineteenth Century, Nils Roemer challenges this assumption, finding that religious sentiments, concepts, and rhetoric found expression through a newly emerging theological historicism at the center of modern German Jewish culture. Modern German Jewish identity developed during the struggle for emancipation, debates about religious and cultural renewal, and battles against anti-Semitism. A key component of this identity was historical memory, which Jewish scholars had begun to infuse with theological perspectives beginning in the 1850s. After German reunification in the early 1870s, Jewish intellectuals reevaluated their enthusiastic embrace of liberalism and secularism. Without abandoning the ideal of tolerance, they asserted a right to cultural religious difference for themselves--an ideal they held to even more tightly in the face of growing anti-Semitism. This newly re-theologized Jewish history, Roemer argues, helped German Jews fend off anti-Semitic attacks by strengthening their own sense of their culture and tradition.
In Jewish Scholarship and Culture in the Nineteenth Century, Nils Roemer challenges this assumption, finding that religious sentiments, concepts, and rhetoric found expression through a newly emerging theological historicism at the center ...
Author: Nils Roemer
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Written by leading authors in their respective fields, this first comprehensive handbook on the relationship between modern Judaism and historical thinking contributes to a differentiated interpretation of Jewish historiography and its interaction with other academic disciplines since the Enlightenment.
Written by leading authors in their respective fields, this first comprehensive handbook on the relationship between modern Judaism and historical thinking contributes to a differentiated interpretation of Jewish historiography and its ...
Author: Andreas Gotzmann
Throughout much of European history, Jews have been strongly associated with commerce and the money trade, rendered both visible and vulnerable, like Shakespeare's Shylock, by their economic distinctiveness. Shylock's Children tells the story of Jewish perceptions of this economic difference and its effects on modern Jewish identity. Derek Penslar explains how Jews in modern Europe developed the notion of a distinct Jewish economic man, an image that grew ever more complex and nuanced between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries.
Shylock's Children tells the story of Jewish perceptions of this economic difference and its effects on modern Jewish identity.
Author: Derek Jonathan Penslar
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Bringing together the work of a ground-breaking group of scholars working on the Italian Risorgimento to consider how modern Italian national identity was first conceived and constructed politically, the book makes a timely contribution to current discussions about the role of patriotism and the nature of nationalism in present-day Italy.
Patriotic sentiment and national identity in Italian Judaism were
thereforeacquired bystages, whileduring the Risorgimento the ... and in so doing
to reveal some of the tensions within the Jewish communities present in the
Italianpeninsula andthe rabbinateitself. ... yet tobefully investigated by Jewish
historiography.10 The positivereception given bytheItalian territoriesof
theHabsburg Empiretothe new ...
Author: S. Patriarca
The relationship between Jews and the United States is necessarily complex: Jews have been instrumental in shaping American culture and, of course, Jewish culture and religion have likewise been profoundly recast in the United States, especially in the period following World War II. A major focus of this work is to consider the Jewish role in American life as well as the American role in shaping Jewish life. This fifth volume of the Casden Institute's annual review is organized along five broad themes-politics, values, image, education and culture.
About the Contributors ANDREW R. HEINZE is Professor of History and Director
of the Swig Judaic Studies Program at the University of San Francisco. ... Century
and Adapting to Abundance: Jewish Immigrants, Mass Consumption and the
Search for American Identity. ... and (together with Nomi Stolzenberg of the USC
Gould School of Law) the Satmar Hasidic community of Kiryas Yoel, New York.
Author: Andrew R. Heinze
Publisher: Purdue University Press
Highlighting well-known Jewish thinkers from a very wide spectrum of opinion, the author addresses a range of issues, including: What makes a thinker Jewish? What makes modern Jewish thought modern? How have secular Jews integrated Jewish traditional thought with agnosticism? What do Orthodox thinkers have to teach non-Orthodox Jews and vice versa? Each chapter includes a short, judiciously chosen selection from the given author, along with questions to guide the reader through the material. Short biographical essays at the end of each chapter offer the reader recommendations for further readings and provide the low-down on which books are worth the reader's while. Introduction to Modern Jewish Thinkers represents a decade of the author's experience teaching students ranging from undergraduate age to their seventies. This is an ideal textbook for undergraduate classes.
INTRODUCTION The story of Jewish historiography—the writing of Jewish
history—is a fascinating one. ... phenomenon of baptized Jews trying to reclaim
Jewish identity (e.g., Marranism), the appearance of more secular Jewish
Author: Alan T. Levenson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield