Complex Adaptive Systems

An Introduction to Computational Models of Social Life
Author: John H. Miller,Scott E. Page
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835522
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 6953
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This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

Applications of Complex Adaptive Systems


Author: Shan, Yin
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1599049635
Category: Computers
Page: 352
View: 3742
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"This book provides an estimable global view of the most up-to-date research on the strategies, applications, practice, and implications of complex adaptive systems, to better understand the various critical systems that surround human life. Researchers will find this book an indispensable state-of-art reference"--Provided by publisher.

Society-- a Complex Adaptive System

Essays in Social Theory
Author: Walter Buckley,Walter Frederick Buckley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9789057005374
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 6625
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This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Intelligent Complex Adaptive Systems


Author: Yang, Ang
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781599047195
Category: Computers
Page: 380
View: 9475
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"This book explores the foundation, history, and theory of intelligent adaptive systems, providing a fundamental resource on topics such as the emergence of intelligent adaptive systems in social sciences, biologically inspired artificial social systems, sensory information processing, as well as the conceptual and methodological issues and approaches to intelligent adaptive systems"--Provided by publisher.

Language as a Complex Adaptive System


Author: Nick C. Ellis,Diane Larsen-Freeman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144433400X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 200
View: 2178
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Explores a new approach to studying language as a complex adaptive system, illustrating its commonalities across many areas of language research Brings together a team of leading researchers in linguistics, psychology, and complex systems to discuss the groundbreaking significance of this perspective for their work Illustrates its application across a variety of subfields, including languages usage, language evolution, language structure, and first and second language acquisition "What a breath of fresh air! As interesting a collection of papers as you are likely to find on the evolution, learning, and use of language from the point of view of both cognitive underpinnings and communicative functions." Michael Tomasello, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Managing Forests as Complex Adaptive Systems

Building Resilience to the Challenge of Global Change
Author: Christian C. Messier,Klaus J. Puettmann,K. Dave Coates
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415519772
Category: Nature
Page: 353
View: 2101
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This book links the emerging concepts of complexity, complex adaptive system (CAS) and resilience to forest ecology and management. It explores how these concepts can be applied in various forest biomes of the world with their different ecological, economic and social settings, and history. Individual chapters stress different elements of these concepts based on the specific setting and expertise of the authors. Regions and authors have been selected to cover a diversity of viewpoints and emphases, from silviculture and natural forests to forest restoration, and from boreal to tropical forests. The chapters show that there is no single generally applicable approach to forest management that applies to all settings. The first set of chapters provides a global overview of how complexity, CAS and resilience theory can benefit researchers who study forest ecosystems. A second set of chapters provides guidance for managers in understanding how these concepts can help them to facilitate forest ecosystem change and renewal (adapt or self-organize) in the face of global change while still delivering the goods and services desired by humans. The book takes a broad approach by covering a variety of forest biomes and the full range of management goals from timber production to forest restoration to promote the maintenance of biodiversity, quality of water, or carbon storage.

Coordination and Cooperation in Complex Adaptive Systems: Theory and Application


Author: Xiaojie Chen,Tatsuya Sasaki,Isamu Okada
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 288945844X
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 5683
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During the past decade, plenty of studies have been carried out in the literature to address the coordination and cooperation problems in complex adaptive systems, and have continued to grow. This Research Topic eBook publishes 14 papers by 39 authors, and most of these published papers present current research illustrating the depth and breadth of ongoing work on the coordination and cooperation problems in complex adaptive systems. It thus provides a timely discussion for researchers on the hotspots and challenges of the study on coordination and cooperation in theoretical models and applied systems.

Complex Adaptive Innovation Systems

Relatedness and Transversality in the Evolving Region
Author: Philip Cooke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136457259
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 1612
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Leading up to the financial crisis of 2008 and onwards, the shortcomings of traditional models of regional economic and environmental development had become increasingly evident. Rooted in the idea that ‘policy’ is an encumbrance to free markets, the stress on supply-side smoothing measures such as clusters and an over reliance on venture capital, the inadequacy of existing orthodoxies has come to be replaced by the notion of Transversality. This approach has three strong characteristics that differentiate it from its failing predecessor. First, as the name implies, it seeks to finesse horizontal knowledge interactions as well as vertical ones, thus building ‘platforms’ of industrial interaction. Secondly, it is not a supply, but a demand side model in which needs-driven innovation rather than pure market competition prevails. Finally, it is ongoing through recessionary times, being more robust than over-specialised approaches to economic growth. The intellectual origins of Transversality lie in an aspiration to promote eco-innovation, one of the key hopes of assisting Western regional and national economies to re-balance and escape recession. The policy models of key regional exponents of the concept are explored and their goals achievement is assessed. An array of policy instruments and measures is presented for hands-on policy implementation. The book will be of vital interest to academics as teachers and researchers as well as policy advisers and public servants.

El quark y el jaguar

aventuras en lo simple y lo complejo
Author: Murray Gell-Mann
Publisher: Tusquets Editor
ISBN: 9788472238442
Category: Education
Page: 413
View: 8858
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No tenemos ningun reparo en afirmar que El quark y el jaguar es sin duda alguna uno de los libros de ciencia mas importantes de las ultimas decadas. Su autor, Murray Gell-Mann, que recibio el Premio Nobel de Fisica en 1969, es precisamente el descubridor del quark, particula del atomo de la que estan formadas todas las demas particulas, y El quark y el jaguar es el libro en el que expone como ha vivido y sigue viviendo esa aventura intelectual entre lo simple y lo complejo.Un quark en un atomo es algo simple; un jaguar en la noche de la selva es algo complejo. A partir de esta comprobacion, Gell-Mann reflexiona acerca de la complejidad, ese nuevo reto de la fisica y la matematica que mantiene expectantes a los estudiosos de otras disciplinas menos duras como, por ejemplo, la biologia, la economia, la arquitectura, el arte y la psicologia. El quark y el jaguar es un libro fundamental para comprender la naturaleza de ese reto, porque investiga las conexiones entre las llamadas leyes fundamentales de la fisica y la asombrosa complejidad y diversidad del mundo natural que nos rodea. Gell-Mann maneja la analogia y la paradoja con agilidad y brillantez, y se plantea preguntas tan sorprendentes como que hay de comun entre un nino que aprende su lengua materna y una cepa de bacterias defendiendose de un antibiotico ? o en que se parecen el investigador cientifico que tantea nuevas teorias y el artista que duda delante de su obra ?

Use Cases

Requirements in Context
Author: Daryl Kulak,Eamonn Guiney
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
ISBN: 0133085155
Category: Computers
Page: 263
View: 5166
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This book describes how to gather and define software requirements using a process based on use cases. It shows systems analysts and designers how use cases can provide solutions to the most challenging requirements issues, resulting in effective, quality systems that meet the needs of users. Use Cases, Second Edition: Requirements in Context describes a three-step method for establishing requirements—an iterative process that produces increasingly refined requirements. Drawing on their extensive, real-world experience, the authors offer a wealth of advice on use-case driven lifecycles, planning for change, and keeping on track. In addition, they include numerous detailed examples to illustrate practical applications. This second edition incorporates the many advancements in use case methodology that have occurred over the past few years. Specifically, this new edition features major changes to the methodology's iterations, and the section on management reflects the faster-paced, more "chaordic" software lifecycles prominent today. In addition, the authors have included a new chapter on use case traceability issues and have revised the appendixes to show more clearly how use cases evolve. The book opens with a brief introduction to use cases and the Unified Modeling Language (UML). It explains how use cases reduce the incidence of duplicate and inconsistent requirements, and how they facilitate the documentation process and communication among stakeholders. The book shows you how to: Describe the context of relationships and interactions between actors and applications using use case diagrams and scenarios Specify functional and nonfunctional requirements Create the candidate use case list Break out detailed use cases and add detail to use case diagrams Add triggers, preconditions, basic course of events, and exceptions to use cases Manage the iterative/incremental use case driven project lifecycle Trace back to use cases, nonfunctionals, and business rules Avoid classic mistakes and pitfalls The book also highlights numerous currently available tools, including use case name filters, the context matrix, user interface requirements, and the authors' own "hierarchy killer."

Handbook on Knowledge Management 2

Knowledge Directions
Author: Clyde Holsapple
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540438489
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 738
View: 8084
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The chapters are organized into eight major sections. The second volume consists of the sections: technologies for knowledge management, outcomes of knowledge management, knowledge management in action, and the KM horizon. Novices and experts alike should find it a useful reference.

Applied Systems Theory


Author: Rob Dekkers
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319108468
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 257
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Offering an up-to-date account of systems theories and its applications, this book provides a different way of resolving problems and addressing challenges in a swift and practical way, without losing overview and not having a grip on the details. From this perspective, it offers a different way of thinking in order to incorporate different perspectives and to consider multiple aspects of any given problem. Drawing examples from a wide range of disciplines, it also presents worked cases to illustrate the principles. The multidisciplinary perspective and the formal approach to modelling of systems and processes of ‘Applied Systems Theory’ makes it suitable for managers, engineers, students, researchers, academics and professionals from a wide range of disciplines; they can use this ‘toolbox’ for describing, analysing and designing biological, engineering and organisational systems as well as getting a better understanding of societal problems.

Thriving at the Edge of Chaos

Managing Projects As Complex Adaptive Systems
Author: Jonathan Sapir
Publisher: Productivity Press
ISBN: 9780367404642
Category:
Page: 200
View: 8062
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Complexity in business is a fast-growing problem. Inflexibility, and the inability to quickly adapt to changing circumstances are chronic inhibitors to the success of every organization. In this increasingly dynamic and unpredictable world, workers must respond to constant change and deal with an environment full of exceptions. These problems are becoming more critical as companies face tougher competition, expand globally, increase outsourcing, and need to cope with an increasingly chaotic world. The organization pays for this complexity in delayed time-to-market, slow customer response, and decreased productivity. For many organizations, the way in which processes and projects (work management) are managed is a fundamental factor in how well they can prosper in today's marketplace. By improving efficiency, driving productivity and reducing costs, organizations can increase throughput, improve service and bring new products to market faster. Unfortunately, the current solutions available to companies for managing work in this environment have limited capacity to meet these challenges effectively and are unlikely to have the kind of impact they need. Tweaking the currently work environment may provide some minimal gains, but to have a real impact requires a change in mindset. Every kind of management is based on an accepted worldview, or paradigm. We just operate under that paradigm and try to optimize it by, for example, sending more people to training, or hiring better project managers. These things may give you a small boost in production, but they are not going to be game changers for your organization. At some point we cannot get better within the paradigm anymore. This is when we are given a choice: we can either accept that we have reached the end of the line and stay within that paradigm. Or we can shift the paradigm. There's nothing physical or expensive about paradigm change. Uber is a perfect example of a company that understood the impact of shifting paradigms. New business models like Uber show us that the most efficient operations behave like complex adaptive systems (CAS) where self-managing participants, following a set of simple rules, organize themselves to solve incredibly complex problems. Instead of trying to function like a "well-oiled machine" where things "work like clockwork", an organization needs to function more like a living organism that is alive and constantly changing. It fully embraces characteristics of a CAS. CAS thinking is a way of challenging taken for granted assumptions about how people, organizations, and systems interact. Viewing an organization as a complex adaptive system drives a new philosophy of work management. So, to get the quantum leap improvement in work production that an organization is looking for, they need to question the underlying assumptions that support the paradigm and replace them with something that is more likely to give them the results they want. This requires killing the sacred cows upon which traditional process and project management is based, and indeed, by establishing a different mindset or worldview - by shifting paradigms. This book exposes the assumptions underlying the accepted paradigm of work management, describes the common practices that are based on those assumptions, analyzes why these practices are unhelpful and even harmful, and proposes an alternative, sometimes seemingly counter intuitive approaches to work management. By the end of the book, the reader will have a completely new perspective on the way work can be managed in their organization, and how they can quickly start reaping the benefits provided by a work management methodology and supporting toolset that is more in tune with today's business demands, and turns complexity into a competitive advantage.

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence
Author: John Henry Holland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262581110
Category: Computers
Page: 211
View: 3830
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List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

Educating All Students Together

How School Leaders Create Unified Systems
Author: Leonard C. Burrello,Carl Lashley,Edith E. Beatty
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 9780761976981
Category: Education
Page: 248
View: 7231
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The authors establish a plan for unifying the separate and parallel systems of special and general education.

Diversity and Complexity


Author: Scott E. Page
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835140
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 7722
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This book provides an introduction to the role of diversity in complex adaptive systems. A complex system--such as an economy or a tropical ecosystem--consists of interacting adaptive entities that produce dynamic patterns and structures. Diversity plays a different role in a complex system than it does in an equilibrium system, where it often merely produces variation around the mean for performance measures. In complex adaptive systems, diversity makes fundamental contributions to system performance. Scott Page gives a concise primer on how diversity happens, how it is maintained, and how it affects complex systems. He explains how diversity underpins system level robustness, allowing for multiple responses to external shocks and internal adaptations; how it provides the seeds for large events by creating outliers that fuel tipping points; and how it drives novelty and innovation. Page looks at the different kinds of diversity--variations within and across types, and distinct community compositions and interaction structures--and covers the evolution of diversity within complex systems and the factors that determine the amount of maintained diversity within a system. Provides a concise and accessible introduction Shows how diversity underpins robustness and fuels tipping points Covers all types of diversity The essential primer on diversity in complex adaptive systems

Sustainability

A Systems Approach
Author: Tony Clayton,Anthony M. H. Clayton,Nicholas J. Radcliffe
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781853833199
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 258
View: 4042
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The question of sustainability affects most areas of human activity. It is intrinsically complex and multi-disciplinary. Sustainable policies have to adapt to new knowledge and changing circumstances. Understanding sustainability and ways of achieving it have to involve an understanding of complex adaptive systems and general systems theory - a rapidly developing new branch of social studies.;This book provides an introduction and thorough explanation of this field, and shows its application in the social and economic management of sustainability. It is written for readers at an undergraduate level and should be useful for a wide range of undergraduate courses.