Intelligent Complex Adaptive Systems


Author: Yang, Ang,Shan, Yin
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1599047195
Category: Computers
Page: 380
View: 7463
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"This book explores the foundation, history, and theory of intelligent adaptive systems, providing a fundamental resource on topics such as the emergence of intelligent adaptive systems in social sciences, biologically inspired artificial social systems, sensory information processing, as well as the conceptual and methodological issues and approaches to intelligent adaptive systems"--Provided by publisher.

Complex Adaptive Systems

An Introduction to Computational Models of Social Life
Author: John H. Miller,Scott E. Page
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835522
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 5762
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This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

Complex Adaptive Systems

Views from the Physical, Natural, and Social Sciences
Author: Ted Carmichael,Andrew J. Collins,Mirsad Hadžikadić
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030203093
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 1837
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​This book emerged out of international conferences organized as part of the AAAI Fall Symposia series, and the Swarmfest 2017 conference. It brings together researchers from diverse fields studying these complex systems using CAS and agent-based modeling tools and techniques. In the past, the knowledge gained in each domain has largely remained exclusive to that domain. By bringing together scholars who study these phenomena, the book takes knowledge from one domain to provide insight into others. Most interesting phenomena in natural and social systems include constant transitions and oscillations among their various phases – wars, companies, societies, markets, and humans rarely stay in a stable, predictable state for long. Randomness, power laws, and human behavior ensure that the future is both unknown and challenging. How do events unfold? When do they take hold? Why do some initial events cause an avalanche while others do not? What characterizes these events? What are the thresholds that differentiate a sea change from a non-event? Complex adaptive systems (CAS) have proven to be a powerful tool for exploring these and other related phenomena. The authors characterize a general CAS model as having a large number of self-similar agents that: 1) utilize one or more levels of feedback; 2) exhibit emergent properties and self-organization; and 3) produce non-linear dynamic behavior. Advances in modeling and computing technology have led not only to a deeper understanding of complex systems in many areas, but they have also raised the possibility that similar fundamental principles may be at work across these systems, even though the underlying principles may manifest themselves differently.

Complex Adaptive Systems, Resilience and Security in Cameroon


Author: Manu Lekunze
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000020215
Category: Political Science
Page: 136
View: 2008
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Complex Adaptive Systems, Resilience and Security in Cameroon comprehensively maps and analyses Cameroon’s security architecture to determine its resilience. The author examines the key actors involved in Cameroon’s security and evaluates the organisational structures, before analysing the different security systems that arise from the interplay between the two. He also shows how these security networks can be better conceived as complex adaptive systems, interdependent on other environmental, economic and societal systems. In this regard, security actors become security agents. Finally, arguing that security should be pursed from a resilience perspective, this book seeks to comment on the contemporary situation in Cameroon and its possible trajectory for the future. Providing a timely assessment of security in Cameroon, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of African politics and Security Studies.

Society-- a Complex Adaptive System

Essays in Social Theory
Author: Walter Buckley,Walter Frederick Buckley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9789057005374
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 1689
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This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems


Author: Ricard Solé,Santiago F. Elena
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691158843
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 9360
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How complex systems theory sheds new light on the adaptive dynamics of viral populations Viruses are everywhere, infecting all sorts of living organisms, from the tiniest bacteria to the largest mammals. Many are harmful parasites, but viruses also play a major role as drivers of our evolution as a species and are essential regulators of the composition and complexity of ecosystems on a global scale. This concise book draws on complex systems theory to provide a fresh look at viral origins, populations, and evolution, and the coevolutionary dynamics of viruses and their hosts. New viruses continue to emerge that threaten people, crops, and farm animals. Viruses constantly evade our immune systems, and antiviral therapies and vaccination campaigns can be powerless against them. These unique characteristics of virus biology are a consequence of their tremendous evolutionary potential, which enables viruses to quickly adapt to any environmental challenge. Ricard Solé and Santiago Elena present a unified framework for understanding viruses as complex adaptive systems. They show how the application of complex systems theory to viral dynamics has provided new insights into the development of AIDS in patients infected with HIV-1, the emergence of new antigenic variants of the influenza A virus, and other cutting-edge advances. Essential reading for biologists, physicists, and mathematicians interested in complexity, Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems also extends the analogy of viruses to the evolution of other replicators such as computer viruses, cancer, and languages.

Signals and Boundaries

Building Blocks for Complex Adaptive Systems
Author: John H. Holland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262017830
Category: Computers
Page: 308
View: 1567
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An overarching framework for comparing and steering complex adaptive systems is developed through understanding the mechanisms that generate their intricate signal/boundary hierarchies.

Language as a Complex Adaptive System


Author: Nick C. Ellis,Diane Larsen-Freeman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144433400X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 200
View: 9707
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Explores a new approach to studying language as a complex adaptive system, illustrating its commonalities across many areas of language research Brings together a team of leading researchers in linguistics, psychology, and complex systems to discuss the groundbreaking significance of this perspective for their work Illustrates its application across a variety of subfields, including languages usage, language evolution, language structure, and first and second language acquisition "What a breath of fresh air! As interesting a collection of papers as you are likely to find on the evolution, learning, and use of language from the point of view of both cognitive underpinnings and communicative functions." Michael Tomasello, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Applications of Complex Adaptive Systems


Author: Shan, Yin,Yang, Ang
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1599049635
Category: Computers
Page: 352
View: 6294
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"This book provides an estimable global view of the most up-to-date research on the strategies, applications, practice, and implications of complex adaptive systems, to better understand the various critical systems that surround human life. Researchers will find this book an indispensable state-of-art reference"--Provided by publisher.

Managing Forests as Complex Adaptive Systems

Building Resilience to the Challenge of Global Change
Author: Christian C. Messier,Klaus J. Puettmann,K. Dave Coates
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415519772
Category: Nature
Page: 353
View: 1741
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This book links the emerging concepts of complexity, complex adaptive system (CAS) and resilience to forest ecology and management. It explores how these concepts can be applied in various forest biomes of the world with their different ecological, economic and social settings, and history. Individual chapters stress different elements of these concepts based on the specific setting and expertise of the authors. Regions and authors have been selected to cover a diversity of viewpoints and emphases, from silviculture and natural forests to forest restoration, and from boreal to tropical forests. The chapters show that there is no single generally applicable approach to forest management that applies to all settings. The first set of chapters provides a global overview of how complexity, CAS and resilience theory can benefit researchers who study forest ecosystems. A second set of chapters provides guidance for managers in understanding how these concepts can help them to facilitate forest ecosystem change and renewal (adapt or self-organize) in the face of global change while still delivering the goods and services desired by humans. The book takes a broad approach by covering a variety of forest biomes and the full range of management goals from timber production to forest restoration to promote the maintenance of biodiversity, quality of water, or carbon storage.

Urban Galapagos

Transition to Sustainability in Complex Adaptive Systems
Author: Thomas Kvan,Justyna Karakiewicz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319995340
Category: Science
Page: 163
View: 790
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This book addresses the future of urbanisation on the Galapagos Islands from a systems, governance and design perspective with the competing parameters of liveability, economic and ecological, using the Galapagos as a laboratory for the theoretical and postulative understanding of evolving settlement and habitation. The Galapagos islands are one of the world’s most examined and reported examples of a series of naturally evolving ecosystems. The biodiversity of these island ecosystems are the focus of tourism and the image across the world yet human settlement are part of the local ecology. While human intervention is limited, the islands are a distinctive context in which to consider the impact of human habitation as a part of our ecosystems. In this book, authors take the framework of complex adaptive systems (CAS) in which to model systems that grow and evolve, the relations between these various sectors change; systems that get more complex as they evolve. Tested and applied discretely in the two realms of natural and urban, for the first time this text will bring the two together in understanding options for the future of urban settlements on the Galapagos Islands and, by extension, consider how the approach can be used globally in other contexts.

Complex Adaptive Innovation Systems

Relatedness and Transversality in the Evolving Region
Author: Philip Cooke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136457259
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 5597
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Leading up to the financial crisis of 2008 and onwards, the shortcomings of traditional models of regional economic and environmental development had become increasingly evident. Rooted in the idea that ‘policy’ is an encumbrance to free markets, the stress on supply-side smoothing measures such as clusters and an over reliance on venture capital, the inadequacy of existing orthodoxies has come to be replaced by the notion of Transversality. This approach has three strong characteristics that differentiate it from its failing predecessor. First, as the name implies, it seeks to finesse horizontal knowledge interactions as well as vertical ones, thus building ‘platforms’ of industrial interaction. Secondly, it is not a supply, but a demand side model in which needs-driven innovation rather than pure market competition prevails. Finally, it is ongoing through recessionary times, being more robust than over-specialised approaches to economic growth. The intellectual origins of Transversality lie in an aspiration to promote eco-innovation, one of the key hopes of assisting Western regional and national economies to re-balance and escape recession. The policy models of key regional exponents of the concept are explored and their goals achievement is assessed. An array of policy instruments and measures is presented for hands-on policy implementation. The book will be of vital interest to academics as teachers and researchers as well as policy advisers and public servants.

Understanding Complex Adaptive Systems

A Macro and Holistic Approach
Author: Shahin A. Shayan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781700420190
Category:
Page: 201
View: 3618
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Any system that has many parts, pieces, elements, or agents that can choose and interact dynamically in nonlinear fashions would be considered as Complex Adaptive. These systems show the spontaneous formation of distinctive temporal, spatial, or functional structures. They evolve through time, are dynamic, and can change their internal and external interactions or structures. Complex Adaptive Systems offer macro and holistic mental models to resolve challenging issues such as international socio-political tensions, urban development growth, the electric grids, global internet networks, economic and technological dynamics, to name a few. In this book, we plan to explain introductory concepts and more qualitative aspects of what Complex Adaptive Systems are, and why we need to understand them.

Complexity

A Very Short Introduction
Author: John H. Holland
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199662541
Category: History
Page: 95
View: 1444
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In this Very Short Introduction, John Holland presents an introduction to the science of complexity. Using examples from biology and economics, he shows how complexity science models the behaviour of complex systems.

Use Cases

Requirements in Context
Author: Daryl Kulak,Eamonn Guiney
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
ISBN: 0133085155
Category: Computers
Page: 263
View: 2959
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This book describes how to gather and define software requirements using a process based on use cases. It shows systems analysts and designers how use cases can provide solutions to the most challenging requirements issues, resulting in effective, quality systems that meet the needs of users. Use Cases, Second Edition: Requirements in Context describes a three-step method for establishing requirements—an iterative process that produces increasingly refined requirements. Drawing on their extensive, real-world experience, the authors offer a wealth of advice on use-case driven lifecycles, planning for change, and keeping on track. In addition, they include numerous detailed examples to illustrate practical applications. This second edition incorporates the many advancements in use case methodology that have occurred over the past few years. Specifically, this new edition features major changes to the methodology's iterations, and the section on management reflects the faster-paced, more "chaordic" software lifecycles prominent today. In addition, the authors have included a new chapter on use case traceability issues and have revised the appendixes to show more clearly how use cases evolve. The book opens with a brief introduction to use cases and the Unified Modeling Language (UML). It explains how use cases reduce the incidence of duplicate and inconsistent requirements, and how they facilitate the documentation process and communication among stakeholders. The book shows you how to: Describe the context of relationships and interactions between actors and applications using use case diagrams and scenarios Specify functional and nonfunctional requirements Create the candidate use case list Break out detailed use cases and add detail to use case diagrams Add triggers, preconditions, basic course of events, and exceptions to use cases Manage the iterative/incremental use case driven project lifecycle Trace back to use cases, nonfunctionals, and business rules Avoid classic mistakes and pitfalls The book also highlights numerous currently available tools, including use case name filters, the context matrix, user interface requirements, and the authors' own "hierarchy killer."

Handbook on Knowledge Management 2

Knowledge Directions
Author: Clyde Holsapple
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540438489
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 738
View: 8485
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The chapters are organized into eight major sections. The second volume consists of the sections: technologies for knowledge management, outcomes of knowledge management, knowledge management in action, and the KM horizon. Novices and experts alike should find it a useful reference.