These essays examine complexity from a variety of perspectives and cover an array of case studies and topics that include market behaviour, medical interventions, aeronautical design, the governing of supranational states, ecology, road-building, meteorology and the science of complexity itself.
ANNEMARIE MOL Cutting Surgeons , Walking Patients : Some Complexities Involved in Comparing In health care most facts come as comparative facts .
Author: John Law
Publisher: Duke University Press
In a relatively short period of time, data envelopment analysis (DEA) has grown into a powerful analytical tool for measuring and evaluating performance. DEA is computational at its core and this book is one of several Springer aim to publish on the subject. This work deals with the micro aspects of handling and modeling data issues in DEA problems. It is a handbook treatment dealing with specific data problems, including imprecise data and undesirable outputs.
Chapter 1 DATA IRREGULARITIES AND STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITIES IN DEA Wade D. Cook1 and Joe Zhu2 1Schulich School of Business, York University, Toronto, Ontario, ...
Author: Joe Zhu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Recent years have seen a growing impetus to explain social life almost exclusively in biological and mechanistic terms, and to dismiss cultural meaning and difference. This book presents evidence to contest such theories and to provide a multifaceted account of the complexity and variability of the human condition.
... dominant fail to capture the complexities of today's communicative ecologies, and we will point to new work in linguistic anthropology that better comes ...
Author: Susan McKinnon
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Sophie Germain taught herself mathematics by candlelight, huddled in her bedclothes. Ada Byron Lovelace anticipated aspects of general-purpose digital computing by more than a century. Cora Ratto de Sadosky advanced messages of tolerance and equality while sharing her mathematical talents with generations of students. This captivating book gives voice to women mathematicians from the late eighteenth century through to the present day. It documents the complex nature of the conditions women around the world have faced--and continue to face--while pursuing their careers in mathematics. The stories of the three women above and those of many more appear here, each one enlightening and inspiring. The earlier parts of the book provide historical context and perspective, beginning with excursions into the lives of fifteen women born before 1920. Included are histories of collective efforts to improve women's opportunities in research mathematics. In addition, a photo essay puts a human face on the subject as it illustrates women's contributions in professional associations. More than eighty women from academe, government, and the private sector provide a rich mélange of insights and strategies for creating workable career paths while maintaining rewarding personal lives. The book discusses related social and cultural issues, and includes a summary of recent comparative data relating to women and men in mathematics and women from other sciences. First-person accounts provide explicit how-tos; many narratives demonstrate great determination and perseverance. Talented women vividly portray their pleasure in discovering new mathematics. The senior among them speak out candidly, interweaving their mathematics with autobiographical detail. At the beginning of a new century, women at all stages of their careers share their outlooks and experiences. Clear, engaging, and meticulously researched, Complexities will inspire young women who are contemplating careers in mathematics and will speak to women in many fields of endeavor and walks of life.
Complexities Photo Album Women in the Kingdom of Mathematics Will 148 VOICES FROM SIX CONTINENTS COMPLEXITIES PHOTO ALBUM (FOLLOWING PAGE 148)
Author: Bettye Anne Case
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Nonlinear Stochastic Control and Filtering with Engineering-oriented Complexities presents a series of control and filtering approaches for stochastic systems with traditional and emerging engineering-oriented complexities. The book begins with an overview of the relevant background, motivation, and research problems, and then: Discusses the robust stability and stabilization problems for a class of stochastic time-delay interval systems with nonlinear disturbances Investigates the robust stabilization and H∞ control problems for a class of stochastic time-delay uncertain systems with Markovian switching and nonlinear disturbances Explores the H∞ state estimator and H∞ output feedback controller design issues for stochastic time-delay systems with nonlinear disturbances, sensor nonlinearities, and Markovian jumping parameters Analyzes the H∞ performance for a general class of nonlinear stochastic systems with time delays, where the addressed systems are described by general stochastic functional differential equations Studies the filtering problem for a class of discrete-time stochastic nonlinear time-delay systems with missing measurement and stochastic disturbances Uses gain-scheduling techniques to tackle the probability-dependent control and filtering problems for time-varying nonlinear systems with incomplete information Evaluates the filtering problem for a class of discrete-time stochastic nonlinear networked control systems with multiple random communication delays and random packet losses Examines the filtering problem for a class of nonlinear genetic regulatory networks with state-dependent stochastic disturbances and state delays Considers the H∞ state estimation problem for a class of discrete-time complex networks with probabilistic missing measurements and randomly occurring coupling delays Addresses the H∞ synchronization control problem for a class of dynamical networks with randomly varying nonlinearities Nonlinear Stochastic Control and Filtering with Engineering-oriented Complexities describes novel methodologies that can be applied extensively in lab simulations, field experiments, and real-world engineering practices. Thus, this text provides a valuable reference for researchers and professionals in the signal processing and control engineering communities.
Engineering-oriented complexities exist everywhere, including time delays, Markovian jump parameters, nonlinearities, sensor faults, and parameter ...
Author: Guoliang Wei
Publisher: CRC Press
Critical new discoveries and archaeological patterns increase understanding of early Mississippian culture and society. The reasons for the rise and fall of early cities and ceremonial centers around the world have been sought for centuries. In the United States, Cahokia has been the focus of intense archaeological work to explain its mysteries. Cahokia was the first and exponentially the largest of the Mississippian centers that appeared across the Midwest and Southeast after AD 1000. Located near present-day East St. Louis, Illinois, the central complex of Cahokia spanned more than 12 square kilometers and encompassed more than 120 earthen mounds. As one of the foremost experts on Cahokia, Susan M. Alt addresses long-standing considerations of eastern Woodlands archaeology—the beginnings, character, and ending of Mississippian culture (AD 1050–1600)—from a novel theoretical and empirical vantage point. Through this case study on farmers’ immigration and resettling, Alt’s narrative reanalyzes the relationship between administration and diversity, incorporating critical new discoveries and archaeological patterns from outside of Cahokia. Alt examines the cultural landscape of the Cahokia flood plain and the layout of one extraordinary upland site, Grossman, as an administrative settlement where local farmers might have seen or participated in Cahokian rituals and ceremonies involving a web of ancestors, powers, and places. Alt argues that a farming district outside the center provides definitive evidences of the attempted centralized administration of a rural hinterland.
In Ancient Complexities: New Perspectives in Precolumbian North America, edited by S. M. Alt, pp. 119–137. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Author: Susan M. Alt
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
Category: Social Science
This volume explores the multiple aspects of morphological complexity, investigating primarily whether certain aspects of morphology can be considered more complex than others, and how that complexity can be measured. The book opens with a detailed introduction from the editors that critically assesses the foundational assumptions that inform contemporary approaches to morphological complexity. In the chapters that follow, the volume's expert contributors approach the topic from typological, acquisitional, sociolinguistic, and diachronic perspectives; the concluding chapter offers an overview of these various approaches, with a focus on the minimum description length principle. The analyses are based on rich empirical data from both well-known languages such as Russian and lesser-studied languages from Africa, Australia, and the Americas, as well as experimental data from artificial language learning.
1 Introduction Complexities in morphology Peter Arkadiev and Francesco Gardani 1.1 Setting the scene Morphological and , broadly , linguistic complexity has ...
Author: Peter Arkadiev
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Chronicles of a Sage: Simple Complexities is a profound venture into the inner workings of the human psyche. Hexing free-verse explores the complexities that foster such extreme emotions as depression, angst, internal numbness and defiance. Every chapter offers endowed delineations of the ancient world, mystical prophecies and resurfaces the fundamental truths buried within modern-day belief. Completing every chapter of absorbing verse you will read through discerning accounts simplifying the complexities of the undecipherable. Have you ever wondered why you feel depressed? Have you ever tried to translate your deepest feelings and came up blank? Deborah Simpson exposes her innermost deliberations based on real life experiences in this unprecedented volume of Chronicles of a Sage. Prepare for a rousing journey of realization.
Chronicles of a Sage: Simple Complexities Have you or has someone you know ever suffered from abuse and have no idea how to overcome its emotional plague?
Author: Deborah Simpson
Currently, most books on youth research available on the market focus on ‘how to’ conduct youth research or the research process itself. This edited collection proposes to take this process a step further and discuss the complexities of youth research from a practical and theoretical context. In total, five themes are examined – conceptualising young people, ethics and consent, the digital, voice, participation and unexpected tensions. In this book, authors from six countries explore the complexities of researching with young people across disciplines and national contexts. Offering a closeup examination of their own research experiences, the authors address the complexities of researching with young people beyond simple questions of protection from harm and coercion by problematising notions of ‘resilience’, ‘participation’, ‘risk’ and ‘voice’. This edited collection takes the reader through an exploration of its key themes and, in doing so, presents a cast of candid and insightful accounts from youth researchers situated within the humanities and social sciences.
This edited collection proposes to take this process a step further and discuss the complexities of youth research from a practical and theoretical context.
Author: Paulina Billett
Category: Social Science
First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Chapter 1 begins by invoking the uncertainties and complexities of the postmodern condition, and seeks to situate the study within this larger social ...
Author: Ciaran Sugrue
Conventional wisdom would have it that believing in one God is straightforward; that Muslims are expert at monotheism, but that Christians complicate it, weaken it, or perhaps even abandon it altogether by speaking of the Trinity. In this book, Muslim and Christian scholars challenge that opinion. Examining together scripture texts and theological reflections from both traditions, they show that the oneness of God is taken as axiomatic in both, and also that affirming God's unity has raised complex theological questions for both. The two faiths are not identical, but what divides them is not the number of gods they believe in. The latest volume of proceedings of The Building Bridges Seminar—a gathering of scholar-practitioners of Islam and Christianity that meets annually for the purpose of deep study of scripture and other texts carefully selected for their pertinence to the year’s chosen theme—this book begins with a retrospective on the seminar’s first fifteen years and concludes with an account of deliberations and discussions among participants, thereby providing insight into the model of vigorous and respectful dialogue that characterizes this initiative. Contributors include Richard Bauckham, Sidney Griffith, Christoph Schwöbel, Janet Soskice, Asma Afsaruddin, Maria Dakake, Martin Nguyen, and Sajjad Rizvi. To encourage further dialogical study, the volume includes those scripture passages and other texts on which their essays comment. A unique resource for scholars, students, and professors of Christianity and Islam.
Texts chosen for study on the third day of the seminar provided an opportunity to observe the Christian tradition grappling with the complexities raised by ...
Author: Lucinda Mosher
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
This book examines the complexities of mothers who are entrepreneurs in different parts of the world. This uniqueness and contribution to the area of women's entrepreneurship presents many challenges. One must historicize context; focus on socio-political realms and on lived realities. All challenging endeavours, when focusing on mothering and entrepreneurship, in different global contexts. What of the workers in these contexts? More specifically what of female workers within these contexts? How have women negotiated gendered roles within old and new structures? What complexities have preconfigured the diverse realities and positionalities of maternal-workers? How have these intricacies shifted the boundaries of work-family interface? This book focuses on a specific subset of work and the economy for mothers who are entrepreneurs in different parts of the world. In this edited collection, we examine how mothers are negotiating their entrepreneurial endeavors within the contexts of local and global economic shifts. We explore how the socio-cultural, economic and national contexts that (re)structure and (re)frame multiple nodes of power, difference, and realities for mothers as workers across diverse contexts. This type of contextual analysis allows for new lines of inquiry and questions that move beyond the descriptive profiling and gendered assessment of women entrepreneurs. Lastly, the mother-entrepreneur-worker-life balance frames our discussion. We particularly set the work-family discourse within many points of contentions related to how the researchers have conceptualized work-life interface, the specific assumptions embedded within these investigations, and the implications of these for how we (re)present the dynamics related to mothering and entrepreneurship. The participation of mothers within entrepreneurial space offers a rich site for analyzing the contextual nature of maternal identity, work life relationships and entrepreneurial identities. In so doing,
his entrepreneurs book examines the complexities of mothers who in different parts of the world. Research on women entrepreneurship presents many new ...
Author: Mélanie Knight
Publisher: Demeter Press
Category: Business & Economics
This volume collects twelve new essays by leading moral philosophers on a vitally important topic: the ethics of eating meat. Some of the key questions examined include: Are animals harmed or benefited by our practice of raising and killing them for food? Do the realities of the marketplace entail that we have no power as individuals to improve the lives of any animals by becoming vegetarian, and if so, have we any reason to stop eating meat? Suppose it is morally wrong to eat meat--should we be blamed for doing so? If we should be vegetarians, what sort should we be?
Ben Bramble, Bob Fischer, Robert William Fischer. COMPLEXITIES OF EATIN THE MORAL COMPLEXITIES OF EATING MEAT THE MORAL COMPLEXITIES OF. Moon. Cover.
Author: Ben Bramble
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"Exploring the Complexities of Human Action offers a bold theoretical framework for thinking systematically and integratively about what people do as they go about their complex lives in all corners of the world. The book offers a vision of humanity that promotes empathic understanding of complex human beings that can bring people together to pursue common goals. Raeff sets the stage for conceptualizing human action by characterizing what people do in terms of the complexities of holism, dynamics, variability, and multi-causality. She also constructively questions some conventional practices and assumptions in psychology (e.g., fragmenting, objectifying, aggregating, deterministic causality). Raeff then articulates a systems conceptualization of action that emphasizes multiple and interrelated processes. This integrative conceptualization holds that action is constituted by simultaneously occurring and interrelated individual, social, cultural, bodily, and environmental processes. Action is further conceptualized in terms of simultaneously occurring and interrelated psychological processes (e.g., sensing, perceiving, thinking, feeling, interacting, self/identity), as well as developmental processes. This theoretical framework is informed by research in varied cultures, and accessible examples are used to illustrate major concepts and claims. Raeff also discusses some implications and applications of the theoretical framework for investigating the complexities of human action. The book shows how the theoretical framework can be used to think about a wide range of action, from eating to art. Raeff uses the theoretical framework to consider varied vexing human issues, including mind-body connections, diversity, extremism, and freedom, as well as how action is simultaneously universal, culturally particular, and individualized"--
Complexities. of. Causality. and. Meaning. In this chapter, we will use our action perspective to think about some very vexing and intractable issues that ...
Author: Catherine Raeff
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Kidney transplantation is a complex field that incorporates several different specialties to manage the transplant patient. This book was created because of the importance of kidney transplantation. This volume focuses on the complexities of the transplant patient. In particular, there is a focus on the comorbidities and special considerations for a transplant patient and how they affect kidney transplant outcomes. Contributors to this book are from all over the world and are experts in their individual fields. They were all individually approached to add a chapter to this book and with their efforts this book was formed. Understanding the Complexities of Kidney Transplantation gives the reader an excellent foundation to build upon to truly understand kidney transplantation.
Very often, in living donation, there will be a host of pressures and family complexities to take into account. These may affect the extent to which a ...
Author: Jorge Ortiz
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Complexities in Colorectal Surgery: Decision-Making and Management provides a unique, modern, practical guide that covers the strategic evaluation, specific approaches, and detailed management techniques utilized by expert Colorectal Surgeons caring for patients with complex problems—whether they result from underlying colorectal disease or from complications arising from previous surgical therapy. The text is formatted as both a “how-to” manual as well as an algorithm-based guide allowing the reader to understand the thought process behind the proposed treatment strategies. By making use of evidence-based recommendations, each chapter will include not only diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines, but also a narrative by the author on his/her operative technical details and perioperative “tips and tricks” that they utilize in the management of these complex surgical challenges. This test includes chapters on the assessment of risk and nutritional intervention methods utilized to minimize perioperative complications. In addition, sections on medical and surgical therapies for abdominal, pelvic and anorectal disease are incorporated. Moreover, the technical challenges of managing complications resulting from the original or subsequent operations is addressed. The underlying focus throughout the text is to provide pragmatic and understandable solutions that can be readily implemented by surgeons of varying experience to successfully treat complex colorectal problems. The text also goes beyond the technical aspects of Colorectal Surgery and includes special sections highlighting the essence of a surgeon. These include chapters describing the importance of the first encounter, building patient rapport, and demonstrating confidence and competence while showing humility and avoiding arrogance. Additionally, aspects involving the medical-legal, ethical, and economic challenges confronting surgeons are covered.
Hence, our goal with Complexities is to provide a unique, practical guide that covers the strategic evaluation, specific approaches, and detailed management ...
Author: Scott R. Steele
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Despite the proliferation of pain clinics and various pain-oriented therapies, there is an absence of data supporting any substantial change in the statistics regarding the incidence, development and persistence of pain. As renowned pain clinician and scientist Daniel M. Doleys argues, there may be a need for a fundamental shift in the way we view pain. In this thoughtful work, Doleys presents the evolving concept and complex nature of pain with the intention of promoting a broadening of the existing paradigm within which pain is viewed and understood. Combining neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy of science, this book reviews the history of pain and outlines the current concepts and theories regarding the mechanisms involved in the experience of pain. Experimental and clinical research in a broad array of areas including neonatal pain, empathy and pain, psychogenic pain, and genetics and pain is summarized. The notion of pain as a disease process rather than a symptom is highlighted. Although there is a continued interest in activation of the peripheral nociceptive system as a determining factor in the experience of pain, the growing appreciation for the brain as the intimate 'pain generator' is emphasized. The definition of consciousness and conscious awareness and a theory as to how it relates to nociceptive processing is discussed. Finally, the author describes the potential benefit of incorporating some of the concepts from systems and quantum theory into our thinking about pain. The area of pain research and treatment seems on the precipice of change. This work intends to provide a glimpse of what these changes might be in the context of where pain research and therapy has come from, where it currently is, and where it might be headed.
Complexities. of. Measuring. Pain. If only my anguish could be weighed and all my misery be placed on the scale It would surely outweigh the sand of the ...
Author: Daniel M. Doleys PhD
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Complexities of Human Emotions: Touched By: emily nicole Touched is the tale of a young woman living in the present but struggling with a secret from her past. Tiana Reed has a perfect life-doting husband, inquisitive daughter, and the career of her dreams...but when an estranged relative unexpectedly appears, Tiana’s life and sanity are sent into a whirlwind. In the first installment of the Complexities of Human Emotions series, Tiana will have to decide whether to try and cope as her world falls apart, or face her fears head on.
Touched emily nicole. Complexities of Human Emotions Touched emily nicole Complexities of Human Emotions Touched emily nicole. Front Cover.
Author: emily nicole
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
Bringing a new dimension to the literature on educationalization, this book is grounded in historical research, curricular analysis, and philosophical reflection.
EDUCATIONALIZATION AND ITS COMPLEXITIES Religion, Politics, and Technology Educationalization and Its Complexities Religion, Politics, and Technology Edited ...
Author: Rosa Bruno-Jofré
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
"Nursing, everyone believes, is the caring profession. Texts on caring line the walls of nursing schools and student shelves. Indeed, the discipline of nursing is often known as the 'caring science.' Because of their caring reputation, nurses top the polls as the most-trustworthy professionals. Yet, in spite of what seems to be an endless outpouring of public support, in almost every country in the world nursing is under threat, in the practice setting and in the academic sector. Indeed, its standing as a regulated profession is constantly challenged. In our view, this paradox is neither accidental nor natural but, in great part, the logical consequence of the fact that nurses and their organizations place such a heavy emphasis on nursing's and nurses' virtues rather than on their knowledge and concrete contributions."—from the Introduction In a series of provocative essays, The Complexities of Care rejects the assumption that nursing work is primarily emotional and relational. The contributors-international experts on nursing- all argue that caring discourse in nursing is a dangerous oversimplification that has in fact created many dilemmas within the profession and in the health care system. This book offers a long-overdue exploration of care at a pivotal moment in the history of health care. The ideas presented here will foster a critical debate that will assist nurses to better understand the nature and meaning of the nurse-patient relationship, confront challenges to their work and their profession, and deliver the services patients need now and into the future.
A nurse's willingness to struggle with the complexities of this faulty system and her willingness to feel regret when she is unable to do as she thinks best ...
Author: Sioban Nelson
Publisher: Cornell University Press