Expecting the Unexpected

de Hoop, Helen 1992 Donhauser, Karin 1992 Case Configuration and NP Interpretation. ... King, Tracy Holloway 1995 Configuring Topic and Focus in Russian (Dissertations in Linguistics). Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and ...

Author: Horst J. Simon

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110219081

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 461

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Every linguistic theory has to come to grips with a fundamental property of human language: the existence of exceptions, i.e. phenomena that do not follow the standard patterns one observes otherwise. The contributions to this volume discuss and exemplify a variety of approaches to exceptionality within different formal and non-formal frameworks. Topics include criteria for exceptionality, the diachronic rise of exceptions, the relevance of different grammatical subsystems and their interaction in the explanation of exceptions, and the crucial characteristics of grammatical models that can accommodate exceptions. A special feature of the book is that the articles are accompanied by peer-commentaries and responses thereupon, thus opening up the papers to further discussion.
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Die Slavischen Sprachen

(Non-)Defective Categories and Case Alternations in Russian”. // Toman, Jindřich (ed.). Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: ... King, Tracy Holloway (1993): Configuring topic and focus in Russian. PhD Dissertation. Stanford Univ.

Author: Sebastian Kempgen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110156607

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 1195

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This series of HANDBOOKS OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCE is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction. For "classic" linguistics there appears to be a need for a review of the state of the art which will provide a reference base for the rapid advances in research undertaken from a variety of theoretical standpoints, while in the more recent branches of communication science the handbooks will give researchers both an verview and orientation. To attain these objectives, the series will aim for a standard comparable to that of the leading handbooks in other disciplines, and to this end will strive for comprehensiveness, theoretical explicitness, reliable documentation of data and findings, and up-to-date methodology. The editors, both of the series and of the individual volumes, and the individual contributors, are committed to this aim. The languages of publication are English, German, and French. The main aim of the series is to provide an appropriate account of the state of the art in the various areas of linguistics and communication science covered by each of the various handbooks; however no inflexible pre-set limits will be imposed on the scope of each volume. The series is open-ended, and can thus take account of further developments in the field. This conception, coupled with the necessity of allowing adequate time for each volume to be prepared with the necessary care, means that there is no set time-table for the publication of the whole series. Each volume will be a self-contained work, complete in itself. The order in which the handbooks are published does not imply any rank ordering, but is determined by the way in which the series is organized; the editor of the whole series enlist a competent editor for each individual volume. Once the principal editor for a volume has been found, he or she then has a completely free hand in the choice of co-editors and contributors. The editors plan each volume independently of the others, being governed only by general formal principles. The series editor only intervene where questions of delineation between individual volumes are concerned. It is felt that this (modus operandi) is best suited to achieving the objectives of the series, namely to give a competent account of the present state of knowledge and of the perception of the problems in the area covered by each volume.
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The Syntax of Topic Focus and Contrast

Katz, Jonah and Lisa Selkirk 2011 Contrastive focus vs. discourse-new: Evidence from phonetic prominence in English. Language 87 :771—816. Kim, Jieun 2009 A unified ... King, Tracy Holloway 1993 Configuring topic and focus in Russian.

Author: Ad Neeleman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9781614511458

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 314

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This book addresses how core notions of information structure (topic, focus and contrast) are expressed in syntax. The authors propose that the syntactic effects of information structure come about as a result of mapping rules that are flexible enough to allow topics and foci to be expressed in a variety of positions, but strict enough to capture certain cross-linguistic generalisations about their distribution. In particular, the papers argue that only contrastive topics and contrastive foci undergo movement and that this is because such movement has the function of marking the scope of contrast. Several predications are derived from this proposal: such as that a focus cannot move across a topic – whether the latter is in situ or not. Syntactic and semantic evidence in support of this proposal is presented from a wide range of languages (including Dutch, English, Japanese, Korean and Russian) and theoretical consequences explored. The first chapter not only outlines its theoretical aims, but also provides an introduction to information structure. As a consequence, the book is accessible to advanced students as well as professional linguists.
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Topic Focus Articulation Tripartite Structures and Semantic Content

Stavi (1986)Asemantic characterization of natural language determiners. Linguistics and Philosophy 9:253–326. King T. (1995) Configuring topic and focus in Russian. Stanford: CSLI. Kiss K. É (1986) Configurationality in Hungarian.

Author: Eva Hajicová

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401590129

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 218

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1. 1 OBJECTIVES The main objective of this joint work is to bring together some ideas that have played central roles in two disparate theoretical traditions in order to con tribute to a better understanding of the relationship between focus and the syn tactic and semantic structure of sentences. Within the Prague School tradition and the branch of its contemporary development represented by Hajicova and Sgall (HS in the sequel), topic-focus articulation has long been a central object of study, and it has long been a tenet of Prague school linguistics that topic-focus structure has systematic relevance to meaning. Within the formal semantics tradition represented by Partee (BHP in the sequel), focus has much more recently become an area of concerted investigation, but a number of the semantic phenomena to which focus is relevant have been extensively investi gated and given explicit compositional semantic-analyses. The emergence of 'tripartite structures' (see Chapter 2) in formal semantics and the partial simi larities that can be readily observed between some aspects of tripartite structures and some aspects of Praguian topic-focus articulation have led us to expect that a closer investigation of the similarities and differences in these different theoretical constructs would be a rewarding undertaking with mutual benefits for the further development of our respective theories and potential benefit for the study of semantic effects of focus in other theories as well.
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The Syntax of Russian

1993a, “The UTAH and Causation in Russian Psych Verbs,” in P. Ackema and M. Schoorlemmer (eds.), Proceedings of CONSOLE I Leiden: SOLE Publications, 115–130. 1993b, “Configuring Topic and Focus in Russian,” Ph.D. dissertation, ...

Author: John F. Bailyn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521885744

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 393

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An essential guide to Russian syntax, which examines major syntactic structures and grammatical puzzles of the language.
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On the Placement and Morphology of Clitics

The Urdu permissive in particular brings into focus the problem of syntax - semantics mismatch . ... ISBN : 1-881526-48-8 ( cloth ) ; ISBN : 1-881526-47 - X ( paper ) Configuring Topic and Focus in Russian Tracy Holloway King This work ...

Author: Aaron Halpern

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 1881526607

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

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Using data from a variety of languages, this book investigates the place of clitics in the theory of language structure, and their implications for the relationships between syntax, morphology and phonology. It is argued that the least powerful theory of language requires us to recognise at least two classes of clitics, one with the syntax of independent phrases and the other with the syntax of inflectional affixes. It is also argued that prosodic conditions may influence the surface position of clitics beyond what may be accomplished by filtering potential syntactic structures. Finally, the relationship between syntactic, morphological, and phonological constituents within wordlike elements is explored.
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Clitic Doubling in the Balkan Languages

Focus is identification. MS, Research Institute for Linguistics, Budapest. King, T.H. 1995. Configuring Topic and Focus in Russian. Stanford CA: CSLI. Kiss, K.E. 1998. Identificational focus versus information focus.

Author: Dalina Kallulli

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255136

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 456

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This volume is a collection of articles on clitic doubling, a phenomenon that has preoccupied generative linguists since the 1980s, when its theoretical importance was noted. Clitic doubling is prevalent in the Balkan languages. However, generative studies initially dealt with its properties in Romance languages, with the Balkan patterns coming increasingly into focus. Since the mid-nineties, these patterns presented a variety of challenges to the generalisations reached on the basis of Romance, while also raising new research questions. The volume deals among other things with the following aspects of the phenomenon: its extension within and outside the Balkan Sprachbund and the observed variation; its realizational possibilities and the constraints on the status of the doubled DP (direct or indirect object, pronominal or non-pronominal); its semantics (definite, specific, presupposed, neither) and pragmatics (topic or not, D-linked or not); its temporal and locational genesis; the relationship between the clitic and its associate.
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The Structure of Complex Predicates in Urdu

ISBN : 1-881526-48-8 ( cloth ) ; ISBN : 1-881526-47 - X ( paper ) Configuring Topic and Focus in Russian Tracy ... word order in Russian encodes specific discourse information : with neutral intonation , topics precede discourse ...

Author: Miriam Butt

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 1881526585

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 270

View: 464

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This book takes a detailed look at two differing complex predicates in the South Asian language Urdu. The Urdu permissive in particular brings into focus the problem of the syntax-semantics mismatch. An examination of the syntactic properties of this complex predicate shows that it is formed by the combination of two semantic heads, but that this combination is not mirrored in the syntax in terms of any kind of syntactic or lexical incorporation.
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Is the Best Good Enough

Configuring topic and focus in Russian . Ph.D. disserta- tion , Stanford University . ( 1994 ) . Focus in Russian yes - no questions . Journal of Slavic Linguistics 2 : 92– 120 . ( 1995 ) . Configuring topic and focus in Russian .

Author: Pilar Barbosa

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262522497

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 464

View: 239

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These include new versions of an old debate between constraints on derivations and constraints on representations and entirely new questions about the nature of the candidate set, as well as questions about learnability and computability.
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