Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism

Figure 1 Conditions that enable piracy and maritime terrorism Piracy Maritime
Terrorism Legal and jurisdictional weakness Legal and jurisdictional weakness
Favourable geography Geographical necessity Conflict and disorder Under-
funded ...

Author: Martin N. Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134975457

Category: Political Science

Page: 108

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Do piracy and maritime terrorism, individually or together, present a threat to international security, and what relationship if any exists between them? Piracy may be a marginal problem in itself, but the connections between organised piracy and wider criminal networks and corruption on land make it an element of a phenomenon that can have a weakening effect on states and a destabilising one on the regions in which it is found. Furthermore, it is also an aspect of a broader problem of disorder at sea that, exacerbated by the increasing pressure on littoral waters from growing numbers of people and organisations seeking to exploit maritime resources, encourages maritime criminality and gives insurgents and terrorists the freedom to operate. In this context, maritime terrorism, though currently only a low-level threat, has the potential to spread and become more effective in the event of political change on land. It is only by addressing the issue of generalised maritime disorder that the problems of piracy and maritime terrorism may be controlled in the long term.
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Piracy and Maritime Terrorism

[24] J. L. Worrall, The Routine Activities of Maritime Piracy, in Security Journal, 13
:35-52, 2000. [25] M. N. Murphy, Small Boats –Weak States-Dirty Money: Piracy
and Maritime Terrorism in the Modern World, Columbia University Press, New ...

Author: Silvia Ciotti Galletti

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614990420

Category: Political Science

Page: 223

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2012 The authors and IOS Press.
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Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism

Do piracy and maritime terrorism, individually or together, present a threat to international security, and what relationship if any exists between them?

Author: Martin N. Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015080833562

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 108

View: 693

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This Adelphi Paper attempts to answer the question of whether piracy and maritime terrorism, individually or together, present a threat to international security.
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Piracy and Maritime Crime Historical and Modern Case Studies

Graham Gerard Ong-Webb, “Introduction— Southeast Asian Piracy: Research
and Developments,” in Piracy, Maritime Terrorism and Securing the Malacca
Straits [hereafter Piracy], ed. Graham Gerard Ong-Webb (Singapore: Institute of ...

Author: Bruce A. Ellerman

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781105042256

Category:

Page: 277

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Piracy is a basic and fundamental concern for all navies. From almost the beginning of state-sponsored navies, piracy suppression has been one of their major responsibilities -- when Julius Caesar was captured by pirates in 76 BCE, the first thing he did after paying the pirates' ransom and being released was to fit "out a squadron of ships to take his revenge." Despite piracy's importance and the continued frequency of piratical attacks, however, relatively few scholarly works have been written analyzing cases of modern piracy and piracy suppression in terms of varying strategic, policy, and operational decisions. This edited collection of case studies attempts to fill this gap. There have been a number of important historical studies that have dealt with the subjects of piracy and piracy suppression. Books written from the point of view of those wishing to end piracy have tended to focus on legal issues, including the rights of victims, the procedures and decisions of Admiralty courts in punishing pirates, and the capture of piracy ships as prizes. Others have looked at the existence of piracy in terms of one particular place or time period, with the Barbary Coast and the Caribbean Sea claiming disproportionate shares of attention. Pirates are often romanticized; Forbes magazine has recently listed history's top-earning pirates, including Samuel "Black Sam" Bellamy at US$120 million (2008 dollars), Sir Francis Drake at US$115 million, and Thomas Tew at US$103 million. More famous pirates, like Edward Teach (Blackbeard), came in far down the list, at tenth place, with only US$12.5 million.
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Piracy Maritime Terrorism and Securing the Malacca Straits

While piracy has permeated the world's maritime domain throughout history, in
contemporary times, the waters of Southeast Asia serves as the dominant region
for both the occurrence of this activity and the challenges it poses. Chiefly ...

Author: Graham Gerard Ong-Webb

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812304179

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 332

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Maritime piracy continues to persist as a significant phenomenon, revealing a range of social, historical, geo-political, security, and economic issues. Today, the waters of Southeast Asia serve as the dominant region for the occurrence of piracy and the challenges it poses to regional security and Malacca Straits security in particular. As a second instalment within the Series on Maritime Issues and Piracy in Asia by the International Institute of Asian Studies, Leiden University, and the In...
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Violence at Sea

The essays analyze piracy activities in key shipping lanes (including the African coast, the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Straits of Malacca-South China Sea); piratical groups and their capabilities; case studies on overlaps ...

Author: Peter Lehr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135926472

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 706

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Violence at Sea is an overview of maritime piracy, examining threats that piracy poses to global security and commerce, as well as measures and policies to mitigate the threat. The essays analyze piracy activities in key shipping lanes (including the African coast, the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Straits of Malacca-South China Sea); piratical groups and their capabilities; case studies on overlaps between piracy, terrorism, and organized crime; legal and policy hurdles to combating piracy; tactical recommendations for combating piracy; and new trends and developments in the area. The counter response to maritime terrorism has been slow in coming, hampered by issues rooted in sovereignty, the laws of the sea, and the inherent challenges of international coordination. Yet given the likelihood that threats posed by piracy will not recede, but rather increase, all actors affected by maritime security will, sooner or later, need to address these challenges.
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Company Security Officer

... Based Training ( CBT ) A4 A5 A6 1 Bibliography and Websites ( B ) B1
Violence at Sea : Piracy in the Age of Global Terrorism , Peter Lehr , Lloyds
Marine Intelligence Unit . B2 Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism ,
Martin N. Murphy ...

Author: International Maritime Organization

Publisher: IMO Publishing

ISBN: 9280115391

Category: Shipping

Page: 73

View: 726

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This model course has been based on MSC/Circ.1154, 'Guidelines on training and certification for Company Security Officers', and aims to provide knowledge to those who may be designated to perform the duties and responsibilities of a Company Security Officer (CSO), as defined in paragraph 2.1.7 (and paragraph11) of the ISPS Code, Part A, and in particular the duties and responsibilities with respect to the security of a ship, for ensuring the development (or for developing) of a ship security assessment, for ensuring the development (or for developing), implementation, maintenance and updating of a ship security plan and for liaising with Ship Security Officers (SSOs) and with Port Facility Security Officers (PFSOs).
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Pirates Terrorists and Warlords

Dr. Martin N. Murphy is a research fellow at the Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy
Studies , King's College London . He is the author of Contemporary Piracy and
Maritime Terrorism ( Routledge , 2007 ) and a longer study , Small Boats , Weak ...

Author: Jeffrey H. Norwitz

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015080883336

Category: History

Page: 467

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A serious look at the enemies we face in the twenty-first century.
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Maritime Studies

34 SP Menefee , Terrorism at Sea : The Historical Development of an
International Legal Response in Violence at Sea ... AJ Young & MJ Valencia , '
Conflation of piracy and terrorism in Southeast Asia : rectitude and utility ' ,
Contemporary ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822009618935

Category: Marine resources

Page:

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Maritime Terrorism and Piracy in the Indian Ocean Region

This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region.

Author: Awet T. Weldemichael

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317529323

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 689

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Unregulated or lesser regulated maritime spaces are ideal theatres of operation and mediums of transportation for terrorists, insurgents and pirates. For more than a decade, the Indian Ocean waters adjoining Somalia have been a particular locus of such activities, with pirates hijacking vessels, and Al Qaeda and Al Shabab elements travelling between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, operating lucrative businesses and even staging deadly operations at sea. These operations and threats however, remain, by and large, understudied. Responses to the two threats have varied, highlighting the lack of cohesive regional and global institutions with the mandate and the capacity to address them. Those scholarly deliberations on Indian Ocean maritime security focus on piracy and armed robbery at sea, while their terrorist/insurgent counterparts have eluded sustained scrutiny. This volume will help close that gap by looking at both from the field in Somalia and Yemen, within broader frameworks of regional maritime security and port-state control, international maritime law and the ongoing search for maritime resources. The European, African and Middle Eastern case studies add salience to the regional and international complexity surrounding maritime security off the Horn of Africa. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region.
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Comparative Analysis of Technological and Intelligent Terrorism Impacts on Complex Technical Systems

Maritime terrorism is the maritime dimension of contemporary asymmetric warfare
conducted by international terrorist organizations. Maritime ... Piracy and armed
robbery against vessels are a plague to maritime security and global shipping.

Author: N.A. Makhutov

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614991311

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

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Insider knowledge about a complex technical system, coupled with access to its elements, has the potential to be used for triggering the most disastrous of terrorist attacks. Technological terrorism is the unauthorized impact on a complex technical system with the intention of breaking down its protection and initiating secondary catastrophic processes to cause damage and loss outside the facility. Intelligent terrorism, on the other hand, is the unauthorized purposeful interference in the processes of design, construction or maintenance of a complex technical system, and is either aimed at increasing existing vulnerabilities or creating new ones. This book is based on the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on ‘Comparative Analysis of Technological and Intelligence Terrorism Impacts on Complex Technical Systems’. It lays the foundation for a risk-informed approach to modeling, analyzing, managing and controlling complex technical systems in the face of terrorist attacks. To formulate such an approach, it is necessary to combine the insights of a spectrum of disciplines across engineering, human and social sciences, and economics. The book explains how an understanding of the vulnerabilities of complex technical systems to terrorist attack can reduce these vulnerabilities and contain or limit the impact of terrorism, and also the way in which such an understanding is crucial to the development of a set of design criteria and codes which will take such vulnerabilities into account. The book also identifies areas of further research and opportunities for future exchange and collaboration.
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Contemporary Maritime Piracy

By including piracy as a threat on the order of other nontraditional or irregular
security challenges, the new strategy amplified ... The terrorist attacks of
September 11, 2001, spurred development of a presidential-level framework for
developing ...

Author: James Kraska

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313387241

Category: Law

Page: 253

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This volume provides a concise introduction to the issues and debates regarding modern piracy, including naval operations, law, and diplomacy, and focuses on the recent surge of attacks off the coasts of Africa and Asia. * Includes maps and relevant key documents * Provides a bibliography of sources of additional information regarding international piracy
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Connecticut journal of international law

CONTEMPORARY PIRACY AND MARITIME TERRORISM Masefield ' s “ A
Ballad of John Silver ” notes with tongue in ( optimistic ) cheek that : . . . the pig -
tailed , quiddling pirates , and the pretty pranks we played , All have since been
put a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5114148

Category:

Page:

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The Politics of Maritime Power

He is also editor of A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia ...
journals, such as Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Terrorism and Political
Violence, Contemporary Security Policy, Panorama, ... His current research
interests include regional maritime security, piracy and maritime terrorism, the
strategic and ...

Author: Andrew T. H. Tan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136833434

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

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This reference book looks at the modern day use of maritime power for achieving a range of political objectives.
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Singapore Journal of International Comparative Law

Author of numerous articles on piracy and maritime terrorism and of
Contemporary Piracy and International Law ( Capetown : Institute of Marine Law ,
1995 ) and Trends in Maritime Violence ( Janes , 1995 ) . See J Abhyankar , ' An
Overview ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5129279

Category: Comparative law

Page:

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The Law and Practice of Piracy at Sea

In view of the social structure, global dimensions and repercussions of
contemporary piracy, the present volume has set ... and collapse, and adds a
significant dimension to other pathologies bred by it, such as organised crime
and terrorism.

Author: Panos Koutrakos

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781782252696

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 648

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This collection of essays provides a comprehensive assessment of the legal and policy approaches to maritime counter-piracy adopted by the EU and other international actors over the last few years. As the financial cost of Somali piracy for the maritime industry and the world economy as a whole was estimated to have reached $18 billion by 2010, the phenomenon of piracy at sea has steadily grown in significance and has recently attracted the attention of international policy makers. Moreover, piracy is intrinsically linked to state failure and other pathologies bred by it, such as organised crime and terrorism. This book adopts a holistic approach to the topic, examining approaches to piracy as these emerge in different geographical areas, as well as tackling the central issues which counter-piracy raises in terms of the most topical aspects of international law (international humanitarian law and armed conflict, piracy and terrorism, use of force). It also focuses on the approach of the EU, placing counter-piracy in its broader legal context. Providing a detailed doctrinal exploration of the issues which counter-piracy raises, it emphasises and draws upon the insights of the practice of counter-piracy by bringing together academic lawyers and the legal advisers of the main actors in the area (EU, US, NATO, UK). The book raises fundamental questions about the law and practice of international law: are the rules of the international law of the sea on piracy still relevant? To what extent has the shared interest of international actors in tackling piracy given rise to common practices? Do the interactions among the actors examined in the book suggest fragmentation or unity of the international legal order? Is it premature to view these interactions as signalling the gradual emergence of global law in the area? This common analytical frame of reference is underlined by the concluding part, which draws these threads together. The book will be of interest to legal scholars, political scientists and international relations theorists, as well as decision-makers and students of law, politics and international relations.
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German Yearbook of International Law

In stark contrast to so - called white - collar piracy , maritime piracy occurs at the
risk of the lives of culprits and victims alike . ... Michael Stehr , Piraterie und Terror
auf See ( 2004 ) ; Martin Murphy , Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105134511075

Category: Constitutional law

Page:

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Pirates in Paradise

This text traces the shifting character and development of Southeast Asian piracy from the 18th century to the present day, demonstrating how political, economic, social and technological factors have contributed to change - but have by no ...

Author: Stefan Eklöf

Publisher: NIAS Press

ISBN: 9788791114373

Category: History

Page: 184

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Southeast Asia contains some of the world's busiest shipping waters, particularly the Indonesian archipelago, the Straits of Malacca and South China Sea. The natural geography and human ecology of maritime Southeast Asia makes the area particularly apt for piracy. It is perhaps no surprise, then, that these waters are also the world's most pirate-infested, accounting for over a third of the total number of pirate attacks world-wide. The figures have increased in recent years, as transnationally organized crime syndicates have extended their activities in the area. Meanwhile, the capacity of the state authorities in the region to suppress piracy appears to have declined, fuelling suspicions that sections of the maritime authorities are colluding with some of the organized pirate gangs that they are supposed to be combating. Not surprisingly, piracy has a long history in the region, and in several instances during the last 250 years, pirates have disrupted peaceful trade and communications. This text traces the shifting character and development of Southeast Asian piracy from the 18th century to the present day, demonstrating how political, economic, social and technological factors have contributed to change - but have by no means exterminated - the phenomenon. -- Description from http://www.amazon.co.uk (Oct. 19, 2011).
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Japan s Sea Lane Security

... potential to disrupt sea communications on a systemic scale, despite the
resurgence of piracy and maritime terrorism. ... navalism and high imperialism
may appear of doubtful relevance to the contemporary parameters of maritime
security, ...

Author: Euan Graham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134250912

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

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This is the first major English-language study to explore the broad and longstanding connections between Japan’s national security and the safety of its sea lanes. Tracing issues from pre-and post-1945 eras, the book explores how Japan’s concerns with sea lane protection have developed across such diverse fields as military strategy, diplomacy, trade policy, energy security, and law enforcement. Drawing upon case study material and primary research including interviews with officials and security analysts, the book presents a chronological analysis of Japan’s sea lane security. While Japan’s security policies have recently undergone relatively rapid change, a historical treatment of sea lane security issues reveals long-term continuity in security policymakers’ perceptions and responses regarding Japan's defence and foreign policy. Revealing a neglected but important aspect of Japan’s military and economic security, the book investigates why officials and analysts continue to portray the defence of Japan’s sea lanes as ‘a matter of life and death’.
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Changing Roles of the United States and Japan in the Security of Southeast Asia

Piracy At Sea . p . International Maritime Bureau , 1989 . 12 . Paris : 90 . Scott ,
David L . " Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism : Towards an Effective
International Legal Response . " p . 6 . A paper submitted in partial fulfillmant of
the ...

Author: Robin L. Russell

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822018716027

Category: Japan

Page: 139

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The hypothesis of this study is that the United States and Japan have important and complementary roles to play in contributing to the peace and stability in Southeast Asia in spite of the end of the Cold War. Historical perspectives with regard to Southeast Asia since the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam until the end of the Cold War are provided as the foundations for change. The national development of the nations of Southeast Asia, the implications of the rapid economic growth of China, and the military buildup in the region since the end of the Cold War are examined. Similarly, the rising transnational problems of Southeast Asia including piracy, drug abuse, a burgeoning population and environmental issues are addressed. The basic changes in American policies toward the region, including the implications of the withdrawal from the military facilities in the Philippines, and the impact of the reductions in the military budget are examined. Likewise, basic Japanese policies toward Southeast Asia, particularly in light of recent dramatic changes in Japanese internal politics, the effects of the Persian Gulf War, and the Cambodian experience, are discussed. Southeast Asia, ASEAN, APEC, ARF, Asia, China, Transnational problems, Piracy, Illicit drugs, Demographics, Subic, Japan, Cambodia.
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