Context and Method in Qualitative Research

Author: Gale Miller,Robert Dingwall
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803976321
Category: Social Science
Page: 226
View: 8905
A critical examination of the principles and practice of qualitative research is provided in this book which examines the interplay between context and method, making it invaluable for both the experienced and the beginning researcher. A range of methodological and practical issues central to the concerns of qualitative researchers are addressed. These include: the validity and plausibility of qualitative methods; the problems encountered using specific techniques in a range of social settings; and the moral issues raised in qualitative research. These themes are related to practical issues which are illustrated by a breadth of examples and in-depth case studies. The contributors look at the methods and str

Measurement and Meaning

Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Methods for the Analysis of Poverty and Social Extension in Latin America
Author: Estanislao Gacitúa-Marió,Quentin Wodon
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821350546
Category: Political Science
Page: 88
View: 8519
This yearÂ's Global Economic Prospects argues for reshaping the global architecture of world trade to promote development and poverty reduction. The report focuses on four policy areas: -Using the WTO ministerial to launch a Â"development roundÂ" of trade negotiations that would reduce global trade barriers. -Engaging in global collective action to promote trade outside the negotiating framework of the WTO. -Adopting pro-trade development policies of high-income countries unilaterally. -Enacting new trade reform in developing countries. The report contends that the policies recommended in these four areas would reshape the global trade architecture in a way that would enhance the prospects of developing countries and reduce world poverty. While the most likely scenario is for recovery beginning in 2002, todayÂ's slow growth of global trade and weakening financial flows to all but the most creditworthy countries, has impeded growth in developing countries. Global Economic Prospects 2002 concludes that the long-term promise of well-implemented trade reform is therefore tangible: a world with a much higher standard of living, hundreds of millions lifted out of poverty, and a sharp increase in children living beyond their fifth birthday to become productive citizens of the world.

International development studies

theories and methods in research and practice
Author: Andrew Sumner,Michael A. Tribe
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: 9781412929455
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 176
View: 9209
This book is an exploration of what it is to ‘do' development studies as a distinct discipline. It introduces and addresses the fundamental questions that everyone engaged with development - whether student, researcher, or practitioner. Accessibly written, with extensive use of case study material, this book is an essential primer for students of development studies who require a concise, penetrating overview of its foundations.

Theory and Method in Organization Studies

Paradigms and Choices
Author: Antonio Strati
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761964025
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 233
View: 8611
In this introduction to theory and method, students of organization will find a comprehensive view of the key theories in their field, combined with a toolkit of guidelines linking these to the different methods available for analyzing and interpreting organizational life. Distinguishing `the external society' and the `internal society', Antonio Strati sheds light on the different contexts that shape organizational life and the different levels of analysis that may be used. By showing the many levels at which organizations function and can be understood this book provides an invaluable introduction to analysis and research for advanced students. Recent concepts such as `the organization as hypertext'; `communities of practi

Qualitative Research in the Study of Leadership

Author: Karin Klenke
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0080464106
Category: Science
Page: 454
View: 8468
Although an increasingly growing number of books on qualitative research methods are currently available, there is not a text that examines the use of qualitative research methods in the context of the study of leadership which has produced a voluminous body of research. This book is intended to fill this void. It discusses the use of qualitative research methods in leadership studies beginning with an examination of the paradigmatic assumptions underlying qualitative research. The book chronicles the gradually increasing legitimacy of qualitative inquiry in a discipline in which the hegemony of the quantitative paradigm continues to prevail. A variety of qualitative methods are presented that can be placed on a continuum ranging from purely qualitative (e.g., phenomenology, ethnography, grounded theory) to highly quantitative (e.g., certain forms of content analysis, historiometry and mixed methods designs). The book also includes a chapter on the use nontextual, image-based sources of data for qualitative leadership research. For each of the qualitative methods discussed, empirical leadership research illustrating the application of these methods is reviewed and analyzed. The book is intended for students of leadership ranging from graduate students to seasoned leadership scholars. Finally, it was written with leadership practitioners in mind who wish to broaden their understanding of new developments in leadership research.

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Urban Economies

Author: Peter Karl Kresl,Jaime Sobrino
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857934627
Category: Social Science
Page: 525
View: 2865
'I highly recommend students, teachers and researchers to enjoy reading this set of excellent papers.' – Boris Graizbord, El Colegio de México, Mexico 'It is obvious that cities have long been the focus if analysis by the scholars and practitioners whose writings published in the Kresl-Sobrino Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Urban Economies. The depth and excellence of the numerous topics examined reflects effective networking between the scholars involved, their analyses of approaches, problems and potentials of cities on the numerous continents, and the continuing role of the Global Urban Competitiveness Project in encouraging the development of methodologies and data helpful in understanding the hard and soft determinants of the growth and decline of cities.' – Pierre-Paul Proulx, Université de Montréal, Canada 'This collection of essays provides a rich assortment of methods used to investigate the complex economic, social, environmental, demographic and political systems in cities throughout the world. It gives researchers, lecturers and students a useful taste of the different ways of studying these phenomena in diverse urban settings.' – Ivan Turok, University of Glasgow, UK In this timely Handbook, seventeen renowned contributors from Asia, the Americas and Europe provide chapters that deal with some of the most intriguing and important aspects of research methodologies on cities and urban economies. The Handbook comprises five parts: methodology, continental distinctions, positioning cities, planning for the future, and urban structures. The 'methodologies' section includes interviews, empirical and theoretical approaches whilst 'continental distinctions' offers contributions on China, North America, Europe, Latin America and South Africa. 'Positioning' treats cities in the international context and relates them to economic and administrative spaces whilst 'planning' includes general strategic economic planning, as well as the experience of individual cities. Finally, the 'structures' section refers to contextual and situational aspects of urban development. Providing a comprehensive study of urban development and competitiveness, this Handbook will strongly appeal to students wishing to gain a deeper understanding of research methods in urban economics, urban studies and planning.

Market Research Methodologies: Multi-Method and Qualitative Approaches

Multi-Method and Qualitative Approaches
Author: Takhar-Lail, Amandeep
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466663723
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 5605
Human inquiry has served as the impetus for a number of developments throughout history. Seeking new knowledge about the world around us helps to drive our progress and push us to discover innovative improvements. This drive lends itself to the development of qualitative research. Market Research Methodologies: Multi-Method and Qualitative Approaches brings together innovative techniques and novel designs that aid in the development of multi-method studies and investigations. Focusing on vital concepts such as data validity, triangulation, and reliability, this book is a fundamental reference source for PhD students, graduate students, and academics within the business field who wish to understand how these methods can be employed to extract data from particular environments.

Understanding HIV/AIDS Stigma

A Theoretical and Methodological Analysis
Author: Harriet Deacon
Publisher: HSRC Press
ISBN: 9780796921048
Category: AIDS (Disease)
Page: 104
View: 9448
At a time when alarming numbers of people with HIV/AIDS seek help under cover of darkness, deeply ashamed of their plight, it is crucial to find ways to better comprehend and address the specific nature of stigma around HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. Drawing on a cross-disciplinary, critical review of academic literature on this issue, the authors explore a range of theoretical approaches to conceptualizing stigma. Highlights the theoretical and methodological approaches that are most relevant in southern Africa.

Introduction to Research Methods in Education

Author: Keith F Punch
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 144620541X
Category: Education
Page: 398
View: 8632
Based on the popular Introduction to Social Research Methods, this book offers a highly accessible, clear and engaging introduction to research in education, which has been carefully and extensively developed to fully meet the needs of those studying in education and related fields. Introduction to Research Methods in Education assumes no previous knowledge of the subject, and focuses on helping the reader develop a clear conceptual understanding of the nature of empirical research in education, and of how those ideas lead to, and underlie, the principal research techniques. Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches are covered, along with practical guidance on issues such as how to prepare a research proposal, write a literature review, and analyse different types of data. This book is an ideal introduction to researching in an educational context for students at both undergraduate and postgraduate level and will be a must-have for anyone studying on a research methods course or doing a research project for themselves.

Qualitative Research Methods in Public Relations and Marketing Communications

Author: Christine Daymon,Immy Holloway
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134596081
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 8864
A practical, highly accessible guide for novice researchers conducting qualitative research in public relations and marketing communications, this book guides the reader through all aspects of the research process.

Managing Diversity in Today's Workplace: Strategies for Employees and Employers [4 volumes]

Author: Michele A. Paludi
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313393184
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1008
View: 1519
This four-volume set provides updated empirical research and best practices for understanding and managing workplace diversity in the 21st century, including issues of gender, race, generation, disability, sexual orientation, national origin, and age.

Emerging Economies and Firms in the Global Crisis

Author: Marin Marinov,Svetla Marinova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137277475
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 390
View: 5027
Comprised of chapters that explore the impact of the global crisis on emerging economies and firms and their response to it. The ways in which the leading emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China are dealing with the challenges of the crisis are complemented by the methods applied by countries and firms in Central and Eastern Europe.

Npd in Indigenous Chinese Companies and Its Deployment Within the Chinese Economy

Author: Xiaohuan Zhang
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 158112340X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 272
View: 6885
The thesis aims to examine and explore NPD activities within China and establish whether a Western interpretation of NPD is appropriate to indigenous Chinese companies, engaged in an economy which is entering an era of globalisation. The research is based on ten case studies undertaken within five industrial sectors: lighting (light fabrication), watches (personal consumer products), white goods, automotive and telecommunications. Cases are representative of the differing types of Chinese organisations, and include examples of privately, collectively and state owned enterprises (POEs, COEs and SOEs), together with international joint ventures (IJVs). Conceptual approaches are developed to examine organisational background, NPD culture, technology transfer, NPD coordination, entrepreneurial behaviour, network development and market dynamics within each case study. The units of analysis in the framework reflect three main themes of intra, extra-organisational and strategic issues which are revisited throughout the thesis. The case studies are analysed using a mapping process in which each of the cases is described in terms of its engagement with NPD roles and performance and their correlation with economic development, compared with Western practice. Contingent on this, the thesis identifies a series of assumptions within Western literature, which are evaluated by assessing the case study findings, to establish the transferability of NPD conceptions. In addition, correlations between differing NPD related issues are identified using repertory grid theory detailed in a separate appendix and complementary to the case study analysis. The thesis concludes by proposing models of strategic NPD specific to Chinese organisations, at both intra-organisational, and micro and macro-economic levels; these provide an overview of distinctive NPD performance in indigenous companies, contextualised within the Chinese economy. The implication is that the future development of the Chinese economy will necessitate greater engagement with NPD, albeit in a differing form.

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology

Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods
Author: Donna M. Mertens
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761928058
Category: Education
Page: 507
View: 3167
The Second Edition continues and expands upon the approach that made the first edition an international bestseller. It includes sections and chapters on: the analysis of methodological advances in conducting research in culturally complex communities; coverage of electronic resources now available to researchers and evaluators; an additional emphasis on program evaluation; and, a new chapter on mixed methods research. Each chapter carefully explains a step of the research process from literature review to analysis and reporting. Additionally, sample studies and abstracts are included in each chapter to illustrate the concepts discussed in that section of the book.

Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond

Author: Paul Bramadat,Lorne Dawson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442665408
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 1588
After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, those in London and Madrid, and the arrest of the “Toronto 18,” Canadians have changed how they think about terrorism and security. As governments respond to the potential threat of homegrown radicalism, many observers have become concerned about the impact of those security measures on the minority groups whose lives are “securitized.” In Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond, Paul Bramadat and Lorne Dawson bring together contributors from a wide range of academic disciplines to examine the challenges created by both religious radicalism and the state’s and society’s response to it. This collection takes a critical look at what is known about religious radicalization, how minorities are affected by radicalization from within and securitization from without, and how the public, media, and government are attempting to cope with the dangers of both radicalization and securitization. Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond is an ideal guide to the ongoing debates on how best to respond to radicalization without sacrificing the commitments to multiculturalism and social justice that many Canadians hold dear.

Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods in Marketing

Author: Russell W. Belk
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1847204120
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 608
View: 8822
A rare and much needed compilation of some thought-provoking papers in the area of qualitative research in marketing, this book is a must have for anyone pursuing the discipline of marketing research, scholars intent on the pursuit of qualitative inquiry as well as practising professionals looking for innovative approaches to research. Global Business Review Belk has compiled an exhaustive collection of contributions from scholars and practitioners throughout North America and Europe. . . . This extremely informative volume spans the full array of qualitative research areas. . . . Highly recommended. S.D. Clark, Choice The Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods in Marketing offers both basic and advanced treatments intended to serve academics, students, and marketing research professionals. The 42 chapters begin with a history of qualitative methods in marketing by Sidney Levy and continue with detailed discussions of current thought and practice in: research paradigms such as grounded theory and semiotics research contexts such as advertising and brands data collection methods such as projectives and netnography data analysis methods such as metaphoric and visual analyses presentation topics such as videography and reflexivity applications such as ZMET applied to Broadway plays and depth interviews with executives special issues such as multi-sited ethnography and research on sensitive topics. Authors include leading scholars and practitioners from North America and Europe. They draw on a wealth of experience using well-established as well as emerging qualitative research methods. The result is a thorough, timely, and useful Handbook that will educate, inspire, and serve as standard reference for marketing academics and practitioners alike.

Interfirm Business-to-Business Networks

Theory, Strategy, and Behavior
Author: Roger Baxter,Arch G. Woodside
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1780520255
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 496
View: 2058
The three papers in Volume 17 report new theory and in-depth descriptions of interfirm network behavior. Each paper includes extensive reviews of the relevant literature on interfirm network behavior as well as data analysis using empirical positivistic and/or case study research methods.

Gender in Applied Communication Contexts

Author: Patrice M. Buzzanell,Helen Sterk,Lynn H. Turner
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761928650
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 373
View: 5351
Gender in Applied Communication Contexts explores the intersection and integration of feminist theory as applied to four important areas: organizational communication, health communication, family communication, and instructional communication. This collection of readings links theoretical insights and contributions to pragmatic ways of improving the lives of women and men in a variety of professional and personal situations. Gender in Applied Communication Contexts is recommended for upper-division and graduate-level courses in gender and communication, feminist theory, organizational communication, health communication, instructional communication, and applied communication. This anthology is also recommended as a research resource for scholars in Women’s Studies, Family Studies, and Business and Management.

Using Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research

Author: Thomas W. Lee
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761908074
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 192
View: 1925
Offering a broad description of qualitative research, this book facilitates the integration of qualitative and quantitative methods in organizational research. It examines the methods and tactics for both generating and testing management theories, including guidelines for deciding whether to use qualitative methods and overviews of four specific research designs. It describes how qualitative data is collected and analyzed and when and how to quantitatively analyze qualitative data. The author articulates the critical roles for reliability and validity and in the final chapter offers conclusions and recommendations for writing articles that report qualitative studies.

The Role of Diffusion Processes in Fertility Change in Developing Countries

Author: Committee on Population,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309518881
Category: Social Science
Page: 7
View: 4125
This report summarizes presentations and discussions at the Workshop on the Social Processes Underlying Fertility Change in Developing Countries, organized by the Committee on Population of the National Research Council (NRC) in Washington, D.C., January 29-30, 1998. Fourteen papers were presented at the workshop; they represented both theoretical and empirical perspectives and shed new light on the role that diffusion processes may play in fertility transition. These papers served as the basis for the discussion that is summarized in this report.