Responsible Design in Applied Linguistics Theory and Practice

Whether this 'mediation' (of contrastive analysis) between theory and practice has always been successful, is of course another question. Thus Marckwardt (1965: 242); Smolinski (1985) is sceptical regarding the efficiency of such ...

Author: Albert Weideman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319417318

Category: Education

Page: 239

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No mere history of applied linguistics, this volume presents a framework for interpreting the development of applied linguistics as a discipline. It offers a systematic account of how applied linguistics has developed, articulating the philosophical premises that have informed both its emergence and its subsequent growth. It asks questions that are seldom asked: Where does the discipline derive from? Where is it heading? What directions has it already taken? Which direction should it embrace in future? What is the relative worth of all of the variation in design and methods that have been developed by applied linguists? In defining applied linguistics as a discipline of design, it takes us beyond the diffuse and sometimes contradictory conventional definitions of the field. The framework of design principles it proposes not only helps to explain the historical development of applied linguistics, but also provides a potential justification for solutions to language problems. It presents us with nothing less than an emerging theory of applied linguistics.
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New Approaches to Contrastive Linguistics

2016. Comparative concepts and language-specific categories: Theory and practice. Linguistic Typology 20(2). 377–393. doi:10.1515/lingty-2016-0012. Croft, William & Keith T. Poole. 2008. Inferring universals from grammatical variation: ...

Author: Renata Enghels

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110682588

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 317

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The practice of comparing languages has a long tradition characterized by a cyclic pattern of interest. Its meeting with corpus linguistics in the 1990s has led to a new sub-discipline of corpus-based contrastive studies. The present volume tackles two main challenges that had not yet been fully addressed in the literature, namely an empirical assessment of the nature of the data commonly used in cross-linguistic studies (e.g. translation data versus comparable data), and the development of advanced methods and statistical techniques suitably adapted to contrastive research settings. The papers collected in this volume endeavour to find out what (new) types of data are most useful for what kind of contrastive questions, and which advanced statistical techniques are most suited to deal with the multidimensionality of contrastive research questions. Answers to these questions are provided through the contrastive analysis of various language pairs or groups, and a wide variety of phenomena situated at almost all linguistic levels. In sum, this book provides an update on new methodological and theoretical insights in empirical contrastive linguistics and will stimulate further research within this field.
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Further Insights into Contrastive Analysis

It has been claimed that the goals of theoretical contrastive grammars can only be achieved with the help of ... have not yielded results that are greatly relevant from a language teaching CONTRASTIVE GRAMMAR: THEORY AND PRACTICE ...

Author: Jacek Fisiak

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027277800

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 610

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After a period of crisis in the 1960s, Contrastive Analysis has now regained its firm position, although in a different form and with broader goals. This collection of papers reflects the scope of research and the range of interest of linguists who are involved in contrastive linguistics research. The volume contains 35 contributions by 37 authors from 13 different countries and includes an Index of names and an Index of terms.
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The Routledge Handbook of Translation and Methodology

Similarly, two types of contrastive linguistic approaches can be distinguished (Jaszczolt 1995): language typological ... This led some scholars to question the value of contrastive linguistics for translation theory and practice (e.g. ...

Author: Federico Zanettin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351658096

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 524

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The Routledge Handbook of Translation and Methodology provides a comprehensive overview of methodologies in translation studies, including both well-established and more recent approaches. The Handbook is organised into three sections, the first of which covers methodological issues in the two main paradigms to have emerged from within translation studies, namely skopos theory and descriptive translation studies. The second section covers multidisciplinary perspectives in research methodology and considers their application in translation research. The third section deals with practical and pragmatic methodological issues. Each chapter provides a summary of relevant research, a literature overview, critical issues and topics, recommendations for best practice, and some suggestions for further reading. Bringing together over 30 eminent international scholars from a wide range of disciplinary and geographical backgrounds, this Handbook is essential reading for all students and scholars involved in translation methodology and research.
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Contrasting Languages

The Scope of Contrastive Linguistics Tomasz P. Krzeszowski ... “theoretical contrastive studies”, “classical contrastive studies”, “deeper and deeper contrastive analysis”, “contrastive description”, and quite a few more.

Author: Tomasz P. Krzeszowski

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110860146

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

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TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
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The Ethnography of Communication

of “contrastive” from the theory and practice of contrastive analysis, which was widely used at that time (e.g. Fries 1945; Lado 1957). This theory/ practice called for the comparison of learners' native language and target language, ...

Author: Muriel Saville-Troike

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470758229

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

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The Ethnography of Communication presents the terms and concepts which are essential for discussing how and why language is used and how its use varies in different cultures. Presents the essential terms and concepts introduced and developed by Dell Hymes and others and surveys the most important findings and applications of their work. Draws on insights from social anthropology and psycholinguistics in investigating the patterning of communicative behavior in specific cultural settings. Includes two completely new chapters on contrasts in patterns of communication and on politeness, power, and politics. Incorporates a broad range of examples and illustrations from many languages and cultures for analyzing patterns of communicative phenomena.
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Cross Linguistic Variation in System and Text

Fisiak, Jacek 1990 On the present status of some metatheoretical and theoretical issues in contrastive linguistics, ... Further Insights into Contrastive Analysis, Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp. 3-22. ... Theory and Practice, Pinter, London.

Author: Elke Teich

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110896541

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

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The intuition that translations are somehow different from texts that are not translations has been around for many years, but most of the common linguistic frameworks are not comprehensive enough to account for the wealth and complexity of linguistic phenomena that make a translation a special kind of text. The present book provides a novel methodology for investigating the specific linguistic properties of translations. As this methodology is both corpus-based and driven by a functional theory of language, it is powerful enough to account for the multi-dimensional nature of cross-linguistic variation in translations and cross-lingually comparable texts.
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Language Teaching

Linguistic Theory in Practice Melinda Whong. The shortcomings of the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis as a general theory of language development do not mean that the native language is irrelevant when learning a second language.

Author: Melinda Whong

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748636365

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

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How can theories of language development be understood and applied in your language classroom?By presenting a range of linguistic perspectives from formal to functional to cognitive, this book highlights the relevance of second language acquisition research to the language classroom. Following a brief historical survey of the ways in which language has been viewed, Whong clearly discusses the basic tenets of Chomskyan linguistics, before exploring ten generalisations about second language development in terms of their implications for language teaching. Emphasising the formal generative approach, the book explores well-known language teaching methods, looking at the extent to which linguistic theory is relevant to the different approaches. This is the first textbook to provide an explicit discussion of language teaching from the point of view of formal linguistics.
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Papers and Studies in Contrastive Linguistics

and use in both languages may be useful , and that can be reached through a contrastive analysis of idiomatic expressions of the ... Exeter Linguistic Studies 5 , University of Exeter . ... The theory and practice of translation .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112032900463

Category: Contrastive linguistics

Page:

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Vol. 1 contains papers delivered at the 2d Karpacz Conference on Contrastive Linguistics, 1971.
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Resources in Education

It is argued that only by combining theory and practice in this way can true intercultural empathy be developed . ... Descriptors - College Students , Comparative Analysis , * English ( Second Language ) , Foreign Countries , Higher ...

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Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000006612950

Category: Education

Page:

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