Credibility in Court

This study analyses courtroom communicative practices in the trials of an Italian criminal organisation.

Author: Marco Jacquemet

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521552516

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 324

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This study analyses courtroom communicative practices in the trials of an Italian criminal organisation.
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Vouching

Author: Donna Lee Elm

Publisher: American Bar Association

ISBN: 159031929X

Category: Law

Page: 241

View: 923

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Dimensions of Child Witness Credibility

What factors do jurors consider when judging the credibility of child victim-witnesses?

Author: Carla Abshire

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3838356756

Category:

Page: 240

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What factors do jurors consider when judging the credibility of child victim-witnesses? Do they use the same standards regardless of the age of the child? The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of credibility in relation to juror perceptions of children who are witnesses in cases of sexual abuse. The sample was primarily female and included undergraduate students. A written transcript of testimony used in previous studies was used. Two distinct factors were identified. In-court competence was most relevant to perceptions of the 13- year-old child-victim witness and consisted of believability, credibility, consistency, honesty, confidence, memory, accuracy and misinterpretation. Trustworthiness was most relevant to perceptions of the 5- and 9-year-old child-victim witness and consisted of explanation, suggestion, fantasy, fabrication, revenge and misinterpretation. Different subsets of variables were important for predicting believability and credibility and for discriminating between participants who were certain of defendant guilt. Results are discussed in relation to evidence used to challenge the credibility of witnesses in a court of law.
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Credibility Assessment

Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements.

Author: J.C. Yuille

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401578561

Category: Psychology

Page: 198

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Credibility assessment refers to any attempt to ascertain truthfulness. Other terms which have been used to refer to the assessment of credibility include the detection of deception and lie detection. The term lie detection has become virtually synonymous with the use of the polygraph and can no longer be used to refer to the range of procedures currently employed to assess credibility. Also, both lie detection and the detection of deception have a negative cast which does not fully capture the orientation of current approaches to credibility. Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements. The need or desire to make such an assessment can every human context from marital relations through clinical examinations to police and court interrogations. Examples of the kinds of statements which require credibility assessment are: 1) A child's assertion that she or he has been sexually abused. 2) The claim by a previously suicidal person that he or she has recovered and will not attempt suicide again. 3) The denial of guilt by a suspect in a criminal investigation. 4 ) The confident statement of a witness that he or she is sure in his or her identification of a thief. 5) The vow of loyalty by a potential employee for a security job. It is necessary to assess the credibility of these and similar statements.
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