American Criminal Courts

Legal Process and Social Context
Author: Casey Welch,John Randolph Fuller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 145572811X
Category: Law
Page: 614
View: 1964
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American Criminal Courts: Legal Process and Social Context provides a complete picture of both the theory and day-to-day reality of criminal courts in the United States. The book begins by exploring how democratic processes affect criminal law, the documents that define law, the organizational structure of courts at the federal and state levels, the overlapping authority of the appeals process, and the effect of legal processes such as precedent, jurisdiction, and the underlying philosophies of various types of courts. In practice, criminal courts are staffed by people who represent different perspectives, occupational pressures, and organizational goals. Thus, this book includes chapters on actors in the traditional courtroom workgroup (judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys, etc.) as well as those outside the court who seek to influence it, including advocacy groups, the media, and politicians. It is the interplay between the court's legal processes and the social actors in the courtroom that makes the application of criminal law fascinating. By focusing on the tension between the law and the actors inside of it, American Criminal Courts: Legal Process and Social Context demonstrates how the courts are a product of "law in action" and presents content in a way that enables you to understand not only the "how" of the U.S. criminal court system, but also the "why." Clearly explains both the principles underlying the development of criminal law and the practical reality of the court system in action A complete picture of the criminal justice continuum, including prosecution, defense, judges, juries, sentencing, and pre-trial and appeals processes Feature boxes look at how courts are portrayed in the media; identify landmark due-process cases; illustrate the pros and cons of the courts’ discretionary decision-making; examine procedures and the goals of justice; and highlight the various types of careers available within the criminal courts

Inside the Criminal Courts


Author: David Richard Lynch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781594607448
Category: Law
Page: 347
View: 3452
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Inside the Criminal Courts is an innovative textbook that combines elements of nonfiction with fictional stories based in large part on author David Lynch's experiences as a full-time prosecutor and full-time public defender. Lynch, who holds both a law degree and a PhD in criminal justice, has published numerous articles on the criminal courts in such leading journals as Law & Social Inquiry, Criminal Justice and Behavior, and the Journal of Criminal Justice. He currently teaches in the criminal justice program at Weber State University where he recently won a prestigious teaching award. Inside the Criminal Courts covers all of the usual topics generally associated with a course on the criminal courts, but does so by integrating the essentials into compelling and realistic stories that are enjoyable to read. Students learn important concepts and terms which are embedded in instructive case studies featuring prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, witnesses, defendants, and others. Far from being merely a book on the law, this text takes the reader behind the scenes on a journey into the real world dynamics of criminal courthouse justice. An instructor¿s manual (including a test bank) is available. Topics explored in this book are presented in fifteen chapters as follows: (1) The Education of Lawyers and Judges; (2) A Day in Juvenile Court; (3) Justice Delayed; (4) The Criminal Defense Attorney; (5) The Prosecuting Attorney; (6) The Judge; (7) The Witness; (8) The Steps of Due Process; (9) The Plea Bargain; (10) The Trial, Part I; (11) The Trial, Part II; (12) The Jury Deliberates; (13) Sentencing; (14) The Appeal; (15) Problem-Solving Courts. In this second edition, the author (who has both a law degree and a Ph.D. in criminal justice) has added, among other things, helpful "Questions for Class Discussion" to each chapter and a brand new, provocative final chapter that ties the entire book together.

America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System


Author: David W. Neubauer,Henry F. Fradella
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305446100
Category: Education
Page: 648
View: 6513
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The premier choice for Courts courses for decades, this popular text offers a comprehensive explanation of the courts and the criminal justice system, presented in a streamlined, straightforward manner that appeals to instructors and students alike. Neubauer and Fradella's crisp and clear writing, characterized by the organization of material into brief sections within chapters, ensures that readers gain a firm handle on the material. At the same time, the text's innovative courtroom workhouse model -- which focuses on the interrelationships among the judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney -- brings the courtroom to life. AMERICA'S COURTS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM has long been known for the way it gives students an accurate glimpse of what it is like to work within the American criminal justice system, and the Twelfth Edition is no exception. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Criminal Courts

A Contemporary Perspective
Author: Craig Hemmens,David C. Brody,Cassia Spohn
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506306594
Category: Social Science
Page: 536
View: 2933
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Written by three nationally recognized experts in the field, Criminal Courts: A Contemporary Perspective explores all conventional topics (court structure, courtroom actors, and the trial and appeals process) as well as others seldom covered, such as specialty courts and the goals and functions of the law. Authors Craig Hemmens, David C. Brody, and Cassia Spohn take a comprehensive and accessible approach which allows instructors to cover all of the “standard” material and the option to add selections they consider interesting and relevant to their particular course. This text will provide students with an understanding of the foundational concepts and enable them to hold a detailed discussion about the criminal courts system and the participants involved. Packed with contemporary examples and new pedagogical tools, the Third Edition has been thoroughly revised with the most up-to date content and resources to give students a more comprehensive understanding of the criminal courts system. Additional instructor resources and study tools can be found online at www.sagepub.com/hemmens2e.

Criminal Courts

Structure, Process, and Issues
Author: Gary A. Rabe,Dean J. Champion
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 478
View: 7941
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Boston's Lower Criminal Courts, 1814-1850


Author: Theodore N. Ferdinand
Publisher: University of Delaware Press
ISBN: 9780874134223
Category: Law
Page: 234
View: 8364
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"Boston's antebellum period was a historical watershed in every way. The city's economy was growing dramatically, compulsory education was well underway, the Irish were coming, crime was soaring, and the lower criminal courts were expanding sharply." "A resurgent bar association struggled to professionalize by shifting from the time-honored method of training lawyers via apprenticeships to requiring formal education in law schools. The Municipal Court redefined its mission by adding regulatory disputes to the docket and diverting minor cases into extra-legal channels. As it adopted a proactive stance, the court became a dispute resolution center, the prosecutor learned to manage caseflow closely and to set punishments via plea bargaining, and the court's docket grew tenfold by 1850. Minor regulatory disputes and minor vice were quietly transferred to the Police Court, and its cases more than doubled by 1850. All this took place between 1830 and 1850." "Crime also took several interesting turns. Youthful criminals and wayward children roamed the streets with impunity during the 1830s, and by 1850 they accounted for the major portion of Boston's property losses. Prohibition was a divisive issue, and liquor laws and their violations proliferated. Expanding commerce brought many opportunities for fraud, and it too became a common charge. Public drunkenness and prostitution mounted, and though the much-maligned Irish aggravated many of these problems, they by no means caused Boston's first crime wave." "Antebellum Boston witnessed the birth of the modern criminal court--a high-volume, multipurposed, criminal court using plea bargaining to dispose of the bulk of its cases. As Boston's courts moved to plea bargaining, the court's officers also became more professional, and its formal procedures grew more intricate. These contrary tendencies were unrelated in Boston." "Some might draw from the rapid expansion of Boston's criminal justice system that the community was mounting a puritanical repression of vice and the dangerous classes, but it was not simply a matter of putting immorality down. It was a calling to account of all classes by means of a just legal system that assigned punishment according to guilt. Though the Irish were assailed on all sides, they were treated fairly in the city's legal institutions. Boston's lower criminal courts were a worthy example for the nation as a whole during the antebellum years."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System


Author: David Neubauer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495095400
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 8261
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Open this book and step into America's court system! What's it like to be a judge? A prosecutor? A defense attorney? With Neubauer's best-selling book, you'll find out! This fascinating and well-researched text gives you the sense of being in the courthouse-of what it is like to work in and be a part of the system. This concept of the courthouse players illustrates each person's important role in bringing a case through the court process. Throughout the text, Neubauer highlights not only the pivotal role of the criminal courts within the criminal justice system but also the court's importance and impact on society as a whole. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The International Criminal Court

the making of the Rome Statute : issues, negotiations and results
Author: Roy S. K. Lee
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041112125
Category: Political Science
Page: 657
View: 9382
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Law, Roy S. Lee.

America's courts & the criminal justice system


Author: David W. Neubauer
Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 489
View: 6629
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Open this book and step into America's court system! What's it like to be a judge? A prosecutor? A defense attorney? With Neubauer's best-selling book, you'll find out! This fascinating and well-researched text gives you the sense of being in the courthouse-of what it is like to work in and be a part of the system. This concept of the courthouse "players" illustrates each person's important role in bringing a case through the court process. Throughout the text, Neubauer highlights not only the pivotal role of the criminal courts within the criminal justice system but also the court's importance and impact on society as a whole.

Alternatives to criminal courts

the potential for non-judicial dispute settlement
Author: Tony F. Marshall
Publisher: Gower Pub Co
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 310
View: 5653
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This text surveys the possibility of limiting the business of the criminal courts to only that which is essential for order & justice. Topics include the functions of the criminal justice system, forms of non judicial settlement including private sanctions, community processes, public agencies, diversion form formal justice, & a systematic approach.

Building the International Criminal Court


Author: Benjamin N. Schiff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139470191
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 8716
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The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first and only standing international court capable of prosecuting humanity's worst crimes: genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. It faces huge obstacles. It has no police force; it pursues investigations in areas of tremendous turmoil, conflict, and death; it is charged both with trying suspects and with aiding their victims; and it seeks to combine divergent legal traditions in an entirely new international legal mechanism. International law advocates sought to establish a standing international criminal court for more than 150 years. Other, temporary, single-purpose criminal tribunals, truth commissions, and special courts have come and gone, but the ICC is the only permanent inheritor of the Nuremberg legacy. In Building the International Criminal Court, Oberlin College Professor of Politics Ben Schiff analyzes the International Criminal Court, melding historical perspective, international relations theories, and observers' insights to explain the Court's origins, creation, innovations, dynamics, and operational challenges.

Inside the Criminal Courts


Author: David R. Lynch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781611638233
Category: Criminal courts
Page: 362
View: 5300
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Inside the Criminal Courts is an innovative textbook that combines elements of nonfiction with fictional stories based in large part on author David Lynch's experiences as a full-time prosecutor and full-time public defender. Lynch, who holds both a law degree and a PhD in criminal justice, has published numerous articles on the criminal courts in such leading journals as Law & Social Inquiry, Criminal Justice and Behavior, and the Journal of Criminal Justice. He currently teaches in the criminal justice program at Weber State University where he recently won a prestigious teaching award. Inside the Criminal Courts covers all of the usual topics generally associated with a course on the criminal courts, but does so by integrating the essentials into compelling and realistic stories that are enjoyable to read. Students learn important concepts and terms which are embedded in instructive case studies featuring prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, witnesses, defendants, and others. Far from being merely a book on the law, this text takes the reader behind the scenes on a journey into the real world dynamics of criminal courthouse justice. An instructor's manual (including a test bank) is available. Topics explored in this book are presented in fifteen chapters as follows: (1) The Education of Lawyers and Judges; (2) A Day in Juvenile Court; (3) Justice Delayed; (4) The Criminal Defense Attorney; (5) The Prosecuting Attorney; (6) The Judge; (7) The Witness; (8) The Steps of Due Process; (9) The Plea Bargain; (10) The Trial, Part I; (11) The Trial, Part II; (12) The Jury Deliberates; (13) Sentencing; (14) The Appeal; (15) Problem-Solving Courts. In this second edition, the author (who has both a law degree and a Ph.D. in criminal justice) has added, among other things, helpful ''Questions for Class Discussion'' to each chapter and a brand new, provocative final chapter that ties the entire book together.

Review of the Criminal Courts of England and Wales

Report
Author: Robin Auld,Robin Ernest Auld
Publisher: Stationery Office Books (TSO)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Criminal courts
Page: 686
View: 8477
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This report examines the purpose, structure and working of the criminal courts in the criminal justice system. In particular it considers: re-structuring and improving the composition of the criminal courts and the better matching of courts to cases; introducing a new structure for direction and better management of the criminal justice system; removing work from the criminal process that should not be there; improving preparation for trial and trial procedures and reform of the law of criminal evidence; simplification of the appellate structure. In proposing change attention is paid to the law of human rights and the potential of information technology to re-shape practices. However a central concern is the need to enhance public confidence in the whole system.

Law, Social Science, and the Criminal Courts


Author: Alisa Smith
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 380
View: 5814
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"Readers are introduced to the "law in action" by demonstrating how social science influences the courts and the courts influence society. Readers will be able to critically review court opinions and social science studies that test some of the assumptions relied upon in court decisions. Sociology of law, law and society, and criminal justice students will find this book interesting as it raises questions about the influence of law on society and whether empirical research helps or hinders grounded judicial decision-making."--BOOK JACKET.

Truth Commissions and Criminal Courts


Author: Alison Bisset
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107008034
Category: Law
Page: 205
View: 2626
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A multi-level analysis of truth commissions and courts in the ICC era.

Race on Trial

Black Defendants in Ontario's Criminal Courts, 1858-1958
Author: Barrington Walker
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802096107
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 5910
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While slavery in Canada was abolished in 1834, discrimination remained. Race on Trial contrasts formal legal equality with pervasive patterns of social, legal, and attitudinal inequality in Ontario by documenting the history of black Ontarians who appeared before the criminal courts from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. Using capital case files and the assize records for Kent and Essex counties, areas that had significant black populations because they were termini for the Underground Railroad, Barrington Walker investigates the limits of freedom for Ontario's African Canadians. Through court transcripts, depositions, jail records, Judge's Bench Books, newspapers, and government correspondence, Walker identifies trends in charges and convictions in the Black population. This exploration of the complex and often contradictory web of racial attitudes and the values of white legal elites not only exposes how blackness was articulated in Canadian law but also offers a rare glimpse of black life as experienced in Canada's past.

Jurisprudence of the International Criminal Courts and the European Court of Human Rights

Procedure and Evidence
Author: Vladimir Tochilovsky
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004163387
Category: Law
Page: 912
View: 4569
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The book provides a comprehensive guide to the jurisprudence of the criminal tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Special Court for Sierra Leone, the International Criminal Court, and the European Court of Human Rights on procedural and evidential matters.

The criminal court in action


Author: David Barnard,Peter L. Gray,Paul S. Bogan
Publisher: Lexis Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 365
View: 8419
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Our Criminal Courts


Author: Raymond Moley
Publisher: Ayer Publishing
ISBN: 9780405061813
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 271
View: 4497
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The author examines the administration of criminal law relating to serious offenses. Topics include prelinaries to trial, court rules and machinery, the concept of insanity & the impact of the media on trials.

A Fair Hearing?

Ethnic Minorities in the Criminal Courts
Author: Stephen Shute,Roger G. Hood,Florence Seemungal
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 1528
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This book is based in research which investigated the experiences of ethnic minority, as well as white, defendants and witnesses in the criminal courts. It examines in particular the extent to which black and Asian people who had appeared in both the Crown Court and the magistrates' courts perceived their treatment to have been unfair, whether they believed any unfairness to have been the result of ethnic bias, and whether this had affected their confidence in the criminal courts. The study was carried out by the Oxford Centre for Criminological Research in association with the University of Birmingham for the Lord Chancellor's Department (now the Department for Constitutional Affairs. It involved observations of cases and interviews with more than a thousand people (defendants, witnesses, barristers, solicitors, judges, magistrates and others), and focused on courts in Manchester, Birmingham and London. A Fair Hearing? Ethnic minorities in the criminal courts begins by showing how widely held the belief has been that ethnic minorities are discriminated against by the courts and by other agencies in the criminal justice system. It discusses the factors that contributed to this belief, especially the large over-representation of black people in prison. The main part of the book then looks at the institutional setting in which the research took place, the experience of defendants and witnesses, their views about how they were treated by the criminal courts, and the views of others involved in the court process. Final chapters address the issue of sensitivity to ethnicity on the part of judges, magistrates and lawyers. It shows that attitudes and practices are perceived to have changed for the better and examines what more needs to be done to increase the confidence that members of ethnic minorities have in the fairness of the criminal courts.