Critical Criminology

Issues, Debates, Challenges
Author: Kerry Carrington,Russell Hogg
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1903240697
Category: Law
Page: 286
View: 4352
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This book sets to explore the key issues and future prospects facing critical criminology, bringing together a set of leading authorities in the field from the UK, Australasia and the USA.A key concern of the book is to review the possibilities and strategies of pursuing critical criminological scholarship in the context of an increasingly dominant administrative criminology paradigm, reflected in the rise of neo-liberalism, a 'governmentalised' criminology of risk, crime control and situational crime prevention. The book is organised around two major themes:the first, comprises a set of analytical reflections on the key directions issues and debates in critical criminology over the last three decades; the second considers the possibility of re-envisioning critical criminology in the 21st century, given the challenges posed by critiques of 'rational' western thought and its notion of a universal subject, the impact of globalisation and shifting modes of 'social control' and criminal justice in late modernity.

Criminal Justice Today

An Introductory Text for the 21st Century
Author: Frank Schmalleger
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 0134156307
Category: Social Science
Page: 720
View: 4788
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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. The gold standard for introductory criminal justice texts. Best-selling and time-tested, Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century,continues to lead the field as the gold-standard for introductory criminal justice texts. Its comprehensive coverage focuses on the crime picture in America and on the three traditional elements of the criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections. Building upon the theme of individual freedom versus personal security, it challenges students to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the American justice system as it adapts to the needs of a complex and rapidly changing society. An instructor and student favorite, the Fourteenth Edition continues its tradition of thorough analysis of today’s issues in an easy-to-read format. Criminal Justice Today, 14/e is also available via REVEL™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience. Learn more.

Defining Street Gangs in the 21st Century

Fluid, Mobile, and Transnational Networks
Author: C.E. Prowse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461443075
Category: Social Science
Page: 54
View: 3172
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In contrast to the pattern of long-standing occidental street gangs modelled in the North American paradigm, new-age gangs have appeared as loosely organized, with a high degree of interchangeability of their membership. Associated with this structural fluidity is an equally significant geographic mobility, which paradoxically does not appear to diminish the intensity of personal bonds formed within and between ‘new-age’ gangs. The dimensions of fluidity of gang membership and geographic mobility across police jurisdictions is increasingly seen as the organizational pattern of emerging gangs, in large part shaped by worldwide patterns of human migration and globalization. While the structure of new-age gangs appears as loose-knit, what must be emphasized is that this characteristic is reflective of a criminal network of economic commodity-based ‘turf’ as opposed to a close-knit geographically anchored ‘turf’ that has characterized the prevailing North American (occidental) gang model. This volume illuminates the structure and organization of increasingly emergent, fluid and mobile, new-age gangs within the context of transnational networks. The implications for law enforcement agencies is two-fold: i) the fluidity of new-age gang players challenges investigative techniques that remain predicated on suspect recognition through modus operandi repetition by those involved, and; ii) the movement of new-age gang players across police jurisdictions challenges the sharing of police information. This innovative work will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as related disciplines including Sociology and Anthropology studying gangs and group-organization. It has strong implications for practitioners and professionals working in law enforcement, public policy, or with at-risk youth/young adults.

Criminology Today


Author: Frank Schmalleger
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Criminology
Page: 537
View: 3373
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This is an introduction to American criminology, providing up-to-date real-life accounts to make the subject interesting to students. It details the changing factors involved in white-collar crime, terrorism, high-technology crime, and other forms of crime likely to emerge in the the next century. The study addresses recent social issues and criminological perspectives within a traditional theoretical framework. It compares and contrasts contemporary issues of crime and social order with existing and proposed crime-control policies. Each chapter opens with stories which illustrate the theme within it.

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook


Author: N.A
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412960193
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9558
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Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences
Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412936322
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 8789
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The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.

Criminology in the 21st century

a collection of essays presented to Professor Wouter Buikhuizen
Author: J. Junger-Tas,Irene Sagel-Grande
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 6042
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Criminal Behavior

Theories, Typologies and Criminal Justice
Author: Jacqueline B. Helfgott
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412904870
Category: Social Science
Page: 605
View: 683
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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Place Matters

Criminology for the Twenty-First Century
Author: David Weisburd,John E. Eck,Anthony A. Braga,Cody W. Telep,Breanne Cave,Kate Bowers,Gerben Bruinsma,Charlotte Gill,Elizabeth R. Groff,Julie Hibdon,Joshua C. Hinkle,Shane D. Johnson,Brian Lawton,Cynthia Lum,Jerry H. Ratcliffe,George Rengert,Travis Taniguchi,Sue-Ming Yang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107609495
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 1615
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Over the last two decades, there has been increased interest in the distribution of crime and other antisocial behavior at lower levels of geography. The focus on micro geography and its contribution to the understanding and prevention of crime has been called the 'criminology of place'. It pushes scholars to examine small geographic areas within cities, often as small as addresses or street segments, for their contribution to crime. Here, the authors describe what is known about crime and place, providing the most up-to-date and comprehensive review available. Place Matters shows that the study of criminology of place should be a central focus of criminology in the twenty-first century. It creates a tremendous opportunity for advancing our understanding of crime, and for addressing it. The book brings together eighteen top scholars in criminology and place to provide comprehensive research expanding across different themes.

Canadian Policing in the 21st Century

A Frontline Officer on Challenges and Changes
Author: Robert Chrismas
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773589368
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 7161
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How can police remain effective and vital in an era of unprecedented technological advances, access to information, and the global transformation of crime? Written by a long-serving officer, Canadian Policing in the 21st Century offers a rare look at street-level police work and the hidden culture behind the badge. Robert Chrismas shares experiences from his years of service to highlight areas where police can more effectively enforce laws and improve relations with the communities they serve. He proposes tactics for addressing widespread social issues such as gang and domestic violence and strategies for cooperating in international networks tackling human trafficking, internet-based child exploitation, organized crime, and terrorism. Chrismas stresses how changing demographics related to age, gender and racial diversity, and increased dangers and demands, require intensified training and higher education in policing. He highlights the need for more effective collaborative relationships between police and local, provincial, and federal governments, non-government agencies, and their communities. While the principles and goals of policing remain largely unchanged, police challenges, tools, and strategies have evolved dramatically. Chrismas's vantage point as an officer and a scholar provides an illuminating account of the Canadian justice system, and road-maps to future success.

Human Rights

Twenty First Century Challenges
Author: V.N. Viswanathan (ed. By)
Publisher: Gyan Publishing House
ISBN: 9788178356587
Category: Human rights
Page: 304
View: 6184
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Human Rights which existed as mere theoretical debate during the pre-Second world War have now become a practical goal of many modern Nation-states across the world. Today, the leaders of the world recognized the need to inculcate the indicators of human right protections and pratice as an input for development. The multidimensional aspects of human rights are discussed in this book in a lucid manner with appropriate case studies and examples. Imparting human values and human rights culture in every walk of life is the focal points of this book. The scholars form various discipline has contributed their views and thus made the book as multidisciplinary in its outlook. It addresses the challenges of 21st century with regard to the pratice of human rights in the context of modern development. International, national human rights laws and the institution which executed these laws and the practical limitations are critically dealt in his book. Almost all sub-themes of human rights are critically analyzes with possible suggestion and recommendations for further strengtening the practice of good governance and democracy. This edited volume is useful for human rights activists, political leaders at different levels, lawyers, civil servants, research scholars belonging to various disciplines such as sociology, social work, political science, law, criminology, ethics, and other related social sciences. The value-centric approach of this book on various aspects of human rights issues are the most attracting features. It is certainly the most reliable source book for the contemporary issues of human rights.

Police Leadership and Administration

A 21st-Century Strategic Approach
Author: William F. Walsh,Gennaro F. Vito
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351244418
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 500
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William Walsh and Gennaro Vito have adapted the strategic management process to the police organizational world in this innovative new text, Police Leadership and Administration: A 21st-Century Approach. Focusing principally on the police executive, this book covers pioneering management techniques for leaders facing the challenges of today’s complex environment, providing the police practitioner instruction in planning, setting direction, developing strategy, assessing internal and external environments, creating learning organizations, and managing and evaluating the change process. It also tackles how to handle the political, economic, social, and technical considerations that differ from one community to the next. Police Leadership and Administration trains individuals to search for solutions, rather than relying on old formulas and scientific management principles. It shows how to tailor responses to the unique problems and issues that professionals are likely to face in the field of law enforcement, providing a foundation with which to adapt to an ever-changing criminal justice climate. This book is essential for forward-thinking police leadership courses in colleges and professional training programs.

Justice and Security in the 21st Century

Risks, Rights and the Rule of Law
Author: Barbara Hudson,Synnove Ugelvik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136451021
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 7387
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This book examines the question of whether justice or security is the primary virtue of 21st-century society. The issue of enhancing security without undermining justice – managing risk without undermining the rule of law – has always been problematic. However, recent developments such as new counter-terrorism measures, the expanding scope of criminal law, harsher migration control and an increasingly pronounced concern with public safety, have posed new challenges. The key element of these contemporary challenges is that of membership and exclusion: that is, who is to be included within the community of justice, and against whom is the just community aiming to defend itself? Justice and Security in the 21st Century brings together researchers from various academic disciplines and different countries in order to explore these developments. It attempts to chart the complex landscapes of justice, human rights and the rule of law in an era when such ideals are challenged by increasing demands for efficiency, effectiveness, public safety and security. This edited volume will be of much interest to students of critical legal studies, criminology, critical security studies, human rights, sociology and IR in general.

Biosocial Criminology

New Directions in Theory and Research
Author: Anthony Walsh,Kevin M. Beaver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 285
View: 9688
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Designed to bring criminology into the 21st century by showing how leading criminologists have integrated aspects of the biological sciences into their discipline. This book covers behavior and molecular genetics, epigenetics, evolutionary biology, and neuroscience, and apply them to various correlates of crime such as age, race, and gender.

Policing Across the World

Issues for the Twenty-first Century
Author: R. I. Mawby
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781857284881
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 6455
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This wide-ranging text provides an overview of policing across different societies, and considers the issues facing the US and British police in a wider international context. The book is designed as a coherent introduction to the police.

Crime Reduction and the Law


Author: Kate Moss,MIKE Stephens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134265824
Category: Law
Page: 216
View: 9790
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This innovative and pioneering new book establishes links between crime reduction and the law, uniquely offering a detailed examination of how specific legislation and performance targets aid or undermine attempts at crime reduction. Providing a sustained analysis, this ground-breaking book considers the social policy, politics and legislation that surround and drive the crime reduction agenda. It analyzes: the creation of 'safe environments' through Town and Country Planning legislation the role of local authorities in crime reduction initiatives the nature of drug policy, paedophilia legislation and programs to control mental disorder crime. Bringing together the work of internationally renowned experts in this field, this book will prove very useful to students of criminology and sociology, as well as crime prevention and reduction practitioners, police officers and community safety partnership professionals.

The School Discipline Consensus Report

Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System
Author: CSG Justice Center
Publisher: CSG Justice Center
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7708
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The School Discipline Consensus Report presents a comprehensive set of consensus-based and field-driven recommendations to improve conditions for learning for all students and educators, better support students with behavioral needs, improve police-schools partnerships, and keep students out of the juvenile justice system for minor offenses. More than 100 advisors representing policymakers, school administrators, teachers, behavioral health professionals, police, court leaders, probation officials, juvenile correctional leaders, parents, and youth from across the country helped develop more than two dozen policies and 60 recommendations to keep more students in productive classrooms and out of court rooms.

Crime in the Digital Age

Controlling Telecommunications and Cyberspace Illegalities
Author: Peter N. Grabosky,Russell G. Smith
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412820622
Category: Social Science
Page: 259
View: 2827
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With Crime in the Digital Age, Peter Grabosky and Russell G. Smith offer advice on the criminal opportunities that accompany the latest technological changes in telecommunications.

Criminal Justice


Author: Anthea Hucklesby,Azrini Wahidin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199694966
Category: Law
Page: 372
View: 5253
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Criminal Justice provides a thorough, thought-provoking and critical introduction to the challenges faced by the UK's criminal justice system. A team of high-profile contributors each present a concise overview of their particular field of expertise, detailing key procedures and challenging students to engage with current and topical debates.

Epidemiological Criminology

Theory to Practice
Author: Eve Waltermaurer,Timothy A. Akers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136184910
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 6307
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Epidemiological criminology is an emerging paradigm which explores the public health outcomes associated with engagement in crime and criminal justice. This book engages with this new theory and practice-based discipline drawing on knowledge from criminology, criminal justice, public health, epidemiology, public policy, and law to illustrate how the merging of epidemiology into the field of criminology allows for the work of both disciplines to be more interdisciplinary, evidence-based, enriched and expansive. This book brings together an innovative group of exemplary researchers and practitioners to discuss applications and provide examples of epidemiological criminology. It is divided into three sections; the first explores the integration of epidemiology and criminology through theory and methods, the second section focuses on special populations in epidemiological criminology research and the role of race, ethnicity, age, gender and space as it plays out in health outcomes among offenders and victims of crime, and the final section explores the role policy and practice plays in worsening and improving the health outcomes among those engaged in the criminal justice system. Epidemiological Criminology is the first text to bring together, in one source, the existing interdisciplinary work of academics and professionals that merge the fields of criminology and criminal justice to public health and epidemiology. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of criminology, epidemiology, and public health, as well as clinical psychologists, law and government policy analysts and those working within the criminal justice system.