Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology

Ragnar Rommetveit University of Oslo Let me start this introduction to Professor O'Connell's Critical essays on language use and psychology with some reflections on psychologists and crabs.

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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461238560

Category: Psychology

Page: 351

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Ragnar Rommetveit University of Oslo Let me start this introduction to Professor O'Connell's Critical essays on language use and psychology with some reflections on psychologists and crabs. It so happens that the first professor of psychology in Norway had the middle name Krabbe ("Crab") His full name was Harald Krabbe Schjelderup. Hence, the crab became our symbol for the psychologist. For many years a "crab feast" was held every autumn in Oslo in order to celebrate the material union of crabs and psychologists and ponder (symbolically and metaphorically) their shared fate. A comparison between the predicament of the crab and that of the modern psychologist may indeed be illuminating, once we make certain assumptions about their unique epistemic missions and systematically explore the severe constraints on their heroic search for knowledge. The crab is ordained to unravel the mysteries of the ocean, yet doomed to crawl sidewise on the is most of the time mollusks and bottom. His catch, alas, cadavers of sea creatures, and he cannot help envying the fish swimming freely above him. The psychologist's mission is to unravel the mysteries of His obligation to seek insight into essential the human soul.
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Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology

Ragnar Rommetveit University of Oslo Let me start this introduction to Professor O'Connell's Critical essays on language use and psychology with some reflections on psychologists and crabs.

Author:

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461238579

Category: Psychology

Page: 351

View: 527

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Ragnar Rommetveit University of Oslo Let me start this introduction to Professor O'Connell's Critical essays on language use and psychology with some reflections on psychologists and crabs. It so happens that the first professor of psychology in Norway had the middle name Krabbe ("Crab") His full name was Harald Krabbe Schjelderup. Hence, the crab became our symbol for the psychologist. For many years a "crab feast" was held every autumn in Oslo in order to celebrate the material union of crabs and psychologists and ponder (symbolically and metaphorically) their shared fate. A comparison between the predicament of the crab and that of the modern psychologist may indeed be illuminating, once we make certain assumptions about their unique epistemic missions and systematically explore the severe constraints on their heroic search for knowledge. The crab is ordained to unravel the mysteries of the ocean, yet doomed to crawl sidewise on the is most of the time mollusks and bottom. His catch, alas, cadavers of sea creatures, and he cannot help envying the fish swimming freely above him. The psychologist's mission is to unravel the mysteries of His obligation to seek insight into essential the human soul.
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Human Evolution Language and Mind

A Psychological and Archaeological Inquiry William Noble, Iain Davidson. Nishida , T. 1986. ... Perception and language : Towards a complete ecological psychology . ... Critical essays on language use and psychology .

Author: William Noble

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521576350

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

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Annotation pending.
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Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition

Critical essays on language use and psychology. New York: Springer. O'Connor, N. (1988). Repairs as indicative of interlanguage variation and change. In T. J. Walsh (Ed.), Georgetown University Round Table in Languages and Linguistics ...

Author: Judit Kormos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134814664

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

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This extremely up-to-date book, Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition, is the first volume in the exciting new series, Cognitive Science and Second Language Acquisition. This new volume provides a thorough overview of the field and proposes a new integrative model of how L2 speech is produced. The study of speech production is its own subfield within cognitive science. One of the aims of this new book, as is true of the series, is to make cognitive science theory accessible to second language acquisition. Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition examines how research on second language and bilingual speech production can be grounded in L1 research conducted in cognitive science and in psycholinguistics. Highlighted is a coherent and straightforward introduction to the bilingual lexicon and its role in spoken language performance. Like the rest of the series, Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition is tutorial in style, intended as a supplementary textbook for undergraduates and graduate students in programs of cognitive science, second language acquisition, applied linguistics, and language pedagogy.
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Advanced Language Learning

D. C. (1988) Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology. New York: Springer-Verlag. Qi. D. S. and Lapkin. S. (2001) 'Exploring the role of noticing in a three-stage second language writing task'. journal of Second Language Writing.

Author: Heidi Byrnes

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826443083

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

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Examines the need for advanced levels of language learning from socio-cultural and linguistic perspectives.
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Dialogical Genres

Language and psychology: 19th-century developments outside the [sic!] Germany: A survey. In S. Auroux, E. F. K. Koerner, H.-J. Niederehe, & K. Versteegh (Eds.), History of the language ... Critical essays on language use and psychology.

Author: Daniel C. O'Connell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461435297

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 226

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This work gives a thorough revision of history through a psychological approach to verbal interaction between listeners and speakers. This book offers a large amount of information on the psychology of language and on psycholinguistics, and focuses on a new direction for a psychology of verbal communication. Empirical research includes media interviews, public speeches, and dramatic performances.
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Communicating with One Another

Toward a Psychology of Spontaneous Spoken Discourse Sabine Kowal. Nubling, D. (2001). ... Performance characteristics of poetry: Some cross-linguistic comparisons. Psychological ... Critical essays on language use and psychology.

Author: Sabine Kowal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387776323

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 265

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In contrast to traditional approaches of mainstream psycholinguists, the authors of Communicating with One Another approach spontaneous spoken discourse as a dynamic process, rich with structures, patterns, and rules other than conventional grammar and syntax. Daniel C. O’Connell and Sabine Kowal thoroughly critique mainstream psycholinguistics, proposing instead a shift in theoretical focus from experimentation to field observation, from monologue to dialogue, and from the written to the spoken. They invoke four theoretical principles: intersubjectivity, perspectivity, open-endedness, and verbal integrity. Their analyses of historical and original research raise significant questions about the relationship between spoken and written discourse, particularly with regard to transcription and punctuation. With emphasis on political discourse, media interviews, and dramatic performance, the authors review both familiar and unexplored characteristics of spontaneous spoken communication, including: (1) The speaker’s use of prosody. (2) The functions of interjections. (3) What fillers do for a living. (4) Turn-taking: Smooth and otherwise. (5) Laughter, applause, and booing: from individual listener to collective audience. (6) Pauses, silence, and the art of listening. The paradigm shift proposed in Communicating with One Another will interest and provoke readers concerned about communicative language use – including psycholinguists, sociolinguists, and anthropological linguists.
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Extremely Common Eloquence

Observing and Analysing Natural Language : A Critical Account of Sociolinguistic Method . Oxford : Blackwell . - . 2001. ... Talking Culture : Ethnography and Conversation Analysis . ... Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology .

Author: Ronald K. S. Macaulay

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042017643

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 299

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Extremely Common Eloquence presents a detailed analysis of the narrative and rhetorical skills employed by working-class Scots in talking about important aspects of their lives. The wide range of devices employed by the speakers and the high quality of the examples provide convincing evidence to reject any possible negative evaluation of working-class speech on the basis of details of non-standard pronunciation and grammar. In addition to this display of linguistic accomplishment the examples examined show how these skills are employed to communicate important aspects of Scottish identity and culture. Although the political status of Scotland has fluctuated over the past four hundred years, the sense of Scottish identity has remained strong. Part of that sense of identity comes from a form of speech that remains markedly distinct from that of the dominant neighbour to the south. There are cultural attitudes that indicate a spirit of independence that is consistent with this linguistic difference. The ways in which the speakers in this book express themselves reveal their beliefs in egalitarianism, independence, and the value of hard work. Extremely Common Eloquence demonstrates how the methods of linguistic analysis can be combined with an investigation into cultural values.
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The Handbook of Language Variation and Change

97–120. O'Connell, Daniel (1988). Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology. New York: Springer-Verlag. Rickford, John R. and Faye McNairKnox (1993). Addressee- and topicinfluenced style shift: A quantitative sociolinguistic study.

Author: J. K. Chambers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470756508

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 832

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The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, written by a distinguished international roster of contributors, reflects the vitality and growth of the discipline in its multifaceted pursuits. It is a convenient, hand-held repository of the essential knowledge about the study of language variation and change. Written by internationally recognized experts in the field. Reflects the vitality and growth of the discipline. Discusses the ideas that drive the field and is illustrated with empirical studies. Includes explanatory introductions which set out the boundaries of the field and place each of the chapters into perspective.
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Second Language Attrition in Japanese Contexts

Critical essays on language use and psychology. New York: Springer-Verlag. Odlin, T. (1989). Language transfer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oishi, H. (1986). Scope of interpretation of negation in Japanese.

Author: Lynne Hansen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123043

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 219

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This volume introduces the study of language attrition--the forgetting of language. In this first collection devoted to second language attrition, the contributors focus on contexts of loss where Japanese is either the attriting language, or the replacing language. Bringing together research to substantiate previous hypotheses in the field, this book offers new theoretical and practical insights for those interested in language change.
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Dynamic Assessment

“Interaction” in second language performance assessment: whose performance? ... Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology. New York: Springer. Ohta, A.S. (2001). Second Language Acqisition Processes in the Classroom.

Author: Matthew E. Poehner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387757759

Category: Education

Page: 202

View: 990

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Dynamic Assessment (DA) reconceptualizes classroom interactions by arguing that teaching and assessment should not be distinct undertakings. This book offers a much-needed coherent framework for co-constructing a ZPD with learners in order to simultaneously reveal the full range of their abilities and promote development. DA has a long history in education but it is new to the L2 field. This book provides the first book-length treatment of DA in the language classroom.
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Social Discourse and Moral Judgement

Cognitive psychology. Philadelphia: Lippincott. Moore, T. V. (1948). The driving forces of human nature and their adjustment. New York: Grune & Stratton. O'Connell, D. C. (1988). Critical essays on language use and psychology.

Author: Daniel N. Robinson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080885803

Category: Psychology

Page: 260

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This edited work presents a unique and authoritative look at morality - its development within the individual, its evolution within society, and its place within the law. The contributors represent some of the foremost authorities in these fields, and the book represents a collection of essays presented at a symposium on social constructivism and morality.
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Talk that Counts

Critical essays on language use and psychology. New York: Springer-Verlag. O'Donnell, W. R., and Loreto Todd. 1980. Variety in contemporary English. London: Allen and Unwin. Ong, Walter J. 1982. Oral remembering and narrative structures ...

Author: Ronald K. S. Macaulay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198038757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 236

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Talk That Counts is a sociolinguistic study of variation in discourse employing quantitative methods to explore age, gender, and social class differences in the use of features such as you know, I mean, adverbs, and pronouns. Unlike many studies of discourse variation that focus on a single social factor, Talk That Counts examines age, gender, and social class differences in a gender-balanced sample of middle-class and working-class adolescents and adults, recorded under the same conditions. Differences between adults and adolescents provided the greatest number of statistically significant results, followed by differences between males and females. The smallest number of statistically significant differences were related to social class. The range of variation underlines the need to look at more than a single extra-linguistic variable when examining discourse. It also shows the dangers of generalizing about social class, for example, on the basis of a limited sample (e.g., adolescent boys). In Talk That Counts, distinguished sociolinguist Ronald Macaulay presents an important new approach to the sociolinguistic investigation of discourse variation.
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The Linguistic Individual

In Sally McConnell - Ginet , Ruth Borker , and Nelly Furman , eds . , Women and language in literature and society , pp . 93–110 . New York : Praeger . O'Connell , Daniel C. 1988. Critical essays on language use and psychology .

Author: Barbara Johnstone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195356335

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

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Linguists usually discuss language or dialects in terms of groups of speakers. Believing that patterns can be seen more clearly in the group than the individual, researchers often present group scores with no indication of the variation within the group. Even though linguists acknowledge that no two individuals speak alike, few study individual variation and voice. Barbara Johnstone makes a case for the individual's importance and idiosyncrasies in language and linguistics. Using theoretical arguments and discourse analysis, along with linguistic examples from a variety of speakers and settings, Johnstone illustrates how speakers draw on linguistic models associated with class, ethnicity, gender, and region, among others, to construct an individual voice. In doing so Johnstone shows that certain important questions in sociolinguistics and pragmatics can only be answered with reference to individual speakers. Johnstone's study is important both for the understanding of speech as expressive of self, and for the study of variation and mechanisms of linguistic choice and change.
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Standards and Variation in Urban Speech

Culture and Language Development: Language Acquisition and Language Socialization in a Samoan Village. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. O'Connell, Daniel C. 1988. Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology.

Author: Ronald K. S. Macaulay

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248787

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 201

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Standards and Variation in Urban Speech is an examination and exploration of the aims and methods of sociolinguistic investigation, based on studies of Scottish urban speech. It criticially examines the implications of the notions 'vernacular', 'standard language', 'Received Pronunciation', 'social class', and 'linguistic insecurity'. Through a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods using examples from comedians' jokes, dialect poetry, formal and informal interviews, and personal narratives, the work illustrates the actual norms that speakers exemplify in various ways.
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Cooperating with Written Texts

Text properties are objective; text meaning is not”, (to appear in) Contemporary Psychology. O'Connell, Daniel C. 1988 Critical essays on language use and psychology. New York: Springer. O'Connell, Daniel C.—Sabine Kowal 1983 ...

Author: Dieter Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110881196

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 708

View: 568

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Research in Education

( HOD ) ED 088 061 CS 201 005 Robinson , lan The Survival of English : Essays in Criticism of Language . ... Theoretical Criticism Identifiers— * England This critical examination of the condition of the English language used in Britian ...

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ISBN: UCSC:32106020979628

Category: Education

Page:

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Looking Out Looking In

Journal of Language & Social Psychology, 33, 49–67. ... In K. Dindia & D. J. Canary (Eds.), Sex differences and similarities in communication: Critical essays and empirical investigations of sex and gender in interaction (2nd ed., pp.

Author: Ronald B. Adler

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305855656

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

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A longtime favorite with millions of readers, LOOKING OUT, LOOKING IN, 15th Edition maintains its market-leading tradition of linking the latest research and theory to learners' everyday lives. Its accessible approach motivates readers to learn and apply communication principles in both personal relationships and on the job. Expanded emphasis on social media includes an all-new chapter devoted to the role of mediated communication in interpersonal relationships as well as integrated coverage throughout the book. In addition, diverse examples, new readings, compelling cartoons, lively photos, and popular culture references bring principles to life. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Resources in Education

ED 331 747 ED 329 260 Curriculum Integration : A Critical Analysis of Creating Public Support for Child Care Services . Practical and Conceptual Issues . ED 334 322 ED 334 677 The Creative Use of Psychotherapy with Termi- Curriculum ...

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ISBN: MINN:30000004837641

Category: Education

Page:

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Holland s Guide to Psychoanalytic Psychology and Literature and Psychology

There is an unconscious dimension to everything we think or say, and we can reach it through analysis of the language we use. As you can imagine, this literary critic was very excited.

Author: Norman N. Holland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195362691

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 160

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As psychoanalysis becomes more and more important to literary studies and the accompanying literature bulks larger and larger, students often feel overwhelmed, not knowing where to turn for readings that will open up the subject. Holland's Guide to Psychoanalytic Psychology and Literature-and-Psychology offers an ingenious solution to this problem. It provides concise outlines of all types of psychoanalytic theory and shows how they apply to literary criticism. The outlines point in turn to further, more specific readings--articles, essays, and books--which can then be located by two extensive bibliographies that follow the discussion. These offer materials that range from the earliest Freud to the latest cognitive science and include dozens of bibliographic aids. Holland integrates these suggested readings with lively, detailed comments on various psychologies as they relate to literature. He is thus able to guide students easily to the precise subject they wish to study, be it Jungian criticism, ego psychology, feminist psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic film theory, or interpretation of some specific text. Holland also offers a bracing discussion of reader-response criticism and a lucid guide to the work of Jacques Lacan. A trenchant epilogue defends the psychological approach, suggesting which points in psychoanalytic theory will work for literary critics, and which will not. The only such guidebook for students of psychoanalytic literary theory and literary criticism, Holland's Guide will also prove an invaluable aid for those studying psychoanalysis and psychology.
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