The Cult of the Goddess Pattini

This long-awaited book is the culmination of Gananath Obeyesekere's comprehensive study of the Pattini cult and its historical, sociological, and psychoanalytical role in the culture of South Asia.

Author: Gananath Obeyesekere

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass

ISBN: 9788120802131

Category: Religion

Page: 629

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Pattini-goddess, virgin, wife and mother; folk deity of Sinhala Buddhists and Jains; and assimilated goddess of the Hindu pantheon-has been worshiped in Sri Lanks and South India for fifteen hundred years or more, as she still is today. This long-awaited book is the culmination of Gananath Obeyesekere's comprehensive study of the Pattini cult and its historical, sociological, and psychoanalytical role in the culture of South Asia. A well-known anthropologist and a native of Sri Lanka, Obeyesekere displays his impeccable scholarship and a stunning range of theoretical perspectives in this work, the most detailed analysis of a single religious complex in South Asian ethnography (and possibly in all of anthropology). Since 1955 Obeyesekere has observed and participated in modern performances of the rituals of worship, healing, and propitiation in the Pattini cult, particularly the postharvest ritual known as the gammaduva. He presents detailed texts of the gammaduva, placing them in their historical and mythic traditions. Using the texts, he formulates a cultural analysis of the Buddhist pantheon and a critique of empiricist notions of South Asian historiography. Obeyesekere shows that some seemingly historical figures of South India and Sri Lanka are mythic characters and that their historical significance can best be understood by an anthropological analysis of myth rather than through a reification of myth in history. The concurrent Hindu worship of Pattini with its myths and rituals is described in detail. Obeyesekere documents the Sanskritization of Pattini, the changing physical structures of the goddess's shrines from the 1930s to the present, the assumption by Brahman priests of ritual functions formerly carried out by folk priest, and the sociocultural causes of these changes. He traces, too, the origins and diffusion of the cult throughout its entire history, as well as its survival today. Of psychological interest is the problematic status of Pattini as virgin, wife, and mother and her relationship with her god-husband Palanga and his courtesan Madevi. Obeyesekere discusses the psychodynamics of this relationship in detail and explains its role in Hindu-Buddhist socialization and family structure. Further, he uses this analysis to account for local variations in the performance and structure of the ritual. The ritual of the killing and resurrection of Pattini's husband and her role as mater dolorosa will interest scholars of comparative religion.
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Cult of the Goddess

Mother worship -- Patterns of patronage -- The ritual process -- Religious experience -- The changing complexion of Hinduism -- Symbols of transformation.

Author: James Preston

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: UVA:X000978392

Category: Religion

Page: 109

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Mother worship -- Patterns of patronage -- The ritual process -- Religious experience -- The changing complexion of Hinduism -- Symbols of transformation.
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The Cult of the Goddess Kubjika

This essay is about the goddess Kubjika.

Author: Mark S. G. Dyczkowski

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: STANFORD:36105112582585

Category: History

Page: 84

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This essay is about the goddess Kubjika. The cult of this obscure goddess compared with that of the much better known goddess Kali, and references are occasionally provided to the goddess Tripura. The latter, like Kubjika, figures prominently right from the start of her history in the Sakta Kaula Tantras, the former emerges initially in the Bhairava Tantras but soon becomes a member of the Kaula pantheon. For those interested in Nepalese studies an important common feature of these three goddesses and their ectypes is the central position they have held for several centuries in the esoteric Tantrism of high-caste Hindu Newars as their lineage (kula) deities. Thus the aim of this paper is twofold. One is to present a general overview of some salient features of the typology ot these forms of the sacred. The other is to present a brief introduction to Newar Saktism as the context in which the goddess Kubjika has been worshipped for most of her history. "Mark S. G. Dyczkowski ist es gelungen, mit dieser zun�chst kurz gehaltenen Arbeit eine erste, grundlegende Darstellung des esoterischen Kubijka-Kults vorzulegen�" Indo-Iranian Journal.
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The Cult of Draupadi Volume 2

This is the first volume of a projected three-volume work on the little-known South Indian folk cult of the goddess Draupadi and on the classical epic, the Mahabharata, that the cult brings to life in mythic, ritual, and dramatic forms.

Author: Alf Hiltebeitel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226340473

Category: Religion

Page: 556

View: 774

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This is the first volume of a projected three-volume work on the little-known South Indian folk cult of the goddess Draupadi and on the classical epic, the Mahabharata, that the cult brings to life in mythic, ritual, and dramatic forms. Draupadi, the chief heroine of the Sanskrit Mahabharata, takes on many unexpected guises in her Tamil cult, but her dimensions as a folk goddess remain rooted in a rich interpretive vision of the great epic. By examining the ways that the cult of Draupadi commingles traditions about the goddess and the epic, Alf Hiltebeitel shows the cult to be singularly representative of the inner tensions and working dynamics of popular devotional Hinduism.
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The Cult of the Mother Goddess

This book provides a complete historical overview of the Mother Goddess and her influence. All of the major female goddesses found throughout history are covered.

Author: E. O. James

Publisher:

ISBN: 1585093823

Category: Religion

Page: 302

View: 910

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This book provides a complete historical overview of the Mother Goddess and her influence. All of the major female goddesses found throughout history are covered.
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Historical Studies in the Cult of the Goddess Manas

This Is A Through And Critical Study Of The Cult Of The Goddedd Manasa-A Study Which Throws Valuable Light On Some Features Of The Socio-Cultural History Of The Country.

Author: Pradyot Kumar Maity

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058459655

Category: India

Page: 377

View: 953

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This Is A Through And Critical Study Of The Cult Of The Goddedd Manasa-A Study Which Throws Valuable Light On Some Features Of The Socio-Cultural History Of The Country. The Introduction Deals With The Nature, Importance And Scope Of The Subject, Sources Are Also Discussed.
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The Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel and Judah

An investigation into the evidence for the worhip of Asherah in pre-exilic Israel and Judah.

Author: Judith M. Hadley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521662354

Category: Religion

Page: 262

View: 168

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An investigation into the evidence for the worhip of Asherah in pre-exilic Israel and Judah.
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Cult of Goddess Sitala in Bengal

Field work conducted in southern part of West Bengal and fringe areas of Bihar and Orissa.

Author: Subrata Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015034435126

Category: Folklore

Page: 138

View: 512

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Field work conducted in southern part of West Bengal and fringe areas of Bihar and Orissa.
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The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe

Originally published under the title: God and goddesses of Old Europe, 7000-3500 B.C.

Author: Marija Gimbutas

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520253981

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 854

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Originally published under the title: God and goddesses of Old Europe, 7000-3500 B.C.
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The cult of Draupad

This is the first volume of a projected three-volume work on the little known South Indian folk cult of the goddess Draupadi and on the classical epic, the Mahabharata, that the cult brings to life in mythic, ritual and dramatic forms.

Author: Alf Hiltebeitel

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe

ISBN: 8120810007

Category:

Page: 487

View: 984

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This is the first volume of a projected three-volume work on the little known South Indian folk cult of the goddess Draupadi and on the classical epic, the Mahabharata, that the cult brings to life in mythic, ritual and dramatic forms. It focuses on the Draupadi cult's own double mythology, moving from its storieis about Draupadi's 'primal temple' near the capital of the medieval South Indian Kingdom of Gingee to its version of the Mahabharata war on the North Indian plain of Kuruksetra. Throughout, Hiltebeitel intertwines 'regional' data, gathered from both oral and written sources, with the 'epic', drawn from the cult's own performative traditions as well as from classical versions of the Mahabharata in both Tamil and Sanskrit. He re-examines many issues critical to Indological studies and takes up them while breaking new ground in investigating the further rapport between the Hindu goddess and the Indian epic. Future volumes will treat the rituals of the Draupadi cult and the Mahabharata as seen through a Draupadi cult retrospective. Contents List of Maps, List of Plates, List of Tables, Preface, Acknowledgements, Conventions, PART I: From Gingee: Introduction: Invocatory Songs to Draupadi, 'The Lady Who Resides in Gingee', The Draupadi Cult: Its Historical and Regional Settings, Social Background, Diffusion, Variation, and Change, The Sources of the Gingee Kingdom: The Living River and the Tree of Gold, Myths of the Melacceri Draupadi Temple, Muttal Ravuttan: Draupadi's Muslim Devotee, PART II: To Kuruksetra: The Draupadi Cult's Mahabharata: An Introduction, The Death of Baka: Prelude to the Drama Cycle, Additional Marriages, The two Sabhas: 'The Rajasuya Sacrifice' and 'Dice Match and Disrobing' , Arjuna's Tapas, Draupadi's Forest Exile and the Period in Disguise: Virapancali, Puvalicci, and Kuravanci, Krsna the Messenger, Aravan's Sacrifice, Pormannan's Fight: Pottu Raja at Kuruksetra, Pormannan's Flight: The War Kings Weapons and Their Mythical Sources, Kuruksetra: The Mahabharata War, When Draupadi Walked on fire, Appendix 1: The Lunar Dynasty from its origins to draupadi's Second Advent at Gingee, Appendix 2. An outline History of Gingee, Abbreviations, Bibliography, Index.
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A k aparam cuvari

This analysis of "village goddesses" analyzes the local worship of a specific goddess, Aṅkāḷamman̲, as practiced in different areas of Tamil Nadu.

Author: Eveline Masilamani-Meyer

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015025129027

Category: Aṅkāḷaparamēcuvari (Hindu deity)

Page: 339

View: 797

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This analysis of "village goddesses" analyzes the local worship of a specific goddess, Aṅkāḷamman̲, as practiced in different areas of Tamil Nadu.
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Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean

The papers in this volume derive from the First International Conference on Archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean (Malta, 1985).

Author: Anthony Bonanno

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789060322888

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

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The papers in this volume derive from the First International Conference on Archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean (Malta, 1985). The field remains divided between the view supporting the existence of a universal belief in an all-pervading and all-embracing Mother Goddess – of which the fertility cult is just one, albeit important, aspect – and the view questioning the very bases of that theory. This conference showed that there seems to be a greater disposition for further dialogue. The fertility content in Near Eastern and Classical religions remains indisputable. The conference proved to be also, not accidentally, of special significance to Maltese archaeology. The volume is divided into four sections: Section I. Prehistory; Section II. Prehistory, Malta; Section III. Phoenician and Near Eastern Religions; Section IV. The Greco-Roman World.
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A Goddess in Motion

In short, this book is a fascinating study that sheds light on the role of visual creativity in contemporary religious manifestations.

Author: Roger Canals

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781785336133

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 237

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The current practice of the cult of María Lionza is one of the most important and yet unexplored religious practices in Venezuela. Based on long-term fieldwork, this book explores the role of images and visual culture within the cult. By adopting a relational approach, A Goddess in Motion shows how the innumerable images of this goddess—represented as an Indian, white or mestizo woman—move constantly from objects to bodies, from bodies to dreams, and from the religion domain to the art world. In short, this book is a fascinating study that sheds light on the role of visual creativity in contemporary religious manifestations.
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The Cult of Mother Goddess

Author: V. P. Gupta

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015053387612

Category: Femininity of God

Page: 194

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Presents The Theology, Historical Evolution, Manifestations And Shrines Of The Divine Mother. 7 Chapters-Theology, Down The Ages, Manifestations, Shrines Guide To Devi Temples, Glossary. Bibliography And Index.
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The Indian Mother Goddess

This Study, An Acclaimed Work On The Subject, Correlates The Cult Of Indian Mother Goddess With Similar Cults Found In Different Parts Of The World.

Author: Narendra Nath Bhattacharyya

Publisher: Manohar Publishers and Distributors

ISBN: UOM:39015049693834

Category: Religion

Page: 363

View: 627

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This Study, An Acclaimed Work On The Subject, Correlates The Cult Of Indian Mother Goddess With Similar Cults Found In Different Parts Of The World. It Reveas Intersting Historical Processes Working Behind The Origin And Development Of The Cult. It Further Highlights Its Popularity Among The Masses Specially Among The Lower Order, Its Functional Role In Space And Time And Its Entry Into The So Called Higher Forms Of Religious Systems Of India And Abroad.
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The Lalit Cult

The cult of Lalita is intimately associated with the Sakti cult or the worship of the Divine as Energy in the feminine form. The present book studies the cult of Lalita from a historical point of view.

Author: V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe

ISBN: 812080919X

Category: Hindu cults

Page: 100

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The Lalita Cult has figured and still figures prominently among the countless cults of ancient India. Lalita is looked upon by the Hindus as a divine manifestation of the goddess Durga. The cult of Lalita is intimately associated with the Sakti cult or the worship of the Divine as Energy in the feminine form. The present book studies the cult of Lalita from a historical point of view. Though this study is mainly based on the Lalitopakhayana section of the Brahmanda Purana, an endeavour is made to review other phases of the Sakti cult and its place in Vedic literature, and particularly to examine its philosophical basis. The study also aims to remove certain misconceptions and improved theories which have obscured the true import and value of the Sakti cult.
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Artemis and Her Cult

Artemis and Her Cult provides a first attempt to bring together archaeological and literary sources from two main Artemis sanctuaries, hoping to contribute to a clearer picture of her cult.

Author: Ruth M. Léger

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 1784915505

Category:

Page: 184

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Greek sanctuaries are among the best known archaeological sites in ancient Greece. However, after over 150 years of excavations and research we know surprisingly little about some of their aspects, such as the rituals enacted in the sanctuary, the nature of original local deities and how aspects of their character were assimilated into those of the Olympians, why sanctuaries were established in certain places, and how to determine who the sanctuary was established for when no epigraphical material is present. Artemis and Her Cult provides a first attempt to bring together archaeological and literary sources from two main Artemis sanctuaries, hoping to contribute to a clearer picture of her cult. An account of Artemis' different characters describes her as a mother of gods, a goddess of wilderness, animals and hunt; a goddess of birth, infants and children (and young animals); as well as a goddess of youth and marriage and rites of passage. These descriptions are followed by an up-to-date account of the archaeological record of the sanctuaries of Artemis Orthia at Sparta and Artemis Ephesia at Ephesus. For the comparison the site of Athena Alea at Tegea is examined. The three accounts offer a full study of the architectural development and the range of artifacts made of different materials. The varied character is Artemis are further analyzed by looking at the archaeology relating to the cult and the rites of passage taking place at the sites. The rites of passage are reconstructed by using the literary accounts.
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Bhawani Cult Goddess

Bhawani - Cult Goddess is the story of a young man called Piru, an Indian untouchable.

Author: David Nelson Rager

Publisher:

ISBN: 1733146806

Category: Fiction

Page: 398

View: 604

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Bhawani - Cult Goddess is the story of a young man called Piru, an Indian untouchable. He was born into a society that rejected untouchables except for their value as a "sweeper", a cleaner of floors, toilets, and latrines. As a boy, he listened to the stories of an old man about the goddess Bhawani, the deity of the Thuggee gangs that thrived in India prior to its occupation by the British, who stamped out the gangs and restored civil order. The old man told him that the goddess had been waiting for him. Growing up, he became increasingly aware of the influence of this goddess in his family. He struggled to overcome his caste boundaries and to achieve success as a laborer, an entrepreneur, a businessman, and an educated gentleman, but at the same time became a worshiper of Bhawani and revived the Thuggee Cult. On his life path, he gradually came to realize his real value in life, and who he really was.
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