Cursing the Christians

Drawing on the shifting liturgical texts, polemics, and apologetics concerning the prayer, Langer traces the transformation of the birkat haminim from what functioned without question in the medieval world as a Jewish curse of Christians, ...

Author: Ruth Langer

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780199783175

Category: History

Page: 389

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Ruth Langer offers an in-depth study of the birkat haminim, a Jewish prayer for the removal of those categories of human being who prevent the messianic redemption and the society envisioned for it. In its earliest form, the prayer cursed Christians, apostates to Christianity, sectarians, and enemies of Israel. Drawing on the shifting liturgical texts, polemics, and apologetics concerning the prayer, Langer traces the transformation of the birkat haminim from what functioned without question in the medieval world as a Jewish curse of Christians, through its early modern censorship by Christians, to its modern transformation within the Jewish world into a general petition that God remove evil from the world. Christian censorship played a crucial role in this transformation of the prayer; however, Langer argues that the truest transformation in meaning resulted from Jewish integration into Western culture. Eventually, the prayer shed its references to any specific category of human being and lost its function as a curse. Reconciliation between Jews and Christians today requires both communities to confront a long history of prejudice. Ruth Langer shows through the birkat haminim how the history of one liturgical text chronicled Jewish thinking about Christians over hundreds of years.
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An Explication of the Gospel Theism and the Divinity of the Christian Religion Containing the true account of the system of the universe and of the Christian Trinity etc

832 Of the Christian Religion as it is Book V. pable of this maraxlexòv , this
cannot be thought which is not juris naturalis . ... reasonable to support , the
Prophet Elisha's cursing the Children that that our Saviour's business in bis
Sermon on the ...

Author: Richard Brocklesby

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0025217930

Category:

Page: 1065

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A short view of the Evidences upon which the Christian Religion and the Divine Authority of the Holy Scriptures is established With a defence not only of the usefulness but also the necessity of Divine Revelation against the Author of Christianity as old as the Creation M Tindal

5 innocent Posterity for ever , by cursing the “ Ground , & c . " When the c . is
advanced ; an Answer to it will be found , But as it was never affirmed by
Christians , that the Ground is to bear the Curse for every but on the contrary they
expect a ...

Author: Patrick MIDDLETON

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0023913984

Category:

Page:

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The History of the Christian Church During the First Ten Centuries from Its Full Establishment of the Holy Roman Empire and the Papal Power

Many , who were accused on anonymous information , ' were allowed to clear
themselves by offering incense to the gods of Rome and to the emperor ' s statue
, and by cursing the name of Christ . There were some who at first confessed and
 ...

Author: Philip Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101063614125

Category: Christianity

Page: 618

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History of the Christian Church

... by invoking the gods , by offering incense to the statues of these and of the
emperor , and by cursing the name of Christ . Some , who had at first admitted the
charge , afterwards declared that they had abandoned Christianity three , or even
 ...

Author: James Craigie Robertson

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HWRMHP

Category: Church history

Page:

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History of the Earth s Formation

But the rulers became suspicious of many , for fear they would unite with the
Christians and return to destroy the city . 4 . As soon as the feeling of doubt was
manifested , a man by the name of Saul went about the city cursing the Christians
 ...

Author: M. E. Walrath

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNNLGT

Category: Bible and spiritualism

Page: 633

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Judaism Excelled Or The Tale of a Conversion from Judaism to Christianity

In alarm I started back , cursing the Christian in my heart . There now , thought I ,
that old hag and her daughter are nothing better than witches ; they have told the
preacher of my past week ' s trouble upon this very subject . - - I thought that the ...

Author: Jonas Abraham Davis

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNS81D

Category: Christian converts from Judaism

Page: 283

View: 976

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Publications of the Modern Language Association of America

Therefore , we seem justified in concluding that Lessing intended an attack upon
the Christian religion , but it was the ... cursing the world and God , and swearing
eternal vengeance against all Christians ; how gradually reason began to assert
 ...

Author: Modern Language Association of America

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015048893161

Category: Languages, Modern

Page:

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Vols. for 1921-1969 include annual bibliography, called 1921-1955, American bibliography; 1956-1963, Annual bibliography; 1964-1968, MLA international bibliography.
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The Temperance Reformation and Its Claims Upon the Christian Church

i would be a long and melancholy tale - enough to “ excite the grief and
indignation of every Christian“ if we were to ... of poor helpless widows who
oftentimes go the length “ of cursing the British Government for having intro“
duced this very ...

Author: James Smith (Minister of Tarland.)

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433008129599

Category: Alcoholism

Page: 403

View: 632

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The Christians

The words of the conditional curse have the power in themselves to bring about
the stated consequences in the event of the oath being broken . In order that the
words of the oath - swearer should attain this magical potency , there follows the
 ...

Author: Peter McKenzie

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:39000004253543

Category: Christianity

Page: 345

View: 274

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The Christian Examiner

The Curse of Ham . 401 of Noah upon his son Ham and his posterity , - from the
slaveholding of the Patriarchs , — from the Mosaic economy , — from the New
Testament , — and from the opinions and practices of Christians . On each of
these ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081670378

Category: Unitarianism

Page:

View: 171

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Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons

A few hours ago some soldiers of the Reserve went through the Christian quarter
of Aleppo , loudly cursing the Cross , and calling out to the Christians in the
streets that their wives would soon be violated . The police arrested them . No . 9 .

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:555101248

Category:

Page:

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Against the Christians and Other Writings

How can such return without cursing the author of these evils ? But let the
conduct of this Emperor be such as to deserve praises living and dead ; such as
we know het was who succeeded him ; who had overturned the Persian empire if
 ...

Author: Thomas Taylor

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105126930531

Category: Christianity

Page: 262

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This volume includes Taylor's original volume The Arguments of the Emperor Julian Against the Christians (mainly Against the Galilaeans, but also several extracts of other writings aimed towards reviving Paganism and criticising Christian activities); his small volume Arguments of Celsus, Porphyry and Julian Against the Christians; his Rights of Brutes (a satire on Payne's Rights of Man, and Wollstonecraft's Rights of Women); his Answer to the Supplement of Dr Gillies (a defence of his approach to the translation of Aristotle); his short essay On Critics; all the writings in his two works Miscellanies in Prose and Verse, and Collectanea which have not been included earlier in the Series, and all his writings in the Classical Journal which have not been used earlier in the Series.
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The Kaaterskill Edition of Washington Irving

They were taught to hover CHAPTER XL . round the christian camp ; to harass it
from various THE FATE OF THE CASTLE ... some showered darts and arroivs
from the barbacan , and retired , cursing the strong walls of cliffs of the rocks ,
others ...

Author: Washington Irving

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858021885847

Category: Short stories, American

Page:

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Works

They were taught to hover CHAPTER XL , round the christian camp ; to harass it
from various THE FATE OF THE CASTLE ... some showered darts and arrows
from the barbacan , and retired , cursing the strong walls of cliffs of the rocks ,
others ...

Author: Washington Irving

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435029963709

Category:

Page:

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The Panoplist Or the Christian s Armory

... and wind, thunder, lightning, and every thing that is painful and offensive; and
all this among millions of wretched companions cursing the place, tormenting
one another, and each endeavoring to increase the public and universal misery.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858045578832

Category: Congregational churches

Page:

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History of Rome and the Roman People

From Its Origin to the Establishment of the Christian Empire Victor Duruy John
Pentland Mahaffy ... Cursing the present , they had directed their gaze into the
future , in the only direction by which , as it now seemed to them , this future could
 ...

Author: Victor Duruy

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$C157071

Category: Rome

Page:

View: 118

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