Democracy in Iran

History and the Quest for Liberty
Author: Ali Gheissair,Vali Nasr,Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195396960
Category: History
Page: 214
View: 6090
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Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

QUEST FOR DEMOCRACY IN IRAN C

a century of struggle against authoritarian rule
Author: Fakhreddin AZIMI,Fakhreddin Azimi
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674020367
Category: History
Page: 492
View: 6782
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Democracy in Iran


Author: Misagh Parsa
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674545044
Category: History
Page: 406
View: 2470
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In Misagh Parsa’s view, the outlook for democracy in Iran is stark. Gradual reforms will not be sufficient for real change: the government must fundamentally rethink its commitment to the role of religion in politics and civic life. For Iran to democratize, the options are narrowing to a single path: another revolution.

Islam, Democracy and Religious Modernism in Iran, 1953-2000

From Bāzargān to Soroush
Author: Forough Jahanbakhsh
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004119826
Category: Religion
Page: 201
View: 2113
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This book discusses the general problematic of Islam and democracy and the ideas of certain Iranian religious modernists on the issue. Examining the development of religious intellectualism in post-revolutionary Iran, it presents Abdolkarim Soroush's novel approach to this pertinent topic.

Democracy in Iran


Author: R. Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137330171
Category: Political Science
Page: 109
View: 2753
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Democratic government is something that has eluded Iran despite a series of non-violent revolutions aimed at establishing a system of governance that would promote both public freedom and political accountability. This explores the obstacles to the growth of democracy in Iran and posits a plan for non-violent action to help Iranians achieve it.

Islam and Democracy in Iran

Eshkevari and the Quest for Reform
Author: Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari,Ziba Mir-Hosseini,Richard Tapper
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845111335
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 4891
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Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari is a former revolutionary and reformer who became one of the Islamic Republic's outspoken critics. In presenting a selection of his writings, this book reveals a trajectory of dissent common to Islamic nations and makes a contribution to our understanding of the social and political issues confronting the Muslim world.

Civil Society and Democracy in Iran


Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739172239
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 6768
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The book is focused on the work of Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. All contributors in this volume develop and discuss these issues with an eye on the political evolution of today’s ran. The book will of a great interest to students, specialists and researchers in different fields such as comparative politics, international affairs, Iranian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Drugs, Deviancy and Democracy in Iran

The Interaction of State and Civil Society
Author: Janne Bjerre Christensen
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848856393
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 6428
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Explores the mounting problems of drug use in Iran, how treatment became legalized in 1998, how local NGOs offer methadone treatment in Tehran and face continuous political challenges in doing so, and how drug use is critically discussed in Iranian media and cinema.--From publisher description.

The Road to Democracy in Iran


Author: Akbar Ganji
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262260743
Category: Political Science
Page: 144
View: 8996
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Akbar Ganji, called by some "Iran's most famous dissident," was a member of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. But, troubled by the regime's repressive nature, he became an investigative journalist in the 1990s, writing for Iran's pro-democracy newspapers. Most notably, he traced the murders of dissident intellectuals to Iran's secret service. In 2000 Ganji was arrested, sentenced to six years in prison, and banned from working as a journalist. His eighty-day hunger strike during his last year in prison mobilized the international human rights community. The Road to Democracy in Iran, Ganji's first book in English, demonstrates his lifelong commitment to human rights and democracy. A passionate call for universal human rights and the right to democracy from a Muslim perspective, it lays out the goals and means of Iran's democracy movement, why women's rights trump some interpretations of Islamic law, and how the West can help promote democracy in Iran (he strongly opposes U.S. intervention) and other Islamic countries. Throughout the book Ganji argues consistently for universal rights based on our common humanity (and he believes the world's religions support that idea). But his arguments never veer into abstraction; they are rooted deeply in the realities of life in Islamic countries, and offer a clear picture of the possibilities for and obstacles to improving human rights and promoting democracy in the Muslim world. Since his release from prison in March 2006, Akbar Ganji has been traveling outside Iran, meeting with intellectuals and activists in the international human rights community. He is currently living in the United States."Ganji goes beyond religion, ethnicity, or nationality in recognizing universality of concepts such as democracy and human rights. Thus he brings Iran back to the world, allying himself with democratic elements in his country no matter what their creed, and drawing freely upon the writings of democratic thinkers in the West."--Azar Nafisi, author of Reading Lolita in Tehran

Bis wir frei sind

Mein Kampf für Menschenrechte im Iran
Author: Shirin Ebadi
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492974813
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 304
View: 2147
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Shirin Ebadi, die erste muslimische Friedensnobelpreisträgerin, wurde wegen ihres Engagements für Menschenrechte in ihrem Heimatland jahrelang von der iranischen Regierung bedroht und schikaniert – und verlor dabei alles: ihren Ehemann, ihr Zuhause, ihre Freunde, ihr Hab und Gut. Nur eines konnte man der Menschenrechtsaktivistin nicht nehmen: den Glauben an eine bessere Zukunft und den Willen, für ihre Überzeugungen zu kämpfen. Nun erzählt sie auf bewegende und erschütternde Weise von ihrem unablässigen Kampf für Freiheit und Gerechtigkeit, den sie trotz aller Widrigkeiten auch im Exil unerschrocken fortführt. Nach dem großen Erfolg von »Mein Iran« ist dies der zweite Teil ihrer beeindruckenden Geschichte.

Winds of Change

The Furture of Democracy in Iran
Author: Reza Pahlavi
Publisher: Regnery Publishing
ISBN: 9780895261915
Category: Political Science
Page: 152
View: 464
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Forced to become a normal citizen, the exiled son of the late shah of Iran attempts to provide understanding and direction for his country and its people.

Democracy in Modern Iran

Islam, Culture, and Political Change
Author: Ali Mirsepassi
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814763448
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 4581
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Can Islamic societies embrace democracy? In Democracy in Modern Iran, Ali Mirsepassi maintains that it is in fact possible, demonstrating that Islam is not inherently hostile to the idea of democracy. Rather, he provides new perspective on how such a political and social transformation could take place, arguing that the key to understanding the integration of Islam and democracy lies in concrete social institutions rather than pre-conceived ideas, every day experiences rather than abstract theories. Mirsepassi, an Iranian native, provides a rare inside look into the country, offering a deep understanding of how Islamic countries like Iran and Iraq can and will embrace democracy. This essential volume contributes important insights to current discussions, creating a more complex conception of modernity in the Eastern world and, with it, Mirsepassi offers to a broad Western audience a more accurate, less clichd vision of Iran's political reality. Ali Mirsepassi is Professor of Middle Eastern Studies and Sociology at New York University and author of Intellectual Discourses and Politics of Modernization: Negotiating Modernity in Iran.

Democracy in Muslim Societies

The Asian Experience
Author: Zoya Hasan
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8178299674
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 3398
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Democracy in Muslim Societies: The Asian Experience explores the character of the political transformation and democratic transition in the Asian Muslim world. It asks whether democracy is appropriate and desirable as a political system for non-Western societies, and assesses the extent of actual democratization in each of the countries studied, namely, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey. The book questions the widely held view that the socio-political ethos of Islam as a religion, and of Muslim countries as societal units, prevents Muslims from adopting democracy as a form of government. The contributors argue that this perception comes from post-9/11 studies of Arab states and that non-Arab Muslim populations in Asia and Africa do not fit the same mould. At the same time, it is clear that a single model of democracy cannot work across these six countries because each country has a different history and has tread on a different path in the quest for democracy. Ultimately, this book concludes that there is no fundamental incompatibility between Islam and democracy in the Asian Muslim societies.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können
Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641222915
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 6592
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Nicht ohne meinen Mann

Erinnerungen einer deutschen Frau an ihre Zeit im Iran
Author: Justine Harun-Mahdavi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783938047118
Category: Women
Page: 518
View: 806
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A Guerrilla Odyssey

Modernization, Secularism, Democracy, and Fadai Period of National Liberation in Iran, 1971-1979
Author: Peyman Vahabzadeh
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815651473
Category: History
Page: 289
View: 8692
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Emerging in the early 1970s, the Organization of Iranian People’s Fadai Guerrillas (OIPFG) became one of the most important secular leftist political organizations in Iran. Despite their lasting influence and the way in which their efforts helped shape the history of Iran for decades to come, little is known about the group. A Guerrilla Odyssey presents the first comprehensive examination of the rise and fall of the Fadai urban guerrilla movement in Iran. Drawing on exhaustive analyses of the published and unpublished works of the Fadai Guerrillas, as well as of archival material and interviews with activists, the author demonstrates historically and sociologically the conditions that surrounded the debut and demise of the urban guerrilla warfare that defined Iranian political life in the 1970s. Vahabzadeh offers a critique of various aspects of the Fadai’s theories of national liberation in an attempt to reconsider the painful relationship among modernization, secularism, and democracy in contemporary Iran. In addition, the author makes a compelling case explaining why older revolutionary social movements of the 1960s and 1970s have transformed into the new democratic social movements that emerged from the 1980s onward in the form of today’s women’s, student, and youth movements in Iran. A Guerilla Odyssey is a meticulously researched and engrossing narrative that promises to be a major contribution to the field of Iranian history.

Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies
Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886520
Category: Religion
Page: 310
View: 6699
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Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.

Musaddiq and the Struggle for Power in Iran


Author: Homa Katouzian
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857718126
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 328
View: 1203
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Muhammad Musaddiq was the first of the great charismatic anti-colonial campaigners of the post-war world. As Prime Minister of Iran between 1951 and 1953 he nationalised the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, led the nation's defiant attempt to run its oil industry independently during an economic blockade and attempted to run its oil industry independently during an economic blockade and attempted to strengthen the role of parliament in Iran. Musaddiq's crusade led to conflict with powerful foreign interests and in 1953 the CIA, at British instigation, removed him in a coup d'état which restored the Shah's absolute powers. This book is a full-scale biography of Musaddiq which also charts the history of the Popular Movement from Musaddiq's downfall in 1953 to his death in 1967. Based on all the new material that has emerged from Iran since the revolution, Homa Katouzian's lively study is essential for all students of modern Iran, the Middle East and the politics of the Third World.

Origins of Social Democracy in Modern Iran


Author: Cosroe Chaquèri
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780295980850
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 1475
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This book reconstructs and analyzes the history of left-wing politics in Iran and its Russo-Caucasian origins during the Persian Constitutional Revolution. It is also a history of the formative years of the socialist movement in Iran between the first Russian revolution of 1905, when Iran first felt the organizational influence of Russian Marxism, and the suppression of the Iranian Constitutional regime by Tsarist bayonets in the shadow of British support in 1911. The first study to unravel and reconstruct the decisive role of social democracy in Iran's most important transformation in modern times, this book recovers a vital part of Iran's modern history. Based on research in Iranian, Azeri, Armenian, Georgian, Russian, British, German, French, and American sources, it explains the deep roots and consequences of Iran's Constitutional Revolution and its international character.