Demonic Males

Apes and the Origins of Human Violence
Author: Richard W. Wrangham,Dale Peterson
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780395877432
Category: Nature
Page: 350
View: 4651
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Draws on recent discoveries about human evolution to examine whether violence among men is a product of their primitive heritage, and searches for solutions to the problems of war, rape, and murder

Violence

The Enduring Problem
Author: Alex Alvarez,Ronet Bachman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412916852
Category: Social Science
Page: 346
View: 5143
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Violence comprises a historical and contemporary discussion of the origins, patterns, and causes of violence in society. Through the use of contemporary and historical sources this book explore a variety of individual and collective types of violent crimes. It incorporates a broad interdisciplinary approach to analyzing the patterns and correlates of violence using the most up-to-date research and theories and presents them in a style intended to be accessible to a wide audience of readers.

El niño que volvió del cielo

un relato extraordinario de familia, fe y milagros
Author: Kevin Malarkey,Alex Malarkey
Publisher: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
ISBN: 1414336101
Category: Religion
Page: 246
View: 3230
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En 2004, el autor y sus seis años de edad, hijo, Alex, estaba en un terrible accidente que dejó a Alex paralizado. Cuando Alex se despertó de un coma, no sólo tenía la más grave de sus lesiones de la médula sido curado sin intervención médica, pero tenía una increíble historia que parte de entrar en el cielo y el encuentro con Jesús.

Cómo evolucionaron los humanos


Author: Robert Boyd,Robert Boyd (Ph. D.),Joan B. Silk,Jaume Bertranpetit,David Comas
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788434480681
Category: Science
Page: 644
View: 6778
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Romancing the Novel

Adventure from Scott to Sebald
Author: Margaret Bruzelius
Publisher: Bucknell University Press
ISBN: 9780838756447
Category: Fiction
Page: 285
View: 2937
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Romancing the Novel examines the ways in which romance forms characteristic of "boys' books" as exemplified in the novels of Scott, Dumas, Verne, and Stevenson influence narratives not generally put in the same category, both psychoanalytical accounts of the psyche and novels by authors as diverse as George Eliot, Ursula Le Guin, Joseph Conrad, and W. G. Sebald. Romancing the Novel's reading of adventure tradition should be of interest to scholars of nineteenth- and twentieth-century fiction, popular and children's literature, feminist scholars, and scholars of narrative and prose fiction. In its reading of adventure and the masculine romance, Romancing the Novel returns to the persistent question of genre that underlies criticism of the novel throughout the twentieth century in order to reassert the primacy of romance forms and fictionality.

Man the Hunted

Primates, Predators, and Human Evolution, Expanded Edition
Author: Donna Hart,Robert W. Sussman
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 078672594X
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 742
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Man the Hunted argues that primates, including the earliest members of the human family, have evolved as the prey of any number of predators, including wild cats and dogs, hyenas, snakes, crocodiles, and even birds. The authors' studies of predators on monkeys and apes are supplemented here with the observations of naturalists in the field and revealing interpretations of the fossil record. Eyewitness accounts of the “man the hunted” drama being played out even now give vivid evidence of its prehistoric significance. This provocative view of human evolution suggests that countless adaptations that have allowed our species to survive—from larger brains to speech—stem from a considerably more vulnerable position on the food chain than we might like to imagine. The myth of early humans as fearless hunters dominating the earth obscures our origins as just one of many species that had to be cautious, depend on other group members, communicate danger, and come to terms with being merely one cog in the complex cycle of life. The expanded edition includes a new chapter that describes the ever-increasing evidence of predation on humans and other primates and claims that the earliest humans were neither hunters nor even the accomplished scavengers that many authorities have claimed. Contents Foreword by Ian Tattersall 1. Just Another Item on the Menu 2. Debunking “Man the Hunter” 3. Who's Eating Whom? 4. Lions and Tigers and Bears, Oh My! 5. Coursing Hyenas and Hungry Dogs 6. Missionary Position 7. Terror from the Sky 8. We Weren't Just Waiting Around to be Eaten! 9. Gentle Savage or Bloodthirsty Brute? 10. Man the Hunted 11. The Final Word

Vanishing Coup

The Pattern of World History since 1310
Author: Ivan Perkins
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442222727
Category: History
Page: 374
View: 5535
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This thoughtful and engaging book offers the first extended analysis of coups, a central factor shaping world history and politics. Ivan Perkins introduces a new theory to explain why a military coup or revolution is such an unthinkable prospect in advanced democracies. Focusing especially on the first three coup-free states—the Venetian Republic, Great Britain, and the United States—the book traces the evolutionary origins of political violence and the historical rise of republican government. Perkins concludes with a new explanation for the “democratic peace” and shows why coup-free states form enduring alliances.

Los ángeles que llevamos dentro

El declive de la violencia y sus implicaciones
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Ediciones Paidós
ISBN: 8449334799
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 3594
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En Los ángeles que llevamos dentro, Steven Pinker nos expone las investigaciones que ha llevado a cabo sobre la preponderancia de la violencia a lo largo de la historia. Estas investigaciones le han llevado a concluir que, pese a las guerras actuales, vivimos en una época en la que la violencia ha disminuido enormemente respecto de tiempos pasados. Disfrutamos la paz de la que gozamos ahora porque las generaciones pasadas vivieron atenazadas por la violencia y ello les obligó a esforzarse para ponerle límites, y en el mundo contemporáneo somos nosotros quienes debemos trabajar para ponerle fin. No debemos dejarnos llevar por el optimismo pero, al menos, ahora sabemos que este es un objetivo que está a nuestro alcance.

Typee


Author: Herman Melville,Nelson Luis Sanchez Oliva
Publisher: Ediciones Del Sol
ISBN: 9789509413627
Category: Fiction
Page: 288
View: 3173
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Eating Apes


Author: Dale Peterson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520243323
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 6333
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Details how, with the unprecedented opening of African forests by European and Asian logging companies, the traditional consumption of wild animal meat in Central Africa has suddenly exploded in scope and impact, moving from what was recently a subsistence activity to an enormous and completely unsustainable commercial enterprise. Although the three African great apes account for only about one percent of the commercial bush meat trade, today's rate of slaughter could bring about their extinction in the next few decades. Eating Apes documents the when, where, how, and why of this rapidly accelerating disaster. In bringing the facts of this crisis and these impending extinctions into a single, accessible book, Peterson takes us one step closer to averting one of the most disturbing threats to our closest relatives.--From publisher description.

How War Began


Author: Keith F. Otterbein
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781585443307
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 5092
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Have humans always fought and killed each other, or did they peacefully coexist until states developed? Is war an expression of human nature or an artifact of civilization? Questions about the origin and inherent motivations of warfare have long engaged philosophers, ethicists, anthropologists as they speculate on the nature of human existence. In How War Began, author Keith F. Otterbein draws on primate behavior research, archaeological research, data gathered from the Human Relations Area Files, and a career spent in research and reflection on war to argue for two separate origins. He identifies two types of military organization: one which developed two million years ago at the dawn of humankind, wherever groups of hunters met, and a second which developed some five thousand years ago, in four identifiable regions, when the first states arose and proceeded to embark upon military conquests. In carefully selected detail, Otterbein marshals the evidence for his case that warfare was possible and likely among early Homo sapiens. He argues from analogy with other primates, from Paleolithic rock art depicting wounded humans, and from rare skeletal remains with embedded weapon points to conclude that warfare existed and reached a peak in big game hunting societies. As the big game disappeared, so did warfare—only to reemerge once agricultural societies achieved a degree of political complexity that allowed the development of professional military organizations. Otterbein concludes his survey with an analysis of how despotism in both ancient and modern states spawns warfare. A definitive resource for anthropologists, social scientists and historians, How War Began is written for all who are interested in warfare and individuals who seek to understand the past and the present of humankind.

The Ghosts of Gombe

A True Story of Love and Death in an African Wilderness
Author: Dale Peterson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520969960
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 6026
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On July 12, 1969, Ruth Davis, a young American volunteer at Dr. Jane Goodall’s famous chimpanzee research camp in the Gombe Stream National Park of Tanzania, East Africa, walked out of camp to follow a chimpanzee into the forest. Six days later, her body was found floating in a pool at the base of a high waterfall. With careful detail, The Ghosts of Gombe reveals for the first time the full story of day-to-day life in Goodall’s wilderness camp—the people and the animals, the stresses and excitements, the social conflicts and cultural alignments, and the astonishing friendships that developed between three of the researchers and some of the chimpanzees—during the months preceding that tragic event. Was Ruth’s death an accident? Did she jump? Was she pushed? In an extended act of literary forensics, Goodall biographer Dale Peterson examines how Ruth’s death might have happened and explores some of the painful sequelae that haunted two of the survivors for the rest of their lives.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge
Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135963150
Category: Reference
Page: 2050
View: 8104
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Sex and World Peace


Author: Valerie M. Hudson,Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill,Mary Caprioli,Chad F. Emmett
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520093
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 7864
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Sex and World Peace unsettles a variety of assumptions in political and security discourse, demonstrating that the security of women is a vital factor in the security of the state and its incidence of conflict and war. The authors compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings, supporting their findings with detailed analyses and color maps. Harnessing an immense amount of data, they call attention to discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of those laws, and they note the adverse effects on state security of abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable realities in family law, among other gendered aggressions. The authors find that the treatment of women informs human interaction at all levels of society. Their research challenges conventional definitions of security and democracy and shows that the treatment of gender, played out on the world stage, informs the true clash of civilizations. In terms of resolving these injustices, the authors examine top-down and bottom-up approaches to healing wounds of violence against women, as well as ways to rectify inequalities in family law and the lack of parity in decision-making councils. Emphasizing the importance of an R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women, they mount a solid campaign against women's systemic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.

Closing the Gap

Exploring the History of Gender Relations
Author: Allerd Stikker
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9789053565742
Category: Social Science
Page: 287
View: 4026
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Today’s patriarchal societies have their roots in antiquity, a time when matrilineal societies gradually gave way to ancient civilizations in which men were granted more and more importance and power—and women were made not only subordinate, but also gradually separated from realms of the "male." In Closing the Gap,, Allerd Stikker argues that the male/female duality we still perceive has resulted in a loss of coherence and integrity for all people—and that only the unity and interdependence of the sexes can preserve a sustainable human society on our planet.

Beyond War

The Human Potential for Peace
Author: Douglas P. Fry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199885869
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 6268
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A profoundly heartening view of human nature, Beyond War offers a hopeful prognosis for a future without war. Douglas P. Fry convincingly argues that our ancient ancestors were not innately warlike--and neither are we. He points out that, for perhaps ninety-nine percent of our history, for well over a million years, humans lived in nomadic hunter-and-gatherer groups, egalitarian bands where warfare was a rarity. Drawing on archaeology and fascinating recent fieldwork on hunter-gatherer bands from around the world, Fry debunks the idea that war is ancient and inevitable. For instance, among Aboriginal Australians, warfare was an extreme anomaly. Fry also points out that even today, when war seems ever present, the vast majority of us live peaceful, nonviolent lives. We are not as warlike as we think, and if we can learn from our ancestors, we may be able to move beyond war to provide real justice and security for the world.

Cuando la ciencia nos alcance 2


Author: Shahen Hacyan
Publisher: Fondo de Cultura Economica
ISBN: 6071608317
Category: Science
Page: 165
View: 7153
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El surrealismo de Piedra de sol, entre peras y manzanas nos hace ver los trasfondos en que fue presentada la edición de uno de los poemas más importantes de la lengua española y, en particular, de la literatura mexicana contemporánea, en 1957; con especial atención no sólo al poema en sí mismo, sino haciéndolo dialogar con el contexto en que fue escrito, las influencias que plasma Paz en él, el recibimiento y la polémica que causó su aparición son muestra de un trabajo arduo en que intervinieron Hugo Verani, Enrico Mario Santí, Anthony Stanton y Guillermo Sheridan, por mencionar algunos nombres.

La razón de ser. Meditaciones darwinianas


Author: Carlos CASTRODEZA RUÍZ DE LA CUESTA
Publisher: Editorial UNED
ISBN: 8436266447
Category: Science
Page: 124
View: 7822
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En este ensayo póstumo, Carlos Castrodeza (1945-2012), uno de los mejores filósofos de la biología iberoamericanos, analiza la gestación de la obra de Darwin, mostrando cómo en ella confluyen distintas visiones metafísicas y teológicas sobre la Naturaleza. Castrodeza nos explica cómo Darwin fue articulando gradualmente su concepto de evolución, así como la desigual recepción de sus ideas en Inglaterra, Alemania y Francia. Las dificultades con las que se topó Darwin para aplicar a nuestra especie una visión plenamente naturalista del mundo le sirven a Castrodeza como motivo para reflexionar sobre el legado nihilista del evolucionismo. Pensando, dice, nos distraemos de nuestra muerte. Pero cuando la técnica puede hoy resolver tantas de nuestras preocupaciones para sobrevivir, ¿qué nos queda? Es como si nuestra especie hubiera "salido del mar del instinto a la tierra del pensar. Dadas las circunstancias tecnocientíficas, todo parece como si nuestra vuelta al mar fuera imparable".

Evolution and the Emergent Self

The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature
Author: Raymond L. Neubauer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231521685
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 4499
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Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.

Violencia Social


Author: Armando Campos Santelices
Publisher: EUNED
ISBN: 996831823X
Category: Costa Rica
Page: 351
View: 8495
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