The book is divided into seven chapters. The first discusses general anthropological principles and theories pertaining to human adaptation and development in cold environments. The second outlines the environmental conditions of the specific area under study in the book. The next two chapters focus on Neanderthal finds in the area. The following two chapters discuss the replacement of the local Neanderthal population by the Cro-magnons, and the development of their way of life in the cold Loess Steppe environment. The final chapter summarizes the discussion and is followed by an extremely valuable and extensive bibliography, more than half of which consists of non-English (primarily Russian) sources.
The book is divided into seven chapters.
Author: John F. Hoffecker
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Explores the healing power of harsh landscapes and describes the tradition of seeking spiritual comfort in the wilderness
Feeling lonely, cut off by language from everyone around me, I'd needed to be
completely alone that morning, moving as close as possible to the edge of that
wild and desolate landscape. From the high cliff in the sunlight of dawn I took
Author: Belden C. Lane
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
As the first monk in the desert, Antony became an early Christian superstar, eclipsing his many ascetic predecessors. The introduction of asceticism into the wilderness also represented an encounter between Christian and Hellenistic ideas. For centuries Greeks had considered the uncultivated geography intrinsically primordial, a chaotic place where man struggled to remain human. The wilderness represented an eternal ordeal, where man always faced fierce beasts, disorder, and death, but also where simultaneously he could attain boundless wealth, wisdom, and even physical immortality. Through Athanasius of Alexandria's fourth-century biography of Antony, we learn how the Christian appropriation of Greek ideas on geography, bodies and immortality raised asceticism to an entirely new level. Placed in his uncultivated landscape, Antony became a true martyr, an athlete of God, and a holy man able to retrieve the bodily incorruptibility lost in the Fall, which all Christians could look forward to at the end of times. In this way Athanasius employed a traditional Greek worldview to demonstrate the superiority of Christianity over Paganism, which never promised ordinary people anything but an eternal existence as dead and disembodied souls.
4 ) almost at the coast of the Red Sea – a desolate spot right by where the
Monastery of St . Antony is situated today . Going myself in the footsteps of the
first desert father , I found a barren landscape arid even in January . I reached the
Author: Dag Øistein Endsjø
Publisher: Peter Lang
This study seeks to understand the form of cinematic space referred to as 'the landscape of the mind,' in which natural, outdoor settings serve as outward manifestations of characters' inner subjective states.
Like Relph's association ofthe term “voids” with urban experience, desolate
landscapes wereanalogous tocityscapes. Suchlocales became the places of
infinitespace,yet with thenegative connotation of an inner existential wasteland.
Author: D. Melbye
The complex and influential career of Robert Smithson is presented in a richly illustrated study that also includes essays by Smithson scholars and photographs of his works, exploring his artistic output in the context of the 1960s and in subsequent decades. Simultaneous.
Some of the desolate landscapes described by Smithson in the lncantations
seem to anticipate his later work: On the dim landscape On the desolate
mountain On the parched earth. On the burnt desert. On the dusty ground. On the
Author: Robert Smithson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This substantially expanded edition of Belden C. Lane's Landscapes of the Sacred includes a new introductory chapter that offers three new interpretive models for understanding American sacred space. Lane maintains his approach of interspersing shorter and more personal pieces among full-length essays that explore how Native American, early French and Spanish, Puritan New England, and Catholic Worker traditions has each expressed the connection between spirituality and place.A new section at the end of the book includes three chapters that address methodological issues in the study of spirituality, the symbol-making process of religious experience, and the tension between place and placelessness in Christian spirituality.
But what is it about a place that causes it to be recognized as sacred? Why is one
cave chosen for painting and not another? Why were Puritans drawn to the
desolate landscape of New England winters, when balmier lands lay further
Author: Belden C. Lane
Publisher: JHU Press
The proposed monograph on 'Geomorphological Landscapes of India' will aim to describe and explain in simple words the geomorphological characteristics and the origin of the above-mentioned landforms and landscapes. The proposed monograph will provide the background information about the geology, climate and tectonic framework of the Indian region, as well as cover Indian climates of the present and the past. It will mainly cover the four main morphotectonic regions of India and about 15-20 distinct landforms of the Indian region as well as the major geomorphosites in India.
The Indus Suture Zone (ISZ) which broadly dictates the The barren and desolate
landscape of Ladakh (or Ladhak) is a unique geological laboratory where the
history of the Indian– Eurasian collision is preserved in vivid details. The oldest ...
Author: Vishwas S. Kale
They were the result of the settlers' immediate response to the harsh climate and
the desolate landscape they encountered and tried to improve . They wanted to
create a more comfortable and pleasant environment for the members of the ...
Author: Shmuel Burmil
Category: Collective settlements
In Landscape of the Mind, John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the human mind, drawing on archaeology, history, and the fossil record. He suggests that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools that evolved into the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thoughts as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups became integrated into a "neocortical Internet," or super-brain, giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence of the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher order consciousness, is a product of the superbrain. He equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and created alternative realities through tools, language, and art. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. Subsequent human history reflects to varying degrees the suppression of the mind's creative powers by the rigid hierarchies of nationstates and empires, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged after 1200 from the fragments of the Roman Empire, whose collapse had eliminated a central authority that could thwart innovation. Hoffecker concludes with speculation about the possibility of artificial intelligence and the consequences of a mind liberated from its organic antecedents to exist in an independent, nonbiological form.
Hoffecker, John F. Desolate Landscapes: Ice-Age Settlement of Eastern Europe.
New Bruns- wick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002. ——. “The Eastern
Gravettian 'Kostenki Culture' as an Arctic Adaptation.” Anthropological Papers of
Author: John F. Hoffecker
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Social Science
Summary: "W.G. Sebald, frequently mentioned in the same breath as Franz Kafka and Vladimir Nabokov, is one of the most important European writers of recent decades. He has been lauded by such major cultural commentators as Susan Sontag and Paul Auster, and he has combined wide public appeal with universal critical acclaim. His work is concerned with questions of memory, exile, representation, and, above all else, history. But his approach to history is strikingly different from conventional historiographical writing on the one hand, and from the historical novel on the other. His texts are hybrid in nature, mixing fiction, biography, historiography, travel-writing and memoir, and incorporating numerous photographic images. This volume seeks to respond to the complexities of Sebaldʼs image of history by presenting essays by a team of international scholars, all of whom are acknowledged Sebald experts. It offers a unique and exciting perspective on the dazzling work of one of the major literary figures of our times."--Publisher description.
... by train through desolate landscapes . Michael Braun , for instance , describes
Sebald ' s Die Ringe des Saturn ( 1995 ) as a pilgrimage which always passes
through “ Waste Lands , Wüstungen , verbrannte , verheerte und menschenleere
Author: Anne Fuchs
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
Category: History in literature
That had gone with the dragons?68 The imaginative and mythological
landscapes of paintings and books are not presented as objects of frustrated
desire but as elements that will "awake a hope to live." Austere and desolate
Author: Murray Prosky
Category: Landscapes in literature
This handbook of urban transportation planning presents case studies detailing 40 best practices from 33 states in the U.S. and 19 countries on six continents. Cities around the world have improved transportation options for their citizens. Roadways have seen the addition of walkways and bicycle lanes, and light-rail transit systems have reduced street traffic. These cities have decreased reliance on personal cars and enhanced their urban environments by reducing congestion, pollution, and the number and width of roadways. This volume discusses the dynamic field of urban transportation planning and provides resources for planning professionals and public officials interested in obtaining additional information on the latest trends.
“The English have a great hungerfor desolate places. ... of the Arabian Peninsula
is dominated by images of the desert—camels majestically roaming its endless
horizons and oases miraculously appearing within desolate landscapes.
Author: Roger L. Kemp
Desolation processes in the landscapes of the European Russia in XX century
Gregory A. Isachenko St. Petersburg ... Peculiar features of desolate landscapes
are : The long persistence ( tens and hundreds years generally ) and / or great ...
Author: Ülo Mander
Category: Landscape assessment
Moral Geography traces the development of a moral basis for American expansionism, as Protestant missionaries, using biblical language and metaphors, imaginatively conjoined the cultivation of souls with the cultivation of land and made space sacred. While the political implications of the mapping of American expansion have been much studied, this is the first major study of the close and complex relationship between mapping and missionizing on the American frontier. Moral Geography provides a fresh approach to understanding nineteenth-century Protestant home missions in Ohio's Western Reserve. Through the use of maps, letters, religious tracts, travel narratives, and geographical texts, Amy DeRogatis recovers the struggles of settlers, land surveyors, missionaries, and geographers as they sought to reconcile their hopes and expectations for a Promised Land with the realities of life on the early American frontier.
By the time Dwight signed this cautionary pamphlet, missionary letters and
travelers' accounts painted colorful portraits of the rugged characters and
desolate landscapes of remote parts of western New York and Ohio. Dwight
knew that ...
Author: Amy DeRogatis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
A psychology professor examines what the survivors of the airplane crash hailed “The Miracle of the Andes” can show us about human evolution. On December 21, 1972, sixteen young survivors of Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 were rescued after spending ten weeks stranded at the crash site of their plane, high in the remote Andes Mountains. The incident made international headlines and spawned several best-selling books, fueled partly by the fact that the young men had resorted to cannibalism to survive. Matt Rossano examines this story from an evolutionary perspective, weaving together findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, religion, and cognitive science. During their ordeal, these young men broke “civilized” taboos to fend off starvation and abandoned “civilized” modes of thinking to maintain social unity and individual sanity. Through the power of ritual, the survivors were able to endure severe emotional and physical hardship. Rossano ties their story to our story, seeing in the mortal rituals of this struggle for survival a reflection of what it means to be human. “[Rossano’s] narrative describes a “microcosm of human evolution,” and I think this book will grab the interest of many readers―students as well as the general public―as it teaches essential facts about the way Homo sapiens evolved.”—David Hicks, Stony Brook University and Clare College, Cambridge University “[Rossano] masterfully weaves a moving contemporary drama with a compelling account of the evolutionary history of ritual and religion. An impressive accomplishment and a truly captivating read from start to finish.”—Richard Sosis, University of Connecticut, cofounder and coeditor of Religion, Brain, & Behavior
Desolate landscapes: Ice-Age settlement in Europe. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
University Press. Hoffecker, J. F. (2011). Landscapes of the mind: Human
evolution and the archaeology of thought. New York: Columbia University Press.
Author: Matt J. Rossano
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Arranged by themes including personal terrain, inner visions, and global reckoning, a catalog collects 350 works by an international range of artists creating map-related works of art.
While Robert Long ( see next page ) navigates the most desolate landscapes ,
Alys follows manmade roadways through densely inhabited surroundings ,
embracing serendipity along the way . In each case , the lines he leaves as he
Author: Katharine Harmon
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
What does it mean to live during wartime away from the battle zone? What is it like for citizens to go about daily routines while their country sends soldiers to kill and be killed across the globe? Timely and thought-provoking, War at a Distance considers how those left on the home front register wars and wartime in their everyday lives, particularly when military conflict remains removed from immediate perception, available only through media forms. Looking back over two centuries, Mary Favret locates the origins of modern wartime in the Napoleonic era and describes how global military operations affected the British populace, as the nation's army and navy waged battles far from home for decades. She reveals that the literature and art produced in Britain during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries obsessively cultivated means for feeling as much as understanding such wars, and established forms still relevant today. Favret examines wartime literature and art as varied as meditations on the Iliad, the history of meteorology, landscape painting in India, and popular poetry in newspapers and periodicals; she locates the embedded sense of war and dislocation in works ranging from Austen, Coleridge, and Wordsworth to Woolf, Stevens, and Sebald; and she contemplates how literature provides the public with methods for responding to violent calamities happening elsewhere. Bringing to light Romanticism's legacy in reflections on modern warfare, this book shows that war's absent presence affects home in deep and irrevocable ways.
... it surpasses the unifying spirit of the historical sublime. It nationalizes history
and its audience, and in doing so harnesses the event to an overwhelming,
incontrovertible force. The desolate landscapes of Colebrook and Home are
Author: Mary A. Favret
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
This book is about Susan Howe's poetry from the perspective of space. Howe reshapes cultural configurations of space through her drive to infiltrate interstitial areas of "third" spaces: the silences of history, the margins of the page, the placeless migrants, and the uncharted lands. Nuances, frontiers, thresholds, edges, fuzzinesses, ambiguities, pauses, singularities, margins: these are the spaces where her poetry occurs, places that lie between two states. Rather than absences, therefore, the space of this poetry is a placing of being, of what Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari refer to as becoming. Third space is contested because it must also call itself into question in reimagining itself; in questioning its condition and rethinking itself, it contradicts itself repeatedly, setting up the form of an ever-present yet ever-shifting paradox of selfpresencing. This site is also, however, the place of no frames or boundaries, a place that is all margins and singularities, that site of displacement, where migration is eternal and violence is perennial. Nomadism becomes an emblem in Howe's poetry for the twentieth-century condition as it represents the continual movement through space of the body, that never-ending, always-perpetuated sense of loss of place, but that equally charged coming into being regardless of the space within which that loss/becoming occurs. This book, therefore, includes chapters on multiple conceptual frameworks for configuring space: cartography, geometry, graphic design, sculpture, landscape, perspective, as well as displacement itself. Its purpose is to introduce upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, and academics in the field of poetics to Susan Howe's poetry but also to suggest that mere reading is inadequate to a comprehension of her work; it is equally important to look at her work as a visual artifact that shapes the world around it as it is shaped in turn by its social and historical context. The key term for Howe's poetry, singularity, is emblematic of this approach, for it identifies the particular, but it also focuses on the moment of change of state, a moment neither here nor there, not one thing nor another. It is at this instant of transformation and flux that Howe's poetry, and, therefore, this study, situate themselves, in a third place. This work relies extensively on Susan Howe's manuscript materials housed in the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California, San Diego. It also turns to multiple disciplines, including art history, mathematics, anthropology and philosophy, in order to establish a comprehensive study of poetry and spatial organization systems.
... features of landscape that establish this sense of despair in the nomad:
Barrenness, Vastness (“A desolate landscape,” ... landscape”).2 Howe's po- etry
refers repeatedly to these types of landscapes, particularly as this chapter
Author: Elisabeth W. Joyce
Publisher: Bucknell University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Robert Frost, Elizabeth Bishop, and John Ashbery stand out among major American poets - all three shaped the direction and pushed the boundaries of contemporary poetry on an international scale. Drawing on biography, cultural history, and original archival research, MacArthur shows us that these distinctive poets share one surprisingly central trope in their oeuvres: the Romantic scene of the abandoned house. This book scrutinizes the popular notion of Frost as a deeply rooted New Englander, demonstrates that Frost had an underestimated influence on Bishop - whose preoccupation with houses and dwelling is the obverse of her obsession with travel - and questions dominant, anti-biographical readings of Ashbery as an urban-identified poet. As she reads poems that evoke particular landscapes and houses lost and abandoned by these poets, MacArthur also sketches relevant cultural trends, including patterns of rural de-settlement, the transformation of rural economies from agriculture to tourism, and modern American s increasing mobility and rootlessness.
31–34) The second speaker speculates that the monument may be in the Middle
East, the cradle of European civilization, or in a desolate landscape like Mongolia
; and the monument no longer seems like an art object separate from the ...
Author: M. MacArthur
Category: Literary Criticism
The physical geography of Earth is explained through the systems that shape the planet's lands, waters, and atmosphere. Written in an easy narrative style, each chapter combines text with more than 40 single-concept illustrations. The result is a distinctive design that weaves words and illustrations together into an integrated whole. The presentation is uncluttered to keep students focused on the main themes. An entire chapter is dedicated to climate change, its geographic origins, likely outcomes, and influence on other Earth systems. A distinctive illustration program includes summary diagrams at the end of chapters that recap concepts and reinforce the systems approach. Section summaries within chapters, along with end-of-chapter review points and questions, are provided to highlight key concepts and encourage thoughtful review of the material. The instructor's guidebook highlights the core concepts in each chapter and suggests strategies to advance a systems approach in teaching physical geography.
When the first plants advanced onto land around 400 million years ago they
entered a barren, desolate landscape riddled with erosion. As they spread and
evolved into larger, rooted forms, their influence on landscape systems took on ...
Author: William M. Marsh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press