Devil s Advocate Economics The Other Side of the Stories

Do the rich actually pay MORE than their fair share of taxes? What happens if we tax the rich too much? Devil's Advocate Economics examines these questions and more, inviting readers to think about the other side of the story.

Author: Katherine Davis Butler

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9780359209262

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 82

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With economic and social issues, we all have ideas of what is correct. A closer inspection reveals that things may not be as we thought, and invites questions. The answers may be contrary to prior opinion. Should we strive for fairness and equality, or will doing so create some unintended consequences? Is it possible that people that are viewed negatively -illegal immigrants, big-game hunters, price gougers, and ticket scalpers -create more economic benefits than costs? Is discrimination an oversimplified and over-blamed boogeyman of convenience? Do the rich actually pay MORE than their fair share of taxes? What happens if we tax the rich too much? Devil's Advocate Economics examines these questions and more, inviting readers to think about the other side of the story. The other side may not be the popular or well-publicized result, but the conclusion reached by examining incentives, consequences of policy, data about behavior, and the general well-being of individuals.
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Roots of War

In other words, Thompson had correctly discerned a way for Khrushchev to back down.71 Institutionalizing “Accuracy Advocates” One policy recommendation that flows from these considerations is that leaders include a “devil's advocate” ...

Author: David G. Winter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199355587

Category: History

Page: 440

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Ever since Thucydides pondered reasons for the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, writers, philosophers, and social scientists have tried to identify factors that promote conflict escalation: for example, history (tomorrow's wars are often rooted in yesterday's conflicts), changing balance of power among nations, or domestic political forces. In the end, however, these "causes" are constructed by human beings and involve the memories, emotions, and motives of both the leaders and the led. In July 1914, the long-standing peace of Europe was shattered when the Sarajevo assassinations quickly escalated to World War I. In contrast, at the height of the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis could have easily plunged the world into a thermonuclear world war, but was ultimately peacefully resolved. Why the different outcomes? In Roots of War: Wanting Power, Seeing Threat, Justifying Force, David G. Winter identifies three psychological factors that contributed to the differences in these historical outcomes: the desire for power, exaggerated perception of the opponent's threat, and justification for using military force. Several lines of research establish how these factors lead to escalation and war: comparative archival studies of "war" and "peace" crises, laboratory experiments on threat perception, and surveys of factors leading people to believe that a particular war is "just." The research findings in Roots of War also demonstrate the importance of power in preserving peace through diplomatic interventions, past and present.
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Voucher Privatization with Investment Funds

... on a transitional economy. Since much policy advice has been in favor of voucher privatization with investment funds, this paper could be seen as playing the "devil's advocate" by developing the other side of the argument.

Author: David P. Ellerman

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN:

Category: Capital investments

Page: 12

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May 1998 The most likely outcome of the strategy of voucher privatization with investment funds may be a two-sided grab fest by fund managers and enterprise managers-along with drift, stagnation, and decapitalization of the privatized industrial sector. Common wisdom among post-socialist reformers has been to use voucher investment funds to provide the corporate governance needed to restructure newly privatized enterprises after mass privatization efforts. The idea has been that mass privatization would spread the ownership too wide and make corporate governance difficult. Ellerman examines the likely institutional behavior of voucher funds and the possible effects of their development on a transition economy. Since most policy advice has been in favor of voucher privatization with investment finds, Ellerman can be seen as playing the devil's advocate, but his argument is institutional, not statistical. Policymaking requires insight and foresight into how institutions will tend to function. He concludes that voucher funds will introduce a bias in the economy away from the real industrial sector toward an ersatz financial sector that will have little if any positive financial role but will be well-protected by friendly regulators. One long-term consequence of voucher privatization with investment funds, according to this view, is a de facto industrial policy of real sector decapitalization in favor of short-term rent-seeking by fund managers through board sinecures and lucrative side deals with portfolio companies and through financial market manipulation and paper entrepreneurship in the financial sector. Without strong corporate governance from the funds and without stable ownership of their own, many enterprise managers will exploit the post-socialist version of the separation of ownership and control to grab what they can in the form of salaries, bonuses, perquisites, and side deals. The most likely results of the strategy of voucher privatization with investment funds may be a two-sided grab fest by fund managers and enterprise managers-together with the accompanying drift, stagnation, and decapitalization of the privatized industrial sector. This paper-a product of the Office of the Senior Vice President, Development Economics-is part of a larger effort in the Bank to define policymaking using institutional analysis. The author may be contacted at [email protected]
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Transitions to Capitalism and Democracy in Russia and Central Europe

... development on a transitional economy . Since much Western policy advice has been in favor of voucher privatization with investment funds , my intent is to play " devil's advocate " by developing the other side of the argument .

Author: M. Donald Hancock

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275962148

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

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This collection by 14 American and European experts provides an informed critical assessment of parallel processes of economic and political transformation from orthodox Marxist-Leninist regimes to contrasting forms of market economies and democratic governance in Russia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, and eastern Germany.
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Survival

The Economic Foundations of American National Security Jonathan Lipow ... Rather, a war is won when the other side abandons its narrative, the “story” its soldiers or citizens tell themselves to motivate their resistance.

Author: Jonathan Lipow

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498512992

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

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How should national security concerns alter our perception of what constitutes good economic policy? Survival: The Economic Underpinnings of American National Security introduces principles of national security thinking relevant to public policy, then illustrates application of these principles in a number of policy areas including fiscal policy, healthcare, education, immigration, welfare and poverty abatement, energy, and the environment.
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The Pearson MAT Super Course

Devils can take prey Sacrificing your health and your happiness to earn the nearly three times their size and eat more ... pressures may Canaan and into the desert on the other side . differ somewhat from those under which it evolved .

Author:

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 8131731790

Category:

Page:

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Helping People Help Themselves

Competition and Devil's Advocacy in the Open Learning Model How can a large bureaucratic agency itself advance from the ... someone for sainthood , has a " devil's advocate " ( Advocatus Diaboli ) to state the other side of the story .

Author: David P. Ellerman

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822031321904

Category: Autonomy

Page: 48

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How can an outside party ("helper") assist those attempting to undertake autonomous activities (the "doers") without overriding or undercutting their autonomy? The answers could have implications for the helping agency itsself.
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Mediation Law and Practice

... efficiency and economy spreads. Following is the story of a recent construction mediation . ... Expertise in the subject matter enables a construction mediator to play devil's advocate to each side's positions. Such arole-playing is ...

Author: David Spencer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316582770

Category: Law

Page:

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Mediation Law and Practice gives a thorough account of the practice of mediation from the perspective of the student and practitioner. Divided into two parts, it deals with both the practice of mediation and the law surrounding mediation. Touching on the theory and philosophy behind the practice, it further describes in a theoretical and practical sense the difference between the emerging models of mediation. Mediator qualities are discussed in terms of issues of gender, culture and power. This book examines the important issue of mediation ethics and, taking into account the developing law surrounding the practice, proposes a code of ethics. It looks at the future of mediation in light of the decline in litigation, the rise in regulatory constraints on mediation and the popularity of online mediation. Mediation Law and Practice provides students and practitioners with the complete text on the practice and law surrounding mediation.
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Organizational Participation

Playing the Devil's Advocate : Limits to Influence Sharing in Theory and Practice Playing the devil's advocate ... in particular resistance to change , dependency needs , inauthentic participation , and some aspects of economic theory .

Author: Frank Heller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191660085

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

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Team-working, partnership, quality circles, works councils, industrial democracy, empowerment - are they distinct and innovative arrangements or is it a case of new wine in old bottles? In the post war period we have seen numerous forms of organizational participation sometimes as experiments, sometimes as negotiated expediency, and sometimes as hype. Different ideas have emerged from different parts of the world, in different industries, at different times with different objectives. In this book four experienced international analysts take the longer view and look at the changing forms of - and changing debates around - orgnaizational participation. The review an extensive literature of experiments and practical experiences through a critical evaluation of the available data to reach balanced conclusions about the importance and utility of this concept for organizations now and in the future.
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Building the Devil s Empire

Jacqueline S. Olin and others, "Compositional Analysis of Glazed Earthenwares from Eighteenth-Century Sites on the ... white Creole elite called B^kes were also the most vocal advocates for independence from France, on economic grounds.

Author: Shannon Lee Dawdy

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226138435

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

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Building the Devil’s Empire is the first comprehensive history of New Orleans’s early years, tracing the town’s development from its origins in 1718 to its revolt against Spanish rule in 1768. Shannon Lee Dawdy’s picaresque account of New Orleans’s wild youth features a cast of strong-willed captives, thin-skinned nobles, sharp-tongued women, and carousing travelers. But she also widens her lens to reveal the port city’s global significance, examining its role in the French Empire and the Caribbean, and she concludes that by exemplifying a kind of rogue colonialism—where governments, outlaws, and capitalism become entwined—New Orleans should prompt us to reconsider our notions of how colonialism works. "[A] penetrating study of the colony's founding."—Nation “A brilliant and spirited reinterpretation of the emergence of French New Orleans. Dawdy leads us deep into the daily life of the city, and along the many paths that connected it to France, the North American interior, and the Greater Caribbean. A major contribution to our understanding of the history of the Americas and of the French Atlantic, the work is also a model of interdisciplinary research and analysis, skillfully bringing together archival research, archaeology, and literary analysis.”—Laurent Dubois, Duke University
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Public Relations Theory

Are publics sometimes more interested in calling attention to themselves, playing devil's advocate, and building support ... On the other side, TruthLand and FrackNation represent groups with a vested interest in natural gas production, ...

Author: Jae-Hwa Shin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119712961

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

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Explore a wide range of theoretical frameworks and themes for public relations in this comprehensive and authoritative work Public Relations Theory: Capabilities and Competencies is a comprehensive overview of the major theoretical perspectives in public relations, considering the evolution, diversification and merger of approaches that have been spurred by rapid changes in society, cultural boundaries, technology, and media environments. Authors Jae-Hwa Shin and Robert Heath explain both organizational and social theories of public relations, including cases and challenges to help students bring theory and research to bear on solving the daily challenges of public relations practice. Rather than advocate in favor of a particular theoretical view or position, Public Relations Theory: Capabilities and Competencies covers a broad range of theoretical perspectives and themes in public relations, including: An examination of excellence theory, contingency theory, rhetorical theory, and critical theory as these perspectives apply to public relations Issues management, crisis management, risk management and conflict management with respect to public relations Combining theory and practice for conceptualization and strategic execution of robust public relations programs and campaigns The importance of public relations ethics to serve the public good How to define “the public” or “relationships” in the field of public relations The book closes with discussion of emerging topics and the recent transformation of public relations theory to take diversity, technology, and global identity into account and offers insight into future direction. This book is perfect for upper level undergraduate and graduate students of public relations in journalism and communication. It will also be useful for public relations practitioners who hope to improve their understanding of the theoretical background and principles of their work and serve as an excellent reference for doctoral students and researchers in the area.
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Presidential Power

It was a story with two sides: “the economic success and the political failure,” according to Skowronek.14 Yet, to play devil's advocate, I might also reverse that formula: economic difficulty but political success.

Author: John P. Burke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429972904

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

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Presidential power is perhaps one of the most central issues in the study of the American presidency. Since Richard E. Neustadt's classic study, first published in 1960, there has not been a book that thoroughly examines the issue of presidential power. Presidential Power: Theories and Dilemmas by noted scholar John P. Burke provides an updated and comprehensive look at the issues, constraints, and exercise of presidential power. This book considers the enduring question of how presidents can effectively exercise power within our system of shared powers by examining major tools and theories of presidential power, including Neustadt's theory of persuasion and bargaining as power, constitutional and inherent powers, Samuel Kernell's theory of going public, models of historical time, and the notion of internal time. Using illustrative examples from historical and contemporary presidencies, Burke helps students and scholars better understand how presidents can manage the public's expectations, navigate presidential-congressional relations, and exercise influence in order to achieve their policy goals.
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Oil Power and War

A Dark History Matthieu Auzanneau ... the average tax levied on the five major American oil companies did not equate to even 5 percent of their income.45 Was the champion of neoliberalism the devil's advocate, or the courtjester?

Author: Matthieu Auzanneau

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 9781603587433

Category: Petroleum industry and trade

Page: 672

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"Oil, Power, and War is a sweeping, unabashed history of oil, told by French journalist Matthieu Auzanneau. It provides a detailed account of the people and events that drove the oil industry from its earliest days, and takes a critical look at the way oil interests have commandeered politics and economies, changed cultures, disrupted power balances across the globe, and spawned wars. The author exposes the greed and reckless behavior--by a long line of characters from John D. Rockefeller to Dick Cheney--that moved oil along its destructive, unsustainable path, from its heyday when the first oil wells were drilled to the quest for new sources as old ones dried up. The author traces the rise of the Seven Sisters and other oil cartels, and follows the thread of oil through the crises that have shaped our times: two world wars, the Cold War, the Great Depression and the 2008 financial crash, oil shocks, wars in the Middle East, the race for Africa's oil riches, and more. We learn lesser-known stories, too, like how New York City taxes were once funneled directly to banks run by oil barons, after the city was about to default on its debt. And we gain new perspective on the central role of oil in military conflicts over the past 100 years. Now that there is much less oil available, Auzanneau looks to the future and warns that even greater conflict may arise"--
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Facilitating the Integration of Learning

Placing these perspectives of offenders and victims together challenges students to make connections, and consider how two or more sides of the story intertwine. A skilled educator can play devil's advocate in a discussion or activity, ...

Author: James P. Barber

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781620367506

Category: Education

Page: 168

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Students’ ability to integrate learning across contexts is a critical outcome for higher education. Often the most powerful learning experiences that students report from their college years are those that prompt integration of learning, yet it remains an outcome that few educators explicitly work towards or specify as a course objective. Given that students will be more successful in college (and in life) if they can integrate their learning, James Barber offers a guide for college educators on how to promote students’ integration of learning, and help them connect knowledge and insights across contexts, whether in-class or out-of-class, in co-curricular activities, or across courses and disciplinary boundaries. The opening chapters lay the foundation for the book, defining what integration of learning is, how to promote it and students’ capacities for reflection; and introduce the author’s research-based Integration of Learning (IOL) model. The second section of the book provides practical, real-world strategies for facilitating integration of learning that college educators can use right away in multiple learning contexts. James Barber describes practices that readers can integrate as appropriate in their classes or activities, under chapters respectively devoted to Mentoring, Writing as Praxis, Juxtaposition, Hands-On Experiences, and Diversity and Identity. The author concludes by outlining how to apply IOL to a multiplicity of settings, such as a major, a single course, programming for a student organization, or other co-curricular experience; as well as offering guidance on assessing and documenting students’ mastery of this outcome. This book is addressed to a wide range of educators engaged with college student learning, from faculty to student affairs administrators, athletic coaches, internship supervisors, or anyone concerned with student development.
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Human Sciences and Human Interests

From the other side, the eminent sociologist Collins reveals his a priori rejection of the evolutionary approach: 'I am ... the strongest arguments which the most skilful devil's advocate can conjure up ... and consequently they do not, ...

Author: Mikael Klintman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317484189

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 204

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Within the disciplines of social, economic, and evolutionary science, a proud ignorance can often be found of the other areas’ approaches. This text provides a novel intellectual basis for breaking this trend. Certainly, Human Sciences and Human Interests aspires to open a broad debate about what scholars in the different human sciences assume, imply or explicitly claim with regard to human interests. Mikael Klintman draws the reader to the core of human sciences - how they conceive human interests, as well as how interests embedded within each discipline relate to its claims and recommendations. Moreover, by comparing theories as well as concrete examples of research on health and environment through the lenses of social, economic and evolutionary sciences, Klintman outlines an integrative framework for how human interests could be better analysed across all human sciences. This fast-paced and modern contribution to the field is a necessary tool for developing any human scientist’s ability to address multidimensional problems within a rapidly changing society. Avoiding dogmatic reasoning, this interdisciplinary text offers new insights and will be especially relevant to scholars and advanced students within the aforementioned disciplines, as well as those within the fields of social work, social policy, political science and other neighbouring disciplines.
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West Side Stories

He switched into devil's advocacy. “Besides, histori— cally there is no such thing as the Palestinian people. ... Most of them were landless Arab peasants who migrated to Palestine after Jewish settlers created economic opportunities ...

Author: Michael Lieberman

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595344253

Category: Fiction

Page: 436

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On the roof of Gusta Katz's tower on Manhattan's Upper West Side the tenants are gathered for a holiday meal. It is autumn 1993. Each has a story to tell. Calev 'Charlie' Levine cannot go home. What caused Martin Sommers' engagement to implode? Will Toby Kassman give in to forbidden passion? What will Sam Geffen learn from his guest from hell? What long-held secret will Leslie Aronowitz's mother reveal after her death? Tales of conflict and love; of family discovery, dating, marriage, dysfunctional relationships, escape from and return to religion. From a shocking holocaust revelation to a tale of revenge, someone will still be affected by the residue of long past mistakes. Someone from mistakes made just yesterday. In West Side Stories Michael Lieberman delves deep into the heart of modern Orthodox Jewish New York in a work that overflows with hilarity, heartache, and beauty.
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Official Report of Debates Volume III

The devil's advocate is not someone who defends a bad cause and says , “ Look here chaps , I want to put in a good word ” . He does precisely the opposite . The devil's advocate is a man whose job is to question a good argument .

Author: Council of Europe

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page:

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Plato s Economics

One is in the Bodleian Library at Oxford and the other in Paris in the Bibliothèque Nationale. Each dialogue is a fresh work. ... An interlocutor like Thrasymachus is visibly inserted to play the devil's advocate.

Author: David Reisman

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781839103339

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

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Plato was the first of the great thinkers to integrate the economy into a wide-ranging synthesis of ethical absolutes and human interaction. In this original and stimulating book, David Reisman assesses his influential contribution to the political economy of production, consumption, distribution and exchange.
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Northwestern Journal of International Law Business

I would like to play devil ' s advocate and discuss some of the main ones in this review . ... half of the story . The other half is that , if steel imports are restricted , 52 , 400 jobs will be lost in the industries that use steel .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5130185

Category: Business

Page:

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