Dynamical Systems in Social Psychology

This book demonstrates how the dynamical systems perspective can explain such social psychological research phenomena as social relations, attitudes, social cognition, and interpersonal behavior.

Author: Robin R. Vallacher

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: UOM:39015032766100

Category: Psychology

Page: 305

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A dynamical system refers to a set of elements that interact in complex, often nonlinear ways to form coherent patterns. Because of the complexity of these interactions, the system as a whole may evolve over time in seemingly unpredictable ways as new patterns of behavior emerge. This metatheory has proven useful in understanding diverse phenomena in meteorology, population biology, statistical mechanics, economics, and cosmology. The book demonstrates how the dynamical systems perspective can be applied to theory construction and research in social psychology, and in doing so, provides fresh insight into such complex phenomena as interpersonal behavior, social relations, attitudes, and social cognition.
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Dynamical Social Psychology

This book uses innovative concepts and tools to illuminate the processes by which individuals, groups, and societies evolve and change in a systemic, self-sustaining manner, at times seemingly independent of external influences.

Author: Andrzej Nowak

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1572303530

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 678

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Traditional approaches to social psychology have proven highly successful in identifying causal mechanisms underlying human thought and behavior. With the recent advent of the dynamical approach, it is now possible to assemble sets of such mechanisms into coherent systems. This book uses innovative concepts and tools to illuminate the processes by which individuals, groups, and societies evolve and change in a systemic, self-sustaining manner, at times seemingly independent of external influences. Readers learn how the dynamical approach facilitates novel predictions and insights into such social psychological phenomena as attitudes, social judgment, goal-directed behavior, attraction, and relationships. Featuring a wealth of charts and figures derived from original research and computer simulations, the volume is grounded in classic and contemporary theories of social psychology.
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Personality and social psychology

Dynamical systems in social psychology . San Diego , CA : Academic Press . Vallacher , R. R. , & Nowak , A. ( 1997 ) . The emergence of dynamical social psychology . Psychological Inquiry , 8 , 73–99 .

Author: Irving B. Weiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471384046

Category: Personality

Page: 668

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Chaos and Complexity in Psychology

Each chapter provides an in-depth examination of theoretical foundations and specific applications and a review of relevant methods. This edited collection represents the state of the art in NDS science across the disciplines of psychology.

Author: Stephen J. Guastello

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139867269

Category: Psychology

Page:

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While many books have discussed methodological advances in nonlinear dynamical systems theory (NDS), this volume is unique in its focus on NDS's role in the development of psychological theory. After an introductory chapter covering the fundamentals of chaos, complexity and other nonlinear dynamics, subsequent chapters provide in-depth coverage of each of the specific topic areas in psychology. A concluding chapter takes stock of the field as a whole, evaluating important challenges for the immediate future. The chapters are written by experts in the use of NDS in each of their respective areas, including biological, cognitive, developmental, social, organizational and clinical psychology. Each chapter provides an in-depth examination of theoretical foundations and specific applications and a review of relevant methods. This edited collection represents the state of the art in NDS science across the disciplines of psychology.
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The Dynamic Perspective in Personality and Social Psychology

Psychological Review, 103, 284-308. Latané, В., & Nowak, A. (1994). Attitudes as catastrophes: From dimensions to categories with increasing involvement. In R. R. Vallacher & A. Nowak (Eds.), Dynamical systems in social psychology (pp.

Author: Robin R. Vallacher

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135589707

Category: Psychology

Page: 128

View: 905

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Recent years have witnessed the ascendance of a new way to conceptualize and investigate the nature of dynamism at different levels of psychological reality. Areas of inquiry as diverse as cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, organizational behavior, and political sociology are being reframed in terms that allow rigorous and precise insight into basic dynamic processes. There are signs that this new approach to dynamics is emerging as a potentially integrative paradigm for personality and social psychology as well. This special issue highlights this new paradigm and illustrates its relevance to a broad spectrum of topics in personality and social psychology.
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Six Degrees of Social Influence

In this book, leading authors, who represent many different countries and disciplines, explore new developments and the widespread impact of Cialdini's work in research areas ranging from persuasion strategy and social engineering to help ...

Author: Douglas T. Kenrick

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780199743056

Category: Psychology

Page: 185

View: 959

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Over the course of the last four decades, Robert Cialdini's work has helped spark an intellectual revolution in which social psychological ideas have become increasingly influential. The concepts presented in his book, Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion, have spread well beyond the geographic boundaries of North America and beyond the field of academic social psychology into the areas of business, health, and politics. In this book, leading authors, who represent many different countries and disciplines, explore new developments and the widespread impact of Cialdini's work in research areas ranging from persuasion strategy and social engineering to help-seeking and decision-making. Among the many topics covered, the authors discuss how people underestimate the influence of others, how a former computer hacker used social engineering to gain access to highly confidential computer codes, and how biology and evolution figure into the principles of influence. The authors break new ground in the study of influence.
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Theory Construction in Social Personality Psychology

In R. R. Vallacher & A. Nowak (Eds.), Dynamical systems in social psychology (pp. 279-293). San Diego, CA: Academic. Nowak, A., Szamrej, J., & Latane, B. (1990). From private attitude to public opinion: A dynamic theory of social impact ...

Author: Arie W. Kruglanski

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135066536

Category: Psychology

Page: 128

View: 764

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This special issue features papers that offer deeply felt, valuable perspectives on diverse aspects of theory construction in social-personality psychology. The goal is to furnish a basis for starting a discussion about the considerable challenges of theorizing, the ways of meeting those challenges, and the great rewards that successful theorizing offers to the discipline as a whole.
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Attracted to Conflict Dynamic Foundations of Destructive Social Relations

This book addresses the subject of intractable social conflict from a new vantage point.

Author: Robin R. Vallacher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642352805

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 488

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Conflict is inherent in virtually every aspect of human relations, from sport to parliamentary democracy, from fashion in the arts to paradigmatic challenges in the sciences, and from economic activity to intimate relationships. Yet, it can become among the most serious social problems humans face when it loses its constructive features and becomes protracted over time with no obvious means of resolution. This book addresses the subject of intractable social conflict from a new vantage point. Here, these types of conflict represent self-organizing phenomena, emerging quite naturally from the ongoing dynamics in human interaction at any scale—from the interpersonal to the international. Using the universal language and computational framework of nonlinear dynamical systems theory in combination with recent insights from social psychology, intractable conflict is understood as a system locked in special attractor states that constrain the thoughts and actions of the parties to the conflict. The emergence and maintenance of attractors for conflict can be described by means of formal models that incorporate the results of computer simulations, experiments, field research, and archival analyses. Multi-disciplinary research reflecting these approaches provides encouraging support for the dynamical systems perspective. Importantly, this text presents new views on conflict resolution. In contrast to traditional approaches that tend to focus on basic, short-lived cause-effect relations, the dynamical perspective emphasizes the temporal patterns and potential for emergence in destructive relations. Attractor deconstruction entails restoring complexity to a conflict scenario by isolating elements or changing the feedback loops among them. The creation of a latent attractor trades on the tendency toward multi-stability in dynamical systems and entails the consolidation of incongruent (positive) elements into a coherent structure. In the bifurcation scenario, factors are identified that can change the number and types of attractors in a conflict scenario. The implementation of these strategies may hold the key to unlocking intractable conflict, creating the potential for constructive social relations.
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Computational Social Psychology

... DSMs see dynamical systems models dynamic network intelligence (DNI) 249, 252n15 dynamic network theory 232–233, 234–239, 240, 243, 245, 248, 250–251, 252n12 dynamical minimalism 223, 360, 361–362 dynamical social psychology 178, ...

Author: Robin R. Vallacher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351701679

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 281

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Computational Social Psychology showcases a new approach to social psychology that enables theorists and researchers to specify social psychological processes in terms of formal rules that can be implemented and tested using the power of high speed computing technology and sophisticated software. This approach allows for previously infeasible investigations of the multi-dimensional nature of human experience as it unfolds in accordance with different temporal patterns on different timescales. In effect, the computational approach represents a rediscovery of the themes and ambitions that launched the field over a century ago. The book brings together social psychologists with varying topical interests who are taking the lead in this redirection of the field. Many present formal models that are implemented in computer simulations to test basic assumptions and investigate the emergence of higher-order properties; others develop models to fit the real-time evolution of people’s inner states, overt behavior, and social interactions. Collectively, the contributions illustrate how the methods and tools of the computational approach can investigate, and transform, the diverse landscape of social psychology.
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Social Psychology Second Edition

Because dynamical principles characterize complex systems generally, the dynamical approach to investigating personal and interpersonal experience holds potential for bridging social psychology with other areas of science.

Author: Arie W. Kruglanski

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462514861

Category: Psychology

Page: 1010

View: 635

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Now in a completely revised and expanded second edition, this authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the psychological processes that underlie social behavior. Leading investigators identify core principles that have emerged from the study of biological systems, social cognition, goals and strivings, interpersonal interactions, and group and cultural dynamics. State-of-the-science theories, methods, and findings are explained, and important directions for future research are highlighted. More than an update, this edition is virtually a new book. Many more chapters are included, and significant advances in social cognitive neuroscience, motivational psychology, and other areas are incorporated throughout. A new section addresses implications for applied domains, such as clinical psychology, health, and consumer behavior.
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Data Analytic Techniques for Dynamical Systems

Structure and variation of mood in individuals with Parkinson's disease: A dynamic factor analysis. ... In R. B. Cattell (Ed.), The handbook of multivariate experimental psychology (pp. ... Dynamical systems in social psychology.

Author: Steven M Boker

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135611545

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 126

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Each volume in the Notre Dame Series on Quantitative Methodology features leading methodologists and substantive experts who provide instruction on innovative techniques designed to enhance quantitative skills in a substantive area. This latest volume focuses on the methodological issues and analyses pertinent to understanding psychological data from a dynamical system perspective. Dynamical systems analysis (DSA) is increasingly used to demonstrate time-dependent variable change. It is used more and more to analyze a variety of psychological phenomena such as relationships, development and aging, emotional regulation, and perceptual processes. The book opens with the best occasions for using DSA methods. The final two chapters focus on the application of dynamical systems methods to problems in psychology such as substance use and gestural dynamics. In addition, it reviews how and when to use: time series models from a discrete time perspective stochastic differential equations in continuous time estimating continuous time differential equation models multilevel models of differential equations to estimate within-person dynamics and the corresponding population means new SEM models for dynamical systems data Data Analytic Techniques for Dynamical Systems is beneficial to advanced students and researchers in the areas of developmental psychology, family studies, language processes, cognitive neuroscience, social and personality psychology, medicine, and emotion. Due to the book’s instructive nature, it serves as an excellent text for advanced courses on this particular technique.
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Developmental Psychopathology Theory and Method

The perception and coupling of behavior waves. In R. R. Vallacher & A. Nowak (Eds.), Dynamical systems in social psychology (pp. 139–166). San Diego: Academic Press. Newtson, D. (1998). Dynamical systems and the structure of behavior.

Author: Donald J. Cohen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471755999

Category: Psychology

Page: 900

View: 934

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Developmental Psychopathology, Second Edition, contains in three volumes the most complete and current research on every aspect of developmental psychopathology. This seminal reference work features contributions from national and international expert researchers and clinicians who bring together an array of interdisciplinary work to ascertain how multiple levels of analysis may influence individual differences, the continuity or discontinuity of patterns and the pathways by which the same developmental outcomes may be achieved. This volume addresses theoretical perspectives and methodological issues, including cross-cultural perspectives, developmental epidemiology, self determination theory, and gender issues.
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Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology

Aggression, love, conformity, and other social psychological catastrophes. In R. R. Vallacher & A. Nowak (Eds.), Dynamicalsystems in social psychology (pp. 96–109). San Diego, CA: Academic.

Author: Harry T. Reis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139867368

Category: Psychology

Page:

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This indispensable sourcebook covers conceptual and practical issues in research design in the field of social and personality psychology. Key experts address specific methods and areas of research, contributing to a comprehensive overview of contemporary practice. This updated and expanded second edition offers current commentary on social and personality psychology, reflecting the rapid development of this dynamic area of research over the past decade. With the help of this up-to-date text, both seasoned and beginning social psychologists will be able to explore the various tools and methods available to them in their research as they craft experiments and imagine new methodological possibilities.
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Social Psychology

The emphasis on context reflects a cultural orientation that stresses social interdependence or the ways in which ... The Dynamical Systems Perspective The most recent entry into the unification game is based on insights developed in ...

Author: Robin R. Vallacher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351207386

Category: Psychology

Page: 500

View: 781

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This textbook provides a thorough insight into the discipline of social psychology, creating an integrative and cumulative framework to present students with a rich and engaging account of the human social experience. From a person’s momentary impulses to a society’s values and norms, the diversity of social psychology makes for a fascinating discipline, but it also presents a formidable challenge for presentation in a manner that is coherent and cumulative rather than fragmented and disordered. Using an accessible and readable style, the author shows how the field’s dizzying and highly fragmented array of topics, models, theories, and paradigms can best be understood through a coherent conceptual narrative in which topics are presented in careful sequence, with each chapter building on what has already been learned while providing the groundwork for understanding what follows in the next chapter. The text also examines recent developments such as how computer simulations and big data supplement the traditional methods of experiment and correlation. Also containing a wide range of features, including key term glossaries and compact "summing up and looking ahead" overviews, and covering an enormous range of topics from self-concept to social change, this comprehensive textbook is essential reading for any student of social psychology.
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Small Groups as Complex Systems

Back to the future : Social psychological research on groups . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology ... In R. R. Vallacher & A. Nowak ( Eds . ) , Dynamical systems in social psychology ( pp . 17-54 ) . New York : Academic Press .

Author: Holly Arrow

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 080397230X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 838

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`Arrow, McGrath and Berdahl's Small Groups as Complex Systems will change the way you think about research, and even the way you think about science.... The book is excellent, one of those very rare works that will have substantial impact on the field. I would use the book without hesitation in any advanced graduate seminar dealing with groups' - Donelson R Forsyth, Virginia Commonwealth University This new general theory of small groups as complex systems draws on general systems theory, dynamical systems theory, and complexity and chaos theory. The authors view groups as adaptive, dynamic systems that are driven by interactions among group members and by transactions between the group and its embedding contexts, as well as by external pressures. By virtue of the empirical material integrated within this elegant analysis, the authors offer a more complete understanding of the nature of group behaviour and the factors which shape it.
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Computational Social Psychology

The book brings together social psychologists with varying topical interests who are taking the lead in this redirection of the field.

Author: Robin R. Vallacher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351701686

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 188

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Computational Social Psychology showcases a new approach to social psychology that enables theorists and researchers to specify social psychological processes in terms of formal rules that can be implemented and tested using the power of high speed computing technology and sophisticated software. This approach allows for previously infeasible investigations of the multi-dimensional nature of human experience as it unfolds in accordance with different temporal patterns on different timescales. In effect, the computational approach represents a rediscovery of the themes and ambitions that launched the field over a century ago. The book brings together social psychologists with varying topical interests who are taking the lead in this redirection of the field. Many present formal models that are implemented in computer simulations to test basic assumptions and investigate the emergence of higher-order properties; others develop models to fit the real-time evolution of people’s inner states, overt behavior, and social interactions. Collectively, the contributions illustrate how the methods and tools of the computational approach can investigate, and transform, the diverse landscape of social psychology.
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Small Groups as Complex Systems

Throughout the book, the authors focus our attention on relationships among people, tools, and tasks that are activated by a combination of individual and collective purposes and goals that change and evolve as the group interacts over time ...

Author: Holly Arrow

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452238500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 999

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What are groups? How do they behave? Arrow, McGrath, and Berdahl answer these questions by developing a general theory of small groups as complex systems. Basing their theory on concepts distilled from general systems theory, dynamical systems theory, and complexity and chaos theory, they explore groups as adaptive, dynamic systems that are driven by interactions among group members as well as between the group and its embedding contexts. In addition, they consider not only the group's members and their distribution of attributes, but also the group's tasks and technology in order to understand how those members, tasks, and tools are intertwined, coordinated, and adjusted. Throughout the book, the authors focus our attention on relationships among people, tools, and tasks that are activated by a combination of individual and collective purposes and goals that change and evolve as the group interacts over time.
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Personality and Social Psychology at the Interface

(Eds.), Dynamical systems in social relations (pp. 111-138). New York: Academic. Bass, B. M. (1997). Does the transactional-transformational leadership paradigm transcend organizational and national boundaries? American Psychologist, 52 ...

Author: Marilynn B. Brewer

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135065331

Category: Psychology

Page: 112

View: 566

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This special issue provides a view of the past, present, and future of the field of personality and social psychology as an interdisciplinary endeavor. Collectively, the articles illustrate the vital contributions that can be made pursuing the reciprocal connections between personality/social psychology and psychobiology; developmental psychology; comparative psychology and evolutionary biology; clinical and health psychology; communication studies; organizational studies and systems theory; and cultural anthropology. The papers reflect the collective past and present of the field and set an agenda for a collective future.
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Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology

Based on the psychology of the individual human being living in a social world, dynamic social impact theory assumes that ... The four Cs ofgroup dynamics can be understood as the predictable outcomes ofnonlinear systems of spatially ...

Author: Michael A. Hogg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470998441

Category: Psychology

Page: 712

View: 942

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This handbook provides an authoritative, up-to-date overview of the social psychology of group processes. The topics covered include group decisions, juries, group remembering, roles, status, leadership, social identity and group membership, socialization, group performance, negotiation and bargaining, emotion and mood, computer-mediated communication, organizations and mental health. Provides an authoritative, up-to-date overview of the social psychology of group processes. Written by leading researchers from around the world to provide a classic and current overview of research as well as providing a description of future trends within the area. Includes coverage of group decisions, juries, group remembering, roles, status, leadership, social identity and group membership, socialization, group performance, negotiation and bargaining, emotion and mood, computer-mediated communication, organizations and mental health. Essential reading for any serious scholar of group behavior. Now available in full text online via xreferplus, the award-winning reference library on the web from xrefer. For more information, visit www.xreferplus.com
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Personal Control in Action

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 2014-2024. Latané, B., & Nowak, A. (1994). Attitudes as catastrophes: From dimensions to categories with increasing involvement. In R. R. Vallacher & A. Nowak (Eds.), Dynamical systems ...

Author: Miroslaw Kofta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475729016

Category: Psychology

Page: 460

View: 244

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This new study presents exciting international research developments on personal control and self-regulation. Each chapter examines the subject at a different level of analysis to foster a complete understanding. Brief synopses of each chapter are provided as introductions to the three major sections of the book. These sections cover the person as an agent of control, affective and cognitive mechanisms of executive agency, and reactions to threatened control.
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