Effects of Acid Rain on Forest Processes

A detailed analysis of acidification effects on forest soil, rhizosphere and plant life and on the processes connecting them such as nutrient uptake and mineral cycling.

Author: Douglas L. Godbold

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471517682

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 768

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A detailed analysis of acidification effects on forest soil, rhizosphere and plant life and on the processes connecting them such as nutrient uptake and mineral cycling. Presents findings from the Solling project, an important long-term study on acid rain results in Germany's Black Forest, as well as other European forests which have experienced severe acid rain damage as a means of evaluating and predicting similar harm to U.S. forests.
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Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites

In contrast, the collection of papers from this Workshop is focussed on a much smaller subject, the processes of acid deposition at high altitude sites.

Author: M.H. Unsworth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401078831

Category: Science

Page: 670

View: 377

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There is no shortage of general books on the subject of acid rain, or of symposium proceedings reviewing work ranging from atmospheric chemistry and deposition processes to freshwater acidification and effects on vegetation. In contrast, the collection of papers from this Workshop is focussed on a much smaller subject, the processes of acid deposition at high altitude sites. Interest in deposition at high elevation sites comes largely from observed vertical gradients in the degree of forest damage at sites in the Federal Republic of Germany and the eastern United States. These gradients show that damage to Norway spruce and fir increases with altitude at sites in Bavaria and the Black Forest, and that Red spruce are declining at high elevation sites in the Appalachian Mountains. With the large scale of scientific interest in forest decline, cany research groups, during the last five years, have been examining atmospheric chemistry, deposition processes, and effects on vegetation and soils at upland sites. In particular there have been many recent studies of cloud and precipitation chemistry, which show much larger concentrations of all ions in cloud water than in rain or snow. These studies have also shown that processes of wet and dry deposition and also the chemistry of the air at hill tops are modified strongly by orographic effects.
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Acid Rain

This book presents a concise, nonspecialist account of the results and their implications by the director of the program.

Author: Basil John Mason

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015020840966

Category: Acid deposition

Page: 126

View: 656

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The effects of acid deposition on the chemistry of lakes and streams, and on their fish and other aquatic life, have been greatly clarified by the recent Anglo-Scandinavian research programme. A concise, non-specialist account of its results is here presented by the Director of the programme.
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Effects of Acid Precipitation on Terrestrial Ecosystems

This volume contains papers presented at a NATO Advanced Research Institute, sponsored by their Eco-Sciences Panel, on "The effects of acid precipitation on vegetation and soils," held at Toronto, Canada from May 22-26, 1978.

Author: Thomas C. Hutchinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461330332

Category: Science

Page: 654

View: 172

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This volume contains papers presented at a NATO Advanced Research Institute, sponsored by their Eco-Sciences Panel, on "The effects of acid precipitation on vegetation and soils," held at Toronto, Canada from May 22-26, 1978. The organizing expenses and greater part of the expenses of the speakers and chair~en were provided by N.A.T.O. The scientific programme was planned by T. C. Hutchinson together with an international planning committee of G. Abrahamsen (Norway), G. Likens (U.S.A.), F.E. Last (U.K.), C.O. Tamm (Sweden) and B. Ulrich (W. Germany). Many of the dimensions of the 'acid rain' problem are common to countries of northern Europe and North America. The developing awareness over the past ten years of the international nature of the acid rain phenomenon has lead to studies documenting damaging effects on susceptible freshwater bodies. Large areas of the Canadian Pre-Cambrian Shield, with its extension into the United States, and the granitic areas of southern Norwayand Sweden contain lakes which are in the process of acidification. The biological resources of these affected areas are of considerable national concern. However, while clearly damaging effects of acidification on freshwater systems have been well documented, the impact of acid precipitation on terrestrial systems has not been so well understood.
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Mechanisms of Forest Response to Acidic Deposition

A unique contribution to the literature on acidic deposition, this volume offers a collection of in-depth analysis of the key mechanisms governing forest response to acidic inputs.

Author: Alan A. Lucier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461233640

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 261

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A unique contribution to the literature on acidic deposition, this volume offers a collection of in-depth analysis of the key mechanisms governing forest response to acidic inputs. Among the mechanisms reviewed here are foliage leaching, aluminum mobilization, mineral weathering, soil organisms, and rhizosphere processes. Researchers and students in soil science, forest ecology, and environmental science, as well as policy makers and forest managers concerned with assessment of acidic deposition effects will value this concise monograph for its detailed examination of selected technical issues and its comprehensive reference sections.
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Acid Rain and Acid Waters

Provides a basic account of the acid rain story and covers the social and historical background to the effects of emissions on health and the evironment.

Author: Gwyneth Parry Howells

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924059830624

Category: Acid rain

Page: 215

View: 417

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Provides a basic account of the acid rain story and covers the social and historical background to the effects of emissions on health and the evironment. It provides a wide-ranging but integrated account of this issue which has been of environmental concern for several dcades and, now that control strategies have been enacted in Europe and North America, the author gives consideration to the time-scale for recovery of an acid-damaged ecosystem and the alternatives available.
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Acid Deposition

This volume seeks to review and defme our contemporary understanding of acid deposition by reference to new international data and as a consequence assist the definition of our future research requirements and policy developments.

Author: James W.S. Longhurst

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642764738

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 513

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The subject of acid deposition remains one of the most urgent of our contemporary environmental problems. Research programmes are continually redefming our understanding of cause and effect and hence the continuing need for a timely and authoritative series addressing these issues. This volume seeks to review and defme our contemporary understanding of acid deposition by reference to new international data and as a consequence assist the definition of our future research requirements and policy developments. International contributions to the volume are drawn from the Federal Republic of Germany, the U.S.A., Canada, Brazil, Switzerland, Austria, Israel, France and the United Kingdom. Some of these nations have experienced acid deposition on a regional scale for considerable periods of time; for others the phenomenon is an emerging problem. This collection of papers has been compiled by invitation to eminent members of the acid deposition research community and by selection from a carefully targeted call for papers. It is primarily designed to meet the needs of researchers, lecturers and postgraduate students in environmental disciplines and for environmental policy makers. It is of interest to professionals in related disciplines and essential as a reference text for libraries. The volume is divided into four broad themes: Emissions, chemistry and deposition; Ecosystem effects (freshwater, soils and forest systems); Effects on structural materials; Mitigation, control and management. Each of these sections provides an overview of contemporary understanding, presents new experimental or field evidence and provides guidance for our future research agenda.
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Air Pollution Acid Rain and the Environment

The Watt Committee on Energy became active in of the effects on buildings, for instance. Proposals the study of Acid Rain during 1982.

Author: Kenneth Mellanby

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400927353

Category: Science

Page: 129

View: 431

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The Watt Committee on Energy became active in of the effects on buildings, for instance. Proposals the study of Acid Rain during 1982. Perhaps the for action should therefore concentrate on measures only aspect of the subject that has become more that promise a real improvement as a result of certain during the subsequent five years is that the expenditure. expression 'Acid Rain' is used loosely in public The Watt Committee's study of this subject has been in two phases. The first dealt with the nature debate for a complex of industrial and environ mental phenomena. Among these, Acid Rain in the of the problem, and culminated in the publication straightforward meaning of the words-rain and of Watt Committee Report No. 14 in 1984. That perhaps snow having a significantly high level of Report was divided into four sections, each of acidity-is of only limited importance. To represent which was prepared by a sub-group of the working this perspective, therefore, the Watt Committee Ex group: they dealt respectively with the fate of air borne pollution, vegetation and soils, fresh water ecutive decided that the study leading to the present Report should be entitled 'Air Pollution, Acid Rain and remedial strategy. In the second phase, these and the Environment'. sub-groups have brought their sections up-to-date The Watt Committee's interest in Acid Rain and a fifth sub-group was appointed to study arises from the fact that, among its causes, the buildings and non-living materials.
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Acid Rain

The Clean Air Act 1956 with its limitations on the burning of raw coal in urban areashas virtually eliminated OCysmogOCO in British cities but has not directly reduced the SOx emissions.It is only during the last decade or so that Acid Rain ...

Author: Watt Committee on Energy Publications

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203210314

Category: Architecture

Page: 102

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What is loosely described as OCyacid rainOCO is not a new phenomenon. The burning of coal and other fossil fuelsmust have always resulted in the production of sulphur dioxide, and, where the combustion temperatures arehigh, of oxides of nitrogen. These may be present in various stages of oxidation and are often referred to assimply SOx and NOx. The Clean Air Act 1956 with its limitations on the burning of raw coal in urban areashas virtually eliminated OCysmogOCO in British cities but has not directly reduced the SOx emissions.It is only during the last decade or so that Acid Rain has become a topic of discussion vying with nuclearenergy in its emotive power. Initially attention was mainly concerned with the alleged effect of these gasesand the acids formed therefrom on lakes and rivers in Scandinavia. This concern was soon followed by reportsof serious damage to, for instance, the Black Forest, and, more locally, to lakes in the Galloway area anddamage in other parts of Scotland. In the case of these and many other examples, suggestions, still to beverified, have been made about the probable origin of the pollutants."
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Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta

Acid Precipitation Effects on Forest Processes B.L. Haines and W.T. Swank Acid rain can displace essential elements from plant leaves (Wood and Bormann 1975), and soil (Wiklander 1973/74), and it can inhibit element uptake by plants ...

Author: Wayne T. Swank

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461237327

Category: Science

Page: 469

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Coweeta is one of the oldest continuously operating laboratories of its type in the world. For the first time, a complete review and summary of more than 50 years study of the hydrological and ecological responses of baseline and managed Southern Appalachian hardwood forests at Coweeta is now supplied by this volume. The long-term research approach represents a continuum of theory, experimentation and application using watersheds as landscape units of investigation. Thus, the information encompasses a wide range of interpretations and interests. In addition to in-depth analyses of terrestrial and stream processes, the breadth of coverage includes historical perspectives and relevance of ecosystem science to management needs. In a broader sense, the Coweeta research effort is considered from a perspective of national and international forest hydrology and ecology programs.
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Acid Deposition Environmental Economic and Policy Issues

This book started as a modest attempt to provide a status report on atmospheric transport, the chemical processes which produce acidifying agents, and resultant ecological and economic consequences.

Author: Donald Adams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461583509

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 932

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Concern about acid deposition, commonly referred to as acid rain, as a widespread pollution problem with severe ecological consequences has heightened public awareness. Many authorities fear that acid deposition may be the worst environmental crisis of our industrialized society because of both the global implications and possible widespread, irreversible damage to lakes, soils, and forested ecosystems. Neither state nor international boundaries are exempt from the transport and deposition of airborne pollutants resulting from local and distant emission sources. The dilemma and debate will continue as long as society requires fossil fuels for its energy needs without regard to emission constraints. This book started as a modest attempt to provide a status report on atmospheric transport, the chemical processes which produce acidifying agents, and resultant ecological and economic consequences. The materials in this book have been substantially revised from those presented at the conference in 1983. It became obvious that additional chapters were required when sudden and profound changes occurring in European forests were reported. It is felt that perhaps such damages could be an early warning to forested ecosystems in the northeastern United States and Canada as well as other places throughout the world. Most importantly, it is essential that gained scientific knowledge be translated into required legislation - a section on Policy Issues was incorporated to address these concerns. It is hoped that the reader will become informed and concerned enough to be involved in ll this IIglobal debate. Donald D. Adams Halter P.
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