Ergonomics in Manufacturing

Raising Productivity Through Workplace Improvement
Author: Waldemar Karwowski,Gavriel Salvendy
Publisher: Society of Manufacturing Engineers
ISBN: 087263485X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 538
View: 4356
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Learn to organize and manage ergonomics efforts, and discover how to achieve profitable results using various corporations around the world as models for success. The foremost international experts from industry, government, and academia contribute their views. Includes a number of enlightening case studies and real-world examples supported by figures and tables that are essential to any effective ergonomics plan.

Advances in Ergonomics of Manufacturing: Managing the Enterprise of the Future

Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventure Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA
Author: Stefan Trzcielinski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319604740
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 450
View: 3262
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This book discusses the latest advances in people-centered design, operation, and management of broadly defined advanced manufacturing systems and processes. It reports on human factors issues related to various research areas such as intelligent manufacturing technologies, web-based manufacturing services, digital manufacturing worlds, and manufacturing knowledge support systems, as well as other contemporary manufacturing environments. The book covers an extensive range of applications of human factors in the manufacturing industry: from work design, supply chains, evaluation of work systems, and social and organization design, to manufacturing systems, simulation and visualization, automation in manufacturing, and many others. Special emphasis is given to computer aided manufacturing technologies supporting enterprises, both in general and in the manufacturing industry in particular, such as knowledge-based systems, virtual reality, artificial intelligence methods, and many more. Based on the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing, held on July 17-21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, the book provides readers with a timely snapshot of the enterprises of the future and a set of cutting-edge technologies and methods for building innovative, human-centered, and computer-integrated manufacturing systems.

Advances in Ergonomics in Manufacturing


Author: Stefan Trzcielinski,Waldemar Karwowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439870403
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 1630
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Meeting the needs of the manufacturing and service sectors of contemporary industry, this volume is concerned with the human factors, ergonomics, and safety issues related to the design of products, processes, and systems, as well as the operation and management of business enterprises. This book will be of special value to researchers and practitioners involved in the design of products, processes, systems, and services, which are marketed and utilized by a variety of organizations around the world.

Advances in The Ergonomics in Manufacturing: Managing the Enterprise of the Future


Author: Stefan Trzcielinski,Waldemar Karwowski
Publisher: AHFE Conference
ISBN: 1495121038
Category:
Page: 414
View: 7137
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Contemporary manufacturing enterprises aim to deliver a great number of consumer products and systems through friendly and satisfying working environments for people who are involved in manufacturing services. Meeting the needs of the manufacturing and service sectors of contemporary industry, this volume is concerned with the human factors, ergonomics, and safety issues related to the design of products, processes, and systems, as well as the operation and management of business enterprises. This book will be of special value to researchers and practitioners involved in the design of products, processes, systems, and services, which are marketed and utilized by a variety of organizations around the world.

A Guide to Human Factors and Ergonomics, Second Edition


Author: Martin Helander
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748401222
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 210
View: 8597
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This book focuses on the role of ergonomics in the manufacturing context, and looks at a number of design issues: anthropometry, posture, manual materials handling, lighting, noise, warnings, signals, controls, information processing, workstation layout, process layout, shift-work, job satisfaction, task analysis, ergonomic assessment and enhancing manufacturability and maintainability. Intended for engineers and students of engineering who design manufacturing systems and workstations, this text is also invaluable to human factors/ergonomics professionals who want to understand the manufacturing applications of ergonomics.

Advances in Ergonomics of Manufacturing: Managing the Enterprise of the Future

Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA
Author: Christopher Schlick,Stefan Trzcieliński
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319416979
Category: Computers
Page: 631
View: 4717
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This book discusses the latest advances in people-centered design, operation, and management of broadly defined advanced manufacturing systems and processes. It reports on human factors issues related to various research areas such as intelligent manufacturing technologies, web-based manufacturing services, digital manufacturing worlds, and manufacturing knowledge support systems, as well as other contemporary manufacturing environments. The book covers an extensive range of applications of human factors in the manufacturing industry: from work design, supply chains, evaluation of work systems, and social and organization design, to manufacturing systems, simulation and visualization, automation in manufacturing, and many others. Special emphasis is given to computer aided manufacturing technologies supporting enterprises, both in general and in the manufacturing industry in particular, such as knowledge-based systems, virtual reality, artificial intelligence methods, and many more. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book provides readers with a timely snapshot of the enterprises of the future and a set of cutting-edge technologies and methods for building innovative, human-centered, and computer-integrated manufacturing systems.

Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design

Methods and Techniques
Author: Waldemar Karwowski,Marcelo M. Soares,Neville A. Stanton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420046292
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 511
View: 9027
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Every day we interact with thousands of consumer products. We not only expect them to perform their functions safely, reliably, and efficiently, but also to do it so seamlessly that we don’t even think about it. However, with the many factors involved in consumer product design, from the application of human factors and ergonomics principles to reducing risks of malfunction and the total life cycle cost, well, the process just seems to get more complex. Edited by well-known and well-respected experts, the two-volumes of Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design simplify this process. The first volume, Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design: Methods and Techniques, outlines the how to incorporate Human Factors and Ergonomics (HF/E) principles and knowledge into the design of consumer products in a variety of applications. It discusses the user-centered design process, starting with how mental workload affects every day interactions with consumer products and what lessons may be applied to product design. The book then highlights the ever-increasing role of information technology, including digital imaging, video and other media, and virtual reality applications in consumer product design. It also explores user-centered aspect of consumer product development with discussions of user-centered vs. task-based approach, articulation and assessment of user requirements and needs, interaction with design models, and eco design. With contributions from a team of researchers from 21 countries, the book covers the current state of the art methods and techniques of product ergonomics. It provides an increased knowledge of how to apply the HF/E principles that ultimately leads to better product design.

Advances in Human Factors, Ergonomics, and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries


Author: Waldemar Karwowski,Gavriel Salvendy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439835004
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1250
View: 1562
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This volume is concerned with the human factors, ergonomics, and safety issues related to the design of products, processes, and systems, as well as operation and management of business enterprises in both manufacturing and service sectors of contemporary industry. The book is organized into ten sections that focus on the following subject matters: I: Enterprise Management II: Human Factors in Manufacturing III: Processes and Services IV: Design of Work Systems V. Working Environment VI. Product and System Safety VII. Safety Design Issues VIII. Safety Management IX. Hazard Communication X. Occupational Risk Prevention This book will be of special value to researchers and practitioners involved in the design of products, processes, systems, and services, which are marketed and utilized by a variety of organizations around the world. Seven other titles in the Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series are: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability Evaluation Advances in Neuroergonomics and Human Factors of Special Populations

Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics


Author: Gavriel Salvendy,Waldemar Karwowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143983492X
Category: Computers
Page: 910
View: 4717
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The chapters in the book come from an international group of authors with diverse backgrounds including ergonomics, psychology, architecture, computer science, engineering, and sociology. Specific topics include biometric systems development, military command and control, cellular phone interface design, methodologies for workplace design, medical device design, cockpit display and decision tool design for pilots, driver visual and cognitive processes, and performance of inspection tasks in manufacturing operations; and extend to human-automation integration in future aviation systems, novel 3-D display technologies for enhancing information analysis, training methods for mental models, approaches to activity analysis, new research-oriented frameworks and paradigms in training, and the use of virtual reality for skill development and assessment. The book is divided into sections covering: I. Cultural Differences in Computing Systems Design II. Decision Making and Decision Support III. Desktop/Mobile Interface Design IV. Ergonomics in Design V. Ergonomics in Product Design VI. Human Factors in Aviation Systems VII. Human Factors in Driving VIII. Human Factors in Manufacturing IX. Human Factors in NextGen Operations X. Information Visualization for Situation Awareness XI. Mental Models XII. Perceptuo-Motor Skills & Psychophysical Assessment XIII. Task Analysis XIV. Training Technology XV. Virtual Reality for Behavior Assessment XVI. Virtual Reality for Psychomotor Training The implications of all this work include design recommendations for complex systems and commercial products, new procedures for operator training and self-regulation as well as methods for accessibility to systems, and specification of ergonomic interventions at the user. It is expected that this book will be of special value to practitioners involved in design process development, design and prototyping of systems, products and services, as well as training process design for a broad range of applications and markets in various countries. Seven other titles in the Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series are: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics Advances in Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability Evaluation Advances in Neuroergonomics and Human Factors of Special Populations

The Occupational Ergonomics Handbook


Author: Waldemar Karwowski,William S. Marras
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849326417
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 2088
View: 733
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Occupational ergonomics and safety studies the application of human behavior, abilities, limitations, and other characteristics to the design, testing, and evaluation of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for productive, safe, comfortable, and effective use. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook provides current, comprehensive knowledge in this broad field, providing essential, state-of-the-art information from nearly 150 international leaders of this discipline. The text assesses the knowledge and expertise applied to industrial environments: Providing engineering guidelines for redesigning tools, machines, and work layouts Evaluating the demands placed on workers by current jobs Simulating alternative work methods Determining the potential for reducing physical job demands based on the implementation of new methods Topics also include: Fundamental ergonomic design principles at work Work-related musculoskeletal injuries, such as cumulative trauma to the upper extremity (CTDs) and low back disorders (LBDs), which affect several million workers each year with total costs exceeding $100 billion annually Current knowledge used for minimizing human suffering, potential for occupational disability, and related worker's compensation costs Working conditions under which musculoskeletal injuries might occur Engineering design measures for eliminating or reducing known job-risk factors Optimal manufacturing processes regarding human perceptual and cognitive abilities as well as task reliability Identifying the worker population affected by adverse conditions Early medical and work intervention efforts Economics of an ergonomics maintenance program Ergonomics as an essential cost to doing business Ergonomics intervention includes design for manufacturability, total quality management, and work organization. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook demonstrates how ergonomics serves as a vital component for the activities of the company and enables an advantageous cooperation between management and labor. This new handbook serves a broad segment of industrial practitioners, including industrial and manufacturing engineers; managers; plant supervisors and ergonomics professionals; researchers and students from academia, business, and government; human factors and safety specialists; physical therapists; cognitive and work psychologists; sociologists; and human-computer communications specialists.

Advances in Occupational Ergonomics and Safety

Proceedings of the XIIIth Annual International Occupational Ergonomics and Safety Conference 1998
Author: Shrawan Kumar
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9789051993936
Category: Science
Page: 847
View: 941
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Ergonomics touches every man, woman and child each day of their lives whether they recognise it or not. Ergonomics (or lack of it) plays a more significant role in the lives of about two-thirds of the world s population over 10 years of age who work for one-third of their lives to make a living. There are 120 million occupational accidents and injuries and 200,000 fatalities each year according to WHO 95. Occupational accidents, injuries and fatalities are undesired events. The occupational activities are planned and designed, and executed with a purpose under supervision but accidents are not. Hence it stands to reason that better planning, design and execution will help to reduce these undesirable outcomes. One must also recognise that under global scheme of biological evolution, the human beings were not designed to endure a life long exposure to artificial activities repetitively. Thus occupational health problems are inevitable if we do not return to nature for our sustenance. As a society, we have chosen to live and work as we do. In fact, there is a far rapid evolution (mutation and speciation) of occupations than of any biological organism. This places us in a situation where better planning, design and execution of our occupational activities have become absolute necessity. However, since ergonomics is a modifier and not a causal factor, its significance does not become immediately apparent to us. Perhaps it is for this reason that even in developed world occupational health services are available to between 20% to 50% of the work force and less than 10% of the workforce in the developing countries. Occupational health services are remedial approaches. The rational wisdom of the human race should strive to get proactive control of undesirable outcomes through ergonomics. Unfortunately, it is sadly lacking even today. On an optimistic note one can observe that its presence and application is slowly increasing.

Original Jaguar XK


Author: Philip Porter
Publisher: MotorBooks International
ISBN: 9780760317372
Category: Transportation
Page: 144
View: 6312
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This best-selling book on the Jaguar XK is a comprehensive and detailed guide to restoring the prestigious sports car. With original factory specification data, equipment, and options for all XK models--from the first XK120 Roadster to the ultimate 3.8-liter XK150 S--it describes and illustrates exactly how the cars looked in their original condition. This ultimate information source offers the finest gallery of XK photographs ever published.

Ergonomics in Design

Methods and Techniques
Author: Marcelo M. Soares,Francisco Rebelo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498760716
Category: Computers
Page: 532
View: 6518
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Currently people deal with various entities (such as hardware, software, buildings, spaces, communities and other people), to meet specific goals while going about their everyday activities in work and leisure environments. These entities have become more and more complex and incorporate functions that hitherto had never been allocated such as automation, use in virtual environments, connectivity, personalization, mobility and friendliness. This book contributes to the analysis of human-system interactions from the perspective of ergonomics, regardless of how simple or complex they are, while incorporating the needs of users and workers in a healthy safe, efficient and enjoyable manner. This book provides a comprehensive review of the state of the art of current ergonomic in design methods and techniques that are being applied to products, machinery, equipment, workstations and systems while taking new technologies and their applications into consideration. Ergonomics in Design: Methods and Techniques is organized into four sections and 30 chapters covering topics such as conceptual aspects of ergonomics in design, the knowledge of human characteristics applied to design, and the methodological aspects of design. Examples are shown in several areas of design including, but not limited to, consumer products, games, transport, education, architecture, fashion, sustainability, biomechanics, intelligent systems, virtual reality, and neurodesign. This book will: Introduces the newest developments in social-cultural approaches Shows different ergonomics in design methodological approaches Divulges the ways that ergonomics can contribute to a successful design Applies different subjects to support the design including –ergonomics, engineering, architecture, urbanism, neuro, and product designs. Presents recent technologies in ergonomic design, as applied to product design. With the contributions from a team of 75 researchers from 11 countries, the book covers the state-of-the-art of ergonomics in a way to produce better design.

Lean Manufacturing in the Developing World

Methodology, Case Studies and Trends from Latin America
Author: Jorge Luis García-Alcaraz,Aidé Aracely Maldonado-Macías,Guillermo Cortes-Robles
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319049518
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 584
View: 7899
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This book presents some definitions and concepts applied in Latin America on lean manufacturing (LM), the LM tools most widely used and human and cultural aspects that most matter in this field. The book contains a total of 14 tools used and reported by authors from different countries in Latin America, with definition, timeline with related research, benefits that have been reported in literature and case studies implemented in Latin American companies. Finally, the book presents a list of softwares available to facilitate the tools' implementation, monitoring and improvement.

Advances in Ergonomics In Design, Usability & Special Populations: Part III


Author: Marcelo Soares,Francisco Rebelo
Publisher: AHFE Conference
ISBN: 1495121089
Category:
Page: 613
View: 9570
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Successful interaction with products, tools and technologies depends on usable designs and accommodating the needs of potential users without requiring costly training. In this context, this book is concerned with emerging ergonomics in design concepts, theories and applications of human factors knowledge focusing on the discovery, design and understanding of human interaction and usability issues with products and systems for their improvement. This book will be of special value to a large variety of professionals, researchers and students in the broad field of human modeling and performance who are interested in feedback of devices’ interfaces (visual and haptic), user-centered design, and design for special populations, particularly the elderly. We hope this book is informative, but even more - that it is thought provoking. We hope it inspires, leading the reader to contemplate other questions, applications, and potential solutions in creating good designs for all.

Neuroadaptive Systems

Theory and Applications
Author: Magdalena Fafrowicz,Tadeusz Marek,Waldemar Karwowski,Dylan Schmorrow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439857997
Category: Medical
Page: 410
View: 3150
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Broadly defined as the science and technology of systems responding to neural processes in the brain, neuroadaptive systems (NASs) has become a rapidly developing area of study. One of the first books available in this emerging area, Neuroadaptive Systems: Theory and Applications synthesizes knowledge about human behavior, cognition, neural processing, and technology and how it can be used to optimize the design, development, modeling, simulation, and applications of complex neuro-based systems. Balancing coverage of theory and applications, the book examines the general aims of NASs and how neurogenomics can be applied in training applications. It includes important results and findings gathered from approximately two decades of brain computer interaction research. But more than this, the book details the underlying rationale for using NASs compared to other kinds of human-machine systems and raises questions and concerns about budding neuro-scientific areas that gives insight into the way humans may interact with neuro-technological systems in the future. With contributions from international professionals and researchers, this book presents state-of-the-art developments in neuroscience, human factors, and brain activity measurement. Packed with models, case studies, research results, and illustrations, it discusses approaches to understanding the functions of neuronal networks, and then explores challenges and applications of neuroadaptive systems. It provides tools for future development and the theory to support it.

Remanufacturing Modeling and Analysis


Author: Mehmet Ali Ilgin,Surendra M. Gupta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439863083
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 439
View: 3636
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New, Now, Next. Consumers’ ever growing appetite to acquire new products and their short courtship with them has kept manufacturers busy not only expending resources at an alarming rate, but also depleting these resources and giving rise to waste and pollution at a correspondingly increasing and disturbing rate. Traditional manufacturing methods that use mainly virgin materials to produce new products and dispose of the used products at the end of their lives are quickly becoming unsustainable. In addition, regulations that require manufacturers to take back products and dispose of them responsibly have forced manufacturers to establish dedicated facilities for product recovery—systems that minimize waste and maximize remanufacturing and recycling. Remanufacturing Modeling and Analysis explores the design, planning and processing issues encountered in remanufacturing systems and provides examples of quantitative modeling methodologies to deal with them. The book covers the history, industry size and potential, comparison with other end-of-life options, benefits, conditions, challenges, and steps in a typical process. It provides a brief overview of each of the industrial engineering and operations research techniques used in the book and explains the models developed to increase the remanufacturability of product designs. The book also discusses how increasingly stringent environmental regulations and decreasing natural resources influence manufacturers toward more environmentally conscious manufacturing and product recovery initiatives. With easy-to-use mathematical or simulation modeling that demonstrates solutions for each remanufacturing issue, the book helps practitioners understand how a particular issue can be effectively modeled and how to choose the appropriate solution methodology. An in-depth look at quantitative analysis for remanufacturing systems, the book provides a foundation upon which to build a body of knowledge in this fast and growing area.

Ergonomics of hybrid automated systems I

proceedings of the First International Conference on Ergonomics of Advanced Manufacturing and Hybrid Automated Systems, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.A., August 15-18, 1988
Author: Waldemar Karwowski,H. R. Parsaei,Mickey R. Wilhelm
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 772
View: 3620
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