Ethics of Animal Use


Author: Peter Sandøe,Stine B. Christiansen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118691199
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 3992
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An interesting and accessible introduction to ethical issues raisedby various forms of human use of animals. This textbook avoidsmoral lecturing and presents a range of ethical viewpoints withoutdefending or applying any specific stance. Readers are encouragedand provoked to reflect for themselves, and to sharpen their ownpoints of view regarding the ethical limits on our use of animals.They will also gain further understanding of the views held byother people. Early chapters of this interdisciplinary book cover changes overtime in our view of animals, the principles of animal ethics, anddifferent views of what counts as a good animal life. Laterchapters apply the conceptual tools to specific issues including:food animal production, advanced veterinary treatment of pets,control of infectious diseases, wildlife management, as well as theuse of animals in research. Specifically designed for students of veterinary medicine,animal science, welfare and behaviour, and veterinary nursing. Alsoof interest to those wanting to combine an up-to-date,science-based account of animal issues with clear-headed moralreflection. "The book covers an impressive range of topics with accuracy andfairness. Despite its ambitious scope, the authors have achievedremarkable unity in the book, and have produced a book that is easyand pleasant to read. Their work will surely provide a major toolfor rationalizing the debate about the ethics of animal use, and Icommend them for their invaluable contribution." From the Forewordby Professor Bernard Rollin, Colorado State University.

The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics


Author: Tom L. Beauchamp,R.G. Frey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195371968
Category: Medical
Page: 982
View: 6089
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Edited by Tom L. Beauchamp and R.G. Frey.

Companion Animal Ethics


Author: Peter Sandøe,Sandra Corr,Clare Palmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118376722
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 2918
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Companion Animal Ethics explores the important ethical questions and problems that arise as a result of humans keeping animals as companions. The first comprehensive book dedicated to ethical and welfare concerns surrounding companion animals Scholarly but still written in an accessible and engaging style Considers the idea of animal companionship and why it should matter ethically Explores problems associated with animals sharing human lifestyles and homes, such as obesity, behavior issues, selective breeding, over-treatment, abandonment, euthanasia and environmental impacts Offers insights into practical ways of improving ethical standards relating to animal companions

The Human Use of Animals

Case Studies in Ethical Choice
Author: F. Barbara Orlans
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195119088
Category: Medical
Page: 330
View: 5365
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The first set of case studies on animal use, this volume offers a thorough, up-to-date exploration of the moral issues related to animal welfare. Its main purpose is to examine how far it is ethically justifiable to harm animals in order to benefit mankind. An excellent introduction provides a framework for the cases and sets the background of philosophical and moral concepts underlying the subject. Sixteen original, previously unpublished essays cover controversies associated with the human use of animals in a broad range of contexts, including biomedical, behavioral, and wildlife research, cosmetic safety testing, education, the food industry, commerce, and animal use as pets and in religious practices. Scientific research is accorded the closest scrutiny. The authors represent a wide range of expertise within their specialized areas of research--physiology, public policy, ethics, philosophy, law, veterinary science, and psychology. The careful analysis of each case makes it possible to elevate the discourse beyond over-simplified positions, and to demonstrate the complexity of the issues. The Human Use of Animals will be welcomed by students and faculty in law, philosophy, ethics, public policy, religion, medicine, and veterinary medicine. It will also interest activists in the animal protection movement, and members of animal protection organizations and Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees.

Über die Grundlage der Moral


Author: Arthur Schopenhauer
Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag
ISBN: 3787327835
Category: Philosophy
Page: 189
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In seiner 1839 bei der Dänischen Societät der Wissenschaften eingereichten und 1841 erst mals in dem Band "Die beiden Grundprobleme der Ethik" veröffentlichten Preisschrift über die Grundlage der Moral legt Schopenhauer eine Reihe bemerkenswerter Ergänzungen zu seiner Ethik bzw. Metaphysik der Sitten vor. In keinem anderen seiner Werke setzt er sich so ausführlich mit Kants Ethik auseinander, die er einerseits als bedeutende Leistung würdigt, an derseits aber auch einer gründlichen und - in vielen Punkten - überzeugenden Kritik unter wirft. Ein zentraler Einwand lautet, daß der kategorische Imperativ letzten Endes einem kalkulierten Egoismus entspringe. Damit wäre er kein formales, sondern ein materiales Prinzip, und er würde nicht kategorisch, sondern allenfalls hypothetisch gelten. Darüber hinaus weist Schopenhauer die "imperative Form" der Kantischen Ethik als unangemessen zurück. Nach seiner Auffassung besteht die Aufgabe der Ethik keineswegs darin, Vorschriften aufzustellen, nach denen sich die Menschen zu richten hätten, sondern lediglich darin, deren Verhalten zu beschreiben und verständlich zu machen. Was seine eigene Konzeption der Ethik anbelangt, so läuft sie darauf hinaus, daß das Mitleid die Grundlage der Moral bildet. Schopenhauer charakterisiert es als ein Gefühl, in dem einem Menschen das Leiden des Anderen ebenso unmittelbar zugänglich ist wie das eigene und das ihn dazu motiviert, den Anderen zum letzten Zweck des Handelns zu machen. Vor diesem Hintergrund entwickelt Schopenhauer seine eigene Tugendlehre, in deren Mittelpunkt die Gerechtigkeit und die Menschenliebe stehen.

The Welfare of Animals Used in Research

Practice and Ethics
Author: Robert C. Hubrecht
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118783042
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 1586
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The Welfare of Animals used in Research: Practice andEthics gives a complete and balanced overview of the issuessurrounding the use of animals in scientific research. Thefocus of the book is on the animal welfare implications and ethicsof animals in research. It covers the topics with sufficient depthto show a real understanding of varied and complex subjects, butconveys the information in a beautifully reader-friendlymanner. Key features: Provides those who are not working in the field with areasonable understanding as to why and how animals are used inresearch. Gives an introduction to the ethical issues involved in usinganimals, and explains how these are addressed in practice. Details the advances in animal welfare and the use anddevelopment of the 3Rs principles, and how these have becomefundamental to the everyday use and regulation of animals used inresearch. The focus is on principles making it suitable for aninternational audience. This book is a useful introduction to the issues involved inlaboratory animal welfare for those who intend to work in researchinvolving animals. It is also useful to prospective animal carestaff and animal welfare scientists, and to those involved inethical review. It will help inform debate amongst those who arenot involved in experimentation but who are interested in theissues. Published as a part of the prestigious Wiley-Blackwell – UFAWAnimal Welfare series. UFAW, founded 1926, is aninternationally recognised, independent, scientific and educationalanimal welfare charity. For full details of all titles available in the series, pleasevisit the UFAW AnimalWelfare series website.

Veterinary and Animal Ethics

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Veterinary and Animal Ethics, September 2011
Author: Christopher Wathes,Sandra Corr,Stephen May,Steven McCulloch,Martin Whiting
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118384318
Category: Medical
Page: 320
View: 1576
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The first International Conference on Veterinary and AnimalEthics (ICVAE) held in September 2011 saw leading experts fromacross the world come together to discuss the most important issuesof animal welfare in contemporary veterinary practice and research.This is the extended proceedings of that conference, enabling allthose interested in this increasingly significant subject tobenefit from the insights of those discussions. The conference was divided into four sessions: Principles ofveterinary and animal ethics; Justifying ends - the morality ofanimal use; Ethical analyses of animal use; and Cultural,political, legal and economic considerations. Each sessioncontained four or five papers, and these are presented here infull, as well as the transcribed question and answer sessions atthe end of each paper, and a short post-presentation reflectionfrom each author. Also included is the debate on the motion‘Is it better to have lived and lost than never to have livedat all?’ which records three prepared responses to thequestion as well as registrants’ comments from the floor. KEY FEATURES • Contributions from the leading thinkers in veterinaryand animal ethics today • Includes stimulating, challenging, thought-provoking andsometimes controversial discussions • Addresses key questions on the role of the veterinarian andthe morality of animal use, as well as our impact on wildlife • Provides guidance on the practical application of ethicalprinciples and the problems encountered Published as part of the UFAW Animal Welfare book series. See ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ufaw"www.wiley.com/go/ufaw/a formore details.

The Ethics of Animal Experimentation

A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal
Author: Donna Yarri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198040156
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 3678
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The ethical treatment of animals has become an issue of serious moral concern. Many people are challenging long-held assumptions about animals and raising questions about their status and treatment. What is the relationship between humans and animals? Do animals have moral standing? Do we have direct or indirect duties to animals? Does human benefit always outweigh animal suffering? The use of animals for experimentation raises all of these questions in a particularly insistent way. Donna Yarri gives an overview of the current state of the discussion, and presents an argument for significantly restricted animal experimentation. Pointing to the similarities between humans and animals, she argues that the actual differences are differences of degree rather than kind. Animal cognition and animal sentiency together are the basis for the claim that experimental animals do have rights. Examining arguments in the disciplines of ethology, philosophy, science, and theology, Yarri makes a case for placing substantial restrictions on animal experimentation. Grounding her examination in Christian theology, she formulates a more humane approach to animal experimentation. She concludes with a concrete burden-benefit analysis that can serve as the foundation for informed decision-making. The Ethics of Animal Experimentation serves as both a handbook of animal rights theory and a practical guide to navigating the complexities of animal experimentation. As animal experimentation features in an increasing number of scientific endeavors, it is an ethical issue that requires our immediate attention. Yarri's unique contribution forges a path toward an ethical practice of animal experimentation.

Animal Ethics in Animal Research


Author: Helena Röcklinsberg,Mickey Gjerris,I Anna S. Olsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108356222
Category: Medical
Page: N.A
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The use of animals in research has always been surrounded by ethical controversy. This book provides an overview of the central ethical issues focusing on the interconnectedness of science, law and ethics. It aims to make theoretical ethical reasoning understandable to non-ethicists and provide tools to improve ethical decision making on animal research. It focuses on good scientific practice, the 3Rs (replacement, reduction and refinement), ethical theories applied to specific cases and an overview of regulatory issues. The book is co-authored by experts in animal research, animal welfare, social sciences, law and ethics, and provides both animal researchers and members of animal ethics committees with knowledge that can facilitate their work and communication with stakeholders and the public. The book is written to provide knowledge, not to argue a certain position, and is intended to be used in training that aims to fulfil EU Directive 2010/63/EU.

Animals, Ethics and Trade

The Challenge of Animal Sentience
Author: Joyce D'Silva,Jacky Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136571698
Category: Nature
Page: 312
View: 7492
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Modern urban life cuts us off from direct connection with the animal world, yet daily the lives of millions of animals are affected by what we consume and wear and what we trade in. The use of animals for food, labour and pleasure pursuits has long been justified with the assumption that unlike humans, animals aren't fully sentient beings. In recent years, however, science has revealed an astonishing array of complex animal behaviour, and scientists and policy makers now accept that the animals we make use of are indeed conscious, with preferences and intentions. The implications for our culture of factory farming, fast food and rainforest liquidation are staggering. In this powerful book, internationally renowned experts on animal behaviour and agriculture such as Jane Goodall, Tim Lang and Vandana Shiva are brought together with ethicists, religious scholars, international industry and regulators for the first time to debate these critical issues and tackle the profound implications of animal sentience. The first sections discuss scientific and ethical perspectives on the consciousness, emotions and mental abilities of animals. Later sections address how human activities such as science, law, religion, farming, food production, trade, development and education respect or ignore animals' sentience and welfare, and review the options for changes in our policies, our practices and our thinking. The result is nothing less than a stark and necessary look into the heart of humanity and the ethics that govern our animal powered society.

Zoopolis

Eine politische Theorie der Tierrechte
Author: Sue Donaldson,Will Kymlicka
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518734326
Category: Nature
Page: 608
View: 9812
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Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.

Applied Ethics in Animal Research

Philosophy, Regulation, and Laboratory Applications
Author: John P. Gluck,Tony DiPasquale,F. Barbara Orlans
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557531377
Category: Nature
Page: 188
View: 4511
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This volume is a collection of chapters all contributed by individuals who have presented their ideas at conferences and who take moderate stands with the use of animals in research. Specifically the chapters bear of the issues of: notions of the moral standings of animals, history of the methods of argumentation, knowledge of the animal mind, nature and value of regulatory structures, how respect for animals can be converted from theory to action in the laboratory. The chapters have been tempered by open discussion with individuals with different opinions and not audiences of true believers. It is the hope of all, that careful consideration of the positions in these chapters will leave reader with a deepened understanding--not necessarily a hardened position.

Animals and Ethics

An Overview of the Philosophical Debate
Author: Angus Taylor
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 9781551115696
Category: Philosophy
Page: 214
View: 1018
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"A previous edition of this book appeared under the title Magpies, Monkeys, and Morals. The new edition has been updated throughout. Substantial new material has been added to the text, including discussions of virtue ethics and Rawlsian contractarianism. The bibliography has been significantly enlarged and now includes more than five hundred entries."--BOOK JACKET.

For Our Children

The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in the Age of Genetic Engineering
Author: Anders Nordgren
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042028041
Category: Medical
Page: 198
View: 7991
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Values in Bioethics (ViB), co-sponsored by the International Association of Bioethics, makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics. This book provides an overview of different ethical views on animal experimentation. It proposes a middle course between those that are very critical and those very positive. It supports this position by an argument from species care according to which we have special obligations to our children and other humans due to special relations. Special attention is given to genetically modified animals. The Value Inquiry Book Series (VIBS) is an international scholarly program, founded in 1992 by Robert Ginsberg, that publishes philosophical books in all areas of value inquiry, including social and political thought, ethics, applied philosophy, aesthetics, feminism, pragmatism, personalism, religious values, medical and health values, values in education, values in science and technology, humanistic psychology, cognitive science, formal axiology, history of philosophy, post-communist thought, peace theory, law and society, and theory of culture.

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing, and education.


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428922962
Category: Animal experimentation
Page: N.A
View: 5978
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Policy Issues, and options for Congressional Action -- Introduction -- Patterns of Animal Use -- Ethical Considerations.

Tourism and Animal Ethics


Author: David A. Fennell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136575685
Category: Travel
Page: 328
View: 9756
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There is a long history of the involvement of animals for tourism purposes in circuses, zoos, fairs, ecotourism and wildlife tourism, using animals as the prime focus of their experience. The wave of responsibility and sustainability that currently permeates the tourism field is catalyzing deeper moral questions about equity, equality, rights, justice, and values in regards to what constitutes acceptable tourism practice. Tourism and Animal Ethics represents a required extension of the sustainability imperative and environmental theory by providing a critical account of the role that animals play in tourism. This book explores the rich history of animal ethics research that lies outside the field of tourism for the purpose of providing greater theoretical, empirical and conceptual guidance inside the field. It examines historical and current practices of the use of animals in the tourism industry from both in situ to ex situ consumption and production perspectives, identifying a range of ethical issues associated with such use. This detailed examination of current animal ethics theories will be instrumental in determining the rightness or wrongness of these practices, and hence allow tourism practitioners and theorists to think about these issues and practices in a different light, minimizing the impact that the industry has on animals. This text provides an interdisciplinary overview of the moral issues related to the use of animals in tourism, and contains cutting edge research and boxed international case studies throughout. It will appeal to students, academics and researchers interested in Tourism Ethics, Sustainable Tourism and Wildlife Tourism.

Advances in Animal Welfare Science 1986/87


Author: M.W. Fox,Linda D. Mickley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400933312
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 8470
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This third volume of articles dealing with advances in animal welfare science and philosophy covers a wide variety of topics. Major areas of discussion include the ethics and use of animals in biomedical research, farm animal behavior and welfare, and wildlife conservation. Three articles dealing with aspects of equine behavior and welfare cover new ground for this companion species. An in-depth study of the destruction of Latin America's tropical rain forests links the need for conservation and wildlife protection with the devastating impact of the international beef (hamburger) industry, and also highlights serious welfare problems in the husbandry of cattle in the tropics. Papers from a recent symposium at Moorhead State University, Animals and Humans: Ethical Perspectives have been included in this volume. Many of these are "benchmark" papers presenting the most up-to-date and documented evidence in support of animal welfare and rights. Articles oppos ing these position papers are included since they were part of the symposium, and because they provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the arguments given in support of various forms of animal exploitation. While there is no intent to endorse these views by publishing them, it should be acknowledged that without an open and scholarly exchange of opposing of constructive exchange and conflict resolution will views, the possibility remain remote.

The Human Use of Animals

Case Studies in Ethical Choice
Author: N.A
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 287
View: 3483
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The first edition of The Human Use of Animals offered the first set of case studies on animal use through sixteen original, previously unpublished essays. Whereas the first edition strongly emphasized research issues, the second edition now adds material on conversation concerns and the use of animals in entertainment, specifically cases on endangered species, zoos, circuses, and 'sport' fighting. As with the first edition, the cases are presented in an objective and balanced way that will spark reasoned debate about moral issues. Extensively revised and updated, the second edition maintains a commitment to a discussion of ethical reflection and analysis concerning human interactions with animals.