"In Evil and Many Worlds: A Free-Will Theodicy, William Hunt presents a unique approach to explaining how God and evil can coexist despite the abundance of moral and natural evils blighting our world, which imply that an omnibenevolent God is unlikely to exist. This theodicy is based upon Huw Everett III's many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, whereby reality is not what it intuitively seems; instead, it is a multiverse comprising a vast number of universes, and we simultaneously exist in many of them. This multiplicity of existence results in a balance of moral good and evil across the multiverse, and through this, the expression of free will-an attribute valued by both persons and God- flourishes. The theodicy explains the coexistence of God and natural evil through the necessity of an evolutionary process that ensures the emergence of free-willed persons. Notwithstanding this universal perspective of Creation, a resurrection possibility would mitigate individual suffering resulting from this divine holistic strategy. Hunt examines this possibility in light of the many-worlds interpretation"--
"In Evil and Many Worlds: A Free-Will Theodicy, William Hunt presents a unique approach to explaining how God and evil can coexist despite the abundance of moral and natural evils blighting our world, which imply that an omnibenevolent God ...
Author: William Hunt
Category: Free will and determinism
Evil and Many Worlds is a free-will theodicy based upon Huw Everett III's 1957 many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. The theodicy argues for a balance of good and evil across an emergent multiverse where free will—a greater good valued by both persons and God— flourishes.
The whole notion of God permitting evil is not commensurable with these religious ... I employ the many-worlds interpretation in a theodicy because of its ...
Author: William Hunt
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Commandant Joubert, a brilliant but warped scientist schemes to bring back white supremacy' to Africa. His plan is simple but frightening in its conception, to infect the entire black population with H.I.V. Joubert is absolutely ruthless and will stop at nothing, torture, sabotage, murder, to bring a new Armageddon down upon an unsuspecting world. When a tainted sample of blood escapes from his laboratory in Johannesburg, two young virologists, at the Center for Disease Control, in Atlanta, are alerted. In a race against time, across three continents, all the time following a bloody trail of death and destruction, Dr. Chris Foster and his beautiful bride to be, try to avert the plague that will bring death to millions. These two young doctors are averse to violence so they enlist the help of a friend who is skilled in the use of weapons and explosives in the hope that he can help them track Joubert back to his lair in Johannesburg and somehow destroy both him and his evil offspring. In this biological thriller, which is as up to date as today's headlines, the story is certainly fiction but the possibility of such a scenario is frighteningly real.
"And the first man of all men have I called Adam, which is many. But only an account of this earth, and the inhabitants thereof, give I unto you.
Author: Timothy Wood
Research in cosmology, ancient philosophy, quantum theory, and mathematics, shows that the universe may exist as a computer program driven by sets and series(s) of numbers; and, where the larger part of the universe (as a light hologram) is considered to be a large infinite space of possibility or potential, driving the behavior of space; -- with space existing as light. This new view of the universe explains away much of the mystery surrounding Religion & Mythology and finally gives a scientific explanation for ancient stories, popular myth, and legends (including The Pyramids, UFOs, Space Portals, Astral Worlds, and Hidden Dimensions: for Magic & Illusion; *ALL keys to Religious Cosmology). This new view of the universe also opens the door for an understanding of previously unexplained phenomena; inside mental worlds ... including Dreams, ESP (and Clairvoyance) - where the observer is subconsciously driving a noticeable part of the universe that he or she sees. *Using 'the mind' and a 'second perception' (or second sight) the observer is always creating a 'potential' which can thought of, as a 'wave potential' or 'a field potential' for light ... contributing to many realities (and many worlds) - *addressed in quantum physics as "many worlds theory."
The evil Jinn (or evil Genies) are directly responsible for the pain, suffering, sickness, and death referenced as the "Curse of Man" or the "human ...
Author: Kevin Luckerson
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
The Blackwell Companion to the Problem of Evil presents a collection of original essays providing both overview and insight, clarifying and evaluating the philosophical and theological “problem of evil” in its various contexts and manifestations. Features all original essays that explore the various forms of the problems of evil, offering theistic responses that attempt to explain evil as well as discussion of the challenges facing such explanations Includes section introductions with a historical essay that traces the developments of the issues explored Acknowledges the fact that there are many problems of evil, some of which apply only to those who believe in concepts such as hell and some of which apply to non-theists Represents views from the various religious traditions, including Hindu, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim
... ways in which worlds can differ independently of how many essences have C, we might naturally hypothesize that there are infinitely many worlds at which ...
Author: Justin P. McBrayer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Paperback reissue of one volume of the English Dominicans' Latin/English edition of Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologiae.
Better , it will be admitted , for there to be more worlds than one alone ; many good things are better than few . Therefore many worlds were made by God .
Author: Thomas Aquinas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Of all the issues in the philosophy of religion, the problem of reconciling belief in God with evil in the world arguably commands more attention than any other. For over two decades, Michael L. Peterson’s The Problem of Evil: Selected Readings has been the most widely recognized and used anthology on the subject. Peterson's expanded and updated second edition retains the key features of the original and presents the main positions and strategies in the latest philosophical literature on the subject. It will remain the most complete introduction to the subject as well as a resource for advanced study. Peterson organizes his selection of classical and contemporary sources into four parts: important statements addressing the problem of evil from great literature and classical philosophy; debates based on the logical, evidential, and existential versions of the problem; major attempts to square God's justice with the presence of evil, such as Augustinian, Irenaean, process, openness, and felix culpa theodicies; and debates on the problem of evil covering such concepts as a best possible world, natural evil and natural laws, gratuitous evil, the skeptical theist defense, and the bearing of biological evolution on the problem. The second edition includes classical excerpts from the book of Job, Voltaire, Dostoevsky, Augustine, Aquinas, Leibniz, and Hume, and twenty-five essays that have shaped the contemporary discussion, by J. L. Mackie, Alvin Plantinga, William Rowe, Marilyn Adams, John Hick, William Hasker, Paul Draper, Michael Bergmann, Eleonore Stump, Peter van Inwagen, and numerous others. Whether a professional philosopher, student, or interested layperson, the reader will be able to work through a number of issues related to how evil in the world affects belief in God.
But a possible world is maximal; W′, therefore, includes the complement S of S′. ... in the actual world, obviously; but a person also exists in many worlds ...
Author: Michael L. Peterson
Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess
In the spring of 1672, the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz arrived in Paris on a furtive diplomatic mission. That project was abandoned quickly, but Leibniz remained in Paris with a singular goal: to get the most out of the city's intellectual and cultural riches. He benefited, above all, from his friendships with France's two greatest philosopher-theologians of the period, Antoine Arnauld and Nicolas de Malebranche. The interactions of these three men would prove of great consequence not only for Leibniz's own philosophy but for the development of modern philosophical and religious thought. Despite their wildly different views and personalities, the three philosophers shared a single, passionate concern: resolving the problem of evil. Why is it that, in a world created by an allpowerful, all-wise, and infinitely just God, there is sin and suffering? Why do bad things happen to good people, and good things to bad people? This is the story of a clash between radically divergent worldviews. But it is also a very personal story. At its heart are the dramatic—and often turbulent—relationships between three brilliant and resolute individuals. In this lively and engaging book, Steven Nadler brings to life a debate that obsessed its participants, captivated European intellectuals, and continues to inform our ways of thinking about God, morality, and the world.
There are many possible worlds that have more evil than the actual world, and many worlds that have the same amount of evil as the actual world, ...
Author: Steven Nadler
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Michael J. Almeida presents a powerful argument which holds that several widely believed and largely undisputed principles against the existence of God are in fact just philosophical dogmas. He challenges some of the most well-entrenched principles in philosophical theology, which have served as basic assumptions in influential apriori, atheological arguments, and argues that they present no important challenge to the existence of an Anselmian God. Not only arethese philosophical principles false, they are necessarily false.
Every eligible world contains at least suffering and evil μ and W is an ... there must be infinitely many worlds between W0 and W containing less and less ...
Author: Michael J. Almeida
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Groundbreaking, ingenious and devastatingly clear, Keith Ward’s Pascal’s Fire is guaranteed to reignite the timeless dispute of whether scientific advancement threatens religious belief. Turning the conventional debate on its head, Ward suggests that the existence of God is actually the best starting-point for a number of the most famous scientific positions. From quantum physics to evolution, the suggestion of an ‘ultimate mind’ adds a new dimension to scientific thought, enhancing rather than detracting from its greatest achievements. Also responding to potential criticisms that his ultimate mind is unrecognisable as the God of Abraham, Ward examines our most fundamental beliefs in a new light. Emerging with a conception of God that is consistent with both science and the world’s major faiths, this ambitious project will fascinate believers and sceptics alike.
In many worlds, it would not be possible for most finite persons to see how the evil was to be positively related to future good. But, given the possibility ...
Author: Keith Ward
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
God, the Best, and Evil is an original treatment of notable problems about God and his actions towards human beings. Bruce Langtry examines implications of divine omnipotence, omniscience, and perfect goodness for God's providence; the apparent fact that God could have created a better world than this one; and the problem of evil.
If there is a best world, it will be maximal, but there might be several maximal worlds in the absence of a best one. Suppose for the sake of argument that ...
Author: Bruce Langtry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This concise, well-structured survey examines the problem of evil in the context of the philosophy of religion. The main problem of evil consists in reconciling belief in a just and loving God with the evil and suffering in the world. Michael Peterson frames this issue by working through questions such as the following: What is the relation of rational belief to religious faith? What different conceptual moves are possible on either side of the issue? What responses have important thinkers advanced and which seem most promising? Is it possible to maintain religious commitment in light of evil? The author relies on the helpful distinction between moral and natural evil to clarify our understanding of the different aspects of the problem as well as avenues for response. Thus, the reader of this book gains not only an intellectual grasp of the debate over God and evil in professional philosophy but also the personal benefit of thinking through one of the most important issues in human life. }This concise, well-structured survey examines the problem of evil in the context of the philosophy of religion. One of the core topics in that field, the problem of evil is an enduring challenge that Western philosophers have pondered for almost two thousand years. The main problem of evil consists in reconciling belief in a just and loving God with the evil and suffering in the world. Michael Peterson frames this issue by working through questions such as the following: What is the relation of rational belief to religious faith? What different conceptual moves are possible on either side of the issue? What responses have important thinkers advanced and which seem most promising? Is it possible to maintain religious commitment in light of evil? Peterson relies on the helpful distinction between moral and natural evil to clarify our understanding of the different aspects of the problem as well as avenues for response. The overall format of the text rests on classifying various types of argument from evil: the logical, the probabilistic, the evidential, and the existential arguments. Each type of argument has its own strategy which both theists and nontheists must recognize and develop. Giving both theistic and nontheistic perspectives fair representation, the text works through the issues of whether evil shows theistic belief to be inconsistent, improbable, discredited by the evidence, or threatened by personal crisis.Peterson explains how defensive strategies are particularly geared for responding to the logical and probabilistic arguments from evil while theodicy is an appropriate response to the evidential argument. Theodicy has traditionally been understood as the attempt to justify belief in a God who is all-powerful and all-good in light of evil. The text discusses the theodicies of Augustine, Leibniz, Hick, and Whitehead as enlightening examples of theodicy. This discussion allows Peterson to identify and evaluate a rather dominant theme in most theodicies: that evil can be justified by designating a greater good. In the end, Peterson even explores how certain types of theodicy, based on specifically Christian renditions of theism, might provide a basis for addressing the existential problem of evil. The reader of this book gains not only an intellectual grasp of the debate over God and evil in professional philosophy but also the personal benefit of thinking through one of the most important issues in human life. }
It should be obvious that exactly one possible world is actual and that at ... but we also exist in a great many worlds distinct from the actual world .
Author: Michael L Peterson
Is evil evidence against the existence of God? A collection of essays by philosophers, theologians, and other scholars. Even if God and evil are compatible, it remains hotly contested whether evil renders belief in God unreasonable. The Evidential Argument from Evil presents five classic statements on this issue by eminent philosophers and theologians, and places them in dialogue with eleven original essays reflecting new thinking by these and other scholars. The volume focuses on two versions of the argument. The first affirms that there is no reason for God to permit either certain specific horrors or the variety and profusion of undeserved suffering. The second asserts that pleasure and pain, given their biological role, are better explained by hypotheses other than theism. Contributors include William P. Alston, Paul Draper, Richard M. Gale, Daniel Howard-Snyder, Alvin Plantinga, William L. Rowe, Bruce Russell, Eleonore Stump, Richard G. Swinburne, Peter van Inwagen, and Stephen John Wykstra.
If there are infinitely many worlds—and surely there are?—the notion of the measure of a set of worlds gets most of such content as it has from the ...
Author: William L. Rowe
Publisher: Indiana University Press
In his discussion of natural theology (arguments to prove the existence of God) and natural atheology (arguments for the falsehood of theistic belief) Plantinga focuses on two of the traditional arguments: the ontological argument as an example of natural theology, and the problem of evil as the most important representative of natural atheology. Accessible to serious general readers.
It should be obvious that exactly one possible world is actual . ... in the actual world , obviously ; but a person also exists in many worlds distinct from ...
Author: Alvin Plantinga
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
The Problem of Evil offers a comprehensive examination of the problem of evil from both technical and ministerial perspectives. Author and acclaimed philosophy professor Jeremy A. Evans treats the history of the problem with fairness, looking at it through contemporary philosophical literature and offering responses to the most substantive arguments from evil. His purpose is to provide holistic responses to the problem of evil that are philosophically and theologically maintainable. Among the chapters are “Introduction to the Problem of Evil,” “The Logical Problem of Evil,” “The Evidential Problem of Evil,” “The Problem of Hell,” “The Problem of Divine Hiddenness,” “The Defeat of Evil,” “Moral Evil: Comparing Theism and Naturalism,” and “Evil and the Worship Worthiness of God.”
Insofar as this is a possible world, Mackie wonders why it isn't the ... the actual world, but we might also exist in a great many worlds distinct from the ...
Author: Jeremy A. Evans
Publisher: B&H Publishing Group
This text examines the possibility of a cosmic evolution process that encompasses our own planet and universe as well as other planets and universes. Focus is on how this concept fits in with our ideas of God and spirituality.
The main thrust of the story is clearly to emphasize that the source of the evil we see all round us in the human world lies, not in the original creation ...
Author: Steven Dick
Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press
First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
In this respect, 'the best possible world' is like 'the biggest possible world' or ... No matter how many worlds actually existed a greater number seems ...
Author: M. B. Ahern
A Jedi adventure that is a direct prequel to the upcoming movie, Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith! Based on information from George Lucas and written by bestselling Star Wars author James Luceno, this book leads directly into the explosive opening scene of the new blockbuster movie. Now a full-fledged Jedi Knight, Anakin Skywalker sets out on his first mission with Obi-Wan Kenobi as an equal, instead of as a Padawan apprentice. As they search desperately for clues to the wherabouts of the evil Sith Lord, Darth Sidiuos, they find themselves caught in an intricately woven web of lies that leads them right into the action-packed opening sequence of the upcoming blockbuster movie, Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith!
... as of this morning I was informed that the Separatists still hold many key worlds in the Outer Rim, and that our sieges there could go on indefinitely.
Author: James Luceno
Publisher: Random House
Whether expressed in theological or secular terms, evil poses a problem about the world's intelligibility. It confronts philosophy with fundamental questions: Can there be meaning in a world where innocents suffer? Can belief in divine power or human progress survive a cataloging of evil? Is evil profound or banal? Neiman argues that these questions impelled modern philosophy. Traditional philosophers from Leibniz to Hegel sought to defend the Creator of a world containing evil. Inevitably, their efforts--combined with those of more literary figures like Pope, Voltaire, and the Marquis de Sade--eroded belief in God's benevolence, power, and relevance, until Nietzsche claimed He had been murdered. They also yielded the distinction between natural and moral evil that we now take for granted. Neiman turns to consider philosophy's response to the Holocaust as a final moral evil, concluding that two basic stances run through modern thought. One, from Rousseau to Arendt, insists that morality demands we make evil intelligible. The other, from Voltaire to Adorno, insists that morality demands that we don't.
We compare the Creation of the world to our own creation of artifacts as a ... Many worlds might have been botched and bungled, throughout an eternity, ...
Author: Susan Neiman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Ethics & Moral Philosophy; Philosophy
Alvin Plantinga’s Warranted Christian Belief has very quickly become one of the most influential books in philosophy of religion. In this collection of essays, German philosophers, theologians and a mathematician deal critically with several aspects of Plantinga’s seminal work. In a long essay, Plantinga answers to these critics.
atheological argument, unfolds in several steps. (a) Firstly, he questions whether the reality of evil in this world provides any evidence at all.
Author: Dieter Schönecker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG