Evolution and Culture

A unified interpretation of the evolution of species, humanity, and society

Author: Thomas G. Harding

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472087762

Category: Social Science

Page: 131

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A unified interpretation of the evolution of species, humanity, and society
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The Evolution of Culture

One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years.

Author: Leslie A White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315418568

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 793

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One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years. Now Evolution of Culture is again available in paperback, allowing today’s generation of anthropologists new access to Leslie White’s crucial contribution to the theory of cultural evolution. A new, substantial introduction by Robert Carneiro and Burton J. Brown assess White’s historical importance and continuing influence in the discipline. White is credited with reintroducing evolution in a way that had a profound impact on our understanding of the relationship between technology, ecology, and culture in the development of civilizations. A materialist, he was particularly concerned with societies’ ability to harness energy as an indicator of progress, and his empirical analysis of this equation covers a vast historical span. Fearlessly tackling the most fundamental questions of culture and society during the cold war, White was frequently a lightning rod both inside and outside the academy. His book will provoke equally potent debates today, and is a key component of any course or reading list in anthropological or archaeological theory and cultural ecology.
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The Origin and Evolution of Cultures

That culture is crucial for understanding human behaviour; and that culture is part of biology. Interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

Author: Robert Boyd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195165241

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 186

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The Origin and Evolution of Cultures presents articles based on two notions. That culture is crucial for understanding human behaviour; and that culture is part of biology. Interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.
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The Evolution of Culture

This book explores the ways in which contemporary evolutionary thinking might inform the study of the peculiarly human phenomenon of symbolic culture, including language, ritual, religion, religion and art.

Author: Robin Ian MacDonald Dunbar

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015048756111

Category: Anthropology

Page: 257

View: 450

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This book explores the ways in which contemporary evolutionary thinking might inform the study of the peculiarly human phenomenon of symbolic culture, including language, ritual, religion, religion and art. It draws together contributions from biologists, linguists, anthropologists and archaeologists in order to establish common ground where collaboration and interaction will be especially productive and challenging in the study of those fundamental aspects of our biology that makes us human. Multidisciplinary An evolutionary approach to culture
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Culture History and Convergent Evolution

This volume brings together diverse contributions from leading archaeologists and paleoanthropologists, covering various spatial and temporal periods to distinguish convergent evolution from cultural transmission in order to see if we can ...

Author: Huw S. Groucutt

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030461263

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 833

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This volume brings together diverse contributions from leading archaeologists and paleoanthropologists, covering various spatial and temporal periods to distinguish convergent evolution from cultural transmission in order to see if we can discover ancient human populations. With a focus on lithic technology, the book analyzes ancient materials and cultures to systematically explore the theoretical and physical aspects of culture, convergence, and populations in human evolution and prehistory. The book will be of interest to academics, students and researchers in archaeology, paleoanthropology, genetics, and paleontology. The book begins by addressing early prehistory, discussing the convergent evolution of behaviors and the diverse ecological conditions driving the success of different evolutionary paths. Chapters discuss these topics and technology in the context of the Lower Paleolithic/Earlier Stone age and Middle Paleolithic/Middle Stone Age. The book then moves towards a focus on the prehistory of our species over the last 40,000 years. Topics covered include the human evolutionary and dispersal consequences of the Middle-Upper Paleolithic Transition in Western Eurasia. Readers will also learn about the cultural convergences, and divergences, that occurred during the Terminal Pleistocene and Holocene, such as the budding of human societies in the Americas. The book concludes by integrating these various perspectives and theories, and explores different methods of analysis to link technological developments and cultural convergence.
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Evolution and Culture

Author: David Kaplan

Publisher: Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press

ISBN: UCAL:B4346706

Category: Social change

Page: 131

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Cultural Evolution

This cross-disciplinary volume focuses on the ways cultural phenomena can be studied scientifically—from theoretical modeling to lab experiments, archaeological fieldwork to ethnographic studies—and shows how apparently disparate ...

Author: Alex Mesoudi

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226520445

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 966

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Charles Darwin changed the course of scientific thinking by showing how evolution accounts for the stunning diversity and biological complexity of life on earth. Recently, there has also been increased interest in the social sciences in how Darwinian theory can explain human culture. Covering a wide range of topics, including fads, public policy, the spread of religion, and herd behavior in markets, Alex Mesoudi shows that human culture is itself an evolutionary process that exhibits the key Darwinian mechanisms of variation, competition, and inheritance. This cross-disciplinary volume focuses on the ways cultural phenomena can be studied scientifically—from theoretical modeling to lab experiments, archaeological fieldwork to ethnographic studies—and shows how apparently disparate methods can complement one another to the mutual benefit of the various social science disciplines. Along the way, the book reveals how new insights arise from looking at culture from an evolutionary angle. Cultural Evolution provides a thought-provoking argument that Darwinian evolutionary theory can both unify different branches of inquiry and enhance understanding of human behavior.
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Human Evolution and Culture Revel Access Card

REVEL™ for Human Evolution and Culture: Highlights of Anthropology introduces readers to the four fields of anthropology, helping them to understand humans in all their variety.

Author: Carol R. Ember

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134050142

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 673

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REVEL™ for Human Evolution and Culture: Highlights of Anthropology introduces readers to the four fields of anthropology, helping them to understand humans in all their variety. Students will gain a deeper understanding of anthropology, the biological and cultural evolution of humans, cultural variation, and how anthropology can be applied beyond academia. REVEL for Human Evolution and Culture includes expanded focus on environmental issues. REVEL is Pearson's newest way of delivering our respected content. Fully digital and highly engaging, REVEL offers an immersive learning experience designed for the way today's students read, think, and learn. Enlivening course content with media interactives and assessments, REVEL empowers educators to increase engagement with the course, and to better connect with students. NOTE: REVEL is a fully digital delivery of Pearson content. This ISBN is for the standalone REVEL access card. In addition to this access card, you will need a course invite link, provided by your instructor, to register for and use REVEL.
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People and Cultures of Hawaii

This is a significant update to the highly influential text People and Cultures of Hawaii: A Psychocultural Profile.

Author: Thomas W. Maretzki

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824860264

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 386

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This is a significant update to the highly influential text People and Cultures of Hawaii: A Psychocultural Profile. Since its publication in 1980, the immigrant groups it discusses in depth have matured and new ones have been added to the mix. The present work tracks the course of these changes over the past twenty years, constructing a historical understanding of each group as it evolved from race to ethnicity to culture. Individual chapters begin with an overview of one of fifteen groups. Following the development of its unique ethnocultural identity, distinctive character traits such as temperament and emotional expression are explored—as well as ethnic stereotypes. Also discussed are modifications to the group’s ethnocultural identity over time and generational change—which traits may have changed over generations and which are more hardwired or enduring. An important feature of each chapter is the focus on the group’s family social structure, generational and gender roles, power distribution, and central values and life goals. Readers will also find a description of the group’s own internal social class structure, social and political strategies, and occupational and educational patterns. Finally, contributors consider how a particular ethnic group has blended into Hawai‘i’s culturally sensitive society. People and Cultures of Hawai‘i: The Evolution of Culture and Ethnicity will, like its predecessor, fill an important niche in understanding the history of different ethnic groups in Hawai‘i.
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The Origin and Evolution of Cultures

The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

Author: Los Angeles Robert Boyd Professor of Anthropology University of California

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198040083

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 886

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Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.
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Evolution and Culture

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Sociology - Culture, Technology, Peoples / Nations, grade: 2.0, , language: English, abstract: The behaviour patterns I was showing above are just examples to mention, that there is a very ...

Author: Mirjam Moegele

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640595389

Category: Social Science

Page: 9

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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Sociology - Culture, Technology, Peoples / Nations, grade: 2.0, , language: English, abstract: The behaviour patterns I was showing above are just examples to mention, that there is a very strong similarity between natural and human phenomena. Important social scientist in early stage of sociology already found that there lies evolution behind the development of societal systems. Spencer and Comte found the concept of organic theory of society and brought first examples for what “social” is form a natural point of view.
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The Evolution of Cultural Diversity

This volume tackles questions of cultural evolution empirically and quantitatively, using a range of case studies from Africa, the Pacific, Europe, Asia and America.

Author: Ruth Mace

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 9781598742169

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 102

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This volume tackles questions of cultural evolution empirically and quantitatively, using a range of case studies from Africa, the Pacific, Europe, Asia and America. Powerful theoretical tools developed in evolutionary biology are used to test detailed hypotheses about historical patterns and adaptive functions in cultural evolution.
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Embodiment in Evolution and Culture

Building on embodied cognitive science, this volume aims to establish how far the human mind and human cultural cognition can be attributed to the structures of human existence, structures which have emerged in the course of evolution and ...

Author: Gregor Etzelmüller

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161547365

Category:

Page: 383

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From its beginnings, the theory of evolution has unsettled fundamental anthropological assumptions about the place of human beings in nature. The integration of human origins into natural history by Darwinism was countered by the philosophical anthropologies of the 20th century. Their attempts were to hold on to the special status of humans as beings `open towards the world'. Today, evolutionary and philosophical anthropology have moved closer together via the paradigm of embodiment. Building on embodied cognitive science, this volume aims to establish how far the human mind and human cultural cognition can be attributed to the structures of human existence, structures which have emerged in the course of evolution and have in turn been affected by culture. Contributors: Terrence Deacon, Marie-Eve Engels, Gregor Etzelmuller, Thomas Fuchs, Shaun Gallagher, Duilio Garofoli, Miriam Haidle, Matthias Jung, Lambros Malafouris, Alexander Massmann, Erik Myin, Tailer G. Ransom, Christian Spahn, Magnus Schlette, Mog Stapleton, Christian Tewes, Annette Weissenrieder, Wolfgang Welsch, Christoph Wulf, Karim Zahidi, Jordan Zlatev
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Pattern and Process in Cultural Evolution

This volume offers an integrative approach to the application of evolutionary theory in studies of cultural transmission and social evolution and reveals the enormous range of ways in which Darwinian ideas can lead to productive empirical ...

Author: Stephen Shennan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520255992

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 970

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This volume offers an integrative approach to the application of evolutionary theory in studies of cultural transmission and social evolution and reveals the enormous range of ways in which Darwinian ideas can lead to productive empirical research, the touchstone of any worthwhile theoretical perspective. While many recent works on cultural evolution adopt a specific theoretical framework, such as dual inheritance theory or human behavioral ecology, Pattern and Process in Cultural Evolution emphasizes empirical analysis and includes authors who employ a range of backgrounds and methods to address aspects of culture from an evolutionary perspective. Editor Stephen Shennan has assembled archaeologists, evolutionary theorists, and ethnographers, whose essays cover a broad range of time periods, localities, cultural groups, and artifacts.
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Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age

Cultural Evolution is an area of rapidly growing interest, and this timely book will be important reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the media.

Author: Alberto Acerbi

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198835943

Category: Information society

Page: 272

View: 252

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From emails to social media, from instant messaging to political memes, the way we produce and transmit culture is radically changing. Understanding the consequences of the massive diffusion of digital media is of the utmost importance, both from the intellectual and the social point of view. 'Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age' proposes that a specific discipline - cultural evolution - provides an excellent framework to analyse our digital age. Cultural evolution is a vibrant, interdisciplinary, and increasingly productive scientific framework that aims to provide a naturalistic and quantitative explanation of culture. In the book the author shows how cultural evolution offers both a sophisticated view of human behaviour, grounded in cognitive science and evolutionary theory, and a strong quantitative and experimental methodology. The book examines in depth various topics that directly originate from the application of cultural evolution research to digital media. Is online social influence radically different from previous forms of social influence? Do digital media amplify the effects of popularity and celebrity influence? What are the psychological forces that favour the spread of online misinformation? What are the effects of the hyper-availability of information online on cultural cumulation? The cultural evolutionary perspective provides novel insights, and a relatively encouraging take on the overall effects of our online activities on our culture. Cultural Evolution is an area of rapidly growing interest, and this timely book will be important reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the media.
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Human Evolution Beyond Biology and Culture

A complete account of evolutionary thought in the social, environmental and policy sciences, creating bridges with biology.

Author: Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108470971

Category: Nature

Page: 564

View: 170

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A complete account of evolutionary thought in the social, environmental and policy sciences, creating bridges with biology.
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Human Evolution and Culture

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book.

Author: Carol R. Ember

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780133745931

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 624

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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Presents A Brief Empirical Introduction to the Four Fields of Anthropology Human Evolution and Culture presents the highlights of the popular Anthropology, 14th edition by the same author team. This brief introduction presents readers with the four fields of anthropology, helping them to understand humans and all their variety. Students will gain a deeper understanding of 1) anthropology, 2) the biological and cultural evolution of humans, 3) cultural variation, and 4) how anthropology can be applied beyond academia. The new 8th edition includes expanded focus on environmental issues. Additionally, the size of the book (19 chapters) makes it useful for quarter courses, as well as for courses that encourage a lot of supplemental reading. REVEL from Pearson is an immersive learning experience designed for the way today’s student read, think, and learn. REVEL modernizes familiar and respected course content with dynamic media interactives and assessments, and empowers educators to increase engagement in the course, better connecting with students. The result is increased student engagement and improved learning. Teaching and Learning Experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience- for you and your students. It: Immersive Learning Experiences with REVEL: REVEL delivers immersive learning experiences designed for the way today's students read, think, and learn. Engaging Pedagogically-Driven Design: Learning Objectives in each chapter correspond to chapter summary materials A Clear Understanding of humans: Readers will learn the major variations in human kinship, economic, political, and religious systems and why it is significant. Focus on Contemporary issues: Students will understand contemporary social problems and how anthropology might be used to address them.
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Biocultural Evolution

Author: Pandey

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 8180697053

Category: Human evolution

Page: 321

View: 147

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Race Culture and Evolution

Essays in the history of anthropology cover such topics as the image of primitive man in evolutionary anthology and a historical analysis of the scientific reaction against cultural anthropology in the early twentieth century.

Author: George W. Stocking

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226774945

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 839

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Essays in the history of anthropology cover such topics as the image of primitive man in evolutionary anthology and a historical analysis of the scientific reaction against cultural anthropology in the early twentieth century.
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