Exploring Planetary Climate

An accessible and engaging account of the history of climate science and exploration on Earth and other planetary bodies.

Author: Ralph D. Lorenz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108471541

Category: Nature

Page: 316

View: 531

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An accessible and engaging account of the history of climate science and exploration on Earth and other planetary bodies.
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Planetary Climate Before the Space Age

This book tells the story of how we learned what controls the temperature of the planets, including our own.

Author: Ralph D. Lorenz

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1546814191

Category:

Page: 110

View: 402

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This book tells the story of how we learned what controls the temperature of the planets, including our own. From the first ideas on climate in ancient times, to the magnificent intellectual leaps of the Renaissance, then via the progressive understanding of heat and the daring explorations of the Earth and atmosphere by ship, mountain ascent and balloons in the 19th century, to the modern era of mathematical prediction of weather and climate, the story sweeps in parallel with astronomical observation of our planetary neighbors. This scientific tour sees everything from long and meticulous calculations by lone geniuses, to international diplomacy and globetrotting adventures of discovery. Science is a human endeavor, and its forward march has been sometimes punctuated by self-delusion, dismissal of radical ideas, and untimely death. Critical advances have been sometimes lost for years, but the centuries leading up to the era of planetary exploration progressively built our knowledge of the sun, the greenhouse effect, and the ice ages, setting the stage to understand our neighboring worlds, and our past and future.
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Exploring the Planets

This personal account of how the space programme has evolved, explores how the motivations of researchers and politicians can merge to generate the large budgets required, and describes how the technology is planned and developed to make ...

Author: Fred Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199671595

Category:

Page: 384

View: 771

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The planets fascinate us, and naturally we care about our own Earth, and things like how well we can forecast the weather and whether climate is really changing. Exploring the Planets offers a personal account on how the space programme evolved. It begins in the era of the first blurry views of our Earth as seen from space, and ends with current plans for sophisticated robots on places as near as our neighbours Venus and Mars and as far away as the rainy lakelands of Saturn's planet-sized moon Titan. Examining the scientific goals of these complex voyages of discovery, and the joys and hardships of working to achieve them. The Space Age is now about 50 years old and for those lucky enough to be part of it at its inception, it's filled a worklong lifetime. Today, several satellites around the Earth have studied the atmosphere and the climate using instruments on board that the author helped design and build. 'Deep space' missions were embarked upon to visit the planets: all of the major bodies (six planets, the Moon and minor bodies, asteroids and comets) of the classical Solar System have been scrutinised close-up by experiments built in various laboratories worldwide. Most of the narrative is based on the author's experiences at the world's space agencies, research labs, and conferences, and at other places as diverse as Cape Canaveral and No. 10 Downing Street.
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The Crises of Civilization

In this volume, Dipesh Chakrabarty examines these distinct—but interrelated—issues side by side. Varied ideas of civilization and humanism have shaped notions of a global humanity in the lingering twilight of the European empires.

Author: Dipesh Chakrabarty

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199096022

Category: History

Page: 321

View: 588

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The world created by the legacies of empire and colonialism now confronts some deep crises of civility, precipitated by globalization and climate change. In this volume, Dipesh Chakrabarty examines these distinct—but interrelated—issues side by side. Varied ideas of civilization and humanism have shaped notions of a global humanity in the lingering twilight of the European empires. Detailing these ideas, in the section titled ‘Global Worlds’, Chakrabarty outlines the conflicts and connections that arise from global encounters in our postcolonial age. The second section, ‘The Planetary Human’, on the other hand, explores the significance of planetary climate change for humanistic and postcolonial thought. Chakrabarty argues that such change demands not only critiques of capitalism and inequality, but also new thinking about the human species as a whole—our patterns of justice, writing of history, and relationship with nature in the age of the Anthropocene. The global is human-centric in construction; the planetary involves many other actors and thus includes the thorny question of how we go beyond the anthropocentric to discuss and conceptualize the agency of the non-human.
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Exploring Climate Change through Science and in Society

Well, what I do in the book is to look at the history of this idea of climate change
and the notion that humans can have an influence on planetary climate and that
our influence has become greater and greater over the last 100 years or so as ...

Author: Mike Hulme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135089832

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 914

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Mike Hulme has been studying climate change for over thirty years and is today one of the most distinctive and recognisable voices speaking internationally about climate change in the academy, in public and in the media. The argument that he has made powerfully over the last few years is that climate change has to be understood as much as an idea situated in different cultural contexts as it is as a physical phenomenon to be studied through universal scientific practices. Climate change at its core embraces both science and society, both knowledge and culture. Hulme’s numerous academic and popular writings have explored what this perspective means for the different ways climate change is studied, narrated, argued over and acted upon. Exploring Climate Change through Science and in Society gathers together for the first time a collection of his most popular, prominent and controversial articles, essays, speeches, interviews and reviews dating back to the late 1980s. The 50 or so short items are grouped together in seven themes - Science, Researching, Culture, Policy, Communicating, Controversy, Futures - and within each theme are arranged chronologically to reveal changing ideas, evidence and perspectives about climate change. Each themed section is preceded with a brief introduction, drawing out the main issues examined. Three substantive unpublished new essays have been specially written for the book, including one reflecting on the legacy of Climategate. Taken as a collection, these writings reveal the changes in scientific and public understandings of climate change since the late 1980s, as refracted through the mind and expression of one leading academic and public commentator. The collection shows the many different ways in which it is necessary to approach the idea of climate change to interpret and make sense of the divergent and discordant voices proclaiming it in the public sphere.
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Planetary Exploration and Science Recent Results and Advances

By providing detailed theory and examples, this book helps readers to quickly familiarize themselves with the field.

Author: Shuanggen Jin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662450529

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 136

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This contributed monograph is the first work to present the latest results and findings on the new topic and hot field of planetary exploration and sciences, e.g., lunar surface iron content and mare orientale basalts, Earth’s gravity field, Martian radar exploration, crater recognition, ionosphere and astrobiology, Comet ionosphere, exoplanetary atmospheres and planet formation in binaries. By providing detailed theory and examples, this book helps readers to quickly familiarize themselves with the field. In addition, it offers a special section on next-generation planetary exploration, which opens a new landscape for future exploration plans and missions. Prof. Shuanggen Jin works at the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Dr. Nader Haghighipour works at the University of Hawaii-Manoa, USA. Prof. Wing-Huen Ip works at the National Central University, Taiwan.
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Exploring the Solar System

Jupiter and Saturn had never formed in our Solar System, three Earth-like planets
might have developed instead of just one. ... edge of the habitable zone, life
forms would have to tolerate reduced stellar irradiation and a very peculiar
climate.

Author: Peter Bond

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444398366

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 447

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The exploration of our solar system is one of humanity's greatest scientific achievements. The last fifty years in particular have seen huge steps forward in our understanding of the planets, the sun, and other objects in the solar system. Whilst planetary science is now a mature discipline - involving geoscientists, astronomers, physicists, and others – many profound mysteries remain, and there is indeed still the tantalizing possibility that we may find evidence of life on another planet in our system.Drawing upon the latest results from the second golden age of Solar System exploration, author Peter Bond provides an authoritative and up-to-date account of the planets, satellites and smaller debris that orbit the Sun. Written in an informal style, with minimal use of mathematics, this book is the ideal introductory text for non-science students and other readers with little or no science background. With the aid of numerous illustrations, many in full colour, this exciting book brings to life the weird and wonderful worlds that populate our corner of the Universe. This book: Assumes no background in physics , astronomy or mathematics Carefully explains key concepts Gives balanced coverage to areas of controversy or uncertainty in planetary science Is in in full color throughout and richly illustrated An interview with Peter can be found at http://wisciblog.com/2012/02/28/exploring-the-solar-system/
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The Scientific Exploration of Venus

A leading Venus researcher explains in a friendly non-technical style what we know through our investigations of Earth's 'twin' planet.

Author: Fredric W. Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107023482

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 582

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A leading Venus researcher explains in a friendly non-technical style what we know through our investigations of Earth's 'twin' planet.
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Planetary and Lunar Exploration

... Planetary and Lunar Exploration. FUTURE PROGRAMS 102 polar laminar
terrain is a compelling reason to study Mars' climate change in detail. ... All rights
reserved. Planetary and Lunar Exploration Scientific Objectives for a Mars Focus
102.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309038850

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 840

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Titan

The book aims to cater to all of these by using nontechnical language wherever possible, while maintaining a high standard of scientific rigor.The book is a fully revised and extensively updated edition of Titan: The Earthlike Moon, which ...

Author: Athena Coustenis

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812705013

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 651

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Titan: Exploring an Earthlike World presents the only comprehensive description in book form of what is currently known about Titan, the largest satellite of the planet Saturn and arguably the most intriguing and mysterious world in the Solar System. Because of its resemblance to our own planet, Titan is often described as a “frozen primitive Earth” and is therefore of wide interest to scientists and educated laypersons from a wide range of backgrounds. The book aims to cater to all of these by using nontechnical language wherever possible, while maintaining a high standard of scientific rigor.The book is a fully revised and extensively updated edition of Titan: The Earthlike Moon, which was published in 1999, before the Cassini and Huygens missions arrived to orbit Saturn and land on Titan. As investigators on these missions, the authors use the latest results to present the most recent revelations and latest surprises about an exciting new world.
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The Martian Climate Revisited

The Solar System presents us with a wide variety of alien planetary environments
for possible exploration, ranging from the fierce heat, and harsh, intense sunlight
of the Sun-facing hemisphere of Mercury or the oppressive heat of the surface ...

Author: Peter L. Read

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354040743X

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 673

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The atmosphere and climate of Mars is a crucial factor, both for understanding the planet's past and appreciating the possibilities of its future. Given the high level of current interest in Mars, and the major advances afforded by recent space exploration, this book seeks to examine and review our knowledge and understanding of the meteorology and climate of Mars in its present state. This is based not only upon direct observations, but also on the newer techniques of modelling: numerical simulation and data assimilation. This authoritative discussion of Mars' atmosphere and climate gives a balanced review of some of the hottest issues concerning Mars' environments, its present and past climate and potential to support life, and its possible future following manned exploration.
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Exploring the Solar System

In a second part concerning “Developing New Approaches to Planetary
Exploration” the four authors explore the ... Erik M. Conway relates planetary
science to the discovery of the phenomenon of global climate change, while
Andrew K.

Author: R. Launius

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137273178

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 709

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Varied perspectives on the development of planetary science and exploration during the Space Age.
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The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars

For more than a century, radical planetary climate change and the possible origin
and evolution of life have been major themes in the exploration of Mars. Unlike
the Earth, where plate tectonics has destroyed most of the rock record from that ...

Author: Robert M. Haberle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107016187

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 439

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Humanity has long been fascinated by the planet Mars. Was its climate ever conducive to life? What is the atmosphere like today and why did it change so dramatically over time? Eleven spacecraft have successfully flown to Mars since the Viking mission of the 1970s and early 1980s. These orbiters, landers and rovers have generated vast amounts of data that now span a Martian decade (roughly eighteen years). This new volume brings together the many new ideas about the atmosphere and climate system that have emerged, including the complex interplay of the volatile and dust cycles, the atmosphere-surface interactions that connect them over time, and the diversity of the planet's environment and its complex history. Including tutorials and explanations of complicated ideas, students, researchers and non-specialists alike are able to use this resource to gain a thorough and up-to-date understanding of this most Earth-like of planetary neighbours.
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Planetary Climates

The reasons. disappearing First, why should CO2 layer is a puzzle, for several
humans be exploring Mars during this special hundred-year time interval?
Second ... These quasi-circular depressions are MARS: LONG-TERM CLIMATE
CHANGE.

Author: Andrew Ingersoll

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400848232

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 208

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This concise, sophisticated introduction to planetary climates explains the global physical and chemical processes that determine climate on any planet or major planetary satellite--from Mercury to Neptune and even large moons such as Saturn's Titan. Although the climates of other worlds are extremely diverse, the chemical and physical processes that shape their dynamics are the same. As this book makes clear, the better we can understand how various planetary climates formed and evolved, the better we can understand Earth's climate history and future.
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The Exo Weather Report

David Stevenson’s new book links the meteorology of the Earth to that of other planets, stars, and clusters of galaxies, showing the similarities and differences between terrestrial weather and that of weather on other worlds.

Author: David S. Stevenson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319256795

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 252

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David Stevenson’s new book links the meteorology of the Earth to that of other planets, stars, and clusters of galaxies, showing the similarities and differences between terrestrial weather and that of weather on other worlds. Because Earth is not unique in having weather, there is much to learn from other planets with atmospheres that show the movement of energy from hotter to colder areas. The weather seen on Earth and other known planetary systems are examined to elaborate the connection between climate and the development of life. The weather on Earth and other Solar System planets is a manifestation of the huge energy budget imparted by our star, the Sun, but weather doesn’t stop at the shores of our Solar System. The author brings together the latest information from satellites and probes, such as Cassini and Hubble, to show its larger place in the astronomical picture. Inferences are drawn about the weather and climate of a large number of other planetary systems that lie far from our own. Additionally, the author expands our understanding of what exactly weather is comprised of by exploring the kind of “weather” experienced on the largest observable scales in the universe.
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Mars Exploration Rovers

"Explores various perspectives on exploration of Mars by rovers. The reader's choices reveal the historical details"--

Author: Steve Kortenkamp

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 9781491481066

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 330

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"Explores various perspectives on exploration of Mars by rovers. The reader's choices reveal the historical details"--
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Exploring Mars

Blending the exciting stories of the missions with the thrills of scientific discovery, Exploring Mars will intrigue anyone interested in the science, the engineering, or the policy of investigating other worlds.

Author: Scott Hubbard

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816599691

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 280

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The Red Planet has been a subject of fascination for humanity for thousands of years, becoming part of our folklore and popular culture. The most Earthlike of the planets in our solar system, Mars may have harbored some form of life in the past and may still possess an ecosystem in some underground refuge. The mysteries of this fourth planet from our Sun make it of central importance to NASA and its science goals for the twenty-first century. In the wake of the very public failures of the Mars Polar Lander and the Mars Climate Orbiter in 1999, NASA embarked on a complete reassessment of the Mars Program. Scott Hubbard was asked to lead this restructuring in 2000, becoming known as the "Mars Czar." His team's efforts resulted in a very successful decade-long series of missions—each building on the accomplishments of those before it—that adhered to the science adage "follow the water" when debating how to proceed. Hubbard's work created the Mars Odyssey mission, the twin rovers Spirit and Opportunity, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, the Phoenix mission, and most recently the planned launch of the Mars Science Laboratory. Now for the first time Scott Hubbard tells the complete story of how he fashioned this program, describing both the technical and political forces involved and bringing to life the national and international cast of characters engaged in this monumental endeavor. Blending the exciting stories of the missions with the thrills of scientific discovery, Exploring Mars will intrigue anyone interested in the science, the engineering, or the policy of investigating other worlds.
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Assessment of Mars Science and Mission Priorities

... Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board,
Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration ... PRESENT STATE OF
KNOWLEDGE Climate encompasses a broad range of complex, interacting
systems with a wide ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309167930

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 573

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Within the Office of Space Science of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) special importance is attached to exploration of the planet Mars, because it is the most like Earth of the planets in the solar system and the place where the first detection of extraterrestrial life seems most likely to be made. The failures in 1999 of two NASA missions-Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander-caused the space agency's program of Mars exploration to be systematically rethought, both technologically and scientifically. A new Mars Exploration Program plan (summarized in Appendix A) was announced in October 2000. The Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX), a standing committee of the Space Studies Board of the National Research Council, was asked to examine the scientific content of this new program. This goals of this report are the following: -Review the state of knowledge of the planet Mars, with special emphasis on findings of the most recent Mars missions and related research activities; -Review the most important Mars research opportunities in the immediate future; -Review scientific priorities for the exploration of Mars identified by COMPLEX (and other scientific advisory groups) and their motivation, and consider the degree to which recent discoveries suggest a reordering of priorities; and -Assess the congruence between NASA's evolving Mars Exploration Program plan and these recommended priorities, and suggest any adjustments that might be warranted.
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From Resource Scarcity to Ecological Security Exploring New Limits to Growth

9 Global Climate Change : Policy Challenges , Policy Responses Jacob Park
During the turbulent times of the French ... In a paper titled “ General Remarks on
the Temperature of the Terrestrial Globe and Planetary Spaces ” published in
1824 ...

Author: Dennis Pirages And Ken Cousins

Publisher: Academic Foundation

ISBN: 8171885543

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 280

View: 950

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Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013 2022

All three of the crosscutting science themes for the exploration of the solar system
include the inner planets, and ... and dynamics in driving planetary atmospheres
and climates lead to a better understanding of climate change on Earth?

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309224642

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 816

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In recent years, planetary science has seen a tremendous growth in new knowledge. Deposits of water ice exist at the Moon's poles. Discoveries on the surface of Mars point to an early warm wet climate, and perhaps conditions under which life could have emerged. Liquid methane rain falls on Saturn's moon Titan, creating rivers, lakes, and geologic landscapes with uncanny resemblances to Earth's. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 surveys the current state of knowledge of the solar system and recommends a suite of planetary science flagship missions for the decade 2013-2022 that could provide a steady stream of important new discoveries about the solar system. Research priorities defined in the report were selected through a rigorous review that included input from five expert panels. NASA's highest priority large mission should be the Mars Astrobiology Explorer Cacher (MAX-C), a mission to Mars that could help determine whether the planet ever supported life and could also help answer questions about its geologic and climatic history. Other projects should include a mission to Jupiter's icy moon Europa and its subsurface ocean, and the Uranus Orbiter and Probe mission to investigate that planet's interior structure, atmosphere, and composition. For medium-size missions, Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 recommends that NASA select two new missions to be included in its New Frontiers program, which explores the solar system with frequent, mid-size spacecraft missions. If NASA cannot stay within budget for any of these proposed flagship projects, it should focus on smaller, less expensive missions first. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 suggests that the National Science Foundation expand its funding for existing laboratories and establish new facilities as needed. It also recommends that the program enlist the participation of international partners. This report is a vital resource for government agencies supporting space science, the planetary science community, and the public.
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