Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Second Edition
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824790318
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 584
View: 2050
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Maintaining the interdisciplinary perspective of the first edition, this reference and text provides comprehensive discussions of all aspects of fiber-reinforced composites, including materials, mechanics, properties, test methods, manufacturing and design. Written from a conceptual point of view and emphasizing fundamentals, the second edition of Fiber Reinforced Composites offers updated and expanded sections including: fibers and matrix, including thermoplastic matrices; discontinuous fibers and laminated structures; static mechanical properties, fatigue properties and damage tolerance; resin flow, bag molding, filament winding and resin transfer molding; and environmental effects.

Optical Microscopy of Fiber-Reinforced Composites


Author: Brian S. Hayes,Luther M. Gammon
Publisher: ASM International
ISBN: 161503143X
Category: Composite materials
Page: 271
View: 6489
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Optical microscopy is one of the most valuable--but under utilized--tools for analyzing fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites. This hands-on instructional book covers everything: sample preparation, microscopic techniques, and applications. The power of optical microscopy to study the microstructure of these heterogeneous, anisotropic materials is illustrated with over 180 full color images.

Fundamental Principles of Fiber Reinforced Composites, Second Edition


Author: Kenneth H.G. Ashbee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780877629238
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 2411
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a leading basic text on advanced FR composite materials, including plastic, metal and ceramic matrix materials. An interdisciplinary approach is used with the emphasis on analytical methods for better understanding of key concepts. Many case histories, and fully worked examples illustrate concepts. Also included are current techniques for non-destructive testing, in-service monitoring, and failure analysis. More than 200 schematics, microphotographs and photographs illustrate concepts, materials and design.

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites


Author: Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530970
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 390
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Stress Analysis of Fiber-reinforced Composite Materials


Author: M. W. Hyer
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 193207886X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 695
View: 957
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Updated and improved, Stress Analysis of Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials, Hyer's work remains the definitive introduction to the use of mechanics to understand stresses in composites caused by deformations, loading, and temperature changes. In contrast to a materials science approach, Hyer emphasizes the micromechanics of stress and deformation for composite material analysis. The book provides invaluable analytic tools for students and engineers seeking to understand composite properties and failure limits. A key feature is a series of analytic problems continuing throughout the text, starting from relatively simple problems, which are built up step-by-step with accompanying calculations. The problem series uses the same material properties, so the impact of the elastic and thermal expansion properties for a single-layer of FR material on the stress, strains, elastic properties, thermal expansion and failure stress of cross-ply and angle-ply symmetric and unsymmetric laminates can be evaluated. The book shows how thermally induced stresses and strains due to curing, add to or subtract from those due to applied loads.Another important element, and one unique to this book, is an emphasis on the difference between specifying the applied loads, i.e., force and moment results, often the case in practice, versus specifying strains and curvatures and determining the subsequent stresses and force and moment results. This represents a fundamental distinction in solid mechanics.

Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites


Author: M. Ozgur Seydibeyoglu,Amar K. Mohanty,Manjusri Misra
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081009933
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 336
View: 7525
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites provides a detailed introduction to fiber reinforced composites, explaining the mechanics of fiber reinforced composites, along with information on the various fiber types, including manufacturing of fibers (starting from monomers and precursors), fiber spinning techniques, testing of fibers, and surface modification of fibers. As material technologies develop, composite materials are becoming more and more important in transportation, construction, electronics, sporting goods, the defense industry, and other areas of research. Many engineers working in industry and academics at universities are trying to manufacture composite materials using a limited number of fiber types with almost no information on fiber technology, fiber morphology, fiber properties, and fiber sizing agents. This book fills that gap in knowledge. Unique in that it focuses on a broad range of different fiber types used in composites manufacturing Contains contributions from leading experts working in both industry and academia Provides comprehensive coverage on both natural and nanofibers

Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites


Author: Anastasios P. Vassilopoulos,Thomas Keller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781849961813
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 238
View: 571
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fatigue has long been recognized as a mechanism that can provoke catastrophic material failure in structural applications and researchers are now turning to the development of prediction tools in order to reduce the cost of determining design criteria for any new material. Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites explains these highly scientific subjects in a simple yet thorough way. Fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced composite materials and structural components is described through the presentation of numerous experimental results. Many examples help the reader to visualize the failure modes of laminated composite materials and structural adhesively bonded joints. Theoretical models, based on these experimental data, are demonstrated and their capacity for fatigue life modeling and prediction is thoroughly assessed. Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites gives the reader the opportunity to learn about methods for modeling the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced composites, about statistical analysis of experimental data, and about theories for life prediction under loading patterns that produce multiaxial fatigue stress states. The authors combine these theories to establish a complete design process that is able to predict fatigue life of fiber-reinforced composites under multiaxial, variable amplitude stress states. A classic design methodology is presented for demonstration and theoretical predictions are compared to experimental data from typical material systems used in the wind turbine rotor blade industry. Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites also presents novel computational methods for modeling fatigue behavior of composite materials, such as artificial neural networks and genetic programming, as a promising alternative to the conventional methods. It is an ideal source of information for researchers and graduate students in mechanical engineering, civil engineering and materials science.

Clinical Guide to Principles of Fiber-Reinforced Composites in Dentistry


Author: Pekka Vallittu,Mutlu Özcan
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 008100608X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 252
View: 6439
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Traditional dental materials such as metals and ceramics have a number of disadvantages such as cost and the significant damage caused in grinding to make space for such reconstructions. Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) are a novel group of dental materials characterized by fibrous fillers that are being increasingly used in place of traditional prosthodontic materials. They allow fabrication of minimally invasive, lightweight, durable and biocompatible restorations. This book will provide clinicians and students with theoretical and clinical guidelines to use the FRCs for dental applications. The book begins with an introduction to the fundamentals of FRCs in dentistry. Further chapters cover the treatment possibilities, fabrication and application procedures of FRCs, followed by information on care and maintenance. Explores the mechanism of function of fibre-reinforced composites Presents comprehensive information on the expanding field of fibre-reinforced composites and their increasing use in dentistry

Short Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials


Author: B. Sanders
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 258
View: 2349
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Oxide-Based Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic-Matrix Composites

Principles and Materials
Author: Bilge Saruhan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461503191
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 199
View: 4475
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The purpose of Oxide-Based Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic-Matrix Composites is to provide comprehensive information on the most recent successful findings. The book consists of six chapters which characterize the current state of the art concerning oxide-based fiber-reinforced composites. Chapter one provides an introduction, examples of application areas and background information. Chapter two deals with the primary material properties for the areas of application and lists the possible constituent parts of the composites, depending on particular demands. Chapter three explains both the past and present fabrication methods which can affect the performance of the composites. Chapter four defines the interphase-related phenomena and describes the mechanical characteristics of the oxide-based fiber-reinforced composite, produced with different interphases. Chapter five deals with the fabrication route, functionality and mechanical characterization of the porous-matrix composites. The last chapter summarizes the present achievements and identifies requirements for reaching the goal, thereby providing a promising course for future research.

Fiber-reinforced Composites in Clinical Dentistry


Author: Martin A. Freilich
Publisher: Quintessence Publishing (IL)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 106
View: 3888
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Four researchers in prosthodontics and operative dentistry at the University of Connecticut report their findings from a decade of investigation that has largely overcome the primary reasons why the material, widely successfully elsewhere, had found little application in dentistry. They have primari

Natural and Artificial Fiber-Reinforced Composites as Renewable Sources


Author: Ezgi Günay
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789230608
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 138
View: 1663
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Nano- and micro-sized natural fibers of vegetable origin are fully biodegradable in nature. However, the nano- and micro-sized synthetic fibers are fully man-made. Fiber-reinforced composites composed of stiffened fiber and matrix are well-known engineering materials. Fiber-reinforced materials have been used in industrial production. Natural fibers can be obtained from many sources in nature such as wool, sisal, ramie, kenaf, jute, hemp, grass, flax, cotton, coir, bamboo and abaca, banana, and sugarcane bagasse. Artificial fibers have been produced from more stiff materials such as glass, single-walled carbon nanotubes, double-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon, aramid, boron and polyethylene (PE). The cyclic reusability of materials is an important qualification in protecting the environment from waste pollution. Three important factors can be mentioned in terms of material properties in the recycling process. The first factor is "the rate of cyclic usage," the second one is "less material loss in each recycle," and the last one is "the role of waste products in the self-renewal of ecosystem." In engineering area, the usage of waste materials has taken into account in production of composite materials. The use of waste materials as particulate-type composite production is also possible in the industry. Fiber-reinforced materials can be grouped into two categories: "the natural fiber-reinforced materials" and "the artificially produced fiber-reinforced materials." Finally, we conclude that this book consists of mainly summarized three subject headings within the two specific book subsections : The first group contains the main subjects related to the natural and artificial fibers obtained by literature review; second, experimental and numerical studies are made in order to perform the necessary arrangements in the production stages and to establish a decision mechanism on the specification of the technical properties of the fiber-reinforced composites. The third group of studies focused on the use of sustainable bio-composites and recycled textile wastes as reinforcements in construction.

Microstructural Characterisation of Fibre-Reinforced Composites


Author: John Summerscales
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849338823
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 5972
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the past 50 years, great progress has been made in developing artificial fiber-reinforced composite materials, generally using filaments with microscopic diameters. An array of reinforcement forms can be used in commercial applications - with the microstructure being a critical factor in realizing the required properties in a material. Microstructural Characterisation of Fibre-Reinforced Composites comprehensively examines the application of advanced microstructural characterization techniques to fiber-reinforced composites.

Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials


Author: A.R. Bunsell,J Renard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420056969
Category: Science
Page: 398
View: 5337
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites. The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed. With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites


Author: Valter Carvelli,Atul Jain,Stepan Lomov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119413451
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 212
View: 8370
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book covers several aspects of the fatigue behavior of textile and short fiber reinforced composites. The first part is dedicated to 2D and 3D reinforced textile composites and includes a systematic description of the damage evolution for quasi-static and tensile-tensile fatigue loadings. Acoustic emissions and digital image correlation are considered in order to detect the damage modes’ initiation and development. The acoustic emission thresholds of the quasi-static loading are connected to the “fatigue limit” of the materials with distinctions for glass and carbon reinforcements. The second part is devoted to the fatigue behavior of injection molded short fiber reinforced composites. Experimental evidence highlights the dependence of their fatigue response on various factors: fiber and matrix materials, fiber distribution, environmental and loading conditions are described. A hybrid (experimental/simulations) multi-scale method is presented, which drastically reduces the amount of experimental data necessary for reliable fatigue life predictions.

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2

Proceedings of the International Workshop
Author: A.E. Naaman,H.W. Reinhardt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780419211808
Category: Architecture
Page: 502
View: 9626
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The leading international authorities bring together in this contributed volume the latest research and current thinking on advanced fiber reinforced cement composites. Under rigorous editorial control, 13 chapters map out the key properties and behaviour of these materials, which promise to extend their applications into many more areas in the coming years.

Continuum Theory of the Mechanics of Fibre-Reinforced Composites


Author: A.J.M. Spencer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709143365
Category: Science
Page: 284
View: 3338
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Experimental Mechanics of Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials


Author: James Martin Whitney,Isaac M. Daniel,R. Byron Pipes
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132951968
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 3790
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Impact Behaviour of Fibre-reinforced Composite Materials and Structures


Author: S.R. Reid,G. Zhou
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849308475
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 280
View: 8943
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Much of the early, pioneering work on the properties of composites under impact is still conceptually relevant, yet the results of many such analyses are outdated. The accuracy of these results depend specifically on the materials used (fibre, resin), interface, and method of fabrication. Development of new materials, cost effective design, and analysis and prediction of structural behaviour have all established a need for timely, wide ranging research on impact behaviour. Impact Behaviour of Fibre-Reinforced Composite Materials and Structures brings together - for the first time - state-of-the-art research from the most recent works of leading, international experts. An important new study, this book extensively investigates impact response, damage tolerance, and failure of fibre-reinforced composite materials and structure, from a number of expert viewpoints. This book explores the nature of modern polymer composites based on glass, carbon, aramid, ceramic and polymer fibres in a polymer matrix, and details various ways of analysing the impact process. Impact Behaviour of Fibre-Reinforced Composite Materials and Structures will prove itself a valuable tool for research and development engineers, structural engineers, materials scientists, designers, and students and researchers of related disciplines.

Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

From Macro to Nanoscale
Author: Sabu Thomas,Laly A.. Pothan
Publisher: Archives contemporaines
ISBN: 2914610998
Category: Fibers
Page: 539
View: 4935
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Natural fibers and their composites have a long and important place in the history of human creativity and industry. Increasing consumer interest in "green" products made with sustainable materials, along with the rising cost of petroleum - the basic ingredient of synthetic fibers - have once again brought natural fibers and their composites to the fore. The renewed interest in natural fibers is only a few decades old. Thus, the pioneering work of current researchers in this new era of natural fiber composites will help to illuminate the path for future researchers as they explore new potentialities for natural fibers. Sabu Thomas and Laly Pothen, themselves leaders in the field, bring together cutting edge research by eminent scientists in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites. Covering the latest research trends such as nano technology, the book will be a valuable resource for the natural fiber composite researcher.