From Global To Local

The making of things and the end of globalisation
Author: Finbarr Livesey
Publisher: Profile Books
ISBN: 1782832602
Category: Political Science
Page: 166
View: 8656
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For the past thirty years or more, the global economy has been run based on three big assumptions: globalisation will continue to increase; trade is the route to growth and development; and economic power is moving from West to East. But what if all these are wrong? From Global to Local shows how the world trading structure has already begun to shift, with irrevocable consequences for the global economy. Volatile oil prices, the pressures of sustainability and the availability of new technologies - such as 3D printing and automation - mean that companies, from General Electric to Apple, are beginning to move production away from distant countries and back home. If robots can make everything, why would companies use Chinese workers? Power is shifting, trade is shrinking and making things is revolutionising. Finbarr Livesey explores the making of this new world economic order, revealing the processes that lie behind it and showing how no one will be left untouched by its arrival.

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East


Author: Roger Owen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134432917
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 3959
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Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

Продавец обуви. История компании Nike, рассказанная ее основателем


Author: Фил Найт
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5040364253
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: N.A
View: 942
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Nike – один из самых узнаваемых мировых брендов. Создатель компании – Фил Найт – один из богатейших людей, хотя еще в юности он не мог себе позволить купить кроссовки Adidas. 50 лет назад студент Орегонского университета и бегун на средние дистанции Фил Найт занял у отца 50 баксов и начал перепродавать кроссовки из Японии. Сегодня годовой оборот компании Nike составляет 30 миллиардов долларов. А пара «найков» найдется в шкафу у каждого – от президента до подростка. Фил Найт – человек-загадка, он редко дает интервью. Эта книга – исповедь о создании компании, которой удалось подарить мечту миллионам людей.

New Media, Development and Globalization: Making Connections in the Global South


Author: Don Slater
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 074567982X
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 2895
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New media, development and globalization are the key terms through which the future is being imagined and performed in governance, development initiatives and public and political discourse. Yet these authoritative terms have arisen within particular cultural and ideological contexts. In using them, we risk promoting over-generalized and seemingly unchallengeable frameworks for action and knowledge production which can blind us to the complex global patterns and promise of social reality. This compelling book forces us to look at these terms afresh. Drawing on more than ten years of ethnographic fieldwork in Latin America, West Africa and South Asia, Don Slater seeks to challenge these terms as voicing specific northern narratives rather than universal truths, and to see them from the perspective of southern people and communities who are equally concerned to understand new machines for communication, new models of social change and new maps of social connection. The central question the book poses is: how we can democratize the ways we think and practise new media, development and globalization, opening these terms to dialogue and challenge within North-South relations? Rooted in sociological debates, New Media, Development and Globalization will also be a provocative contribution to media and cultural studies, studies of digital culture, development studies, geography and anthropology.

The End Of Globalization


Author: Alan Rugman
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448108780
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 2218
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Professor Alan Rugman is one of the world's leading academics in the field of international business and strategy. In The End of Globalization he argues that we are currently witnessing the end of globalization and draws on new research and analysis to argue that globalization never really happened anyway. Like Bartlett and Ghoshal's Managing Across Borders, this book is aimed at the market of practitioners and policy-makers, (not academics and theoreticians) showing them what the current state of the global economy means for them. Global business is dominated by the 500 largest multinational enterprises (MNEs) out of a total of 30,000 MNEs altogether. The 500 MNEs that are the engines of international business 'think regional and act local'. Using analysis drawn from world-leading companies, Professor Rugman looks in detail at the managerial implications of the end of globalization, including in-depth discussion of corporate strategies, organizational structures, and analytical methods.

Okinawa and the U.S. Military

Identity Making in the Age of Globalization
Author: Masamichi S. Inoue
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231511140
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 5287
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In 1995, an Okinawan schoolgirl was brutally raped by several U.S. servicemen. The incident triggered a chain of protests by women's groups, teachers' associations, labor unions, reformist political parties, and various grassroots organizations across Okinawa prefecture. Reaction to the crime culminated in a rally attended by some 85,000 people, including business leaders and conservative politicians who had seldom raised their voices against the U.S. military presence. Using this event as a point of reference, Inoue explores how Okinawans began to regard themselves less as a group of uniformly poor and oppressed people and more as a confident, diverse, middle-class citizenry embracing the ideals of democracy, human rights, and women's equality. As this identity of resistance has grown, however, the Japanese government has simultaneously worked to subvert it, pressuring Okinawans to support a continued U.S. presence. Inoue traces these developments as well, revealing the ways in which Tokyo has assisted the United States in implementing a system of governance that continues to expand through the full participation and cooperation of residents. Inoue deftly connects local social concerns with the larger political processes of the Japanese nation and the global strategies of the United States. He critically engages social-movement literature along with postmodern/structural/colonial discourses and popular currents and themes in Okinawan and Japanese studies. Rich in historical and ethnographical detail, this volume is a nuanced portrait of the impact of Japanese colonialism, World War II, and U.S. military bases on the formation of contemporary Okinawan identity.

Community Health and Wellness

Primary Health Care in Practice
Author: Anne McMurray,Jill Clendon
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729579549
Category: Medical
Page: 432
View: 679
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A new edition of the esteemed nursing text exploring social, cultural and political issues affecting individual and community health What makes a healthy community? And how can nurses and midwives support community health and wellbeing? In Community Health and Wellness, 4th Edition: Primary health care in practice, authors Anne McMurray and Jill Clendon advance the discussion of health as a product of the interaction between people and their environment. Engagingly written and based on extensive research, this valuable nursing textbook is ideal for nursing students as well as those working in the field. Issues such a gender and cultural inclusiveness provide essential backdrops to evidence-based policy, research and the provision of equitable health care for all. The Miller Family case study This new edition of Community Health and Wellness features a common family case study running throughout the text. The Miller family crosses Australia and New Zealand; providing examples of primary health care issues in both countries. These include child health services, accessing care, adolescent health, contemporary family issues, ageing, cultural support and inclusive health care. • global insights with a focus on primary health care practice in Australia and New Zealand • promotion of community health care across the lifespan • a unique socio-ecological approach to community health • the Ottawa Charter, the Jakarta Declaration and the Bangkok Charter are included as contemporary health promotion guidelines for practice • extensive references providing current, specific source information • an emphasis on health literacy, intervention and health promotion • an evolving case study in each chapter, with links to reflective activities • a focus on learning outcomes to facilitate the integration of policy, research and practice • exploration of Australian and New Zealand nursing and midwifery roles in primary health care practice • strong pedagogy to increase engagement and emphasise key community health issues • reflective exercises and action points encouraging readers to consider key issues, their implications and next steps • research studies exemplifying each chapter’s central theme and promoting evidence-based practice

The World Geopolitics of Drugs, 1998/1999


Author: Alain Labrousse,Laurent Laniel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401735050
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 7917
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The other report is published by the U. S. State Department and is more "committed," but only as far as the national interest of the world's only su perpower is concerned. Therefore, the State Department report must be read while keeping in mind the state of U. S. relations with the countries concerned. This report is accompanied by the so-called "certification" process, whose ar bitrary character has often been stressed. For instance, Iran, a country whose determination to fight the drug transit on its territory is well-known - more than 100 Iranian law enforcement agents die every year as a restult - was removed from the "blacklist" of "decertified countries" in the spring of 1999, precisely as it was inaugurating a policy of opening itself to external influ ence, including that of the United States. In retrospect, this demonstrates that the U. S. government had decertified Iran in past years because it was viewed as an Islamic and terrorist country, not because of its supposed involvement in drug trafficking. Neither does the last State Department report explain why Haji Ayub Afridi, a major Pakistani drug baron, who had voluntarily surrendered to U. S. authorities, returned to Pakistan in 1999 after spending a mere three and a half years in a U. S. prison.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society


Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412926947
Category: Social Science
Page: 1622
View: 6897
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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

The Globalization Reader


Author: Frank J. Lechner,John Boli
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118737024
Category: Political Science
Page: 624
View: 9895
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Completely revised and updated, the fifth edition of thiswell-regarded textbook charts key topics and recent research inglobalization along with the latest complexities and controversiesin the field. Includes a new section on globalization and identity and newreadings on global inequality, mental illness, structural violence,microfinance, blood diamonds, world citizenship, the global justicemovement, and sumo wrestling Contains essential, thought-provoking readings by prominentscholars, activists, and organizations on the many dimensions ofglobalization, from political and economic issues to cultural andexperiential ones Examines foundational topics, such as the experience ofglobalization, economic and political globalization, the role ofmedia and religion in cultural globalization, women’s rights,environmentalism, global civil society, and the alternativeglobalization movement Retains the helpful student features from prior editions,including an accessible format, concise introductions to majortopics, stimulating examples, and discussion questions for eachselection and section

Explorations in Environmental Political Theory: Thinking About What We Value

Thinking About What We Value
Author: Joel Jay Kassiola
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317470745
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 6865
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The contributors to this volume focus on the political and value issues that, in their shared view, underlie the global environmental crisis facing us today. They argue that only by transforming our dominant values, social institutions and way of living can we avoid ecological disaster.

On The Edge


Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448130263
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 7861
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Capitalism has become the universal social and economic order of our time. The capitalism of today, however, differs from that of previous eras; with intensifying globalisation, flexible organisations, and new forms of class divisions. Globalisation brings new possibilities, but also new risks, ranging from degradation of the environment to the concentrated control of the media. On the Edge comprises original essays by, among others, Polly Toynbee, Richard Senett and George Soros. They chart the contours of contemporary capitalism, analyse the role of the business firm, and consider whether the new capitalism is compatible with social cohesion and social justice. They discuss capitalism both as a form of culture and as an influence on daily life, and ask if capitalism has any viable rivals at the turn of the millennium.

Local Development and Competitiveness


Author: S. Conti,P. Giaccaria
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401721017
Category: Science
Page: 282
View: 8479
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In recent years, the contemporary social sciences have again turned their attention to space and places. The hypothesis is that these are not accidental episodes but a full-blown revolution in the way of viewing economic processes and their links with social and cultural structures. In other words, this new sensitivity to places offers the possibility of rethinking issues typical of economics in a different perspective that might be defined as local development, one of the terms most (ab)used in the contemporary scientific and political debate. In this book the authors will thus try to support more strongly, although in a necessarily simplified manner, the possibility of constructing a theory of local development. The key idea is that there is no single development model operating at a given time and valid for all places, but that it is more correct to talk of multiple development paths that co-exist in the same place at the same time (multiplicity of development paths). The central point is not to identify the succession of distinct hegemonic models (Fordism versus post-Fordism, mass production versus lean production and so on), but to show how the complexity of the contemporary economy demands new concepts to explain its apparent contradictions. In the authors' view, the conception of a theory of local development implies radical rethinking in institutionalist terms of the way of viewing the economy and production, recognising that behind economic development lies a wealth of institutional assets that make the encounter between local and global more open and varied than ever before (institutional biodiversity).

Youth Moves

Identities and Education in Global Perspective
Author: Nadine Dolby,Fazal Rizvi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135915202
Category: Education
Page: 256
View: 9659
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This fascinating collection of original essays seeks to address the possibilities and dangers of young people's transnational, commodified identities; how society and educational institutions might respond to these new identities; and the consequences for democratic practices and the public sphere. Drawing together contributions from the work of both well known and emerging scholars, this collection highlights the practices of youth’s identities in the context of broadly defined educative sites, including schools, media and popular culture, community organisations, cyberspace, music, and urban landscapes.

Introducing Sociology for AS Level


Author: Ken Browne
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745635598
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 5700
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The second edition of Ken Browne′s highly successful Introducing Sociology for AS–level provides in–depth and up–to–date coverage of the complete specification for AQA AS–level sociology. The first edition of this book was widely praised for its comprehensive coverage, and student–friendly style. In this second edition, all of the chapters have been revised to include new studies, reports and statistics. Key sociological terms are now systematically highlighted all the way through the book, and included in a comprehensive glossary, with fresh questions and activities added to develop and test students′ understanding further. Fuller consideration of issues of identity has been given throughout the text. More detailed advice has been provided on coursework, including a top–mark example to show students exactly what they have to do to achieve the highest grades. What′s more, two authentic exam questions are now included on every topic. Pitched at exactly the right level for AS sociology, the book provides all the tools necessary to help students achieve top grades, and a sound basis for progression to A2. A host of cartoons, photographs, graphs, tables, and spider diagrams help to enliven the text, as well as reinforcing key issues. Web sites and web–based activities are included throughout, encouraging students to engage with the most recent social changes, and developments in sociology. Although it assumes no previous knowledge of sociology, its dedicated and in–depth coverage of all the AQA′s AS topics provides a useful reference tool for the synoptic elements at A2. The second edition of Introducing Sociology for AS Level combines sociological rigour and accessibility in a way unrivalled by any other book at this level. It will be an invaluable resource to anyone following the AQA specifications.

Global Governance and Financial Crises


Author: Meghnad Desai,Professor of Economics and Director of the Centre for Study in Global Governance Meghnad Desai,Yahia Said
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134405693
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 176
View: 1230
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The editors of this book have pulled together a collection of chapters that review the spate of financial crises that have occurred in recent years starting with Mexico in 1994 and moving on to more recent crises in Turkey and Argentina. With impressive contributors such as Douglas Gale, Gabriel Palma and Andrew Gamble, the book is a timely and authoritative study. Global Governance and Financial Crises provides a new understanding of this important area with a combination of economic history and political economy as well as the most recent developments in analytical economic theory. Students, researchers and policy makers would do well to read it and learn some important lessons for the future.

Guide for Young People of Rural Latin America and the Caribbean


Author: N.A
Publisher: IICA Biblioteca Venezuela
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9397
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Globalization

A Basic Text
Author: George Ritzer,Paul Dean
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118687132
Category: Political Science
Page: 552
View: 2594
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Updated to reflect recent global developments, the second edition of Globalization: A Basic Text presents an up-to-date introduction to major trends and topics relating to globalization studies. Features updates and revisions in its accessible introduction to key theories and major topics in globalization Includes an enhanced emphasis on issues relating to global governance, emerging technology, global flows of people, human trafficking, global justice movements, and global environmental sustainability Utilizes a unique set of metaphors to introduce and explain the highly complex nature of globalization in an engaging and understandable manner Offers an interdisciplinary approach to globalization by drawing from fields that include sociology, global political economy, political science, international relations, geography, and anthropology Written by an internationally recognized and experienced author team

Draft Climate Change Bill

fifth report of session 2006-07, Vol. 2: Oral and written evidence
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 0215034910
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 5796
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This report examines the draft Climate Change Bill, which published in March 2007 as Command paper Cm 7040 (ISBN 9780101704021). Target setting alone cannot deliver policy objectives, but enshrining one in law will strengthen the Government's resolve to achieve it, ensure greater public accountability, and give confidence to the business community whose investment decisions are central to meeting the target. The Committee recommends a number of changes to the bill. Inconsistency in language, with "UK carbon account" and "UK carbon dioxide emissions" seemingly used interchangeably, should be addressed. There should not be an upper limit on the 2020 target (26-32 per cent reduction in carbon dioxide emission), and the Bill should make provision for both the 2020 and 2050 targets to be revised, though only in an upwards direction. The provision to amend a budget more than a year after the end of a budgetary period is seen as making a nonsense of the concept of budgetary periods, and should be removed completely. The proposed Committee on Climate Change, rightly composed of experts, should not appear to give more representation to economic interests over environmental ones. The resources proposed for the Committee may prove inadequate. The Committee recommends that the impact of climate change on biodiversity should be added to the Bill.