The unfolding crisis in Ukraine has brought the world to the brink of a new Cold War. As Russia and Ukraine tussle for Crimea and the eastern regions, relations between Putin and the West have reached an all-time low. How did we get here? Richard Sakwa here unpicks the context of conflicted Ukrainian identity and of Russo-Ukrainian relations and traces the path to the recent disturbances through the events which have forced Ukraine, a country internally divided between East and West, to choose between closer union with Europe or its historic ties with Russia. In providing the first full account of the ongoing crisis, Sakwa analyses the origins and significance of the Euromaidan Protests, examines the controversial Russian military intervention and annexation of Crimea, reveals the extent of the catastrophe of the MH17 disaster and looks at possible ways forward following the October 2014 parliamentary elections. In doing so, he explains the origins, developments and global significance of the internal and external battle for Ukraine.With all eyes focused on the region, Sakwa unravels the myths and misunderstandings of the situation, providing an essential and highly readable account of the struggle for Europe's contested borderlands.
Ukrainian goods were allowed into the EU duty-free, but European goods were
taxed as normal on their way into Ukraine, a useful source of revenue for the
cash-strapped Ukrainian budget. Putin still feared the dumping of Ukrainian
goods on ...
Author: Richard Sakwa
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Political Science
A revealing investigation of the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 amid the Ukrainian civil war, emphasising the geopolitical and economic context of the West’s standoff with Russia, the BRICS bloc, and the struggles over the EU’s energy supply.
92 Barroso cited in Sakwa, Frontline Ukraine, p. 225; in 2016 he would be
appointed chairman of the board of Goldman Sachs International. Other names in
Joost Niemöller, MH17: De Doofpotdeal [preface K. Homan]. Amsterdam: Van
Author: Kees van der Pijl
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Category: Political Science
Ukraine is embroiled in a bloody civil war. Both sides stand accused of collaborating with fascists, of committing war crimes, of serving foreign interests. This proxy-war between Russia and the West was accompanied by a fierce information war. This book separates fact from fiction with extensive and reliable documentation. While remaining critical of Russia and the Donbass rebellion, De Ploeg demonstrates that many of the recent disasters can be traced to Ukrainian ultranationalists, pro-western political elites and their European and North-American backers. Ukraine in the Crossfire tackles the importance of ultranationalist violence during and after the EuroMaidan movement, and documents how many of these groups are heirs to former nazi-collaborators. It shows how the Ukrainian state has seized on the ultranationalist war-rhetoric to serve its own agenda, clamping down on civil liberties on a scale unprecedented since Ukrainian independence. De Ploeg argues that Kiev itself has been the biggest obstacle to peace in Donbass, with multiple leaks suggesting that US officials are pushing for a pro-war line in Ukraine. With the nation ́s eyes turned towards Russia, the EU and IMF have successfully pressured Ukraine into adopting far-reaching austerity programs, while oligarchic looting of state assets and massive tax-avoidance facilitated by western states continue unabated. De Ploeg documents the local roots of the Donbass rebellion, the overwhelming popularity of Crimea's secession, and shows that support for Ukraine's pro-western turn remains far from unanimous, with large swathes of Ukraine's Russophone population opting out of the political process. Nevertheless, De Ploeg argues, the pro-Western and pro-Russian camps are often similar: neoliberal, authoritarian, nationalist and heavily dependent on foreign support. In a wider exploration of Russo-Western relations, he examines similarities between the contemporary Russian state and its NATO counterparts, showing how the two power blocs have collaborated in some of their worst violent excesses. A far cry from civilizational or ideological clashes, De Ploeg argues that the current tensions flow from NATO ́s military dominance and aggressive posture, both globally and within eastern Europe, where Russia seeks to preserve the status-quo. Packed with shocking facts, deftly moving from the local to the international, from the historical to the recent; De Ploeg connects the dots.
The oligarchic democracy: The influence of business groups on Ukrainian politics
. OSW Studies, 42, 1-112, p. 9. Ibid, p.5. Cited in Sakwa, R. (2014). Frontline
Ukraine: crisis in the borderlands. IB Tauris, p. 73. Mendick, R., & Malnick, E. (
Author: Chris Kaspar de Ploeg
Publisher: SCB Distributors
Category: Political Science
"It was not only Ukraine that went over the edge in 2014, but the whole European security system disintegrated, while a 'new cold war' chills relations between the great powers. In this masterful study, Gordon Hahn examines how Ukraine's internal divisions combined with external lines of fragmentation to create an explosive mix, which in turn intensified domestic conflicts. The result is an internationalized civil conflict, with catastrophic consequences for Ukraine and the world. Hahn is one of the few scholars with the knowledge and discernment to make sense of it all. His impressively well-researched and well-written book is essential reading."--Richard Sakwa, University of Kent "This impressively researched and strongly argued book is an essential corrective to the myths that have been generated concerning the crisis in Ukraine, and an essential warning against a continuation of the frivolous and dangerous policies of regime change adopted by the West after the end of the Cold War."--Anatol Lieven, Professor, Georgetown University in Qatar and author of Ukraine and Russia, A Fraternal Rivalry "Ukraine Over the Edge is a rigorous analysis of the cultural, historical, and intellectual origins of the Ukrainian crisis. While stressing that blame for the latest phase of this crisis is shared all around, Hahn traces its domestic origins to the militancy of the opposition to president Yanukovych, and its international origins to NATO expansion, which he regards as militarized democracy-promotion. The result is both a sophisticated, multilevel analysis of how and why Ukraine emerged as the key hotspot in East-West relations, and an indispensable guide for those wishing to understand the origins of the New Cold War."--Nicolai N. Petro, Silvia-Chandley Professor of Peace Studies and Nonviolence, University of Rhode Island "Ukraine Over the Edge is a very useful contribution to understanding origins and key developments of the crisis in this important European and post-Soviet country. Gordon M. Hahn challenges simplistic and often misleading narratives by the media and politicians and provides a corroboration that the Maidan massacre was a false flag mass killing."--Ivan Katchanovski, University of Ottawa. The Ukrainian crisis that dominated headlines in fall 2013 was decades in the making. Two great schisms shaped events: one lay within Ukraine itself, with its western and southeastern parts divided along cultural and political lines; the other, at the international level, was driven by geopolitical factors real and perceived. Competition for Ukraine between Russia and the West--epitomized by NATO and EU expansion to Russia's borders--exacerbated Ukraine's internal divisions. This study focuses on the historical background and complex causality of the crisis, from the rise of the mass demonstrations on Kiev's Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) to the making of the post-revolt regime. In the context of a "new cold war," the author sheds new light on the role of radical Ukrainian nationalists and neofascists in the February 2014 snipers' massacre, the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovych and Russia's seizure of Crimea and involvement in the civil war in the eastern region of Donbass.
Sakwa, Frontline Ukraine, p. 51. 62. In February 1999, Lazarenko fled to the U.S.
to avoid embezzlement charges only to be arrested and convicted for money
laundering, wire fraud, extortion, and embezzlement of some $200 million during
Author: Gordon M. Hahn
Originally published: Winnipeg, Man., Canada: J.J. Fedorowicz Pub., c1996.
Feld-Ausbildungs-Bataillon 306, committed to frontline duty, occupied its
assigned section of the line shortly before dawn and only established contact
with its neighbor (Kampfgruppe Holm) at 0430 hours, having experienced
numerous delays ...
Author: George M. Nipe
Publisher: Stackpole Books
73 % POLAND 61 % A GERMANY 33 % CS Northern Lights RUSSIA Progress
Urengoy ZA SER CE Soyuz UKRAINE FRANCE 27 % AUSTRIA 63 %
HUNGARY 72 % ing on India ' s interests . The U . S . sees its confrontation with
Russia as ...
The German invasion of the Soviet Union during the Second World War was central to Nazi plans for territorial expansion and genocidal demographic revolution. To create 'living space', Nazi Germany pursued two policies. The first was the systematic murder of millions of Jews, Slavs, Roma, and other groups that the Nazis found undesirable on racial, religious, ethnic, ideological, hereditary, or behavioral grounds. It also pursued a parallel, albeit smaller, program to mobilize supposedly Germanic residents of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union - so-called Volksdeutsche or ethnic Germans - as the vanguard of German expansion. This study recovers the intersection of these two projects in Transnistria, a portion of southern Ukraine that, because of its numerous Volksdeutsche communities, became an epicenter of both Nazi Volksdeutsche policy and the Holocaust in conquered Soviet territory, ultimately asking why local residents, whom German authorities identified as Volksdeutsche, participated in the Holocaust with apparent enthusiasm.
During the last weeks of 1941, Sonderkommando R evolved from a
Volksdeutsche affairs agency charged with mustering Transnistria's ethnic
Germans for the Nazi cause into a frontline killing formation in the Holocaust.
Within weeks ...
Author: Eric C. Steinhart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Thrown into frontline fighting in this manner , their first act was generally to break
through enemy lines . Although the ... The result of the Western Ukrainian
mobilization was that a front line came into existence almost automatically . This
was an ...
Author: Vasyl Kuchabsky
In addition to this tsarist inheritance , it is necessary to mention some special
circumstances which played a tremendous part in producing pogroms precisely
in the territory of the Ukraine . In the first place , the Ukraine was the frontline area
Author: Ukraïnsʹke informatsiĭne bi︠u︡ro
In situation in which the Soviet defenders had to survive the the Ukrainian SSR
alone over state found itself in the very ... It was only on fought in the frontline
areas territory of the Soviet Union September 17 that General of Ukraine , both at
The Ukraine, which had for centuries been ruled by other nations, finally gained its independence for a brief period after the First World War. During this revolutionary era, a series of Ukrainian governments were established whose political spectrum ranged from anarchism to monarchical rule. This comprehensive volume edited by Taras Hunczak includes fourteen articles by leading specialists, and is the first scholarly treatment of the problem to appear in twenty-five years.
However , the leaders of the Rada loyally supported Russia ' s war effort and
avoided all contacts with those Ukrainian groups across the frontline — either
Galician or émigré — that cooperated with Russia ' s enemies . Thus , as late as
Author: Taras Hunczak
Publisher: Harvard Ukrainian
This is the first comprehensive study in English of Soviet women who fought against the genocidal, misogynist, Nazi enemy on the Eastern Front during the Second World War. Drawing on a vast array of original archival, memoir, and published sources, this book captures the everyday experiences of Soviet women fighting, living and dying on the front.
By December1943 there were3,957 partizanki, not counting those inthe Ukraine.
53 By war'sendatotal of28,500 women had become partizanki, constituting 2.59
per cent of thetotal1.1 million partisans, divided into 6200 detachmentsin which ...
Author: R. Markwick
The fighting frontline , which the Ukrainian forces had to enter , now stretched
along the whole Ukrainian - Polish frontier and across Bielorussia . In order to
support the partisans of August in Poland , Mazepa was compelled to send there
Author: Дмитро Дорошенко
Publisher: Humeniuk Publication Foundation (Canada)
Category: Kievan Rus
... was no immigration to be regulated , and no need for an asylum system
because no one sought asylum in Ukraine , the legal system in newly
independent Ukraine was ill - equipped for its new position at the frontline of
European migration .
Author: Romaniţa Iordache
Category: Asylum, Right of
The same applied to the Ukrainian women ' s camp located in the town of
Riccione , south - east of Rimini . From that time on , camp life ... longer much of a
difference between being on the frontline or in the factory . Most of these
History and Its Aftermath : a Symposium Roman Waschuk, Canadian Institute of
Ukrainian Studies Yuri Boshyk, Andriy Wynnyckyj. Osttruppen in German Ranks
in World War II : Nationalities and Numbers I . TROOPS IN GERMAN FRONTLINE
Author: Roman Waschuk
Publisher: Canadian Inst of Ukranian Study Press
land fund of the Western Ukrainian Republic, from which, after the end of the war,
allotments were to be made to landless ... whose most important task was to carry
out conscription and to provide the frontline units with trained replacements.
Author: Naukove tovarystvo im. Shevchenka
The state borders of Ukraine were considered inviolable and legal in
international law . The Border Guards would prevent unlawful crossings , ensure
the implementation of international border agreements and be the frontline
against any ...
Author: Taras Kuzio
Category: Political science
In the 19th century it was also used for driving herds from Ukraine to the central
gubernias of the Russian Empire . vide a frontline force against attacks by steppe
nomads . In the 12th century , Pechenegs and Turks began settling in the region
Author: Danylo Husar Struk
Second , Ukraine is not a frontline state in the war on terror . Its democratic
shortcomings could be overlooked when it had more geo - political importance ,
but now they complicate its relations with the United States and other Western ...