Edward Gibbon's allegation at the beginning of his Essay on the Study of Literature (1764) that the history of empires is that of the miseries of humankind whereas the history of the sciences is that of their splendour and happiness has for a long time been accepted by professional scientists and by historians of science alike. For its practitioner, the history of a discipline displayed above all the always difficult but fmally rewarding approach to a truth which was incorporated in the discipline in its actual fonn. Looking back, it was only too easy to distinguish those who erred and heretics in the field from the few forerunners of true science. On the one hand, the traditional history of science was told as a story of hero and hero worship, on the other hand it was, paradoxically enough, the constant attempt to remind the scientist whom he should better forget. It is not surprising at all therefore that the traditional history of science was a field of only minor interest for the practitioner of a distinct scientific diSCipline or specialty and at the same time a hardly challenging task for the professional historian. Nietzsche had already described the historian of science as someone who arrives late after harvest-time: it is somebody who is only a tolerated guest at the thanksgiving dinner of the scientific community .
Edward Gibbon's allegation at the beginning of his Essay on the Study of Literature (1764) that the history of empires is that of the miseries of humankind whereas the history of the sciences is that of their splendour and happiness has for ...
Author: Loren Graham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Loren R. Graham
Category: Classical philology
During the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth, German universities were at the forefront of scholarship in Oriental studies. Drawing upon a comprehensive survey of thousands of German publications on the Middle East from this period, this book presents a detailed history of the development of Orientalism. Offering an alternative to the view of Orientalism as a purely intellectual pursuit or solely as a function of politics, this book traces the development of the discipline as a profession. The author discusses the interrelation between research choices and employment opportunities at German universities, examining the history of the discipline within the framework of the humanities. On that basis, topics such as the establishment of Oriental philology; the process of institutional differentiation between the study of Semitic languages and the study of Sanskrit and comparative linguistics; the emergence of Assyriology; and the partial establishment of Islamic studies are explored. This unique perspective on the history of Oriental studies in the German tradition contributes to the understanding of the wider history of the field, and will be of great interest to scholars and students of Middle East studies, history, and German history in particular.
The main reason for the dominance of this approach is the function of disciplinary
history with regard to the discipline ... on the Functions and Uses of Disciplinary
Histories (Graham et al.1983): five contributions deal with the history of science ...
Author: Ursula Wokoeck
* A descriptive and analytical guide to the development of Western science from AD 1500, and to the diversity and course of that development first in Europe and later across the world * Presented in clear, non-technical language * Extensive indexes of Subjects and Names `Indeed a companion volume whose 67 essays give pleasure and instruction ... an ambitious and successful work.' - Times Literary Supplement `This work is an essential resource for libraries everywhere. For specialist science libraries willing to keep just one encyclopaedic guide to history, for undergraduate libraries seeking to provide easily accessible information, for the devisers of university curricula, for the modern social historian or even the eclectic scientist taking a break from simply making history, this is the book for you.' - Times Higher Education Supplement `A pleasure to read with a carefully chosen typeface, well organized pages and ample margins ... it is very easy to find one's way around. This is a book which will be consulted widely.' - Technovation `This is a commendably easy book to use.' - British Journal of the History of Science `Scholars from other areas entering this field, students taking the vertical approach and teachers coming from any direction cannot fail to find this an invaluable text.' - History of Science Journal
'The self—presentation of a discipline: History of psychology in the United States
between pedagogy and scholarship,' in L. Graham, W. Lepenies and P. Weingart
(eds.), Functions and uses of disciplinary histories (Sociology of the Sciences, ...
Author: G N Cantor
Ulfried Geuter : The Uses of History for the Shaping of a Field : Observations on
German Psychology . In : Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories . Hrsg .
von Loren Graham , Wolf Lepenies und Peter Weingart . Dordrecht , Boston ...
Author: Christoph Meinel
Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.
Factors that have contributed to this change include the discipline ' s concepts ,
traditions , and domain ; new data ; new ... The essays address problems
connected to public histories of controversial subjects , the question of objectivity
in historical representation , and the function of ... Reviews Jennifer Platt ' s A
History of Sociological Research Methods in America 1920 - 1960 ( 1996 ) ,
which uses ...
W . L . Wakefield : Heretics as Physicians in the Thirteenth Century . In :
Speculum 57 ( 1982 ) , S . 328 – 331 . – R . Winau : The role of medical history in
the history of medicine in Germany . In : Functions and Uses of Disciplinary
In : Functions and uses of disciplinary histories . Ed . by Loren Graham , Wolf
Lepenies , and Peter Weingart . ( Sociology of the sciences 7 ) Dordrecht , Boston
, Lancaster 1983 , S. ix - xx ; xv : » Histories of science make no exception to
Category: German literature
An Annotated Bibliography : a Guide to Sources of Information Histories,
Bibliographies, Biographies, Library Resources, Etc Gavin D. R. ... The use of
citation data in writing the history of science . ... Functions and uses of disciplinary
Author: Gavin D. R. Bridson
Category: Natural history
'Inhibition' is a commonplace term in the sciences, psychology and psychotherapy. This important book writes the history of inhibition to integrate the natural sciences of the brain with the surrounding society. It is a scholarly history of the way in which inhibition helps us to conceive what it is to be human. Roger Smith constructs an absorbing and original history of our view of ourselves. With an eye for cultural and linguistic nuance, he shows the depth of the interplay between philosophy of mind, 'scientific' psychology, neurophysiology, and theories of social order.
... eds . , Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories , 191 – 228 . Gillispie ,
Charles Coulston . 1960 . The Edge of Objectivity : An Essay in the History of
Scientific Ideas . Princeton : Princeton University Press . Godlee , Rickman John .
Author: Roger Smith
Publisher: Free Assn Books
No Marketing Blurb
For a discussion of the variety of functions of disciplinary histories see W .
Lepenies and P . Weingart , ' Introduction ' , in L . Graham , W . Lepenies , and P .
Weingart ( eds ) , The Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories ( Dordrecht :
Author: Richard H. Roberts
Category: Knowledge, Theory of
4 The importance of the German Rezensionsjournal has yet to be explored for
study of the Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories , where the history of
science is approached sociologically , as a " function of legitimation , " as a
search for ...
Author: Herbert Rowland
Category: Book reviewing
The self - presentation of a discipline : History of psychology in the United States
between pedagogy and scholarship . In L . Graham et al . ( Eds . ) , Functions and
uses of disciplinary histories : Sociology of the sciences ( Vol . 7 ) . Dordrecht ...
Author: Claude E. Buxton
Publisher: Orlando, Fla. : Academic Press
( 1983 ) , Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories ( Hingham , Mass . : Reidel
) , is mostly articles by historians of science discussing how scientists use the
history of their own discipline . Friedrich Herneck ( 1984 ) ,
Author: Stephen G. Brush
Publisher: Iowa State Press
Die humanistische Epochennomenklatur Antike, Mittelalter, Neuzeit ist ungeachtet ihrer Zahlebigkeit langst uberholt. Die Ubergangszeit zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit (also das 16.-18. Jahrhundert) als eigenstandige Periode - und nicht nur als blosse Schwelle zwischen zwei Epochen - zu verstehen und dabei ihre konkurrierenden Konzeptualisierungen als 'Alteuropa' und 'Fruhe Neuzeit' zu reflektieren, setzt sich dieser Band zum Ziel. - Mit Beitragen von H. E. Bodeker, E. Hinrichs, W. Schulze, M. Raeff, D. Roche, M. Richter, K.-E. Jeismann, R. Vierhaus, R. Koselleck und H. Schissler. In spite of its tenaciousness, the humanist nomenclature of various epochs (antiquity, Middle Ages, modern era) has been outdated for a long time. The aim of this volume is to understand the transition period between the Middle Ages and the modern era (the 16th to the 18th century) as a distinct period - and not merely as a gap between two epochs -and in doing so to reflect on its concurrent conceptualizations as ancient Europe and the Early Modern Age.
Ebd . , S . 452 – 471 ; LOREN GRAHAM , WOLF LEPENIES , PETER WEINGART
( Hrsg . ) : Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories . Dordrecht , Boston ,
Lancaster 1983 ( Sociology of the Sciences , Bd . 7 ) ; EVERETT
Author: Hans Erich Bödeker
The current state of studies in the history of medicine in Germany is not satisfying
because not so much attention was paid to the past 20 years of ... Functions and
Uses of Disciplinary Histories , Dordrecht , Boston , Lancaster 1983 , pp .
Author: Cay-Rüdiger Prüll
The self - presentation of a discipline : History of psychology in the United States
between pedagogy and scholarship . In L . Graham , W . Lepenies & P . Weingart
( Eds ) , Functions and Uses of Disciplinary Histories , pp . 143 - 189 . Dordrecht ...
distinguishes between such textbook history and historical scholarship in
psychology , noting that the recent scholarship is currently yielding results that
may not be compatible with textbook ... Functions and uses of disciplinary
histories , Vol .
1983 “On Merton's 'History' and 'Systematics' of Sociological Theory.” Pp. 121-
142 in L. Graham, W. Lepenies, and P. Weingart, The Functions and Uses of
Disciplinary Histories. Dordrecht: Reidel. 1985 “Second Thoughts on Privileged ...
Molecular Biology The disciplinary identity of molecular biology has a complex
history , but the origins of the term are uncontroversial enough . William Astbury
had used it in papers published in the 1940s , and in his Harvey Lecture of 1950
he suggested a definition ... ( Weaver 1970 , 582 ) Consistent with this
technological definition , the Rockefeller Foundation played an important role in
funding the ...