Global Changes Local Stages

The group of authors tries to find the links between these three areas. The book profits from the fact that the authors come from two sides of the former ‘Wall’.

Author: Hans van Maanen

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042026131

Category: Drama

Page: 537

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Global Changes - Local Stages investigates the relationships between what happened the last twenty years on the ‘world stage’ and how theatre life developed on the local level. The subject has been approached from three different angles, each covered by one part of the book: “The Effects of Social Changes on Theatre Fields”, “Values in Theatre Politics” and “Localization of Theatrical Values”. The group of authors tries to find the links between these three areas. The book profits from the fact that the authors come from two sides of the former ‘Wall’. Twenty years after its fall, the transitional processes in countries of the former ‘Eastern Bloc’ can be compared, not only mutually, but also with the changes in the Western part of Europe. With its 537 pages Global Changes - Local Stages is the most extensive research of the possible relationships between cultural change, theatre politics and theatre life in smaller European countries.
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Local and Global Myths in Shakespearean Performance

In Global ChangesLocal Stages. How Theatre Functions in Smaller European Countries, ed. Hans Van Maaren et al. Amsterdam/New York: Editions Rodopi.

Author: Aneta Mancewicz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319898513

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 271

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This collection of scholarly essays offers a new understanding of local and global myths that have been constructed around Shakespeare in theatre, cinema, and television from the nineteenth century to the present. Drawing on a definition of myth as a powerful ideological narrative, Local and Global Myths in Shakespearean Performance examines historical, political, and cultural conditions of Shakespearean performances in Europe, Asia, and North and South America. The first part of this volume offers a theoretical introduction to Shakespeare as myth from a twenty-first century perspective. The second part critically evaluates myths of linguistic transcendence, authenticity, and universality within broader European, neo-liberal, and post-colonial contexts. The study of local identities and global icons in the third part uncovers dynamic relationships between regional, national, and transnational myths of Shakespeare. The fourth part revises persistent narratives concerning a political potential of Shakespeare’s plays in communist and post-communist countries. Finally, part five explores the influence of commercial and popular culture on Shakespeare myths. Michael Dobson’s Afterword concludes the volume by locating Shakespeare within classical mythology and contemporary concerns.
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Arctic Vegetation Responses to Global Change

Understanding how biological systems respond to local and global environmental change is necessary to make useful and reliable predictions of future community dynamics.

Author: David Watts

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:959934691

Category:

Page:

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Understanding how biological systems respond to local and global environmental change is necessary to make useful and reliable predictions of future community dynamics. Multiple facets of environmental change, such as climatic shifts and increases or declines in large fauna, can interact to produce additive or counteracting effects on vegetation. Altered composition and dominance patterns in plant communities can, in turn, have consequences for ecosystem functioning through, for example, modification of biogeochemical processes or regional climate patterns. Global scale climate change has already strongly impacted the makeup and dynamics of ecological systems. The northern tundra biome is expected to undergo large changes, which previously have and likely will affect human wellbeing into the future. Thus, the tundra ecosystems of the Low Arctic provide the context within which my dissertation expands our understanding of ecological responses to environmental change.Understanding how facets of global change, such as warming or human overexploitation of animal resources, affect plant communities in arctic tundra requires understanding responses across life history stages. In this dissertation, I have sought to address gaps in our knowledge related to the role of reproductive processes in contributing to the dynamical patterns that have become evident. In the chapters that follow, I identify the importance of accounting for individualistic species responses to change, and I further suggest that the similar patterns among arctic plant species within a functional group may be the consequence of different underlying processes.I begin this dissertation by providing some background on global change and the ensuing shifts in the Arctic biome. I then discuss how a warming climate influences the niches of arctic plants and what the consequences of these changes are for biodiversity in tundra ecosystems. One key demographic parameter that can mediate species responses to change is the regeneration niche. In Chapter 2, I addressed two of the earlier stages of the regeneration niche, the production of viable seed and germination, in an experimental context to bridge the gap between the effects of environmental change on established and establishing individuals. I hypothesized that the reproductive responses of arctic plant species to change would be species-specific and poorly predicted by plant functional type. I manipulated temperature and precipitation over three years in a factorial design and also sampled grazed and exclosed plots. The interannual variation in seed mass and germination appeared to reflect weather in those years for several species, and the effect sizes of this variation were similar to those of the warming, watering, and herbivore exclusion treatments. Grazing only affected graminoid species, but these effects were positive for some graminoids and negative for others. Both warming and watering as well as their interaction led to individualistic effects among species belonging to several different functional types, suggesting that some uses of these latter classifications are unlikely to result in reliable predictive generalities. Additionally, a few species demonstrated contrasting effects of warming and watering across years, suggesting these species are near thresholds for successful sexual reproduction. Such thresholds can occur when environmental conditions preclude plants or plant parts from attaining a minimum size required to complete reproduction.The potential existence of such thresholds indicates that amelioration of abiotic stressors, such as temperature minima that can reduce survival or fecundity, as a result of warming in the Arctic may lead to increases in sexual reproduction and recruitment. In Chapter 3, I addressed the relative contributions of sexual recruitment and asexual spread in populations of Salix glauca, a deciduous shrub increasing in abundance in many tundra landscapes, distributed along an environmental gradient comprising a shift maritime to continental climates. I hypothesized that landscapes with warmer summers would have greater evidence of sexual recruitment. To test this, I located sites that appeared to have increased in shrub cover in recent decades and collected leaf samples from neighboring ramets (stems). I found evidence that sexual recruitment occurs universally across this gradient, but the proportion of sexual recruits, inferred from the uniqueness of their genotypes, was greater in the inland landscapes that experience a continental climate, supporting my hypothesis. Additionally, I demonstrated that the probability of a ramet arising from clonal growth increases where neighbors are larger and vegetative cover is greater, suggesting light is a limiting factor for recruitment from seed.The above results suggest that the responses of arctic plant communities to climatic change are shaped by the variable responses in growth and reproduction among species. This interspecific variation can lead to shifts in patterns of plant community diversity. While recent syntheses suggest species diversity at small spatial scales has not declined in a range of ecosystems in recent years, I documented the potential for notable declines in the diversity of local assemblages of mixed shrub-graminoid tundra. In Chapter 4, I demonstrate that warming increases the accumulation of biomass, resulting in eventual declines in taxonomic diversity approximately one decade after a disruptive caterpillar outbreak. In particular, shrub abundance was negatively associated with forb richness under warming, but only when large herbivores were experimentally excluded. Additionally, the nature of the relationship between biomass and taxonomic richness went from positive in grazed and unwarmed plots to unimodal in exclosed, warmed plots. Warming thus led to increased biomass, but this only resulted in decreased local diversity in the absence of ungulate herbivory.The expansion of woody shrubs in the Arctic has become a particular focal point of research, but there remain many unknowns. In Chapter 5, I highlight the contributions of these studies to our current understanding and put them in the context of ongoing research on the causes and consequences plant community responses to global change. This dissertation adds to our understanding of the possible changes in tundra vegetation that may ensue in a warmer Arctic. It thus contributes to the broader body of knowledge on the ecology of clonal plants and the link between ecosystem function and biodiversity.
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Local Action for Global Change

Each stage is distinct - a kind of quantum change in the very nature of the organization ( Drucker 1982 ) . And because of their distinct features ...

Author: Scott John Josiah

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P00434424J

Category:

Page: 752

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Staging Postcommunism

“Kicking with Poetry: Female Trailblazers on the Latvian Stage. ... In Global ChangesLocal Stages: How Theatre Functions in Smaller European Countries, ed.

Author: Vessela S. Warner

Publisher: Studies Theatre Hist & Culture

ISBN: 9781609386771

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 721

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This collection investigates the ways in which postcommunist alternative theatre negotiated and embodied change not only locally but globally as well.
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How to Study Art Worlds

Edelman, J. (2009) 'Arts Planning in the Irish Theatre: A Cautionary Tale' in: H. van Maanen, A. Kotte and A. Saro (eds.) Global Changes, Local Stages.

Author: Hans van Maanen

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789089641526

Category: Philosophy

Page: 311

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Hans van Maanen is professor of art and society at the Department of Arts, Culture & Media Studies of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
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National Global Change Research Act of 1989

... suited to local environmental , resource , and climatic conditions , and featuring close consultation with and involvement of local people at all stages ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105006345438

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 25

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Phenology An Integrative Environmental Science

Like its predecessor, this second edition of Phenology is a synthesis of current phenological knowledge, designed as a primer on the field for global change and general scientists, students, and interested members of the public.

Author: Mark D. Schwartz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400769250

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 566

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Phenology refers to recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, such as leafing and flowering, maturation of agricultural plants, emergence of insects, and migration of birds. It is also the study of these recurring events, especially their timing and relationships with weather and climate. Phenological phenomena all give a ready measure of the environment as viewed by the associated organism, and are thus ideal indicators of the impact of local and global changes in weather and climate on the earth’s biosphere. Assessing our changing world is a complex task that requires close cooperation from experts in biology, climatology, ecology, geography, oceanography, remote sensing, and other areas. Like its predecessor, this second edition of Phenology is a synthesis of current phenological knowledge, designed as a primer on the field for global change and general scientists, students, and interested members of the public. With updated and new contributions from over fifty phenological experts, covering data collection, current research, methods, and applications, it demonstrates the accomplishments, progress over the last decade, and future potential of phenology as an integrative environmental science.
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Scaling Global Change

... 120–123 Gates Foundation's investment in, 123 Global Results and Impact Report ... 142fig Room to Read program design changes coaching and support stage ...

Author: Erin Ganju

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119483939

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 642

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Grow your start-up into a global influence with real-world impact Scaling Global Change provides social entrepreneurs with the strong organizational foundation they need to change the world. Through the story of Room to Read, one of the fastest-growing nonprofits in the last 18 years, this book features clear, real-world lessons for growing a non-profit or social enterprise, with special insight into girls’ education and literacy programming in lower-income countries. By outlining theories of program, operational, and system-level change, the discussion delves into the meat of the entrepreneurial spirit and applies it directly to everyday strategic decisions. The book begins with an overview of essential communication, vision, and execution fundamentals, and then dives into a discussion of metrics, monitoring, planning, leadership, and more. Clear guidance on internal operations, fundraising, team building, management, and other central topics provides a roadmap for new and experienced leaders, while further exploration of influence, strategy, and government funding relates the wisdom of experience from the perspective of a successful organization. Cross the chasm from start-up to mature organization with worldwide impact Gain insight into the theoretical and practical underpinnings of nonprofit success Adopt new perspectives on effectiveness, excellence, and influence Translate ideas into action in a way that will change the world Social entrepreneurship has taken off more than ever, and the market is crowded with optimistic leaders wanting to change the world. How do you differentiate your organization from the pack? How can you stand out, stand up, and make a real impact? These lessons are gained through experience and building a strong organizational culture; Room to Read has treaded this path and found itself at the heights of success. With Scaling Global Change, you reap the benefit of experiential lessons while applying them to the success of your own organization. **All Royalties from the sale of Scaling Global Change will be donated directly to Room To Read**
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Culture and Global Change

The challenge for social scientists is to study local environmental and social changes that are associated with global trends . This field of study is being ...

Author: Lourdes Arizpe S.

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472083481

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

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Offers a model for how to gather information on the human dimensions of global change
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Conditioned Taste Aversion

(2002) failed to find disrupted LI for global context changes between preexposure and conditioning stages. This was true for apparatus/place (Experiment 1; ...

Author: Steve Reilly

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199716854

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

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Conditioned taste aversion is arguably the most important learning process that humans and animals possess because it prevents the repeated self-administration of toxic food. It has not only profoundly influenced the content and direction of learning theory, but also has important human nutritional and clinical significance. In addition to its direct relevance to food selection, dietary habits, and eating disorders, it is significant for certain clinical populations that develop it as a consequence of their treatment. The study of conditioned taste aversions has invigorated new theory and research on drug conditioning and addictions, as well as on conditioned immunity. There has also been a substantial amount of recent research exploring the neural substrates of conditioned taste aversion--its neuroanatomy, pharmacology, and role in the molecular and cellular basis of plasticity. This book provides a definitive perspective on the current state of research, theory, and clinical applications for conditioned taste aversion effects and methodology. In each chapter, a leading scholar in the field presents a broad range of studies, along with current findings on the topic, highlighting both the major theoretical landmarks and the significant new perspectives. It will be an important resource for both professional and student researchers, who study conditioning, learning, plasticity, eating disorders, and dietary and ingestive behaviors in neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychopharmacology, and medicine.
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ECOOP 99 Object Oriented Programming

Nevertheless, the global structure of the Ast barely changes during the ... Despite the global sharing of the Ast some stages need local informations.

Author: Rachid Guerraoui

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540487432

Category: Computers

Page: 538

View: 820

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\My tailor is Object-Oriented". Most software systems that have been built - cently are claimed to be Object-Oriented. Even older software systems that are still in commercial use have been upgraded with some OO ?avors. The range of areas where OO can be viewed as a \must-have" feature seems to be as large as the number of elds in computer science. If we stick to one of the original views of OO, that is, to create cost-e ective software solutions through modeling ph- ical abstractions, the application of OO to any eld of computer science does indeed make sense. There are OO programming languages, OO operating s- tems, OO databases, OO speci cations, OO methodologies, etc. So what does a conference on Object-Oriented Programming really mean? I honestly don’t know. What I do know is that, since its creation in 1987, ECOOP has been attracting a large number of contributions, and ECOOP conferences have ended up with high-quality technical programs, featuring interesting mixtures of theory and practice. Among the 183 initial submissions to ECOOP’99, 20 papers were selected for inclusion in the technical program of the conference. Every paper was reviewed by three to ve referees. The selection of papers was carried out during a t- day program committee meeting at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Papers were judged according to their originality, presentation qu- ity, and relevance to the conference topics.
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Understanding PeopleSoft 8

Changes to the local organization occur when global synergy is intended. ... consolidation stages The global perspective influences change locally when.

Author: Lynn Anderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780782153019

Category: Computers

Page: 734

View: 641

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Make Your First Step into ERP a Success with PeopleSoft 8 Implementing and supporting any ERP system means an enormous investment of money, time, and personnel, and PeopleSoft is no exception. Understanding PeopleSoft 8 is the resource you need to make sure your investment pays off. Inside, ERP and PeopleSoft experts teach you how to prepare your organization for the changes ERP brings, to lead it through the PeopleSoft implementation process, and keep it on track with world-class support and an eye to the future. Coverage includes: The history and nature of ERP systems Advantages and special capabilities of PeopleSoft applications Building a business case for purchasing PeopleSoft Setting goals for the implementation Measuring and ensuring your return on investment Resources required for a successful implementation The ERP implementation—structure and process Technical architecture of the PeopleSoft applications Components, features, and functions of the PeopleSoft application Key implementation success factors Supporting users after the product is implemented The future of ERP systems and PeopleSoft
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Adaptation to Climate Change in Urban Areas

"Cities globally are at serious risk from climate change.

Author: Malcolm Araos Egan

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:964092659

Category:

Page:

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"Cities globally are at serious risk from climate change. Over half the world's population live in cities and this proportion will grow to 80% by 2050. Urban areas face many risks from climate change including higher frequency and intensity of extreme heat, flooding, and higher demands on water and energy. Human health will be particularly affected as climate effects are compounded by fast urbanization, high population density, and climate-sensitive built environments. Cities in the Global South will be even more affected due high poverty rates, increasing number of informal settlements, and limited human and financial resources to plan for the impacts of climate change. Local governments are positioned to protect population from climate risks, as often they are equipped with local knowledge of impacts and authority to build infrastructure and manage utilities. However, it remains unclear how municipalities are dealing with the challenge of climate change impacts: what are cities doing to adapt? Is adaptation taking place, where, by whom, and in what ways? This thesis illuminates the adaptation practices of large cities worldwide. The first manuscript presents a global systematic assessment of adaptation activities. Specifically, we develop and test a framework to track urban climate change adaptation policy using municipal adaptation reporting. From 401 local governments globally in urban areas with >1m people, we find that only 61 cities (15%) report any adaptation initiatives, and 73 cities (18%) report on planning towards adaptation policy. The second manuscript samples the same 401 cities and provides an in-depth characterization of adaptation taking place in one specific sector: public health. We find that only 10% of the sampled urban areas report any public health adaptation initiatives. The initiatives identified most frequently address risks posed by extreme weather events and involve direct changes in management or behaviour rather than capacity building, research, or long-term investments in infrastructure. We identified several gaps in public health sector adaptation: limited evidence of reporting of institutional adaptation at the municipal level in urban areas in the Global South; lack of information-based adaptation initiatives; limited focus on initiatives addressing infectious disease risks; and absence of monitoring, reporting and evaluation (MRE). The third manuscript assesses how adaptation is taking place in Dhaka, Bangladesh, a Global South megacity. We use a multilevel governance framework to assess adaptation progress and readiness and find that national level plans drive adaptation progress in the city, while city-driven progress and readiness are comparatively absent. Overall, the findings from this thesis indicate that cities globally are in the early stages of adaptation planning and the activities taking place and some of the most vulnerable cities such as Dhaka do not exhibit adaptation planning commensurate to the climatic risk they face. Nonetheless, some cities with limited human resources and wealth are extensively planning for climate change impacts, and can act as focal points for policy-oriented learning across cities." --
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Coping with Global Environmental Change Disasters and Security

In the first stage, such management will involve planning the steps ... Promote demonstration projects by the local inhabitants, backed by an advisory team.

Author: Hans Günter Brauch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364217776X

Category: Science

Page: 1818

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Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security - Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks reviews conceptual debates and case studies focusing on disasters and security threats, challenges, vulnerabilities and risks in Europe, the Mediterranean and other regions. It discusses social science concepts of vulnerability and risks, global, regional and national security challenges, global warming, floods, desertification and drought as environmental security challenges, water and food security challenges and vulnerabilities, vulnerability mapping of environmental security challenges and risks, contributions of remote sensing to the recognition of security risks, mainstreaming early warning of conflicts and hazards and provides conceptual and policy conclusions.
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Environmental Change in Siberia

The changes in vertical and horizontal structural patterns reflect the main stages of succession induced by local and global factors (Svensson and Jeglum ...

Author: Heiko Balzter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048186412

Category: Science

Page: 300

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The Siberian environment is a unique region of the world that is both very strongly affected by global climate change and at the same time particularly vulnerable to its consequences. The news about the melting of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean and the prospect of an ice-free shipping passage from Scandinavia to Alaska along the Russian north coast has sparked an international debate about natural resource exploitation, national boundaries and the impacts of the rapid changes on people, animals and plants. Over the last decades Siberia has also witnessed severe forest fires to an extent that is hard to imagine in other parts of the world where the po- lation density is higher, the fire-prone ecosystems cover much smaller areas and the systems of fire control are better resourced. The acceleration of the fire regime poses the question of the future of the boreal forest in the taiga region. Vegetation models have already predicted a shift of vegetation zones to the north under s- narios of global climate change. The implications of a large-scale expansion of the grassland steppe ecosystems in the south of Siberia and a retreat of the taiga forest into the tundra systems that expand towards the Arctic Ocean would be very signi- cant for the local population and the economy. I have studied Russian forests from remote sensing and modelling for about 11 years now and still find it a fascinating subject to investigate.
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Carbon Cycling in the Glacial Ocean Constraints on the Ocean s Role in Global Change

The upper parts of cold stage 6 are characterized by surprisingly warm surface ... The glacial-to-interglacial changes in local PCO2 clearly exceeded the ...

Author: Rainer Zahn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642787379

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 816

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A comprehensive progress report on the multi-disciplinary field of ocean and climate change research is given. It compiles introductory background papers and leading scientific results on the ocean-atmosphere carbon cycle with emphasis on the ocean's carbon inventory and the various components involved. The relationship between plankton productivity, carbon fixation, oceanic PCO2 and climate change is investigated from the viewpoint of long-term climatic change during the late Quaternary cycles of ice ages and warm ages. The various approaches range from micropaleontology over organic and trace element geochemistry to molecular isotope geochemistry.
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Global Change Processes and Impacts in Africa

... in the early stages than to leave it until it becomes a larger problem . ... that anthropogenic climate change will induce substantial changes in local ...

Author: Luanne Otter

Publisher: East African Publishers

ISBN: 9966255265

Category: Africa

Page: 346

View: 670

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