Great War Religious Dimensions

The First World War was a transformative event, affecting international culture, economics, and geopolitics.

Author: Bobby Wintermute

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108586948

Category: Religion

Page:

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The First World War was a transformative event, affecting international culture, economics, and geopolitics. Though often presented as the moment heralding a new secular era of modernity, in actuality the war experience was grounded in religious faith and ritual for many participants. This Element examines how religion was employed by the state to solicit support and civic participation, while also being subordinated to the strategic and operational demands of the combatant armies. Even as religion was employed to express dissent, it was also used as a coercive tool to ensure compliance with the wartime demands of the state on civilians.
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Staring at God

In his hugely ambitious and deeply researched new book, Simon Heffer explores how Britain was drawn into this slaughter, and was then transformed to fight a war in which, at times, it's very future seemed in question.

Author: Simon Heffer

Publisher: Windmill Books

ISBN: 1786090449

Category: Great Britain

Page: 928

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Managing Domestic Dissent in First World War Britain

... E Beaverbrook: A Study of Max the Unknown (London: Hutchinson, 1964) Hoover, A. God, Germany and Britain in the Great War: A Study in Clerical Nationalism (New York: Praeger, 1989) Hyman, R. The Worker's Union (Oxford: Clarendon, ...

Author: Brock Millman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135305062

Category: History

Page: 352

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The author argues that the way the British Government managed dissent during World War I is important for understanding the way that the war ended. He argues that a comprehensive and effective system of suppression had been developed by the war's end in 1918, with a greater level in reserve.
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The Great and Holy War

The Great and Holy War offers the first look at how religion created and prolonged the First World War, and the lasting impact it had on Christianity and world religions more extensively in the century that followed.

Author: Philip Jenkins

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 9780745956749

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 347

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The Great and Holy War offers the first look at how religion created and prolonged the First World War, and the lasting impact it had on Christianity and world religions more extensively in the century that followed. The war was fought by the world's leading Christian nations, who presented the conflict as a holy war. A steady stream of patriotic and militaristic rhetoric was served to an unprecedented audience, using language that spoke of holy war and crusade, of apocalypse and Armageddon. But this rhetoric was not mere state propaganda. Philip Jenkins reveals how the widespread belief in angels, apparitions, and the supernatural, was a driving force throughout the war and shaped all three of the Abrahamic religions - Christianity, Judaism, and Islam - paving the way for modern views of religion and violence. The disappointed hopes and moral compromises that followed the war also shaped the political climate of the rest of the century, giving rise to such phenomena as Nazism, totalitarianism, and communism. Connecting remarkable incidents and characters - from Karl Barth to Carl Jung, the Christmas Truce to the Armenian Genocide - Jenkins creates a powerful and persuasive narrative that brings together global politics, history, and spiritual crisis. We cannot understand our present religious, political, and cultural climate without understanding the dramatic changes initiated by the First World War. The war created the world's religious map as we know it today.
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Castles of Steel

All these elements are given magnificent scope by Robert K. Massie’ s special and widely hailed literary mastery. BONUS: This edition contains an excerpt from Robert K. Massie's Catherine the Great.

Author: Robert K. Massie

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781588363206

Category: History

Page: 880

View: 727

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In a work of extraordinary narrative power, filled with brilliant personalities and vivid scenes of dramatic action, Robert K. Massie, the Pulitzer Prize–winning author of Peter the Great, Nicholas and Alexandra, and Dreadnought, elevates to its proper historical importance the role of sea power in the winning of the Great War. The predominant image of this first world war is of mud and trenches, barbed wire, machine guns, poison gas, and slaughter. A generation of European manhood was massacred, and a wound was inflicted on European civilization that required the remainder of the twentieth century to heal. But with all its sacrifice, trench warfare did not win the war for one side or lose it for the other. Over the course of four years, the lines on the Western Front moved scarcely at all; attempts to break through led only to the lengthening of the already unbearably long casualty lists. For the true story of military upheaval, we must look to the sea. On the eve of the war in August 1914, Great Britain and Germany possessed the two greatest navies the world had ever seen. When war came, these two fleets of dreadnoughts—gigantic floating castles of steel able to hurl massive shells at an enemy miles away—were ready to test their terrible power against each other. Their struggles took place in the North Sea and the Pacific, at the Falkland Islands and the Dardanelles. They reached their climax when Germany, suffocated by an implacable naval blockade, decided to strike against the British ring of steel. The result was Jutland, a titanic clash of fifty-eight dreadnoughts, each the home of a thousand men. When the German High Seas Fleet retreated, the kaiser unleashed unrestricted U-boat warfare, which, in its indiscriminate violence, brought a reluctant America into the war. In this way, the German effort to “seize the trident” by defeating the British navy led to the fall of the German empire. Ultimately, the distinguishing feature of Castles of Steel is the author himself. The knowledge, understanding, and literary power Massie brings to this story are unparalleled. His portrayals of Winston Churchill, the British admirals Fisher, Jellicoe, and Beatty, and the Germans Scheer, Hipper, and Tirpitz are stunning in their veracity and artistry. Castles of Steel is about war at sea, leadership and command, courage, genius, and folly. All these elements are given magnificent scope by Robert K. Massie’ s special and widely hailed literary mastery. BONUS: This edition contains an excerpt from Robert K. Massie's Catherine the Great.
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The Great War and Medieval Memory

Taking medievalism as a mode of public commemorations as its focus, this book unravels the British and German search for historical continuity and meaning in the shadow of an unprecedented human catastrophe.

Author: Stefan Goebel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521854156

Category: History

Page: 357

View: 392

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A comparative study of the cultural impact of the Great War on British and German societies. Taking medievalism as a mode of public commemorations as its focus, this book unravels the British and German search for historical continuity and meaning in the shadow of an unprecedented human catastrophe.
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British Culture and the First World War

“Kitchener Wants You,” and “Daddy What Did YOU Do In The Great War?”: The Myth of British Recruiting Posters,' Imperial War Museum Review 11 (1997), 40–58. Hoover, A. J., God, Germany and Britain in the Great War: A Study in Clerical ...

Author: George Robb

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137307514

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 836

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The First World War has left its imprint on British society and the popular imagination to an extent almost unparalleled in modern history. Its legacy of mass death, mechanized slaughter, propaganda, and disillusionment swept away long-standing romanticized images of warfare, and continues to haunt the modern consciousness. Focusing on the lives of ordinary Britons, George Robb's engaging new study seeks to comprehend what it meant for an entire society to undergo the tremendous shocks and demands of total war; how it attempted to make sense of the conflict, explain it to others, and deal with the war's legacies. British Culture and the First World War - examines the war's impact on ideologies of race, class and gender, the government's efforts to manage news and to promote patriotism, the role of the arts and sciences, and the commemoration of the war in the decades since - synthesizes much of the best and most recent scholarship on the social and cultural history of the war - reclaims a great deal of neglected or forgotten popular cultural sources such as films, cartoons, juvenile literature and pulp fiction Compact but comprehensive, this accessible and refreshing text is essential reading for anyone interested in British society and culture during the turbulent years of the First World War.
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German Prisoners of the Great War

German Prisoners of the Great War offers us a direct inside of view a hitherto neglected aspect of the wartime experience a century ago.

Author: Anne Buckley

Publisher: Pen and Sword Military

ISBN: 9781526765321

Category: History

Page: 256

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In Munich in 1920, just after the end of the First World War, German officers who had been prisoners of war in England published a book they had written and smuggled back to Germany. Through vivid text and illustrations they describe in detail their experience of life in captivity in a camp at Skipton in Yorkshire. Their work, now translated into English for the first time, gives us a unique insight into their feelings about the war, their captors and their longing to go home. In their own words they record the conditions, the daily routines, the food, their relationship with the prison authorities, their activities and entertainment, and their thoughts of their homeland. The challenges and privations they faced are part of their story, as is the community they created within the confines of the camp. The whole gamut of their existence is portrayed here, in particular through their drawings and cartoons which are reproduced alongside the translation. German Prisoners of the Great War offers us a direct inside of view a hitherto neglected aspect of the wartime experience a century ago.
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German Anglophobia and the Great War 1914 1918

Britain , France and Germany , 1914-1918 ( London , 1972 ) , pp . 32 and 94 . 40 Gerlach , Große Zeit , p . 112 . 41 Quoted in A.J. Hoover , God , Germany and Britain in the Great War . A Study in Clerical Nationalism ...

Author: Matthew Stibbe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521027284

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 314

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This volume focuses on the extremity of anti-English feeling in Germany in the early years of the Great War, and on the attempt by writers, propagandists and cartoonists to redefine Britain as the chief enemy of the people and their cultural heritage.
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Patriotism and Propaganda in First World War Britain

Harris, Jose', 'English Ideas about Community: Another Case of “Made in Germany”?', in Rudolf Muhs, Johannes Paulman ... Hoover, A.J., God, Germany, and Britain in the Great War: A Study in Clerical Nationalism, New York: Praeger, 1989.

Author: David Monger

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9781846318306

Category: History

Page: 310

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This book is the first comprehensive investigation of the National War Aims Committee, providing detailed discussion of the establishment, activities and reception of the British domestic propaganda organisation, together with a careful and extensive analysis of the patriotic content of its propaganda.
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Churches Chaplains and the Great War

The German and American experiences. 1871–1914, eds Manfred F. Boemeke, Roger Chickering and Stig Förster, 125–135 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 129. 74 Cited in A.J. Hoover, God, Germany and Britain in the Great War.

Author: Hanneke Takken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351390750

Category: History

Page: 270

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This book is an international comparative study of the British, German and French military chaplains during the First World War. It describes their role, position and daily work within the army and how the often conflicting expectations of the church, the state, the military and the soldiers effected these. This study seeks to explain similarities and differences between the chaplaincies by looking at how the pre-war relations between church, state and society influenced the work of these army chaplains.
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Authority Identity and the Social History of the Great War

Arlie Hoover , God , Germany and Britain in the Great War : A Study in Clerical Nationalism ( New York , 1989 ) is inadequate ; more rewarding are Alan Wilkinson , The Church of England and the First World War ( London , 1978 ) and ...

Author: Independent Scholar Frans Coetzee

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1571810676

Category: History

Page: 362

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The unprecedented scope and intensity of the First World War has prompted an enormous body of retrospective scholarship. However, efforts to provide a coherent synthesis about the war's impact and significance have remained circumscribed, tending to focus either on the operational outlines of military strategy and tactics or on the cultural legacy of the conflict as transmitted bythe war's most articulate observers. This volume departs from traditional accounts on several scores: by exploring issues barely touched upon in previous works, by deviating from the widespread tendency to treat the experiences of front and homefront isolation, and by employing a thematic treatment that, by considering the construction of authority and identity between 1914 and 1918, illuminates the fundamental question of how individuals, whether in uniform or not, endured the war's intrusion into so many aspects of their public and private lives.
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A Companion to World War I

British Middlebrow Writers and the First World War, 1919–1929, Oxford, Berg, 1993. ... Field, Frank, British and French Writers ofthe First World War. ... Hoover, Arlie, God, Germany, and Britain in the Great War.

Author: John Horne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118275801

Category: History

Page: 728

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A Companion to the First World War brings together an international team of distinguished historians who provide a series of original and thought-provoking essays on one of the most devastating events in modern history. Comprises 38 essays by leading scholars who analyze the current state of historical scholarship on the First World War Provides extensive coverage spanning the pre-war period, the military conflict, social, economic, political, and cultural developments, and the war's legacy Offers original perspectives on themes as diverse as strategy and tactics, war crimes, science and technology, and the arts Selected as a 2011 Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE
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The Church of England and the First World War

1919-1946, Berg 1994 A. J. Hoover, God, Germany and Britain in the Great War, Praeger, NY 1989 T. Johnstone and J. Hagerty, The Cross on the Sword. Catholic Chaplains in the Forces, Chapman 1996 G. Moorhouse, Hell's Foundations, ...

Author: Alan Wilkinson

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9780718841652

Category: Religion

Page: 392

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The Church of England and the First World War (first published in 1978) explores in depth the role of the church during the tragic circumstances of the First World War using biographies, newspapers, magazines, letters, poetry and other sources in a balanced evaluation. The myth that the war was fought by 'lions led by donkeys' powerfully endures turning heroes into victims. Alan Wilkinson demonstrates the sheer horror, moral ambiguity, and the interaction between religion, the church and warwith a scholarly, and yet poetic, hand. The author creates a vivid image of the church and society, includes views of the Free Churches and Roman Catholics, portrays the pastoral problems and challenges to faith presented by war, and the pressures for reform of church and society. The Church of England and the First World War is written with compelling compassion and great historical understanding, making the book hard to put down. This expert and classic study will grip the religious and secular alike, the general reader or the student.
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Hitler s War

BONUS: This edition contains an excerpt from Harry Turtledove's The War that Came Early: West and East.

Author: Harry Turtledove

Publisher: Del Rey

ISBN: 9780345515650

Category: Fiction

Page: 512

View: 795

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A stroke of the pen and history is changed. In 1938, British prime minister Neville Chamberlain, determined to avoid war, signed the Munich Accord, ceding part of Czechoslovakia to Hitler. But the following spring, Hitler snatched the rest of that country, and England, after a fatal act of appeasement, was fighting a war for which it was not prepared. Now, in this thrilling alternate history, another scenario is played out: What if Chamberlain had not signed the accord? In this action-packed chronicle of the war that might have been, Harry Turtledove uses dozens of points of view to tell the story: from American marines serving in Japanese-occupied China and ragtag volunteers fighting in the Abraham Lincoln Battalion in Spain to an American woman desperately trying to escape Nazi-occupied territory—and witnessing the war from within the belly of the beast. A tale of powerful leaders and ordinary people, at once brilliantly imaginative and hugely entertaining, Hitler’s War captures the beginning of a very different World War II—with a very different fate for our world today. BONUS: This edition contains an excerpt from Harry Turtledove's The War that Came Early: West and East.
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The Great War and the Making of the Modern World

A. Hoover, God, Germany and Britain in the Great War: A Study in Clerical Nationalism (New York, 1989). E. P. Kelcher, 'Emperor Karl and the Sixtus affair', Eastern European Quarterly, 26 (1993), pp. 163–84. A. Lentin, General Smuts ...

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441138101

Category: History

Page: 360

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This new work demonstrates how the outcome of the First World War has formed the modern world we live in today. The First World War was the Great War for its leading participants. In revisiting the events of 1914-1918 a century on, Jeremy Black considers how we now look at the impact of the conflict across the globe and how it came to be World War I in our consciousness. For millions, both soldiers and civilians, the conflict proved fatal. The suffering and loss of the war provides much of its resonance and significance, but this book seeks to throw light beyond this, not least in asking how it ended in victory and defeat. Casting aside the conventional narrative, Jeremy Black returns to a vast range of original sources and investigates not only the key events of the war, but its consequences in restructuring the old order. As its significance has changed with time, and not only with the loss of first-hand testimony, Black considers the struggle not only in its historical context but through its memorialisation today.
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British Propaganda and the State in the First World War

The role of religious leaders in the war is examined more broadly in A. J. Hoover , God , Germany , and Britain in the Great War : A Study in Clerical Nationalism , New York , 1989 . 29 Ibid . , p . 296 . 30 Trevor Wilson , The Myriad ...

Author: Gary S. Messinger

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719030145

Category: Great Britain

Page: 292

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In 1914, advertising was much less sophisticated that it is today, radio was in its infancy, television was undeveloped, telephones were just coming into use, the gargantuan party rallies of Hitler or Mussolini were still in the future, and the idea of using ocmmunications media to control the thoughts of an entire population was new, relatively unexplored, and not of interest to governments to any great extent. Propaganda was a part of life before 1914, and the term was coming into increasingly widespread usage. But other institutions of society, such as the church, the press, business, political parties, and philanthropy, were the major producers - not government.
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The First World War and the Mobilization of Biblical Scholarship

From an evangelical perspective, see Arlie J. Hoover, God, Germany, and Britain in the Great War: A Study in Clerical Nationalism (New York: Praeger, 1989). Also Alan Wilkinson, The Church of England and the First World War (London: ...

Author: Andrew Mein

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567680792

Category: Religion

Page: 320

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This fascinating collection of essays charts, for the first time, the range of responses by scholars on both sides of the conflict to the outbreak of war in August 1914. The volume examines how biblical scholars, like their compatriots from every walk of life, responded to the great crisis they faced, and, with relatively few exceptions, were keen to contribute to the war effort. Some joined up as soldiers. More commonly, however, biblical scholars and theologians put pen to paper as part of the torrent of patriotic publication that arose both in the United Kingdom and in Germany. The contributors reveal that, in many cases, scholars were repeating or refining common arguments about the responsibility for the war. In Germany and Britain, where the Bible was still central to a Protestant national culture, we also find numerous more specialized works, where biblical scholars brought their own disciplinary expertise to bear on the matter of war in general, and this war in particular. The volume's contributors thus offer new insights into the place of both the Bible and biblical scholarship in early 20th-century culture.
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German Atrocities 1914

77 Trevor Wilson , The Myriad Faces of War : Britain and the Great War ( Cambridge , 1986 ) , pp . ... See also Wallace , War and the Image of Germany , chs 1 and 2 ; Arlie J. Hoover , God , Germany and Britain in the Great War : A ...

Author: John Horne

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300107919

Category: History

Page: 608

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Is it true that the German army, invading Belgium and France in August 1914, perpetrated brutal atrocities? Or are accounts of the deaths of thousands of unarmed civilians mere fabrications constructed by fanatically anti-German Allied propagandists? Based on research in the archives of Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy, this pathbreaking book uncovers the truth of the events of autumn 1914 and explains how the politics of propaganda and memory have shaped radically different versions of that truth. John Horne and Alan Kramer mine military reports, official and private records, witness evidence, and war diaries to document the crimes that scholars have long denied: a campaign of brutality that led to the deaths of some 6500 Belgian and French civilians. Contemporary German accounts insisted that the civilians were guerrillas, executed for illegal resistance. In reality this claim originated in a vast collective delusion on the part of German soldiers. The authors establish how this myth originated and operated, and how opposed Allied and German views of events were used in the propaganda war. They trace the memory and forgetting of the atrocities on both sides up to and beyond World War II. Meticulously researched and convincingly argued, this book reopens a painful chapter in European history while contributing to broader debates about myth, propaganda, memory, war crimes, and the nature of the First World War.
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