Guardians of the Revolution

Iran and the World in the Age of the Ayatollahs
Author: Ray Takeyh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199793136
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 5783
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For over a quarter century, Iran has been one of America's chief nemeses. Ever since Ayatollah Khomeini overthrew the Shah in 1979, the relationship between the two nations has been antagonistic: revolutionary guards chanting against the Great Satan, Bush fulminating against the Axis of Evil, Iranian support for Hezbollah, and President Ahmadinejad blaming the U.S. for the world's ills. The unending war of words suggests an intractable divide between Iran and the West, one that may very well lead to a shooting war in the near future. But as Ray Takeyh shows in this accessible and authoritative history of Iran's relations with the world since the revolution, behind the famous personalities and extremist slogans is a nation that is far more pragmatic--and complex--than many in the West have been led to believe. Takeyh explodes many of our simplistic myths of Iran as an intransigently Islamist foe of the West. Tracing the course of Iranian policy since the 1979 revolution, Takeyh identifies four distinct periods: the revolutionary era of the 1980s, the tempered gradualism following the death of Khomeini and the end of the Iran-Iraq war in 1989, the "reformist" period from 1997-2005 under President Khatami, and the shift toward confrontation and radicalism since the election of President Ahmadinejad in 2005. Takeyh shows that three powerful forces--Islamism, pragmatism, and great power pretensions--have competed in each of these periods, and that Iran's often paradoxical policies are in reality a series of compromises between the hardliners and the moderates, often with wild oscillations between pragmatism and ideological dogmatism. The U.S.'s task, Takeyh argues, is to find strategies that address Iran's objectionable behavior without demonizing this key player in an increasingly vital and volatile region. With its clear-sighted grasp of both nuance and historical sweep, Guardians of the Revolution will stand as the standard work on this controversial--and central--actor in world politics for years to come.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 2276
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Afterimage of the Revolution

Cumann Na NGaedheal and Irish Politics, 1922–1932
Author: Jason Knirck
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 0299295834
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 3038
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Ascending to power after the Anglo-Irish Treaty and a violent revolution against the United Kingdom, the political party Cumann na nGaedheal governed during the first ten years of the Irish Free State (1922–32). Taking over from the fallen Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith, Cumann na nGaedheal leaders such as W. T. Cosgrave and Kevin O'Higgins won a bloody civil war, created the institutions of the new Free State, and attempted to project abroad the independence of a new Ireland. In response to the view that Cumann na nGaedheal was actually a reactionary counterrevolutionary party, Afterimage of the Revolution contends that, in building the new Irish state, the government framed and promoted its policies in terms of ideas inherited from the revolution. In particular, Cumann na nGaedheal emphasized Irish sovereignty, the "Irishness" of the new state, and a strong sense of anticolonialism, all key components of the Sinn Féin party platform during the revolution. Jason Knirck argues that the 1920s must be understood as part of a continuing Irish revolution that led to an eventual independent republic. Drawing on state documents, newspapers, and private papers—including the recently released papers of Kevin O'Higgins—he offers a fresh view of Irish politics in the 1920s and integrates this period more closely with the Irish Revolution.

Der alte Staat und die Revolution


Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 318
View: 8437
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Revolutionary Iran

A History of the Islamic Republic
Author: Michael Axworthy
Publisher: Allen Lane
ISBN: 0199322260
Category: HISTORY
Page: 496
View: 8313
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The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a defining moment of the modern era. Its success unleashed a wave of Islamist fervor across the Middle East and signaled a sharp decline in the appeal of Western ideologies in the Islamic world. And the reaction it inspired testified to its importance: aswith the Russian and French revolutions, outsiders tried to crush it in its crib. A year after the mullahs' assumption of power, Iraq, with aid from other Arab states and the US, declared war on Iran. Yet the revolution prevailed, and the Islamic Republic persists to this day. And despite the deeprifts separating Sunnis and Shiites, the regime motivated successive waves of revolutionary Islamism across the entire region, from Afghanistan in the 1980s to Lebanon in the 200s to Egypt to Algeria today. In Revolutionary Iran, Michael Axworthy offers a richly textured and authoritative history of Iran from the 1979 revolution to the present. After an opening section that focuses on the sources of the revolution, Axworthy takes readers through the major periods of the era: the overthrow of the oldregime and the creation of the new one; the Iran-Iraq war; the reconstruction era following the war; the reformist wave led by Mohammed Khatami; and the current era, in which reactionaries have re-established control. Throughout, he emphasizes that the Iranian revolution was centrally important inmodern history because it provided the world with a clear model of development that was not rooted in Western ideologies. Whereas the world's major revolutions of the previous two centuries had been fuelled by Western, secular ideologies, the Iranian Revolution drew its inspiration from Islam. Botherudite and accessible, Revolutionary Iran is the definitive account of this epoch in all its humanity.

Der Sympathisant

Roman
Author: Viet Thanh Nguyen
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 3641207894
Category: Fiction
Page: 528
View: 2391
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»Meisterhaft. DER SYMPATHISANT ist zum Klassiker bestimmt.« T.C. Boyle Im April 1975 wird eine Gruppe südvietnamesischer Offiziere unter dramatischen Bedingungen aus Saigon in die USA geflogen. Darunter ein als Adjutant getarnter kommunistischer Spion. In Los Angeles soll er weiterhin ein Auge auf die politischen Gegner haben, ringt jedoch immer mehr mit seinem Doppelleben, den Absurditäten des Spionagewesens, der Konsumgesellschaft und seiner eigenen Identität: “Ich bin ein Spion, ein Schläfer, ein Maulwurf, ein Mann mit zwei Gesichtern. Da ist es vielleicht kein Wunder, dass ich auch ein Mann mit zwei Seelen bin.“ Ein literarischer Polit-Thriller über den Vietnamkrieg und seine Folgen, eine meisterhafte Aufarbeitung über die Missverständnisse zwischen Kapitalismus und Kommunismus, ein schillerndes Werk über das Scheitern von Idealen, ein bravouröser Roman über die universelle Erfahrung von Verlust, Flucht und Vertreibung.

History of the Russian Revolution


Author: Leon Trotsky
Publisher: Haymarket Books
ISBN: 1608460509
Category: History
Page: 1040
View: 6559
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“During the first two months of 1917 Russia was still a Romanov monarchy. Eight months later the Bolsheviks stood at the helm. They were little known to anybody when the year began, and their leaders were still under indictment for state treason when they came to power. You will not find another such sharp turn in history especially if you remember that it involves a nation of 150 million people. It is clear that the events of 1917, whatever you think of them, deserve study.” --Leon Trotsky, from History of the Russian Revolution Regarded by many as among the most powerful works of history ever written, this book offers an unparalleled account of one of the most pivotal and hotly debated events in world history. This book reveals, from the perspective of one of its central actors, the Russian Revolution’s profoundly democratic, emancipatory character. Originally published in three parts, Trotsky’s masterpiece is collected here in a single volume. It serves as the most vital and inspiring record of the Russian Revolution to date. “[T]he greatest history of an event that I know.” --C. L. R. James “In Trotsky all passions were aroused, but his thought remained calm and his vision clear.... His involvement in the struggle, far from blurring his sight, sharpens it.... The History is his crowning work, both in scale and power and as the fullest expression of his ideas on revolution. As an account of a revolution, given by one of its chief actors, it stands unique in world literature.” --Isaac Deutscher

Wir


Author: Evgenij Samjatin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783956976094
Category:
Page: 164
View: 2950
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Ein Gentleman in Moskau

Roman
Author: Amor Towles
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843716196
Category: Fiction
Page: 560
View: 9120
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Moskau, 1922. Der genussfreudige Lebemann Graf Rostov wird verhaftet und zu lebenslangem Hausarrest verurteilt, ausgerechnet im Hotel Metropol, dem ersten Haus am Platz. Er muss alle bisher genossenen Privilegien aufgeben und eine Arbeit als Hilfskellner annehmen. Rostov mit seinen 30 Jahren ist ein äußerst liebenswürdiger, immer optimistischer Gentleman. Trotz seiner eingeschränkten Umstände lebt er ganz seine Überzeugung, dass selbst kleine gute Taten einer chaotischen Welt Sinn verleihen. Aber ihm bleibt nur der Blick aus dem Fenster, während draußen Russland stürmische Dekaden durchlebt. Seine Stunde kommt, als eine alte Freundin ihm ihre kleine Tochter anvertraut. Das Kind ändert Rostovs Leben von Grund auf. Für das Mädchen und sein Leben wächst der Graf über sich hinaus. "Towles ist ein Meistererzähler" New York Times Book Review "Eine charmante Erinnerung an die Bedeutung von gutem Stil" Washington Post "Elegant, dabei gleichzeitig filigran und üppig wie ein Schmuckei von Fabergé" O, the Oprah Magazine

Im Schatten des Banyanbaums

Roman
Author: Vaddey Ratner
Publisher: Unionsverlag
ISBN: 3293308325
Category: Fiction
Page: 384
View: 3968
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Die Kindheit der siebenjährigen Raami endet jäh, als die Roten Khmer in Kambodscha die Macht übernehmen und sämtliche Bewohner aus der Hauptstadt vertreiben. Die behütete Welt der Adelsfamilie bricht zusammen. Das Mädchen und ihre Angehörigen erleben die Grausamkeit der neuen Machthaber, aber auch die unermessliche Großzügigkeit der Menschen draußen auf dem weiten Land. Aus der Perspektive eines fantasiebegabten Mädchens, das unbeirrbar und mutig an seinen Träumen festhält, erzählt Vaddey Ratner eine unfassbare Lebensgeschichte, die auch die ihre ist.

The Women of Paris and Their French Revolution


Author: Dominique Godineau
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520067196
Category: History
Page: 415
View: 4015
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During the French Revolution, hundreds of domestic and working-class women of Paris were interrogated, examined, accused, denounced, arrested, and imprisoned for their rebellious and often hostile behavior. Here, for the first time in English translation, Dominique Godineau offers an illuminating account of these female revolutionaries. As nurturing and tender as they are belligerent and contentious, these are not singular female heroines but the collective common women who struggled for bare subsistence by working in factories, in shops, on the streets, and on the home front while still finding time to participate in national assemblies, activist gatherings, and public demonstrations in their fight for the recognition of women as citizens within a burgeoning democracy. Relying on exhaustive research in historical archives, police accounts, and demographic resources at specific moments of the Revolutionary period, Godineau describes the private and public lives of these women within their precise political, social, historical, and gender-specific contexts. Her insightful and engaging observations shed new light on the importance of women as instigators, activists, militants, and decisive revolutionary individuals in the crafting and rechartering of their political and social roles as female citizens within the New Republic.

The Guardian of Every Other Right

A Constitutional History of Property Rights
Author: James W. Ely Jr.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199724529
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 8022
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The Guardian of Every Other Right chronicles the pivotal role of property rights in fashioning the American constitutional order from the colonial era to the current controversies over eminent domain and land use controls. The book emphasizes the interplay of law, ideology, politics, and economic change in shaping constitutional thought and provides a historical perspective on the contemporary debate about property rights. Since publication of the original edition of this work, both academic and popular interest in the constitutional rights of property owners has markedly increased. Now in its third edition, this text has been revised to incorporate a full treatment of important judicial decisions, notable legislation, and scholarship since the second edition appeared in 1997. In particular, Ely provides helpful background and context for understanding the controversial Kelo decision relating to the exercise of eminent domain power for "public use." Covering the entire history of property rights in the United States, this new edition continues to fill a major gap in the literature of constitutional history and is an ideal text for students of legal and constitutional history.

Guardians of the Gulf

A History of America's Expanding Role in the Persion Gulf, 1883-1992
Author: Michael A Palmer
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439105804
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 9302
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From the nineteenth century through the 1991 war with Iraq, this study of America's expanding role in the Persian Gulf traces the development of American commercial interests in the region and the resulting growth of military and political involvement.

Revolutionary Dreams

Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the Russian Revolution
Author: Richard Stites
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199878951
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 4817
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The revolutionary ideals of equality, communal living, proletarian morality, and technology worship, rooted in Russian utopianism, generated a range of social experiments which found expression, in the first decade of the Russian revolution, in festival, symbol, science fiction, city planning, and the arts. In this study, historian Richard Stites offers a vivid portrayal of revolutionary life and the cultural factors--myth, ritual, cult, and symbol--that sustained it, and describes the principal forms of utopian thinking and experimental impulse. Analyzing the inevitable clash between the authoritarian elements in the Bolshevik's vision and the libertarian behavior and aspirations of large segments of the population, Stites interprets the pathos of utopian fantasy as the key to the emotional force of the Bolshevik revolution which gave way in the early 1930s to bureaucratic state centralism and a theology of Stalinism.

The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era 1789-1815


Author: J. Holland Rose
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110766232X
Category: History
Page: 408
View: 8741
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First published in 1935, as the seventh edition of an 1894 original, this book forms part of the Cambridge Historical Series. It was written by John Holland Rose (1855-1942), a renowned English historian who wrote widely on European history. The text analyses the French Revolution in terms of its interdependence with other movements and historical trends in Europe between 1789 and 1815, providing a comprehensive explanation of the influence of French ideas and policy on Europe. Connections are made between the earlier and later phases of the period, with historical change being treated as a continuous process, rather than a series of separate events. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in perspectives on the French Revolution and its broader impact.

Guardians of the Home

Women's Lives in the 1800s
Author: Matthew Strange
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1422296903
Category: History
Page: 64
View: 1324
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While often behind the scenes and hidden from history, women in 1800s America worked side by side with men in building our nation. On the frontier, strong, capable women worked as hard—or harder—than their men-folk, taming the land and raising the crops while shouldering the responsibilities of keeping house and caring for the children. The life of the farm wife in the settled parts of the country was one of sunup to sundown labor in an era with few modern conveniences. And in urban areas, working-class women were a major part of the workforce in an industrializing economy, while middle- and upper-class women influenced America's social movements, supported charities, and helped beautify the gritty cities. In the course of the 1800s, new labor-saving technologies in the home, improved health conditions, greater economic and educational opportunities, and a growing sense of their rights helped to empower women and started the movement toward full equality with men that continues to this day.

The Annals of Electricity, Magnetism, and Chemistry; and Guardian of Experimental Science


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 2417
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Guardians of the Valley

Chickasaws in Colonial South Carolina and Georgia
Author: Edward J. Cashin
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570038211
Category: History
Page: 196
View: 2255
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Edward J. Cashin, the preeminent historian of colonial Georgia history, offers an account of the Lower Chickasaws, who settled on the Savannah River near Augusta in the early eighteenth century and remained an integral part of the region until the American Revolution. Fierce allies to the English settlers, the Chickasaws served as trading partners, loyal protectors, and diplomatic representatives to other southeastern tribes. In the absence of their benevolence, the English settlements would not have developed as rapidly or securely in the Savannah River Valley. Aided by his unique access to the modern Chickasaw Nation, Cashin has woven together details on the eastern Chickasaws from diverse source materials to create this cohesive narrative set against the shifting backdrop of the southern frontier. The Chickasaws offered primary allegiance to South Carolina and Georgia at different times in their history but always served as a link in ongoing trade between Charleston and the Chickasaw homeland in what is now Mississippi. By recounting the political, social, and military interactions between the native peoples and settlers, Cashin introduces readers to a colorful cast of Chickasaw leaders, including Squirrel King, the Doctor, and Mingo Stoby, each an important component to a story that has until now gone untold.

The Press in New Order Indonesia


Author: David T. Hill
Publisher: Equinox Publishing
ISBN: 9789793780467
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 188
View: 4112
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The Press in New Order Indonesia is the most comprehensive book available in English on the print media during the Suharto presidency. Based on detailed and investigative research, it provides a succinct introduction to the political and economic forces shaping this dominant sector of the Indonesian media at a pivotal time in its development. The study documents the history of the press prior to the rise of President Suharto, surveys the changing New Order policies to the media, and analyses the various modes of control exercised through powerful government agencies and industry bodies. Throughout this critical historical period of political tension and economic transition, The Press in New Order Indonesia traces the development of huge media conglomerates which began to rival military muscle in shaping the media landscape of Indonesia. This study explains how the student press spilled off the campuses to play a unique political role. By contrast, a distinctly Islamic press achieved only very modest success. Focusing on Indonesian-language national daily newspapers, it also discusses news weeklies, periodicals and magazines, as well as publications in regional languages, English and Chinese. Brought back to life in Equinox Publishing's Classic Indonesia series, The Press in New Order Indonesia is required reading for students of Indonesian languages and cultures, Asian studies, Southeast Asian studies, media studies, journalism, and contemporary politics. David T. Hill is Professor of Southeast Asian Studies and Fellow of the Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia.

The Persian Night

Iran under the Khomeinist Revolution
Author: Amir Taheri
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1594035520
Category: Political Science
Page: 424
View: 9154
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Who really rules Iran today? Are the men in official positions merely puppets activated by hidden hands? How are decisions made in a system that appears so chaotic at first glance? Is the current political structure doomed to conflict? These are some of the questions that Amir Taheri addresses in this riveting and timely book. An anatomy of one of the most secretive regimes in the contemporary world, The Persian Night traces the historical, religious, cultural, and political roots of the Khomeinist revolution and analyzes the way it has grown into a pseudo-religious ideology over the past three decades. Taheri dissects a regime that has hijacked a nation of seventy million people and mobilized its resources for global “holy war” against the United States and its allies. From Khomeini’s “divine mission” to President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s messianic campaign in the name of the “Hidden Imam,” Iran is on a trajectory towards war. The Persian Night looks into the actual links between the Islamic Republic and terrorist networks including al-Qaeda and Hezballah; the reality of the Iranian nuclear program; the Islamic Republic’s war-making capabilities and strategies; and the origins of the three Khomeinist phobias—women, Jews, and the United States. But as Taheri demonstrates, Khomeinism is not Iran. Today there are two competing Irans: the one manifested in the negative Khomeinist energies that have dragged the nation into its dark night; the other drawing from the long and celebrated history of Persian culture while extending a friendly hand to the West. Successive U.S. administrations, along with most European governments, have failed to understand the reality of the Khomeinist regime and at times have even aided its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction, including a nuclear arsenal. Taheri provides a set of imaginative suggestions for more effective ways of dealing with Iran.