Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress, Second Edition


Author: Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824746728
Category: Science
Page: 1254
View: 8856
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Detailing interrelated topics, this work addresses issues and concerns related to plant and crop stress. This edition includes information on pH stress, temperature stress, water-deficit conditions, carotenoids and stress, light stress, pollution stress, agrichemical stress, oxidative damage to proteins, UV-B induced stress and abiotic stress tolerance.

Handbook of Plant Nutrition


Author: Allen V. Barker,David J. Pilbeam
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420014870
Category: Science
Page: 632
View: 3380
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The burgeoning demand on the world food supply, coupled with concern over the use of chemical fertilizers, has led to an accelerated interest in the practice of precision agriculture. This practice involves the careful control and monitoring of plant nutrition to maximize the rate of growth and yield of crops, as well as their nutritional value. The Handbook of Plant Nutrition provides a readily accessible source of highly current and reliable information on the nutritional requirements of the most significant crops being cultivated worldwide. With their introduction, the editors provide an overview of plant nutrients and beneficial elements, distinguishing the difference between the two, and explaining research approaches and diagnostic criteria currently being applied. What then follows are twenty chapters, each one dedicated to an essential macro or micronutrient or beneficial element. Written by eminent researchers from across the world, each of the chapters- Offers historical information on the specific nutrient, explaining why it is either essential or a beneficial element, giving demonstration of its essentiality and functions in plants Explains how appearance and composition of plants can be used to assess nutritional status Discusses the value of soil tests for assessing nutritional status Recommends fertilizers that can be applied to remedy nutritional deficiencies Those chapters that cover beneficial elements discuss the history of the elements with regard to growth and yield, and provide current information concerning their impact on growth stimulation and plant metabolism for particular plant species. Of great value to growers, agricultural consultants, agronomists, and plant scientists, this handbook provides a practical easy-to-use reference for determining, monitoring, and improving the nutritional needs of plants. The graphical presentations of plant interactions with nutrients and beneficial elements, and the straight-forward explanations of how nutrient deficiencies arise are especially useful to those seeking knowledge of plant nutrition.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress, Third Edition


Author: Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143981399X
Category: Science
Page: 1245
View: 7332
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The dynamic and expanding knowledge of environmental stresses and their effects on plants and crops have resulted in the compilation of a large volume of information in the last ten years since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. With 90 percent new material and a new organization that reflects this increased knowledge base, this new edition, like the first two, provides comprehensive and complete coverage of the issues on stress imposed on plants and crops. Accessibility of knowledge is among the most critical of factors involved with plant/crop stress problems. Without due consideration of all the factors contributing to a specific plant/crop stress problem, it is unlikely that a permanent solution can be found. Facilitating the accessibility of the desired information, the volume is divided into ten sections. Each section consists of one or more chapters that discuss as many aspects of stress as possible. While many references cover soil salinity, sodicity, specific plant/crop salt and water stress, pollution, and other environmental stresses, they exist relatively in isolation, focusing mainly on one specific topic. Prepared with input from more than a hundred contributors from twenty seven countries, this book combines information on these interrelated areas into a single resource. Packed with illustrations, figures, and tables, covering plant/crop stress problems from the soil to the atmosphere, this book puts this expanded environmental stressors knowledge base within easy reach.

Handbook of Photosynthesis, Second Edition


Author: Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824797089
Category: Science
Page: 1056
View: 2804
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"Details all of the photosynthetic factors and processes under both normal and stressful conditions--covering lower and higher plants as well as related biochemistry and plant molecular biology. Contains authoritative contributions from over 125 experts in the field from 28 countries, and includes almost 500 drawings, photographs, micrographs, tables, and equations--reinforcing and clarifying important text material."

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, Third Edition


Author: Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553294
Category: Science
Page: 1031
View: 2564
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Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, necessitating a new edition to cover the latest advances in the field. Like its predecessors, the Third Edition offers a unique, complete collection of topics in plant and crop physiology, serving as an up-to-date resource in the field. This edition contains more than 90 percent new material, and the remaining 10 percent has been updated and substantially revised. Divided into nine parts to make the information more accessible, this handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, and production processes. It addresses the physiological responses of plants and crops to environmental stresses, heavy metals, and agrichemicals; presents findings on small RNAs in response to temperature stress; and discusses the use of bioinformatics in plant/crop physiology. The book deals with the impacts of rising CO2 levels and climate change on plant/crop growth, development, and production. It also offers guidance on plants and crops that can be successfully cultivated under more stressful conditions, presented in six chapters that examine alleviation of future food security issues. With contributions from 105 scientists from 17 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant physiological processes ranging from the cellular level to whole plants. The content provided can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for dealing with plant and crop physiology problems. This edition includes numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to facilitate comprehension of the material as well as thousands of index words to further increase accessibility to the desired information.

The Rhizosphere

Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil-Plant Interface, Second Edition
Author: Roberto Pinton,Zeno Varanini,Paolo Nannipieri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420005585
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 472
View: 2158
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In the rhizosphere, exudates from plants and microorganisms as well as stable soil organic matter influence processes that can control plant growth, microbial infections, and nutrient uptake. As the chemistry and biochemistry of these substances becomes more and more clear, their study promises to shed light on the complex interactions between plant and soil microflora. Maintaining the interdisciplinary approach of the first edition, The Rhizosphere: Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil-Plant Interface, Second Edition summarizes information on soil science, agronomy, plant nutrition, plant physiology, microbiology, and biochemistry to provide a comprehensive and updated overview of the most recent advances in the field. Revised and expanded, the second edition presents new information on areas that are only recently gaining importance for understanding the complex biochemistry of the soil-microbe-plant interaction. New topics include the role of nutrient availability in regulating root morphology and architecture, the involvement of root membrane activities in determining and responding to the nutritional conditions in the rhizosphere, molecular signals between root-root and root-microbe, and gene flow and the evolution of rhizosphere organisms and their coevolution with plants. The book also covers mathematical modeling and methodological approaches to the study of the rhizosphere. Information in all chapters derives from a molecular approach which contributes to a better understanding of the biochemical processes occurring at the plant-soil interface. Drawing on the expertise of pioneers in the field, The Rhizosphere: Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil-Plant Interface, Second Edition contributes to the vigorous interchange between rhizosphere biochemistry and molecular biology to provide the most current information and stimulate further interest and research on this fascinating topic.

Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination

Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition
Author: J. Russell Boulding,Jon S. Ginn
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420032147
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 728
View: 4342
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A synthesis of years of interdisciplinary research and practice, the second edition of this bestseller continues to serve as a primary resource for information on the assessment, remediation, and control of contamination on and below the ground surface. Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination: Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition includes important new developments in site characterization and soil and ground water remediation that have appeared since 1995. Presented in an easy-to-read style, this book serves as a comprehensive guide for conducting complex site investigations and identifying methods for effective soil and ground water cleanup. Remediation engineers, ground water and soil scientists, regulatory personnel, researchers, and field investigators can access the latest data and summary tables to illustrate key advantages and disadvantages of various remediation methods.

Selenium in the Environment


Author: Frankenberger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824789930
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 480
View: 1862
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Discusses the biochemical and geological cycling of selenium (Se), its worldwide distribution, and the factors controlling its fate and transport within and between major environmental media, presenting a global assessment of selenium's complex environmental behaviour. The focus of this work is upon Se management and remediation strategies.

Complete Guide for Growing Plants Hydroponically


Author: J. Benton Jones, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439876681
Category: Science
Page: 223
View: 1827
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With the continued implementation of new equipment and new concepts and methods, such as hydroponics and soilless practices, crop growth has improved and become more efficient. Focusing on the basic principles and practical growth requirements, the Complete Guide for Growing Plants Hydroponically offers valuable information for the commercial grower, the researcher, the hobbyist, and the student interested in hydroponics. It provides details on methods of growing that are applicable to a range of environmental growing systems. The author begins with an introduction that covers the past, present, and future of hydroponics. He also describes the basic concepts behind how plants grow, followed by several chapters that present in-depth practical details for hydroponic growing systems: The essential plant nutrient elements The nutrient solution Rooting media Systems of hydroponic culture Hydroponic application factors These chapters cover the nutritional requirements of plants and how to best prepare and use nutrient solutions to satisfy plant requirements, with different growing systems and rooting media, under a variety of conditions. The book gives many nutrient solution formulas and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various hydroponic systems. It also contains a chapter that describes a school project, which students can follow to generate nutrient element deficiency symptoms and monitor their effects on plant growth.

Heavy Metals in Soils


Author: B. J. Alloway
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780751401981
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 4092
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Heavy metals in soils continue to receive increasing attention due to the growing scientific and public awareness of environmental issues and the development of analytical techniques to measure their concentrations accurately. Building on the success and acclaim of the first edition, this book continues to provide an up-to-date, balanced and comprehensive review of the subject in two sections: the first providing an introduction to the metals chemistry, sources and methods used for their analysis; and the second containing chapters dealing with individual elements in detail.

Enzymes in the Environment

Activity, Ecology, and Applications
Author: Richard G. Burns,Richard P. Dick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203904039
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 3801
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The need to understand the biological processes that are important for essential aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem function has prompted much research into the field of ecological enzymology. This book presents the two broad areas of application in a compilation of reviews by 21 international experts in their respective fields. The first explores enzymatic activities to assess the processes or mechanisms that operate in a given system, such as the rhizosphere, plant leaves and shoots, soil surfaces, and biofilms. The second considers enzymes or microbial cells as sensors to detect microbial activity and stresses due to pollution, management, or climatic change in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops, Third Edition


Author: Nand Kumar Fageria,Virupax C. Baligar,Charles Allan Jones
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824700898
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 640
View: 4271
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"Examines climate-soil-plant interrelationships governing the nutritional and growth aspects of cereal, legume, and pasture crops--providing basic and applied information to improve the management and potential yield of major temperate and tropical field crop. Second Edition furnishes a new chapter on the management of degraded soils, and improved organization of chapter sequence, and more than 325 tables and drawings--over 90 new to this edition."

Handbook of Turfgrass Management and Physiology


Author: Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420006483
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 720
View: 1581
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A multibillion dollar industry that has tripled in the last ten years, turfgrass management plays an important role in landscaping, golf courses, and other sports surfaces. Proper management and cultural practices are crucial for the performance of these versatile grasses, creating a demand among scientists, researchers, and industry professionals for better quality, hardier grasses. The mounting collection of research into new species, modern cultivars, and stress tolerant genotypes requires a high-quality, accessible resource. Filling a long-empty niche by compiling the most complete, up-to-date collection of contributions from internationally known specialists, Handbook of Turfgrass Management and Physiology is the only single source reference that covers every aspect of turfgrass maintenance and cultivation. Divided into several sections, this all-inclusive volume begins with an introductory chapter on turf related issues. The second section reveals detailed accounts of turfgrass growth, management, and cultural practices such as carbon metabolism and overseeding. Subsequent sections cover sports turf management and growth regulating factors, as well as breeding, genetics, and biotechnology. The text highlights research in turfgrass pathology and disease including nutritional disorders, rapid blight, and fungal diseases. The book reviews several methods of pest control using herbicides, as well as biological, and microbial control agents. It provides extensive information on the physiological responses of turfgrass to acidic soil, salinized water, temperature, light, depleted oxygen, reactive nitrogen use, and other environmental stressors. The final section looks at future and potential grasses requiring minimal maintenance and management. Offering hundreds of figures and tables, thousands of references, and an extensive index, Handbook of Turfgrass Management and Physiology is the definitive reference to the dynamic and growing world of turfgrass.

Tomato Plant Culture

In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition
Author: J. Benton Jones, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007398
Category: Science
Page: 420
View: 5332
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While tomatoes continue to be one of the most widely grown plants, the production and distribution of tomato fruits have been changing worldwide. Smaller, flavorful tomatoes are becoming more popular than beefsteak tomatoes, greenhouse-grown tomatoes have entered the marketplace, and home gardeners are using the Internet to obtain information for growing tomatoes. Encompassing these changes, Tomato Plant Culture: In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition clearly presents the characteristics, nutritional information, environmental requirements, and production aspects of tomato plants and fruits. Authored by one of the foremost experts in hydroponics, the book outlines the history of the tomato plant and fruit and delves into the author's personal experiences with tomato plant cultivation. It discusses the characteristics and composition of the plant as well as seedling and seed production. The author elucidates the physical features of the fruit and the mineral nutrition of the plant. He also examines the physical and chemical characteristics of soils most desirable for plant growth, makes fertilizer recommendations, and explores the factors involved in greenhouse tomato production. In addition, the book looks at ways to identify and control plant diseases and insect pests. With scientific data, trivia, and troubleshooting advice, this technical yet accessible book enables scientists, commercial growers, and home gardeners to cultivate a successful crop of tomatoes.

Functional Plant Ecology, Second Edition


Author: Francisco Pugnaire,Fernando Valladares
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007626
Category: Nature
Page: 744
View: 8909
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Following in the footsteps of the successful first edition, Functional Plant Ecology, Second Edition remains the most authoritative resource in this multidisciplinary field. Extensively revised and updated, this book investigates plant structure and behavior across the ecological spectrum. It features the ecology and evolution of plant crowns and addresses approaches to generalization in functional plant ecology, including the species-sampling problem, plant ecology strategy schemes, and phylogeny. The book follows a bottom-up approach, from the more specific, detailed studies focusing on plant organs to the broadest ecosystem approaches. It offers the latest findings and research breakthroughs in plant ecology, as well as consideration of classic topics in environmental science and ecology. A wide-ranging compendium, the book investigates plant structure and behavior across the ecological spectrum, from the leaf to the ecosystem levels.

Plants in Action

Adaptation in Nature, Performance in Cultivation
Author: Brian James Atwell,Paul E. Kriedemann,Colin G. N. Turnbull
Publisher: Macmillan Education AU
ISBN: 9780732944391
Category: Reference
Page: 664
View: 834
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In Vitro Culture of Higher Plants


Author: R.L.M Pierik
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792345275
Category: Science
Page: 348
View: 6866
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In Vitro Culture of Higher Plants presents an up-to-date and wide- ranging account of the techniques and applications, and has primarily been written in response to practical problems. Special attention has been paid to the educational aspects. Typical methodological aspects are given in the first part: laboratory set-up, composition and preparation of media, sterilization of media and plant material, isolation and (sub)culture, mechanization, the influence of plant and environmental factors on growth and development, the transfer from test-tube to soil, aids to study. The question of why in vitro culture is practised is covered in the second part: embryo culture, germination of orchid seeds, mericloning of orchids, production of disease-free plants, vegetative propagation, somaclonal variation, test-tube fertilization, haploids, genetic manipulation, other applications in phytopathology and plant breeding, secondary metabolites.

Tropical soil biology and fertility

a handbook of methods
Author: Jonathan Michael Anderson,J. S. I. Ingram
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 221
View: 2276
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Based on the work of the Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility (TSBF) Programme, this handbook provides recommended and validated methods for the characterization and analysis of soils, with emphasis on the tropics, with the aim of achieving sustainable use of soil resources. Many of the methods described are also applicable to temperate soils. Since publication of the first edition in 1989, the methods have been tested in a wide variety of field and laboratory environments, leading to their further development and refinement. The text has been substantially revised and expanded for the second edition, with an additional chapter on laboratory practice and quality control and new appendices on mycorrhizas, roots, most probably number analysis for rhizobia, isotope studies and a description, field procedures, sampling, laboratory practice, chemical analysis and soil physical analysis. The second half of the book then includes 15 appendices which comprise state-of-the-art methodological reviews. The methods given are endorsed by the International Society of Soil Science and are part of the International Union of Biological Sciences/UNESCO 'Man and the Biosphere' Programme. The book is an indispensable handbook for students and professional soil scientists, as well as ecologists, agronomists and foresters concerned with tropical systems.

Physiology of Woody Plants


Author: Stephen G. Pallardy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080568713
Category: Science
Page: 464
View: 1957
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Woody plants such as trees have a significant economic and climatic influence on global economies and ecologies. This completely revised classic book is an up-to-date synthesis of the intensive research devoted to woody plants published in the second edition, with additional important aspects from the authors' previous book, Growth Control in Woody Plants. Intended primarily as a reference for researchers, the interdisciplinary nature of the book makes it useful to a broad range of scientists and researchers from agroforesters, agronomists, and arborists to plant pathologists and soil scientists. This third edition provides crutial updates to many chapters, including: responses of plants to elevated CO2; the process and regulation of cambial growth; photoinhibition and photoprotection of photosynthesis; nitrogen metabolism and internal recycling, and more. Revised chapters focus on emerging discoveries of the patterns and processes of woody plant physiology. * The only book to provide recommendations for the use of specific management practices and experimental procedures and equipment *Updated coverage of nearly all topics of interest to woody plant physiologists * Extensive revisions of chapters relating to key processes in growth, photosynthesis, and water relations * More than 500 new references * Examples of molecular-level evidence incorporated in discussion of the role of expansion proteins in plant growth; mechanism of ATP production by coupling factor in photosynthesis; the role of cellulose synthase in cell wall construction; structure-function relationships for aquaporin proteins

Introduction to Agronomy: Food, Crops, and Environment


Author: Craig C. Sheaffer,Kristine M Moncada
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1111312338
Category: Science
Page: 608
View: 7669
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This full-color introduction to agronomy and crop science offers both traditional agricultural students and students with nonagricultural backgrounds a timely look at the principles of crop science, sustainable agriculture, and a host of related societal issues. A must-read text for anyone interested in what are arguably the most profoundly important issues of our time, INTRODUCTION TO AGRONOMY, second edition addresses the basics of safe and sustainable food and fiber production as well as big picture topics such as energy, ecology, and environmental quality. Throughout the text, readers will find information and illustrations on the latest agricultural methods, regulations, and practices--and how each is impacting our society and each individual within it. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.