The Lie Detectors

The story of the lie detector takes us straight into the dark recesses of the American soul.

Author: Ken Alder

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743293860

Category: History

Page: 288

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The story of the lie detector takes us straight into the dark recesses of the American soul. It also leads us on a noir journey through some of the most storied episodes in American history. That is because the device we take for granted as an indicator of guilt or innocence actually tells us more about our beliefs than about our deeds. The machine does not measure deception so much as feelings of guilt or shame. As Ken Alder reveals in his fascinating and disturbing account, the history of the lie detector exposes fundamental truths about our culture: why we long to know the secret thoughts of our fellow citizens; why we believe in popular science; and why America embraced the culture of "truthiness." For centuries, people searched in vain for a way to unmask liars, seeking clues in blushing cheeks, shifty eyes, and curling toes...all the body's outward signs. But not until the 1920s did a cop with a Ph.D. team up with an entrepreneurial high school student from Berkeley, California and claim to have invented a foolproof machine that peered directly into the human heart. In a few short years their polygraph had transformed police work, seized headlines, solved sensational murders, and enthralled the nation. In Chicago, the capital of American vice, the two men wielded their device to clean up corruption, reform the police, and probe the minds of infamous killers. Before long the lie detector had become the nation's "mechanical conscience," searching for honesty on Main Street, in Hollywood, and even within Washington, D.C. Husbands and wives tested each other's fidelity. Corporations tested their employees' honesty. Movie studios and advertisers tested their audiences' responses. Eventually, thousands of government employees were tested for their loyalty and "morals" -- for lack of which many lost their jobs. Yet the machine was flawed. It often was used to accuse the wrong person. It could easily be beaten by those who knew how. Repeatedly it has been applied as an instrument of psychological torture, with the goal of extracting confessions. And its creators paid a commensurate price. One went mad trying to destroy the Frankenstein's monster he had created. The other became consumed by mistrust: jealous of his cheating wife, contemptuous of his former mentor, and driven to an early death. The only happy man among the machine's champions was the eccentric psychologist who went on to achieve glory as the creator of Wonder Woman. Yet this deceptive device took America -- and only America -- by storm. Today, the CIA still administers polygraphs to its employees. Accused celebrities loudly trumpet its clean bill of truth. And the U.S. government, as part of its new "war on terror," is currently exploring forms of lie detection that reach directly into the brain. Apparently, America still dreams of a technology that will render human beings transparent. The Lie Detectors is the entertaining and thought-provoking story of that American obsession.
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The Lie Became Great

A thrilling analysis of the world of plunderers, forgers, antiquity dealers, collectors, museums, auction houses with one thing in common: a vivid interest in the Ancient Near East.

Author: Oscar White Muscarella

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9056930419

Category: History

Page: 540

View: 645

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A thrilling analysis of the world of plunderers, forgers, antiquity dealers, collectors, museums, auction houses with one thing in common: a vivid interest in the Ancient Near East.
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Fake History

In this fascinating new book, journalist and author Otto English takes ten great lies from history and shows how our present continues to be manipulated by the fabrications of the past.

Author: Otto English

Publisher: Welbeck Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781787396418

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 952

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'A brilliant and important book ... Five Stars!' Mark Dolan, talkRADIO 'An important new book' Daily Express An alternative history of the world that exposes some of the biggest lies ever told and how they've been used over time. Lincoln did not believe all men were created equal. The Aztecs were not slaughtered by the Spanish Conquistadors. And Churchill was not the man that people love to remember. In this fascinating new book, journalist and author Otto English takes ten great lies from history and shows how our present continues to be manipulated by the fabrications of the past. He looks at how so much of what we take to be historical fact is, in fact, fiction. From the myths of WW2 to the adventures of Columbus, and from the self-serving legends of 'great men' to the origins of curry – fake history is everywhere and used ever more to impact our modern world. Setting out to redress the balance, English tears apart the lies propagated by politicians and think tanks, the grand narratives spun by populists and the media, the stories on your friend's Facebook feed and the tales you were told in childhood. And, in doing so, reclaims the truth from those who have perverted it. Fake History exposes everything you weren't told in school and why you weren't taught it.
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A Brief History of Fascist Lies

This is not just a deft intellectual history of fascism, but an urgent reminder of the deep well of hate that lies beneath our era of 'alternative facts' and 'fake news.

Author: Federico Finchelstein


ISBN: 9780520346710

Category: History

Page: 152

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In this short companion to his book From Fascism to Populism in History, world-renowned historian Federico Finchelstein explains why fascists regarded simple and often hateful lies as truth, and why so many of their followers believed the falsehoods. Throughout the history of the twentieth century, many supporters of fascist ideologies regarded political lies as truth incarnated in their leader. From Hitler to Mussolini, fascist leaders capitalized on lies as the base of their power and popular sovereignty. This history continues in the present, when lies again seem to increasingly replace empirical truth. Now that actual news is presented as "fake news" and false news becomes government policy, A Brief History of Fascist Lies urges us to remember that the current talk of "post-truth" has a long political and intellectual lineage that we cannot ignore.
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The Encyclopedia of the Korean War A Political Social and Military History 2nd Edition 3 volumes

A Political, Social, and Military History Spencer C. Tucker, Paul G. Pierpaoli Jr. ... In February 1941 Lie became foreign minister of the government-in-exile in London, and in April 1945 he headed the Norwegian delegation to the San ...

Author: Spencer C. Tucker

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781851098507

Category: History

Page: 1393

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A multidimensional, multidisciplinary work on one of the least understood but most important conflicts in modern history. • 760 alphabetically organized entries covering all aspects of the Korean War era—military, political, economic, social, and cultural • Nearly 150 primary documents in a separate volume • More than 125 contributors, including both civilian professors from a wide range of disciplines as well as military officers • An updated historiographical essay compiled by Dr. Allan R. Millett, one of the nation's leading military historians and experts on the Korean War • More than 350 illustrations and 21 detailed maps • A chronology of the Korean War, a glossary, and a general bibliography
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The Saving Lie

“With the departure of Adam and Eve from Eden,” writes Yerushalmi about the Hebrew it was as a miracle irreducible to the mythic return of the same, “history begins, historical time becomes real, and the way back is closedforever.

Author: Agata Bielik-Robson

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 9780810127289

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 403

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Hailed as our era's most profound theorist of literary influence, Harold Bloom's own influence on the landscape of literary criticism has been decisive. His wide-ranging critical writings have plumbed the depths of Romanticism, explored the anxiety caused by the influence of one generation of poets on another, wrestled with the idea of a literary canon, and examined the relationship between religion and literature. In this unprecedented full-length study on Harold Bloom, Agata Bielik-Robson explores the many facets of Bloom's critical writings and career. In his work, she argues, Bloom draws on a variety of disparate traditions-Judaism, Gnosis, romanticism, American pragmatism, and Freudianism, but also, especially recently, Victorian Aestheticism-that constitute a dialectical, difficult whole in constant quarrel with itself. The Saving Lie brings all these aspects of Bloom's thought together, revealing the organizing thread of "antithetical vitalism" that animates his work. Tracing the development of Bloom's vision of "life-in-antithesis" through a series of highly original and compelling readings, Bielik-Robson offers a much-needed reevaluation of a deeply complex and controversial figure. This pioneering study of Bloom and his contributions will not soon be surpassed.
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Writing the History of Mathematics Its Historical Development

At the end of the 20th century , the Swedish mathematician Lars Garding ( * 1919 ) published the history of ... As a result of this work Lie , among others , became aware of the historical significance of the studies of Caspar Wessel ...

Author: Joseph W. Dauben

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764361670

Category: Mathematics

Page: 689

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As an historiographic monograph, this book offers a detailed survey of the professional evolution and significance of an entire discipline devoted to the history of science. It provides both an intellectual and a social history of the development of the subject from the first such effort written by the ancient Greek author Eudemus in the Fourth Century BC, to the founding of the international journal, Historia Mathematica, by Kenneth O. May in the early 1970s.
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My Lie

I couldn't put it down." —Elizabeth F. Loftus, PhD, former president of the Association for Psychological Science; coauthor of The Myth of Repressed Memory "Meredith Maran is a wonderful journalist and storyteller, profoundly honest, ...

Author: Meredith Maran

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470944838

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 954

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