Nearly every aspect of daily life in the Mediterranean world and Europe during the florescence of the Greek and Roman cultures is relevant to the topics of engineering and technology. This volume highlights both the accomplishments of the ancient societies and the remaining research problems, and stimulates further progress in the history of ancient technology. The subject matter of the book is the technological framework of the Greek and Roman cultures from ca. 800 B.C. through ca. A.D. 500 in the circum-Mediterranean world and Northern Europe. Each chapter discusses a technology or family of technologies from an analytical rather than descriptive point of view, providing a critical summation of our present knowledge of the Greek and Roman accomplishments in the technology concerned and the evolution of their technical capabilities over the chronological period. Each presentation reviews the issues and recent contributions, and defines the capacities and accomplishments of the technology in the context of the society that used it, the available "technological shelf," and the resources consumed. These studies introduce and synthesize the results of excavation or specialized studies. The chapters are organized in sections progressing from sources (written and representational) to primary (e.g., mining, metallurgy, agriculture) and secondary (e.g., woodworking, glass production, food preparation, textile production and leather-working) production, to technologies of social organization and interaction (e.g., roads, bridges, ships, harbors, warfare and fortification), and finally to studies of general social issues (e.g., writing, timekeeping, measurement, scientific instruments, attitudes toward technology and innovation) and the relevance of ethnographic methods to the study of classical technology. The unrivalled breadth and depth of this volume make it the definitive reference work for students and academics across the spectrum of classical studies.
Technological change: Methods and themes in the history of technology. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic, 1–15. Gara, A. 2002. Tecnica e tecnologia nelle societ`a antiche. Milan: CUEM. Gathercole, P. 1994. ''Childe in history'' (Sixth Gordon ...
Author: John Peter Oleson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Bicycle Engineering and Technology is a primer and technical introduction for anyone interested in bicycles, bicycling and the bicycle industry. With insight into how bicycles are made and operated, the book covers the engineering materials used for their manufacture and the technicalities of riding. It also discusses ways in which the enthusiast may wish to get involved in the business of working with these fantastic machines, which are now being aided with electrical power. The bicycle is a significant factor in transportation around the world and is playing an increasingly crucial role in transport policy as we collectively become more environmentally conscious. To celebrate the importance of the bicycle on the world stage, a brief history is included along with a detailed timeline showing the development of the bicycle with major world events. Previous knowledge of engineering or technology is not required to enjoy this text, as all technical terms are explained and a full glossary and lists of abbreviations are included. Whether you are a bicycling enthusiast, racer, student or bicycle professional, you will surely want to read it and keep it on your shelf as a handy reference.
Although, to the untrained eye, cycles are seen as simple mechanical machines within the field of engineering, they cut across many other academic fields and, therefore, both the bicycle and bicycling history are tied up with the ...
Author: Andrew Livesey
Category: Technology & Engineering
Technology, which has significantly changed Western man's way of life over the past century, exerted a powerful influence on American society during the third quarter of the nineteenth century. In this study Raymond H. Merritt focuses on the engineering profession, in order to describe not only the vital role that engineers played in producing a technological society but also to note the changes they helped to bring about in American education, industry, professional status, world perspectives, urban existence, and cultural values. During the development period of 1850-1875, engineers erected bridges, blasted tunnels, designed machines, improved rivers and harbors, developed utilities necessary for urban life, and helped to bind the continent together through new systems of transportation and communication. As a concomitant to this technological development, states Merritt, they introduced a new set of cultural values that were at once urban and cosmopolitan. These cultural values tended to reflect the engineers' experience of mobility -- so much a part of their lives -- and their commitment to efficiency, standardization, improved living conditions, and a less burdensome life. Merritt concludes from his study that the rapid growth of the engineering profession was aided greatly by the introduction of new teaching methods which emphasized and encouraged the solution of immediate problems. Schools devoted exclusively to the education and training of engineers flourished -- schools such as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Stevens Institute of Technology. Moreover, business corporations and governments sought the services of the engineers to meet the new technological demands of the day. In response, they devised methods and materials that went beyond traditional techniques. Their specialized experiences in planning, constructing, and supervising the early operation of these facilities brought them into positions of authority in the new business concerns, since they often were the only qualified men available for the executive positions of authority for the executive positions of America's earliest large corporations. These positions of authority further extended their influence in American society. Engineers took a positive view of administration, developed systems of cost accounting, worked out job descriptions, defined levels of responsibility, and played a major role in industrial consolidation. Despite their close association with secular materialism, Merritt notes that many engineers expressed the hope that human peace and happiness would result from technical innovation and that they themselves could devote their technological knowledge, executive experience, and newly acquired status to solve some of the critical problems of communal life. Having begun merely as had become the planners and, in many cases, municipal enterprises which they hoped would turn a land of farms and cities into a "social eden."
Among the secondary sources on nineteenth-century technology the international quarterly Technology and Culture of the Society for the History of Technology provides the latest scholarly contributions. Among these is the bibliography of ...
Author: Raymond H. Merritt
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Category: Technology & Engineering
Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003 Cardwell, D. S. L. and Hills R. L.: Thermodynamics and practical engineering in the nineteenth century. History of Technology, 2008. Chovan, T. and Guttman, A.: Microfabricated devices in biotechnology and ...
Author: Will Craig & Ashley Leonard
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
This book explores the circus as a site in and through which science and technology are represented in popular culture. Across eight chapters written by leading scholars – from fields as varied as performance and circus studies, art, media and cultural history, and engineering – the book discusses to what extent the engineering of circus and performing bodies can be understood as a strategy to promote awe, how technological inventions have shaped circus and the cultures it helps constitute, and how much of a mutual shaping this is. What kind of cultural and aesthetic effects does engineering in circus contexts achieve? How do technological inventions and innovations impact on the circus? How does the link between circus and technology manifest in representations and interpretations – imaginaries – of the circus in other media and popular culture? Circus, Science and Technology examines the ways circus can provide a versatile frame for interpreting our relationship with technology.
It also offers new insights in the popular history of technology, the cultural history of engineering and the history of popular performance; as well as in the material, practical nature of popular entertainment, and its imaginaries in ...
Author: Anna-Sophie Jürgens
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Performing Arts
Career success for engineers who wish to move up the management ladder, requires more than an understanding of engineering and technological principles - it demands a profound understanding of today's business management issues and principles. In this unique book, the author provides you with a valuable understanding of contemporary management concepts and their applications in a technical organization. You get in-depth coverage of product selection and management, engineering design and product costing, concurrent engineering, value management, configuration management, risk management, reengineering strategies and benefits, managing creativity and innovation, information technology management, and software management. The large number of solved examples highlighted throughout the text underscore the value of this book as an indispensable "How To" manual, and library reference piece.
1.1 History of Management Although, the history of the word manage may be traced back to the Latin word manus meaning “hand,” the history of modern management begins with the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was the ...
Author: Balbir S. Dhillon
Publisher: Artech House
Category: Business & Economics
This toolkit provides a survey of the differential gender patterns of participation by men and women in science and technology. It assesses information provided by current sex-disaggregated quantitative data, along with discussing the reasons for differential rates of participation between women and men. The volume also looks at international methods for measuring science and technology activities, personnel and qualifications, and occupations, as well as how these can be properly disaggregated by sex, age and other variables. A key question addressed includes how to define economic and employment activities that can constitute or incorporate scientific and technological activities.--Publisher's description.
Engineering and technology 2.1 Civil engineering (architecture engineering, building science and engineering, ... Humanities 6.1 History (history, prehistory and history, together with auxiliary historical disciplines, ...
Author: Sophia Huyer
Category: Women in engineering
Using a wide range of primary sources that include correspondence, diaries, technical reports, institutional minutes and periodicals, Andersen reconstructs the networks and activities of Britain’s engineers while focusing on London as a centre of imperial expansion.
Buchanan, R. A., '“Institutional Proliferation” in the British Engineering Profession 1847–1914', Economic History Review, n.s., 38:1 (1985), pp. 42–60. Buchanan, R. A., 'The Diaspora of British Engineering',Technology and Culture, ...
Author: Casper Andersen
Director of the Centre for Women in Science & Engineering Research ( WiSER ) in Trinity College Dublin . ... BS in Materials Science & Engineering and the History of Science , Medicine & Technology ( The Johns Hopkins University ) ...
This book contains diverse topics relevant to earthquake engineering and technology. The chapters are of interest to readers from various disciplines, as the different chapters discuss popular topics on earthquake engineering and allied disciplines. The chapters have adequate illustrations and tables for clarifying underlying concepts. The reader can understand the fundamental concepts easily, and the book is highly useful for practice in the field in addition to classroom learning.
Here, as the equations are nonlinear, a sound numerical approach is required for conducting the time history analysis. Some of the commercially available software such as SAP2000®, ETABS®, ... 1 Earthquake Engineering and Technology 23.
Author: T. G. Sitharam
Publisher: Springer Nature